List of political parties in the United States


This is a list of political parties in the United States, both past and present. It does not include independents.

Active parties


Major parties

Party Founded Ideology Membership[1] Presidential vote (2016)
[2][3]
Senators
[4]
Representatives
[5]
Governors
[6]
State Legislators
[6]
Legislatures
[6]
Trifectas
[6]
Republican Party 1854 Conservatism 33,284,020
304 / 535
62,984,828 (46.09%)
53 / 100
199 / 435
[upper-alpha 1]
26 / 50
3,830 / 7,383
30 / 50
21 / 49
Democratic Party 1828 Liberalism
Progressivism
45,715,952
232 / 535
65,853,514 (48.18%)
45 / 100
[upper-alpha 2]
235 / 435
[upper-alpha 3]
24 / 50
3,446 / 7,383
18 / 50
15 / 49

Third parties

Represented in Congress or state legislatures
Party Founded Ideology Membership[8] Presidential vote (2016)
[3]
Representatives
[5]
State Legislators
[6]
Libertarian Party 1971[9] Libertarianism[10] 609,234 4,489,341 (3.28%) 1 0
Vermont Progressive Party 1981 Progressivism ? 0 0 9
Reform Party 1995 Electoral reform 6,665 33,136 (0.02%) 0 1
Independence Party of New York 1991 Populism ? 0 0 1
Represented in Puerto Rican territorial legislatures
Party Founded Ideology President Senators Representatives Municipalities
New Progressive Party
Partido Nuevo Progresista
1967 Puerto Rico statehood Thomas Rivera Schatz
21 / 30
34 / 51
31 / 78
Popular Democratic Party
Partido Popular Democrático
1938 Centrism Aníbal José Torres
7 / 30
15 / 51
45 / 78
Puerto Rican Independence Party
Partido Independentista Puertorriqueño
1946 Puerto Rico independence Rubén Berríos Martínez
1 / 30
1 / 51
0 / 78
Not represented in Congress, state legislatures, or territorial legislatures
Party Ideology Founded Presidential vote (2016)
[3]
Green Party Green Politics[citation needed] 2001[11] 1,457,216 (1.07%)
Constitution Party Paleoconservatism[citation needed] 1992[12] 203,010 (0.15%)
Party for Socialism and Liberation Communism[13] 2004[12] 74,392 (0.05%)
Legal Marijuana Now Party Marijuana legalization[14] 1998 13,537 (0.01%)
Socialist Workers Party Communism[citation needed] 1938 12,467 (0.01%)
Prohibition Party Temperance[citation needed] 1869 5,617 (0%)
Workers World Party Communism[citation needed] 1959 4,314 (0%)
Socialist Party USA Democratic socialism[15] 1973[12] 2,698 (0%)
American Solidarity Party Christian democracy[16] 2011[16] 862 (0%)
Socialist Equality Party Trotskyism[citation needed] 1966 469 (0%)
Transhumanist Party Transhumanist politics[17] 2014 95
Christian Liberty Party Christian nationalism[18][19] 2000[20] 0
American Delta Party Social progressivism[citation needed] 2016 0
American Freedom Party White nationalism[21] 2009[21] 0
Citizens Party of the United States Economic nationalism[citation needed] 2004[22] 0
Freedom Socialist Party Trotskyism[citation needed] 1966 0
Humane Party Animal rights[citation needed] 2009 0
Justice Party Social democracy[citation needed] 2011 0
Socialist Action Trotskyism[citation needed] 1983 0
Socialist Alternative Trotskyism[citation needed] 1986 0
United States Marijuana Party Marijuana legalization [citation needed] 2002 0
United States Pirate Party Pirate politics[citation needed] 2006 0
Alaskan Independence Party Alaskan nationalism[23] 1978[24] 0
Peace and Freedom Party Democratic socialism [citation needed] 1967 0
Independent Party of Delaware Fiscal conservatism [citation needed] 2000 0
Natural Law Party Environmentalism [citation needed] 1992 0
Grassroots-Legalize Cannabis Party Marijuana legalization [citation needed] 1986 0
Independence Party of Minnesota Liberalism [citation needed] 1992 0
Conservative Party of New York State Conservativism [citation needed] 1962 0
Liberal Party of New York Liberalism [citation needed] 1944 0
New York State Right to Life Party Pro-Life [citation needed] 1970 0
Rent Is Too Damn High Party Social welfare [citation needed] 2005 0
Serve America Movement Big tent [citation needed] 2017 0
Tax Revolt Party Conservativism [citation needed] 2009 0
Women's Equality Party Liberalism [citation needed] 2014 0
Working Families Party Progressivism[25] 1998 0
Covenant Party Populism [citation needed] 2001 0
Charter Party Progressivism [citation needed] 1924 0
Independent Party of Connecticut Centrism [citation needed] 1966 0
Independent Party of Oregon Populism [citation needed] 2007 0
Oregon Progressive Party Progressivism[citation needed] 2007 0
Socialist Party of Oregon Democratic socialism [citation needed] 1897 0
Sovereign Union Movement Puerto Rico independence [citation needed] 2010 0
Puerto Ricans for Puerto Rico Party Green Politics [citation needed] 2003 0
Working People's Party of Puerto Rico Democratic Socialism [citation needed] 2010 0
Moderate Party of Rhode Island Centrism[26] 2007 0
Alliance Party of South Carolina Centrism [citation needed] 2014 0
United Citizens Party Progressivism [citation needed] 1969 0
United Utah Party Centrism [citation needed] 2017 0
Independent Citizens Movement Grassroots Democracy [citation needed] 1968 0
Liberty Union Party Democratic socialism[citation needed] 1970 0
Independent Greens of Virginia Green Politics[citation needed] 2005 0
Progressive Dane Progressivism [citation needed] 1992 0
Working Class Party Progressivism[citation needed] 2016 0

Historical parties


The following parties are no longer functioning.
Historical parties in the United States
NameOther namesEstablishedDisbanded
Federalist Party17891820
Anti-Administration party17891792
Democratic-Republican PartyRepublican Party1792c.1824
Toleration Party1816c.1827
National Republican PartyAnti-Jacksonian Partyc.18241837
Anti-Masonic Party18281838
Nullifier Party18281839
Whig Party18331860s
Liberty Party18401850s
Law and Order Party of Rhode Island18411850s
American Republican Party (1843)18431854
Free Soil Party18481855
Anti-Nebraska Party18541854
American PartyKnow Nothingsc.18541858
Opposition Party18541858
Constitutional Union Party18601860
Unconditional Union Party18611866
National Union Party18641868
Radical Democracy Party18641864
Readjuster Party18701885
People's Party (Utah)18701891
Liberal Party18701893
Liberal Republican Party18721872
Greenback Party18741884
Socialist Labor Party of AmericaWorkingmen's Party of the United States18762011
Anti-Monopoly Party18841884
People's PartyPopulist Party18871908
Silver Party18921902
National Democratic PartyGold Democrats18961900
Silver Republican Party18961900
Social Democracy of America18971900
Social Democratic Party18981901
Home Rule Party of Hawaii19001912
Socialist Party of America19011972
Independence PartyIndependence League19061914
Progressive Party 1912Bull Moose Party19121914
National Woman's Party19131930
Nonpartisan League19151956
Minnesota Farmer–Labor Party19181944
Labor Party of the United States19191920
Farmer–Labor Party19201936
Proletarian Party of America19201971
Puerto Rican Nationalist Party19221965
Progressive Party 192419241924
Communist League of America19281934
American Workers Party19331934
Workers Party of the United States19341938
Union Party19361936
American Labor Party19361956
America First Party19441996
States' Rights Democratic PartyDixiecrats19481948
Progressive Party 194819481955
Progressive Democratic Party19441948
Constitution Party19521968?
Puerto Rican Socialist Party19591993
Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party19641964
Black Panther Party19661982
Patriot Party1960s1980s
Youth International PartyYippies19671967
Marxist–Leninist Party, USA19671993
Communist Workers Party19691985
American Party19692008
Raza Unida Party19702012
People's Party19711976
League for the Revolutionary PartyRevolutionary Socialist League (U.S.)19721989
New Union Party19742005?
U.S. Labor Party19751979
Concerned Citizens Party19751992
International Socialist Organization1977 2019
Citizens Party19791984
New Alliance Party19791992
Labor-Farm Party of Wisconsin19821987
Populist Party (United States, 1984)19841994
Looking Back Party19841996
Illinois Solidarity Party19862007
Republican Moderate Party of Alaska19862011
Independent Party of Utah19881996
A Connecticut Party19901995?
Greens/Green Party USA Green Committees of Correspondence 1991 2019
New Party19921998
New Jersey Conservative Party19922009
Labor Party19962007
Marijuana Reform Party19982002
Southern Party19992003
Christian Freedom Party20042004
Personal Choice Party20042006?
Moderate Party20052008
Florida Whig Party20062012
Boston Tea Party20062012
Connecticut for Lieberman20062013
Independence Party of America20072013
Modern Whig Party20072018
Taxpayers Party of New York20102011
Freedom Party of New York20102011
Traditionalist Worker Party20132018

Non-electoral organizations


These organizations do not nominate candidates for election but otherwise function similarly to political parties. Some of them have nominated candidates in the past.

Political Party Founded in Former Titles International Affiliations
American Nazi party (remnants) 1959 World Union of Free Enterprise National Socialists
National Socialist White People's Party
American Party of Labor 2008
Black Riders Liberation Party 1996[27]
Committees of Correspondence for Democracy and Socialism 1991
Communist Party USA 1919[28]
Democratic Socialists of America 1982 Formerly Socialist International, not a member as of August 2017.
Freedom Road Socialist Organization 1985 International Communist Seminar
Internationalist Group 1996 League for the Fourth International
Liberation Road 1985 Freedom Road Socialist Organization
National Socialist Movement 1974 American Nazi Party World Union of National Socialists
New Black Panther Party 1989
News and Letters Committees 1955
Our Revolution 2016
Progressive Labor Party 1961 Progressive Labor Movement
Revolutionary Communist Party, USA 1975 Revolutionary Union
Social Democrats, USA 1972
Solidarity 1986
Spartacist League 1966 International Communist League (Fourth Internationalist)
World Socialist Party of the United States 1916 Socialist Party of the United States
Socialist Educational Society
Workers' Socialist Party
World Socialist Movement

See also


Notes


Notes
  1. Additionally, two of the six non-voting members of the United States House of Representatives caucus with the Republican Party.[7]
  2. Additionally, the two independent Senators both caucus with the Democratic Party.[4]
  3. Additionally, four of the six non-voting members of the United States House of Representatives caucus with the Democratic Party.[7]
Footnotes
  1. Winger, Richard. "March 2020 Ballot Access News Print Edition". Ballot Access News. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  2. "2016 Electoral College Results". National Archives and Records Administration. Archived from the original on May 13, 2019. Retrieved May 12, 2019.
  3. "Official 2016 Presidential General Election Results" (PDF). Federal Election Commission. January 30, 2018. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 18, 2017. Retrieved November 3, 2018.
  4. "U.S. Senate: Party Division". United States Senate. Archived from the original on April 12, 2019. Retrieved May 12, 2019.
  5. "Party Breakdown". House Press Gallery. House Press Gallery. 29 November 2018. Archived from the original on 14 March 2019. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  6. "State Partisan Composition". National Conference of State Legislatures. April 1, 2019. Archived from the original on February 18, 2019. Retrieved May 12, 2019.
  7. "Directory of Representatives". United States House of Representatives. Archived from the original on March 5, 2018. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
  8. Winger, Richard. "March 2020 Ballot Access News Print Edition". Ballot Access News. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  9. Martin, Douglas (November 22, 2010). "David Nolan, 66, Is Dead; Started Libertarian Party". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 13, 2019. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
  10. Segal, Cheryl (May 27, 2016). "5 things the Libertarian Party stands for". The Hill. Archived from the original on August 16, 2018. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
  11. "Green Party Founding". www.c-span.org. C-SPAN. July 30, 2001. Archived from the original on May 16, 2017. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
  12. Feinauer, J.J. (January 16, 2014). "Want to support a third party? Here are your options". Deseret News. Archived from the original on May 13, 2019. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
  13. "'No separate destiny for US workers apart from the workers of the world'". International Communist Press. October 1, 2018. Archived from the original on February 16, 2019. Retrieved February 8, 2019.
  14. Young, Jeremy Au (February 26, 2016). "Is socialism now acceptable in the US?". The Straits Times. Archived from the original on December 19, 2016. Retrieved May 14, 2019.
  15. Cimmino, Jeff (August 7, 2017). "The American Solidarity Party Charts Its Own Path". National Review. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
  16. Istvan, Zoltan; C, ContributorLibertarian; Wager, idate for California Governor 2018; Creator of Immortality Bus; Author of bestselling Philosophy novel The Transhumanist (2014-10-08). "Should a Transhumanist Run for US President?". HuffPost. Retrieved 2020-03-29.
  17. Green, John C.; Rozell, Mark J.; Wilcox, Clyde (2003). The Christian Right in American Politics: Marching to the Millennium. Georgetown University Press. p. 245. ISBN 978-1-58901-429-9.
  18. Hershey, Marjorie Randon (2017). Party Politics in America. Taylor & Francis. p. 45. ISBN 978-1-134-83666-6.
  19. Day, Alan John (2002). Political Parties of the World. John Harper. p. 508. ISBN 978-0-9536278-7-5.
  20. "American Freedom Party". Southern Poverty Law Center. Archived from the original on May 11, 2019. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
  21. Cunningham, Geoff (March 13, 2010). "Rye man wants third party on ballots". Seacoast Media Group.
  22. Walker, Hunter (September 17, 2014). "American Separatists Are Thrilled About Scotland And Think It Will Lead To A 'Paradigm Shift'". Business Insider. Retrieved May 14, 2019.
  23. Finnegan, By Michael (September 3, 2008). "Sarah Palin's ties to Alaskan Independence Party are played down". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 14, 2019.
  24. Meyerson, Harold (2014-01-06). "Dan Cantor's Machine". The American Prospect. Retrieved 2020-03-29.
  25. "Moderate Party | Rhode Island | onPolitix". web.archive.org. 2012-11-12. Retrieved 2020-03-29.
  26. "Black Riders show resistance is possible". Workers World Party. Archived from the original on May 13, 2019. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
  27. Barrett, James R. (January 24, 2018). "Communist Party USA, 1919 to 1957". Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History. doi:10.1093/acrefore/9780199329175.013.331. Retrieved May 13, 2019.

Further reading