List of political self-immolations

This is a list of notable people who committed suicide by setting themselves on fire for political reasons. Non-political self-immolations are not included in the list. Self-immolation was a relatively common protest tactic among Buddhists in South Vietnam, anti-communists in Czechoslovakia during the mid 20th century and continues to be used by Tibetans protesting rule of Tibet by China[1] and Crimean Tatars protesting forced deportation from their land.[2]


Before 1900

Date Name Age Country ProtestingNotes and references
396Fayu45Later Qin (today  China)Earliest recorded Chinese self-immolation.
577Five unnamed Buddhist monksNorthern Zhou (today  China)Persecution of Buddhism by Emperor Wu
1780Kuyili (First suicide bomber)Sivaganga (today  India)Against the East India CompanyShe applied ghee, self-immolated, and jumped into the armoury of the enemy, securing victory for Velu Nachiyar


Date Name Age Country ProtestingNotes and references
1948Kuo-shun ChinaPersecution of Buddhists and destruction of sacred objects by the government of Mao ZedongBuddhist monk from Vietnam.[3] In the city of Harbin, he sat in the lotus position on a pile of sawdust and soybean oil and self-immolated.[4][5]


Date Name Age Country ProtestingNotes and references
December 8, 1959Poh Kwong ThailandLoss of money intended to build a new hospital, was possibly swindled through government corruptionBuddhist monk from China. In the city of Bangkok, he sat on a five-foot pyre and attempted to self-immolate before being stopped by police.[3][6]


Date Name Age Country ProtestingNotes and references
June 11, 1963Thích Quảng Đức66 South VietnamPersecution of Buddhists by the government of Ngô Đình DiệmLed to several other monks and nuns committing the same act before Diệm was toppled. The photo, photographed by Malcolm Browne, became well-associated with his political protest.
August 4, 1963 Thích Nguyen Huong 20s Buddhist monk. Self-immolated in the town center of Phan Thiết. Government soldiers removed his body before other monks could recover it.[7]
August 13, 1963 Thích Thanh Tucd 17 Buddhist novice monk.[7]
August 15, 1963 Diet Quảng Buddhist nun. Self-immolated in the courtyard of Từ Đàm Pagoda in Huế.[7]
August 16, 1963 Thích Tieu 71 Buddhist monk. He soaked his robes in gasoline and self-immolated in the courtyard of Từ Đàm Pagoda in Huế. Before, he announced over the loudspeaker that he was going to commit suicide in demand for Buddhist rights. After his death (the third self-immolation in one week), the government declared martial law, sparking more Buddhist protests.[7]
October 27, 1963 Ho Dan Van 35–45 Buddhist monk. Dressed in civilian clothing, he was dropped off by a motorcyclist in front of a Roman Catholic cathedral in Saigon, where he squatted in a lotus-fashion, poured gasoline in his lap and struck a match.[8]
January 25, 1964Kizappazuvur Chinnasamy27 IndiaImposition of Hindi over the Tamil languageInspired 5 other self-immolations.[7][9]
1965 Keeranoor Muthu 21 Hotel worker[7]
January 26, 1965 Kodambakkam Sivalingam 21 Madras city government employee[7]
January 27, 1965 Virugambakkam Aranganathan 33 Worked in Madras for the Telephone Department.[7]
February 11, 1965 Ayampalayam Veerappan 26 School headmaster[7]
February 1965 Satyamangalam Muthu 21 Farmer[7]
March 1965 Mayavaram Sarangapani 20 Student[7]
March 16, 1965Alice Herz82 United StatesVietnam WarWomen Strike for Peace member. Self-immolated on a street corner in Detroit, Michigan.[7]
July 23, 1965 Huh Jik 62  South Korea Treaty on Basic Relations between Japan and the Republic of Korea Worked for a minor political party. Self-immolated on the steps of the Seoul Capitol.[7]
October 12, 1965 Hiroko Hayasaki 36  United States Vietnam War Japanese American Buddhist. Self-immolated in San Diego, California.[7]
November 2, 1965Norman Morrison31Quaker from Baltimore.[7] Committed act below Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara's Pentagon office in front of his one-year-old daughter.[10]
November 9, 1965Roger Allen LaPorte22Catholic Worker. Self-immolated in front of the Headquarters of the United Nations in New York City.[11]
November 9, 1965 Celene Jankowski 24 Mother whose three-month-old baby died in October 1965. Her brother had also died in the Korean War. Self-immolated in front of her home in South Bend, Indiana.[7]
May 28, 1966 Thích Nữ Thanh Quảng 55  South Vietnam Government of Nguyễn Cao Kỳ and United States support of the regime Buddhist nun.[7][12]
May 28, 1966 Ho Thi Thieu 58 Buddhist laywoman. Self-immolated in pagoda in Saigon. Thousands were present, and monks covered her body with a Buddhist flag.[7][12]
May 28, 1966 Thích Nữ Vinh Ngoc 19 Buddhist nun. Self-immolated in Huế.[7][13]
May 29, 1966 Name missing Buddhist monk self-immolated in Da Lat.[12]
May 31, 1966 Nguyen Thi Van 17 Buddhist laywoman. Self-immolated outside a pagoda in Huế.[7][13]
May 31, 1966 Name missing Buddhist[13]
May 31, 1966 Name missing Buddhist[13]
June 4, 1966 Thích Nữ Dien Dinh 26 Buddhist nun. Self-immolated in the courtyard of a small pagoda in Da Nang.[7][13]
June 4, 1966 Thích Nữ Bao Luan 24 Buddhist nun. Self-immolated in the same location as Thích Du Dien Dinh in Da Nang.[7][13]
June 4, 1966 Thích Dieu Nữ Tri Buddhist nun. Self-immolated in the same location as Thích Du Dien Dinh in Da Nang.[7][13]
June 4, 1966 Name missing Novice Buddhist monk. Self-immolated in Quảng Trị[13]
June 17, 1966 Woman; name missing [7]
July 12, 1966 Liangqing70 ChinaDestruction of the Famen TempleBuddhist monk[14]
May 16, 1967Nhất Chi Mai34 South VietnamVietnam WarBuddhist nun[7][15]
October 3, 1967 Thích Nữ Tri 1967 South Vietnamese presidential election Buddhist nun[7][16]
October 8, 1967 Woman; name missing
October 15, 1967Florence Beaumont55 United StatesVietnam War[17]
October 22, 1967 Thích Nữ Hue  South Vietnam 1967 South Vietnamese presidential election Buddhist nun[7][16]
November 1, 1967 Thích Nữ Thuong
November 12, 1967Yui Chunoshin [eo]73 JapanVietnam WarEsperantist[18][19][20]
December 4, 1967 Erik Thoen 27  United States Zen Buddhist. Self-immolated in Sunnyvale, California.[7]
March 19, 1968 Ronald Brazee 16 Student. Died 5 weeks later.[21]
September 8, 1968Ryszard Siwiec59 PolandPoland's participation in Warsaw Pact invasion of CzechoslovakiaDied 4 days later.
November 5, 1968Vasyl Makukh40 Soviet UnionSoviet rule in UkraineSelf-immolated on Khreshchatyk, Kiev's main street, while shouting "Colonialism out of Ukraine!" and "Long live a free Ukraine!"[22]
January 16, 1969Jan Palach20 CzechoslovakiaWarsaw Pact invasion of CzechoslovakiaStudent. Inspired other self-immolations in Soviet satellite states.
January 20, 1969Sándor Bauer17 HungaryCommunist rule in Hungary and Warsaw Pact invasion of CzechoslovakiaApprentice[7][23]
January 20, 1969 Josef Hlavatý 25  Czechoslovakia Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia Blue-collar worker. Self-immolated in Plzeň. Died 5 days later.[7][24]
January 22, 1969 Miroslav Malinka Blue-collar worker. Referenced Jan Palach. Self-immolated in Brno.[7][24]
January 26, 1969 Jan Bereš 16 Apprentice. Referenced Jan Palach. Self-immolated in Cheb.[24]
February 10, 1969 Mykola Bereslavsky 45  Soviet Union Soviet rule in Ukraine [7]
February 25, 1969Jan Zajíc19 CzechoslovakiaCommunist rule in CzechoslovakiaStudent
April 2, 1969Evžen Plocek39Businessman
April 9, 1969Eliyahu Rips20 Soviet UnionSurvived. Later became professor of mathematics
May 30, 1969Bruce Mayrock20 United StatesGenocide against Biafra in the Nigerian Civil WarColumbia University student. Died several hours later.


Date Name Age Country ProtestingNotes and references
February 13, 1970Márton Moyses28 RomaniaCommunist rule in Romania[7]
May 6, 1970 Robert Rex Vice 27  United States Vietnam War and Kent State Shootings Non-student protester at Wabash College demonstration.[25] Died later in hospital.
May 10, 1970George Winne Jr.23 United StatesVietnam WarStudent at the University of California, San Diego. Died the following day.[26]
June 4, 1970 Thích Nữ Lien Tap 24  South Vietnam Buddhist nun[7][16]
September 19, 1970Kostas Georgakis22 GreeceMilitary rule in GreeceStudent at the University of Genoa
September 19, 1970Joseba Elosegi54 SpainBombing of Guernica in 1937. Independence of the Basque Country.Survived[7]
November 13, 1970Jeon Tae-il22 South KoreaLabor conditions and the government's opposition to reform[7]
May 1971 Nguyen Thi Co  South Vietnam Vietnam War Buddhist nun[7][16]
Thích Nữ Tinh Nhuan
August 16, 1971 Man; name missing Vietnam War veteran[7]
Nguyen Minh Dang 37 Vietnam War veteran[7]
October 1971 Thích Nữ Tinh Cuong Buddhist nun[7][16]
1972 Thích Nữ Dien Han Buddhist nun[7][16]
May 14, 1972Romas Kalanta19 Soviet UnionCommunist rule in LithuaniaInspired largest post-war riots in occupied Lithuania and the USSR and 13 other self-immolations
May 29, 1972 V. Stonys 24 Self-immolated in Varėna.[7]
June 6, 1972Huguette Gaulin28 Canada[27]
1974 Thích Nữ Du Dieu  South Vietnam Vietnam War Buddhist nun[7][16]
August 10, 1976Antanas Kalinauskas19 Soviet UnionCommunist rule in LithuaniaIn Soviet Army barracks in Gulbene, Latvia. Died the following day.
August 22, 1976Oskar Brüsewitz47 East GermanyCommunist rule in East GermanyLutheran pastor
February 10, 1977Alain Escoffier27 FranceCommunismMember of the Party of New Forces, a neo-fascist political party.
November 16, 1977Hartmut Gründler37 West GermanyAtomic policy
January 21, 1978Oleksa Hirnyk65 Soviet UnionCommunist rule in Ukraine
February 8, 1978Erika Ruppert24 West GermanyPolitical protestRuppert and Helmut Kleinknecht wrote a letter a day before their act in which they explained the reasoning behind their decision, and their affiliation with Ananda Marga. The next morning, she and Kleinknecht doused themselves with gasoline and self-immolated at the Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church in Berlin.[28][29]
February 8, 1978Helmut Kleinknecht28 West GermanyPolitical protestSelf-immolated along with Erika Ruppert at the Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church in Berlin.[30][31]
June 14, 1978Elizabeth Weniger25 PhilippinesPolitical protestSwiss-born Elizabeth Weniger self-immolated at Rizal Park in Manila after distributing leaflets explaining her reasons.[32][33][34]
June 23, 1978Musa Mamut46 Soviet UnionDiscrimination against Crimean Tatars in the Soviet residence permit system, which prohibited nearly all Crimean Tatars who were deported in 1944 from returning to their place of birthMamut was born and raised Crimea until the NKVD deported all Crimean Tatars to Central Asia in May 1944. He returned to Crimea in 1975 and was later arrested and charged for not having a residence permit to live there, despite being born in the peninsula; the residence permit system was designed to prevent exiled Crimean Tatars from returning to their homeland. Then police came to arrest him on 23 June 1978 Mamut self-immolated rather than being deported again and died 5 days later.[35]
October 3, 1978Lynette Phillips24  SwitzerlandSocial protestLynette Phillips had previously planned to self-immolate outside the British Houses of Parliament in London, but upon receiving word of this, British authorities deported her. She changed her plan and decided to self-immolate outside the United Nations headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland. She protested against "inhumanity, injustice and irrationality prevalent in our society". She died at the scene.[36]


Date Name Age Country ProtestingNotes and references
March 21, 1980Walenty Badylak76 PolandKatyn massacreHome Army veteran self-immolated chained to a well in the Main Square, Kraków.[37][38]
March 21, 1981Per-Axel Arosenius60 SwedenTaxes
May 18, 1982 Mahmut Zengin Ferhat Kurtay

Eşref Anyık

Necmi Öner

 Turkey Detention conditions in Prison The four were members of the Kurdistan Workers' Party protesting the detention conditions in the Diyarbakır prison after the coup d'état in 1980.[39]
May 26, 1982 Semra Ertan 25  West Germany Racism towards Turkish workers in Germany Writer and poet.[40]
August 10, 1982Artin Penik61 TurkeyASALA attack at Esenboğa International Airport
November 2, 1983Sebastián Acevedo ChileKidnapping of his children by the Chilean police during the dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet[41]
March 2, 1989Liviu Cornel Babeş47 RomaniaCommunist rule in RomaniaSelf-immolated on ski slope. Died 2 hours later.[42]
March 2, 1989Vytautas Vičiulis37 Soviet UnionCommunist rule in Lithuania
March 24, 1989Kailash Pawar IndiaTo draw attention to plight of Bhopal gas victims and protest public indifferenceOriginal story published in The Hindu, March 26, 1990.[43]
April 7, 1989Cheng Nan-jung41 TaiwanFor freedom of speech and Taiwan independence
May 19, 1989Chan I-hua32During funeral procession of Cheng Nan-jung.[44]
October 24, 1989 Shavkat Yarullin 40  Soviet Union In protest of exile and mistreatment of Crimean Tatars by the government Self-immolated in front of a government building. Died several hours later.[45]
December 14, 1989 Seidamet Balji In protest of exile and mistreatment of Crimean Tatars by the government While being forced to leave Yalta he doused himself with gasoline and self-immolated. Survived after being extinguished, but said he would do it again if he had to live in exile for longer.[45]


Date Name Age Country ProtestingNotes and references
March 21, 1990 Zekiye Alkan  Turkey Ban of Newroz celebrations Medical student who self-immolated on Newroz.[46][47]
April 26, 1990Stanislovas Žemaitis52 Soviet UnionCommunist rule in LithuaniaProtesting Soviet economic blockade of Lithuania. Died the following day in Moscow hospital.
April 29, 1990Sunghee Park19 South KoreaPolitical situation in South KoreaSelf-immolated during students' protest against the South Korean regime. Died May 19, 1991.
May 9, 1990Rimantas Daugintis55 Soviet UnionCommunist rule in LithuaniaLithuanian sculptor self-immolated on Hungarian–Soviet border. Died a few days later.
September 19, 1990Rajiv Goswami19 IndiaReservation in IndiaSurvived[48]
October 14, 1990Thanawut Klingchuea20 ThailandGovernment of Chatichai ChoonhavanRamkhamhaeng University student[49]
February 18, 1991Gregory Levey30 United StatesGulf WarTook place in Amherst Common, Massachusetts.[50]
September 21, 1991Giorgi Abesadze35 GeorgiaLooming civil war in GeorgiaPhysician[51]
March 21, 1992 Rahşan Demirel  Turkey Treatment of Kurds by Turkey She self-immolated on Newroz.[47]
April 6, 1993Binh Gia Pham43 United StatesPersecution of Buddhists in VietnamBinh Gia Pham had five friends tape his self-immolation outside Boston. Died at the scene.[52] [53]
April 29, 1993Graham Bamford48 United KingdomWar in Bosnia and Herzegovina'The British army must not be a guard of honour at a mass funeral. Bosnian babies, children, and womenfolk are waiting for the politicians to do what they know they should – give them military protection.'[54]
February 21, 1994Homa Darabi54 IranLegal obligation under the Islamic Criminal Code (Art. 139) for women to wear the headscarf in public[55]Pediatrician, political activist. Died the following day
March 21, 1994 Nilgün Yıldırım and Bedriye Taş  Germany Repression of Kurdish identity and traditions They immolated themselves on Newroz, an important festivity for the Kurds[47]
April 25, 1995Reinhold Elstner [de]75"Slander and demonization" of German soldiers after World War IIWehrmacht veteran. Died in a Munich hospital 12 hours later.
September 3, 1995Sabine Kratze25 VietnamTrial of six Buddhist monks
October 22, 1996Kathy Change46 United StatesFor directly democratic community-based self-government
January 13, 1998Alfredo Ormando29 ItalyRoman Catholic Church's condemnation of homosexuality
April 27, 1998Thupten Ngodup60 IndiaPolitical situation in TibetEx-monk. In protest of police interference with unto-death hunger-strike in Delhi. Died 2 days later in hospital after visit by the Dalai Lama.[56][57][58]
February 16, 1999Necla Coşkun14 United KingdomArrest of Abdullah ÖcalanSurvived[59][60]
February 1999 Zülkuf Yilmaz   Switzerland Arrest of Abdullah Öcalan Survived[61]


Date Name Age Country ProtestingNotes and references
January 21, 2001various ChinaSee Tiananmen Square self-immolation incident[62]
April 2, 2001Shahraz Kayani48 AustraliaGovernment refusal to grant entry to his wife and daughtersPakistani refugee[63]
November 15, 2002Milos Redzepovic34 GermanyPlanned deportation of his family to SerbiaDoused himself in gasoline and self-immolated inside the town hall of Syke. Died the following day.[64]
March 6, 2003Zdeněk Adamec19 Czech RepublicIraq WarSelf-immolated in Prague. Died at the scene.[65][66]
June 23, 2003Neda Hassani26 United KingdomRaid on and arrest of members of the People's Mujahedin of IranSelf-immolated in front of the French embassy in London. Died at the scene. There were at least 4 other self-immolations protesting the same.[67]
July 21, 2004Mordehai (Hamimo) Cohen30 IsraelRejection of work licenseSelf-immolated during a City Hall assembly[68]
October 5, 2004Maggy Mufu Delvaux44 LuxembourgProtest against institutionalized racismSelf-immolated in a public place[69] Money problems resulting from the Luxembourgish government denying her family the autorisation to open a garage despite meeting all the legal requirements and suing the State for discrimination have driven the woman to desperately plead her case publicly after writing an open letter to the Prime Minister warning him of what she was about to do. However no help was sent to her to prevent her immolation.[70]
August 17, 2005Yelena Businov54 IsraelProtest against the Israeli disengagement from Gaza[71]
August 31, 2005Baruch Ben Menahem21[72]
March 28, 2006Eleftheria Fourtoulaki  GreeceTreatment of Kurds in Turkey[73]
June 11, 2006Pravin Joshi30 IndiaScreening of FanaaDied 9 days later.[74]
October 31, 2006Roland Weisselberg73 GermanySpread of IslamFormer Lutheran pastor self-immolated in a former monastery in Erfurt. Died the following day.[75]
November 3, 2006Malachi Ritscher52 United StatesWar in IraqDied at the scene.[76]
November 23, 2006 Lhakpa Tsering -  India Political situation in Tibet Survived.
March 7, 2007Uddhav Bhandari40 United KingdomAsylum policyNepali asylum seeker[77]
April 1, 2007Heo Se-uk54 South KoreaSouth Korea – United States Free Trade Agreement[78]
October 1, 2008Ramiro Guillén Tapia65 MexicoLocal government in the city of Xalapa[79]
January 29, 2009Kumar Muthukumar26 IndiaKilling of the Sri Lankan TamilsInspired several other self-immolations[80]
February 12, 2009Murugathasan Varnakulasingham26  SwitzerlandKilling of the Sri Lankan TamilsInspired several other self-immolations[81]
February 27, 2009Tapeymid-20s ChinaPolitical situation in TibetMonk, Kirti Monastery, Ngaba. Shot[82] by Chinese police while on fire, and then taken away by them. Current status unknown.[82]
November 13, 2009Tang Fu-zhen47Forced demolition of her homeDied 16 days later.[83]
December 3, 2009Kasoju Srikanth Chary24 IndiaFor statehood of TelanganaDied the following day.[84]


Date Name Age Country ProtestingNotes and references
February 20, 2010Siripur Yadaiah19 IndiaFor statehood of TelanganaStudent. Self immolated at the main gate of Osmania University, Hyderabad. Died the next day in hospital.[85][86]
July 31, 2010Eshan Reddy20sStudent. Self-immolated as an offering for a deity for the cause of statehood.[87]
September 10, 2010 Ye Zhongcheng79 ChinaForced demolition of their homeZhongcheng self-immolated with two family members and died on September 18.[88]
December 17, 2010Tarek el-Tayeb Mohamed Bouazizi26 TunisiaCorruption in governmentInspired the Tunisian revolution leading to ouster of President Ben Ali and further revolutions of the Arab Spring. Died January 4, 2011.[89]
January 16, 2011Venugopala Reddy20s IndiaFor statehood of TelanganaMCA student immolated himself near his university auditorium,died on the spot.[90]
January 16, 2011Mohsen Bouterfif AlgeriaUnemployment and housingInspired by Bouazizi's self-immolation in Tunisia.[91]
January 16, 2011 Bhavani18 IndiaFor statehood of Telangana[92]
January 17, 2011Yacoub Ould Dahoud43 MauritaniaPolitical situation in Mauritania[93]
January 23, 2011 Unnamed man 60s  Saudi Arabia Political situation in Saudi Arabia [94]
February 21, 2011Mustafa 40 IndiaFor statehood of Telangana[95]
March 16, 2011Rigzin Phuntsog21 ChinaPolitical situation in TibetMonk of Kirti Monastery. In Ngaba, Amdo. Beaten by police before they extinguished the flames. Died in hospital.[96][97][98]
June 15, 2011Thomas James Ball58 United StatesFather's rights and family court injusticeSelf immolated on the steps of a family courthouse in New Hampshire. Died on the spot.[99]
August 15, 2011Tsewang Norbu29 ChinaPolitical situation in TibetMonk of Nyitso monastery in Kham Tawu. In Tawu. Died soon afterwards.[96][98][100]
August 28, 2011 Senkodi27 IndiaConvictions in the Assassination of Rajiv Gandhi caseA Tamil woman immolated herself in front of a tahsil office at Kanchipuram to protest death sentences of A. G. Perarivalan, V. Sriharan (alias Murugan), and T. Suthendraraja (alias Santhan). She died the same day.[101]
September 16, 2011Apostolos Polyzonis55 GreeceEuropean sovereign-debt crisisSelf-immolated in front of a bank in Thessaloniki.[102]
September 23, 2011 Andrzej Żydek 49  Poland Opposition to the Civic Platform government Occurred in front of the Chancellery of the Prime Minister of Poland. A letter to Donald Tusk was found attached to a bench in the park.[103][104]
September 26, 2011Lobsang Kunchok18 ChinaPolitical situation in TibetMonk of Kirti Monastery. In Ngaba, Amdo. Set fire to himself, together with Lobsang Kelsang.[98][105]
September 26, 2011Lobsang Kelsang18Monk of Kirti Monastery. In Ngaba, Amdo. Set fire to himself, together with Lobsang Kunchok.[98][106]
October 3, 2011Kelsang Wangchuk17Monk of Kirti Monastery. In Ngaba, Amdo. Beaten and taken away by security personnel.[107]
October 7, 2011 Kayang17Former monk of Kirti Monastery. In Ngaba, Amdo. Clasped hands with Choepel; died.[98][108]
October 7, 2011 Choepel19Former monk of Kirti Monastery. In Ngaba, Amdo. Clasped hands with Kayang; died.[98][109] China Daily reported they were "slightly injured".[110]
October 15, 2011Norbu Damdrul19Former monk of Kirti Monastery. In Ngaba, Amdo. Kicked and removed from scene by authorities. Current status unknown.[98][111]
October 17, 2011Tenzin Wangmo20Nun of Mame Dechen Chokorling. In Ngaba, Amdo. Died.[98][112]
October 21, 2011 Wang42Legal inequalities in ChinaAt Tiananmen Square, Beijing. Taken to hospital by police; evidence at scene erased immediately.[98][113]
October 26, 2011Dawa Tsering38Political situation in TibetMonk of Kardze Monastery. In Kardze, Amdo. Current status unknown.[98][114]
November 3, 2011Palden Choetso35Nun in Tawu, Kardze. Reported deceased by Xinhua.[98][115][116]
November 4, 2011Sherab Tsedor25Layperson. Outside Chinese embassy in New Delhi. Overpowered by police and hospitalized with minor burns.[117][118][119]
November 10, 2011 Bhutuk Nepal Political situation in Tibet Tibetan monk, survived with minor burns on body.
November 11, 2011Yenesew Gebre29 EthiopiaCorruption of dictatorship governmentInspired by Bouazizi's self-immolation in Tunisia.[120]
December 1, 2011Tenzin Phuntsok46[121] ChinaPolitical situation in TibetEx-monk, Karma Monastery, Chamdo.[122][123] Died on December 6, 2011, in Chamdo Hospital in Tibet[121] Reported in China Daily, as a "farmer" who "is considered eccentric".[124]
December 7, 2011Sondang Hutagalung22 IndonesiaDisputed[125]
January 6, 2012 TennyiAround 20 ChinaPolitical situation in Tibet[126]
January 6, 2012 TsultrimAround 20[127]
January 8, 2012Sopa Tulku/Sonam Wangyal42[128][129]
January 14, 2012Jamyang Losang20sFormer monk of Andu monastery. In Ngaba, Amdo. Deceased.[130]
February 3, 2012Tsaptai Tsering, Kyarel, and unknown name60, 30, unknownThree laypersons. In Serthar. Incident published in several places, but unconfirmed.[131][132]
February 8, 2012Rigzin Dorje (Rinzin)Around 18Former monk of Kirti Monastery. In Ngaba, Amdo. Died February 21 in hospital.[133]
February 9, 2012Sonam Rabyang30sMonk of Lab Monastery. In Tridu town, Yushu County, Kham. Taken to hospital; condition unclear.[134]
February 11, 2012Tenzin Choedron18Nun of Mame Dechen Chokorling. In Ngaba, Amdo. Taken away by soldiers and police, and died shortly afterward.[135][136]
February 13, 2012Lobsang Gyatso19Monk of Kirti Monastery. In Ngaba, Amdo. Current status unknown.[137][138]
February 17, 2012 Damchoe Sangpo 38 Monk of Bongthak Monastery. Died on the spot
February 19, 2012 Nangdrol 18 layperson. died on the spot.
March 3, 2012 Tsering Kyi 19 student. Deceased.
March 4, 2012 Rinchen32Mother of Four. In Ngaba, Amdo. Died on the spot.[139]
March 5, 2012 Dorje (Dorjee)18Occupation unknown. In Ngaba, Amdo. Deceased.[140]
March 10, 2012 Gapey (Gepey)18Monk of Kirti Monastery. In Ngaba, Amdo. Died on the spot.[141]
March 13, 2012Jamyang Palden30sMonk of Rongpo monastery, Rebkong, Amdo. Current status unknown.[142]
March 16, 2012Lobsang Tsultrim20Monk of Kirti Monastery. In Ngaba, Amdo. Died in custody.[143]
March 17, 2012Sonam Thargyal (Dargye, Dhargay)44Farmer in Rebkong, Amdo. Died on the spot.[144][145]
March 24, 2012L Bhoja Naik21 IndiaFor statehood of TelanganaMBA student self-immolated in front of his college. Died on the spot.[146]
March 26, 2012Jamphel Yeshi27 Political situation in TibetLayperson in Delhi. Died 2 days later in hospital.[147][148]
March 26, 2012Rajmouli40 For statehood of Telangana[149][150]
March 26, 2012B.R. Goudn/a [149]
March 27, 2012 Pallavi17 Died later in hospital.[151]
March 27, 2012Kalakanchi Ilaiah30 Scrap dealer.[152]
March 28, 2012K Uppalaiah30 [153]
March 28, 2012Lobsang Sherab20 ChinaPolitical situation in TibetMonk of Kirti Monastery.[154] In Ngaba, Amdo. Died on the spot.[155][156]
March 28, 2012Sripuram Srikanth23 IndiaFor statehood of TelanganaDied on March 30 at the Osmania General Hospital.[157]
March 30, 2012Tenpa Dhargyal (Darjey)22 ChinaPolitical situation in TibetMonk of Tsodun monastery, Barkham, Amdo. Forcibly removed to hospital by Chinese security forces. Current status unknown.[158][159]
March 30, 2012Chimey Palden (Chime)21 Monk of Tsodun monastery, Barkham, Amdo. Forcibly removed to hospital by Chinese security forces.[159][160] Died later that day around midnight.[161]
March 30, 2012Shyamapuri Shankar24 IndiaFor statehood of Telangana[162]
March 30, 2012Bandavath Suresh25 For statehood of TelanganaSuffered 50% burns.[163]
April 19, 2012 Sonam 20's  China Political situation in Tibet Self immolated with cousin, Choepak Kyab.
April 19, 2012 Choepak Kyab 20's Self immolated with cousin Sonam.
May 27, 2012Dorjee Tseten and Dargye19 & 25In front of the Jokhang Temple in Lhasa[164]
May 30, 2012 Rikyo 33 Nomad. self immolated in front of Jonang Dzamthang Monastery.
June 15, 2012 Tamdin Thar 50's Nomad. Deceased.
June 20, 2012 Tenzin Khedup 24 Former monk. Self immolated with Ngawang Norphel. Died on the spot.
June 20, 2012 Ngawang Norphel 22 Self immolated with Tenzin Khedup. Died on July 30, 2012.
June 27, 2012 Dickyi Choezom 40's Self immolated near Dhondupling Monastery. Current status unknown. Rumored that both hands were amputated.
July 7, 2012 Tsewang Dorjee 22 Died in the hospital.
July 14, 2012Moshe Silman57 IsraelSocial justice march in Tel AvivSocial justice activist, suffered 90% burns.[165] Died July 20 in hospital.[166]
July 16, 2012Zion Vaknin[167]46 Social injustice protestAt Beersheba's city hall, in protest of debts.[168]
July 17, 2012 Losang Lozin 18  China Political situation in Tibet
July 18, 2012Valentina Gerasimovna57 RussiaA woman attempted to self-immolate at the public reception center of the ruling United Russia party in Novosibirsk. Earlier, she addressed the party's public reception center for legal advice as an apartment buyer.[169][170] Died in a hospital.[171]
July 20, 2012Akiva Mafi45 IsraelSocial injustice protestAkiva Mafi[172] (45) Disabled IDF veteran sets himself on fire in Yehud, on behalf of wounded veterans.[173][174] Died August 1, 2012.[175] New agency established to prevent more cases.
July 30, 2012Đặng Thị Kim Liêng64 VietnamAgainst 2011 crackdown on Vietnamese youth activists[176]Tạ Phong Tần's mother. Self-immolated in the early morning. Died en route to the hospital.[177]
August 6, 2012 Lobsang Tsultrim 21  China Political situation in Tibet
August 7, 2012 Dolkar Tso 26 Farmer. Initially Survived but died a few hours after.
August 10, 2012 Chopa 24
August 13, 2012 Tashi 23 Layman. Self immolated with Lungtok
August 13, 2012 Lungtok 20 Monk. Self immolated with Tashi.
August 27, 2012 Lobang Kelsang 18 Monk. Self immolated with cousin Damchoe. Died en route to the hospital.
August 27, 2012 Damchoe 17 Layperson. Younger brother of self immolator Tenzin Choden. Self immolated with cousin Lobsang Kelsang. Died en route to the hospital
September 13, 2012 Passang Lhamo 62 Survived immolation. Current status Unkmown.
September 29, 2012 Yangdang 27 Layperson. Died on the way to the hospital.
October 4, 2012 Gudrub 43 Writer. Died in the hospital.
October 6, 2012 Sangay Gyatso 27 Layperson. Died on the spot.
October 13, 2012 Tamdin Dorje 50's
October 20, 2012 Lhamo Kyab late- 20's
October 22, 2012 Dhondup 60's
October 23, 2012 Dorjee Rinchen 57
October 25, 2012 Tenzin 25 self immolated with Tsepo
October 25, 2012 Tsepo 20 self immolated with Tenzin
October 26, 2012 Lhamo Tseten 24
October 26, 2012 Tsewang Kyab 23
November 4, 2012 Dorjee Lhundrup 25
November 7, 2012 Dorjee 15 Youngest Tibetan self immolator, self immolated with Dorjee Kyab and Samdup. Died on the spot
November 7, 2012 Samdup 16 Self immolated with Dorjee and Dorjee Kyab.
November 7, 2012 Dorjee Kyab 16 Self immolated with Dorjee and Samdup.
November 7, 2012 Tamding Tso 23 Mother of a 6-year-old boy.
November 7, 2012 Tsegyal 27 Rumored to have received no treatment in the hospital. Died on November 18.
November 8, 2012 Kalsang Jinpa 18
November 10, 2012 Gonpo Tsering 19
November 12, 2012 Nyingkar Tashi 24 Self immolated as Tibetans paid respect to previous self immolators.
November 12, 2012 Nyingchag Bum 20 Self immolated as Tibetans paid respect to previous self immolators.
November 15, 2012 Khabum Gyal 18
November 15, 2012 Tenzin Dolma 23 Farmer
November 17, 2012 Chagmo Kyi 20's Taxi driver
November 17, 2012 Sangdag Tsering 24
November 19, 2012 Wangchen Norbu 25
November 20, 2012 Tsering Dundrup 24
November 22, 2012 Lubhum Gyal 18
November 22, 2012 Tamdrin Kyab 23
November 23, 2012 Tamdrin Dorjee 29
November 25, 2012 Sangay Dolma 17
November 26, 2012 Kunchok Tsering 18
November 26, 2012 Wangyal 18
November 26, 2012 Gonpo Tsering 24
November 27, 2012 Sangay Tashi 18
November 27, 2012 Kalsang Kyab 24
November 28, 2012 Wande Khar 21
November 29, 2012 Tsering Namgyal 31
November 30, 2012 Kunchok Kyap 29
December 2, 2012 Sangdag Kyab 17 Survived self immolation. Both legs amputated.
December 3, 2012 Lobsang Gendun 29
December 8, 2012 Pema Dorjee 23
December 8, 2012 Kunchok Phelgye 24
December 13, 2012 Wangchen Kyi 17
January 12, 2013 Tsering Tashi 22
January 18, 2013 Dupchoek 28
January 22, 2013 Kunchok Kyab 23
February 3, 2012 Lobsang Namgyal 37
February 12, 2013 Drupchen Tsering 25 Nepal
February 13, 2013 Drugpa Khar 20's  China
February 17, 2013 Namlha Tsering 49
February 18, 2013Trayan Marechkov26 BulgariaPart of the 2013 Bulgarian protestsDied on the spot, at a central crossroads, in front of the central office of a private bank in Veliko Tarnovo.[178][179]
February 19, 2013 Rinchen 17  China Political situation in Tibet
Sonam Dhargye 18
February 20, 2013Plamen Goranov36  BulgariaPart of the 2013 Bulgarian protests against the Borisov cabinetProtested corruption and monopolies,[180] and demanded the resignation of Varna's mayor Kiril Yordanov and the Municipal Council.[181] Mountain climber and photographer. Set himself alight in front of the Varna municipality. Died 11 days later in hospital.[182][183]
February 24, 2013 Phagmo Dhondup 20's  China Political situation in Tibet
Tsesung Kyab 27
February 25, 2013 Sangdak -
February 26, 2013Ventzislav Vasilev53  BulgariaPart of the 2013 Bulgarian protestsFather of five.[184] Set himself on fire in Radnevo. Died in hospital two weeks later.
March 13, 2013Dimitar Dimitrov51  Bulgaria Part of the 2013 Bulgarian protestsSet himself on fire in front of the Presidential Palace in Sofia. Hospitalized with life-threatening injuries.[185][186]
March 13, 2013 Kunchok Wangmo 31  China Political situation in Tibet
March 16, 2013 Lobsang Thogme 28
March 20, 2013Todor Yovchev40  Bulgaria Part of the 2013 Bulgarian protestsDied on March 22[187]
March 24, 2013 Kalkyi 30  China Political situation in Tibet
March 25, 2013 Lhamo Kyab 43 Forest keeper. Self immolated on top of a group of logs.
March 26, 2013 Kunchok Tenzin 28
March 30, 2013 Kunchok Tsomo 40's
April 16, 2013 Chugtso 20
April 24, 2013 Kunchok Woser 20
April 24, 2013 Lobsang Dawa 23
May 24, 2013Bowatte Indarathana30 Sri LankaAgainst the slaughtering of cattle and forced conversion of Buddhists to other religions in Sri Lanka[188]
May 27, 2013 Tenzin Sherab 30's  China Political situation in Tibet
June 11, 2013 Wangchen Dolma 21
June 12, 2013 Andrzej Filipiak 56  Poland Unemployed receiving no help from the state Occurred across the street from the Chancellery of the Prime Minister of Poland[189][190][191]
July 20, 2013 Kunchok Sonam 18  China Political situation in Tibet
August 6, 2013 Karma Ngedon Gyatso 38 Nepal Monk in exile. Had a disability that prevented him from walking.
September 28, 2013 Shichung 41  China
November 11, 2013 Tsering Gyal 20
December 3, 2013 Konchok Tseten 30 Nomad
December 19, 2013 Tsultrim Gyatso 41
February 5, 2014 Phakmo Samdup 20's
February 13, 2014 Lobsang Dorje 25
March 16, 2014 Jigme Tenzin Late-20's
March 16, 2014 Lobsang Palden 20
March 29, 2014 Dolma 31 Nun. Current status unknown.
April 15, 2014 Thinley Namgyal 31
June 20, 2014Thu Hoang71 United StatesIn apparent response to the Hai Yang Shi You 981 standoffApparent protest by a Vietnamese man of a Chinese state-owned oil rig being placed into waters contested by Vietnam in the South China Sea[192]
June 23, 2014Charles R. Moore79Social injustice[193]Set himself alight in a strip mall parking lot, died upon arrival at hospital.
September 16, 2014 Kunchok 42  China Political situation in Tibet
September 17, 2014 Lhamo Tashi 20's
November 3, 2014Lidia Petrova38 BulgariaSocial injustice protestIn Sofia. Her motives for self-immolation currently remains unknown. She died a few days later.
December 16, 2014 Sangye Khar 33  China Political situation in Tibet
December 22, 2014 Tsepey 19
December 23, 2014 Kalsang Yeshe 38
March 5, 2015 Norchuk 40
March 14, 2015Younes Asakere34 IranDiscrimination of Ahwazi ArabsSelf-immolated after local authorities confiscated his vendor stall in Khorramshahr. Died on March 22.[194] Inspired a mass protest which resulted in arrests of some 1,000 people and further self-immolations.[195]
April 8, 2015 Yeshi Kandro 40's  China Political situation in Tibet
April 15, 2015 Neykyab 40-50
May 20, 2015 Tenzin Gyatso 35
May 27, 2015 Sangye Tso 37
July 9, 2015 Sonam Tobgyal late-20's
August 12, 2015Choi Yeon-yeol80 South KoreaJapanese colonization of Korea and military conduct during World War II[196]Set himself on fire in a flower bed near the Japanese embassy in Seoul during an anti-Japan protest by "comfort women" (survivors of World War II Japanese military brothels). Injuries sustained were not life-threatening. Condition Pending.[197]
August 27, 2015 Tashi Kyi 55  China Political situation in Tibet
September 17, 2015 Shurmo 26 Self immolation was uncovered after 5 years.
October 18, 2015Khodayar Amini30 AustraliaAustralian refugee policySelf-immolated in Melbourne during a video call to his advocates.[198]
October 24, 2015Erlan Bektibaev20 KazakhstanSocial injusticeDoused himself with gasoline and set himself on fire on October 24 in front of the Taraz headquarters of the ruling Nur Otan party in Taraz. Bektibayev was rushed to hospital, but later died of his burns.
February 28, 2016 Dorjee Tsering 16  India Political situation in Tibet Survived and recovered in a New Delhi hospital. American presidential candidate Hillary Clinton held up his photograph while speaking to a Tibetan advocacy group.[199]
February 28, 2016 Kalsang Wangdu 18  China Died en route to a hospital in Chengdu.[199]
March 19, 2016Charles Ingram51 United StatesCorruption at the United States Department of Veterans AffairsMilitary veteran walked nine miles to a military veteran hospital before self-immolated in the hospital's parking lot.[200]
March 23, 2016 Sonam Tso 50  China Political situation in Tibet Self-immolated after shouting free Tibet slogans. Husband and uncle were interrogated and imprisoned by police for days.
April 27, 2016Omid Masoumali23 NauruAustralian refugee policyIranian refugee self-immolated at an Australian refugee detention camp during a visit to the camp by representatives of a UNHCR fundraising arm (Australia for UNHCR) who told the refugees to expect to remain on Nauru for "another ten years".[201] After more than 24 hours without adequate medical attention he was airlifted by private contractor to Brisbane, Australia where he died on 29 April 2016 from his burns.[202]
May 2, 2016Hodan Yasi21In an Australian refugee detention camp. Woman from Somalia (variously referred to as Hadon/Hodan and Yasin/Yasi) was airlifted from Nauru to Brisbane[203] but her condition as at late May 2016 is shrouded in secrecy. It seems she may still be alive, since her death would have to be reported under Queensland Law and an inquest into her death held as she would be deemed to be a "Death in Custody" had she died.[citation needed]
December 8, 2016 Tashi Rabten 30's  China Political situation in Tibet
March 18, 2017 Pema Gyaltsen 24  China Political situation in Tibet Curent status unknown.
April 15, 2017 Wangchuk Tseten -
May 2, 2017 Chagdor Kyab 16 Current status unknown.
May 19, 2017 Jamyang Losel 20's
May 19, 2017 Unknown 54  Germany Islamization of Germany Died in hospital. Police said the man had scrawled slogans on his car along the lines of "Never again war on German soil" and "Amri is only the tip of the iceberg" — a reference to Anis Amri, the Tunisian who attacked a Christmas market in Berlin and whom authorities had previously been unable to deport.[204]
July 15, 2017 Tenzin Choeying 20  India Political situation in Tibet Suffered 50% burns. Died nine days later from his injuries.[205]
July 29, 2017 Pasang Dhondup 49 Died in Dharamshala[206]
October 19, 2017 Piotr Szczęsny 54  Poland Rule of Law and Justice political party Leaflets[207][208] were strewn around him on the ground outside of the Palace of Culture and Science, and a speaker was broadcasting a song by a 1990s Polish rock band titled "I love freedom".[209][210][211]
November 26, 2017 Tenga 60's  China Political situation in Tibet A popular monk and voluntary teacher.
December 23, 2017 Konpe 30  China Political situation in Tibet
January 15, 2018 Dmitry Rudov 39  Russia Corruption of government After being sacked from Gazprom's subsidiary and unsuccessfully appealing to President Putin, he set himself on fire in front of Ishimbay's City Hall in Bashkortostan. Died in hospital the next day.[212]
March 7, 2018 Tsekho Tugchak 40's  China Political situation in Tibet
April 14, 2018 David Buckel 60  United States Environmental pollution

Buckel was involved in environmental causes, which he alluded to in a note sent to The New York Times as the reason he decided to end his life by self-immolation with fossil fuels.[213][214]

May 20, 2018 Fathi Harb 20  Palestine Economic situation in Gaza Died on May 23.[215][216]
June 20, 2018 Chloe Sagal 31  United States Homelessness and mental health issues Several days after threatening self-harm with a machete, Sagal walked into a downtown Oregon Park, read a statement regarding homelessness and mental health before covering herself with fluid and setting herself alight.[217]
June 26, 2018John Watts58Corruption at the United States Department of Veterans AffairsMilitary veteran self-immolated on the steps of the Georgia state Capitol to protest corruption at the United States Department of Veterans Affairs.[218]
August 3, 2018 Vatan Karabash 47–48 Crimea (disputed) Russian annexation of Crimea and repressions of the Crimean Tatars Karabash set himself on fire in public, declaring Russia policies to be lawless; he had previously expressed anger at plans for demolition of Crimean Tatar houses in Russian-annexed Crimea, which had been deemed "illegal" since they were built before deported Crimean Tatars were permitted to return. Bystanders put out the flames and the injuries were reported to be non-fatal.[219]
August 15, 2018 Unknown 50s  United Kingdom Homelessness A woman in her fifties (later identified under the pseudonym "Melanie Smith"), under threat of eviction and suffering from mental health issues set herself on fire at the housing office of Barnet London Borough Council. She died in intensive care several months later, with council employees reportedly having been ordered not to discuss the incident with journalists.[220][221]
September 19, 2018 Nicholas McCrary 29  United States Involuntary celibacy and mental health McCrary was a prolific YouTuber who had autism and whose videos were popular with "blackcels" (black incels). He also used the pseudonym Baraka Mckray, and accused black women of being "prejudiced" against autistic men such as himself.[222][223]
September 27, 2018 unknown  Germany Against the imprisonment of Abdullah Öcalan Self-immolated in Ingolstadt, as Recep Tayyip Erdoğan was to visit Germany.[224]
November 4, 2018 Dorbe 23  China Political situation in Tibet
November 28, 2018 Mahsun Özen 21 Turkey Treatment of Kurds in Turkey Self-immolated on the anniversary of the Roboski airstrike in which 34 Kurds died[225]
December 8, 2018 Drugkho 20's  China Political situation in Tibet
December 9, 2018 Gedhun Gyatso 16-17  China Political situation in Tibet Self immolated with Choekyi Gyatso. Died on the way to the hospital
December 9, 2018 Choekyi Gyatso 16-17  China Political situation in Tibet Self immolated with Gedhun Gyatso. current status Unknown.
January 18, 2019 Name missing 54  Czech Republic In memory of Jan Palach who burned himself to death in 1969, protesting the Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia Suffered 30% burns after setting himself on fire at the central Wenceslas Square of Prague on the 50th anniversary of Jan Palach's death from his self-immolation protest against the Soviet-led invasion of Czechoslovakia. According to Czech authorities, "he said it was only a remembrance to Jan Palach".[226]
Februar 20, 2019 Name missing 43  Germany Against the imprisonment of Abdullah Öcalan Self-immolated in front of the Court in Krefeld, Germany[227]
May 29, 2019 Arnav Gupta 33  United States Unknown An Indian-origin resident of Bethesda, Maryland died in hospital that day after setting himself on fire near the White House in Washington, D.C. while wearing a USA T-shirt. The Washington Post described his actions as "an unmistakable protest, the loudest, most spectacular cry that people in pain can come up with."[228]
July 19, 2019 Unknown 70s  South Korea Unknown A man used 20 liters of fuel to set himself on fire in his car in the early morning outside the Japanese embassy in Seoul. He died several hours later in the hospital.[229]
September 9, 2019 Sahar Khodayari 29  Iran The right for women in Iran to attend a football match alongside men The Iranian female football fan died that day, one week after setting herself on fire outside an Iranian court, reportedly after learning she may have to serve a six-month sentence for trying to enter a football stadium (alongside men).[230]
September 10, 2019 Albert Razin 79  Russia The declining status and use of the Udmurt language in Russia. The scholar and activist set himself on fire outside the State Council building in Izhevsk, Udmurt Republic, as the regional government was considering passing a bill to reduce the status of the indigenous Udmurt language in the republic. Razin died the same day.[231][232]
October 23, 2019 unknown   Switzerland In protest of the Turkish invasion of Syria A Syrian Kurdish man set himself on fire in front of the seat of the UNHCR in Geneva.[233]
November 10, 2019 Anas K. 22  France Student living costs, anti-fascism A 22-year-old man enrolled at Lyon 2 University set himself on fire in front of a university restaurant in response to being unable to sustain himself on €450 a month. In a post on Facebook, he blamed Emmanuel Macron, François Hollande, Nicolas Sarkozy and the EU for having "killed" him, and also attacked Marine Le Pen and media figures for creating fear, also urging readers to "Fight against the rise of fascism which divides us, and against liberalism which creates inequalities". He was admitted to hospital with 90% burns over his body.[234][235]
November 26, 2019 Yonten 24  China Political situation in Tibet Former monk from Kirti Monastery. Died on the spot.


Date Name Age Country ProtestingNotes and references
February 7, 2020 Adem Yarıcı 42  Turkey Unemployment in Turkey 42-year-old unemployed man, father of two, set himself on fire in front of Hatay governor's office. Witnesses said that he shouted "My kids are hungry!" before setting himself ablaze. He died on the same day. The governor claimed that Yarıcı divorced from his wife a while ago, had mental illness and attempt to self-immolate before.


June 16, 2020 unknown 48  Poland Unknown A 48-year-old man set himself on fire shortly after talking to journalists outside of the Sejm building in Warsaw, Poland.[239]
July 27, 2020 Arie den Dekker 54  Netherlands Murder witness, removed from family, turned homeless Den Dekker had witnessed a murder in 2018. Following this, his house was torched multiple times and he was put into a witness protection program. Unable to be with his family and having his pleas ignored by the municipality and the government, Den Dekker protested in front of Oss' city hall multiple times, throwing dead fish inside, dousing himself in cow feces and committing other acts of despair on multiple occasions. On July 27 he committed suicide by self-immolation in front of the city hall.[240]
August 3, 2020 Yavuz Polat 46  Turkey Economical issues A 47-year-old street vendor from Erzincan set himself on fire after the police wanted him to remove his corn stall. He died on August 27.[241][242]
August 4, 2020 Anastasia Niklas 24  Ukraine Unknown 24-year-old Anastasia Niklas lit herself on fire in Zaporizhia, Ukraine, outside a catholic church in the center of the city.[243] According to a security guard who was on duty, the woman arrived around 4:00 am, doused herself with gasoline, and lit herself on fire. Her motives remain unknown, she died on the spot.[244]
August 14, 2020 Fikret Güven  Turkey Economical issues A tea maker set himself on fire in front of the Bursa governorship after the police closed the roads to his shop.


September 18, 2020 Syarhei Radchenya 36 Belarus Fraudulent election and follow-on police abuse and brutality against protests in Belarus. 36-year-old Syarhei Radchenya set himself on fire in Smalavichy, Belarus, near the local police department. According to the press service of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, Syarhei poured gasoline over himself from a canister and set it on fire after which an employee ran out of the district department building and put out the fire. Syarhei was hospitalized in critical condition with burns on 84% of his body surface, including the respiratory tract. He passed away on September 25, 2020 as a result of his injuries.[247]
October 2, 2020 Irina Slavina 47 Russia Journalist; her apartment was searched the day before by the police alleging her ties to the Open Russia group Russian Journalist Irina Slavina has set herself on fire in front of the Interior Ministry office in Nizhniy Novgorod. She has died there of the resulting burns.[248][249]
February 12, 2021 Halil S.  Germany Against the detention conditions of Abdullah Öcalan He set himself on fire in front of the Landtag in Dresden[250][251]
April 12, 2021 Itzik Saidyan 26  Israel Government treatment of disabled veterans He set himself on fire in front of the Defense Ministry's rehabilitation department offices in Petah Tikva that handles the rehabilitation of injured soldiers,[252] two days before the annual Memorial Day. Saidian fought in the 2014 war in Gaza, Operation Protective Edge, and suffers from post-traumatic stress disorder.[253]

See also


  1. LaFraniere, Sharon (January 9, 2012). "More Monks Die by Fire in Protest of Beijing". The New York Times. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  2. Uehling, Greta (June 2000). "Squatting, Self-Immolation and the Repatriation of the Crimean Tatars". Nationalities Papers. 28 (2): 317–341. doi:10.1080/713687470. S2CID 140736004.
  3. Jackson, William J. "Self-Immolation in Hindu, Buddhist and Other Traditions". Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  4. "Shadow Tibet : Jamyang Norbu » Blog Archive » SELF-IMMOLATION AND BUDDHISM". Retrieved August 13, 2017.
  5. Gambetta, Diego (September 21, 2006). Making Sense of Suicide Missions. OUP Oxford. p. 179. ISBN 978-0-19-929797-9.
  6. "Thai Police Grab Monk About to Cremate Self". The Morning News. December 8, 1959.
  7. Donaldson, Day Blakely (2013). The Self-Immolators (PDF).
  8. "Monk Fires Self Before Cathedral". The Charolette Observer. October 28, 1963 via
  9. Mitchell, Lisa (2009). Language, Emotion, and Politics in South India. ISBN 978-0-253-35301-6. Retrieved December 20, 2014.
  10. "Churches: The Pacifists". Time. November 12, 1965. Archived from the original on January 16, 2011.
  11. Buckley, Thomas (November 10, 1965). "Man, 22, Immolates Himself In Antiwar Protest at U.N.". New York Times via ProQuest.
  12. "South Viet Nam: The Light That Failed". Time. June 10, 1966.
  13. Topmiller, Robert J. (2006). The Lotus Unleashed: The Buddhist Peace Movement in South Vietnam, 1964–1966. University Press of Kentucky. p. 136. ISBN 0-8131-9166-1.
  14. "Chinese Author Hu Ping Analyses Tibet Self-Immolation Actions". The Tibet Post International. August 20, 2012. Retrieved November 26, 2016.
  15. King, Robert Harlen (2001). Thomas Merton and Thich Nhat Hanh. ISBN 978-0-8264-1340-6. Retrieved December 20, 2014.
  16. Topmiller, Robert (April 19, 2011). "Struggling For Peace: The Unrecognized Sacrifices of Buddhist Women During the Vietnam War".
  17. "BBC ON THIS DAY – 10/16/1967: Joan Baez arrested in Vietnam protest". Retrieved December 20, 2014.
  18. 明日への葬列—60年代反権力闘争に斃れた10人の遺志 – 高橋和巳 編集、合同出版 1970年
  19. "Bush's brutal war stirs memories of Vietnam – The Japan Times". The Japan Times. Retrieved December 20, 2014.
  20. Japan 1968: The Performance of Violence and the Theater of Protest Archived November 11, 2014, at the Wayback Machine(AHR)
  21. "War Protester, 16, Sets Himself Afire". The New York Times. March 20, 1968. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  22. "Makukh, Vasyl". Encyclopedia of Ukraine. Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  23. Tom Vlek. "Sndor Bauer: TOTALITA". Retrieved December 20, 2014.
  24. "Jan Palach". Retrieved August 14, 2017.
  25. "Clipped From The Logansport Press". The Logansport Press. May 7, 1970. p. 1. Retrieved June 20, 2020.
  26. Keen, H. (May 12, 1970). "San Diego student who set self afire in war protest dies". Los Angeles Times.
  27. Encyclopedia of Literature in Canada. University of Toronto Press. 2002. p. 417. ISBN 978-0-8020-0761-2. Retrieved December 20, 2014 via Internet Archive. Huguette Gaulin.
  28. Self immolation in Germany. Taz.
  29. 1978-03 Crimson Dawn - Newsletter Ananda Marga (PDF). p. 3.
  30. Self immolation in Germany. Taz.
  31. 1978-03 Crimson Dawn - Newsletter Ananda Marga (PDF). p. 3.
  32. Landers, Rachel (2016). Who Bombed the Hilton?. NewSouth. p. 109. ISBN 978-1-74-223351-2.
  33. 1978-07 Crimson Dawn - Newsletter Ananda Marga (PDF). p. 8.
  34. The Gazette. p. 56.
  35. Nahaylo, Bohdan; Swoboda, Victor (1990). Soviet Disunion. Simon and Schuster. p. 203. ISBN 978-0-02-922401-4. Retrieved December 20, 2014. Musa Mamut.
  36. An heiress dies. The Age.
  37. pl:Walenty Badylak
  38. pl:Studzienka Badylaka
  39. Ziółkowski, Grzegorz (February 13, 2020). A Cruel Theatre of Self-Immolations: Contemporary Suicide Protests by Fire and Their Resonances in Culture. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-429-60222-1.
  40. "Semra Ertan (Cana Bilir-Meier) » L'Alternativa Hall 2014". Retrieved May 17, 2020.
  41. "Tribute to Sebastián Acevedo". November 2, 2007. Archived from the original on January 31, 2009. Retrieved December 2, 2009.
  42. "Povestea eroului care a protestat împotriva comunismului dându-şi foc pe pârtia Bradul". March 1, 2011. Retrieved February 6, 2012.
  43. "The Death of Kailash Pawar". May 5, 2010. Archived from the original on April 10, 2012. Retrieved April 8, 2012.
  44. "Independence. Rise. Chan I-hua". Liberty Times. Taiwan (ROC). Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved December 2, 2009.
  45. Yakupova, Venera (2009). Крымские татары, или Привет от Сталина! (PDF). Kazan: Часы истории. pp. 28–30, 47–48.
  46. Stansfield, Gareth R. V.; Shareef, Mohammed (2017). The Kurdish Question Revisited. Oxford University Press. pp. 195–196. ISBN 978-0-19-068717-5.
  47. "An End to the Darkness". Retrieved April 19, 2020.
  48. Rajagopal, Arvind (January 25, 2001). Politics After Television. ISBN 978-0-521-64839-4. Retrieved December 20, 2014.
  49. Chanthasrikum, Bundit (December 19, 2013). รำลึก'ธนาวุฒิ คลิ้งเชื้อ' [Remembering 'Thanawut Klingchuea']. Kom-Chad-Luek (in Thai). Retrieved August 17, 2014.
  50. Verhovek, Sam Howe (February 20, 1991). "Amherst Journal; Candles in the Snow Honor Suffering". New York Times. Retrieved September 19, 2016.
  51. Russetsky, Alexander et al. (2004), South Caucasus Institute of Regional Security Activity Report, p. 50. South Caucasus Institute of Regional Security; accessed July 1, 2012.
  53. RENU SEHGAL. "Five Charged With Manslaughter In Buddhist's Self-immolation". AP News.
  54. Chris Mathieu. "I LOVE BOSNIA". Retrieved December 20, 2014.
  55. Wiles, Ellen (2007), "Headscarves, Human Rights, and Harmonious Multicultural Society: Implications of the French Ban for Interpretations of Equality", Law & Society Review, 41 (3): 699–736, doi:10.1111/j.1540-5893.2007.00318.x, JSTOR 4623399
  56. "Biography of the late Thubten Ngodup". April 29, 1998. Retrieved December 2, 2011.
  57. "April 30th". April 30, 1998. Retrieved December 2, 2011.
  58. P. V. Unnikrishnan, India disasters report, towards a policy initiative, Oxford University Press, 2000; ISBN 0-19-565029-8, page 270: "Dissent as a Streak of Fire On April 27, 1998 when a 60-year-old former monk immolated himself after a prolonged hunger strike by six of his Tibetan Youth Congress (TYC) colleagues in Delhi. The demand: UN intervention in Tibet."
  59. Biggs, Michael (2005). "Dying Without Killing: Self-Immolations, 1963–2002" (PDF). In Diego Gambetta (ed.). Making Sense of Suicide Missions. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-929797-9.
  60. "To die for". The Guardian. June 8, 1999. Retrieved March 23, 2021.
  61. 10 vor 10 - Selbstverbrennung - Play SRF (in German), retrieved March 23, 2021
  62. Sunderland, Judith. (2002). From the Household to the Factory: China's campaign against Falungong. Human Rights Watch; ISBN 1-56432-269-6
  63. "Immigration Department guilty of mal-administration: Ombudsman". Australia: ABC. August 23, 2001. Retrieved December 2, 2009.
  64. Jakob, Christian (March 29, 2012). "Körper verfrachtbar, Psyche egal". Die Tageszeitung (in German). Retrieved October 31, 2019.
  65. Koukal, Milan (March 6, 2003). "Lidé nosí květiny pro upáleného sebevraha" (in Czech). Retrieved November 13, 2020.
  66. "Самосожжение в Чехии – знак протеста против войны в Ираке?" [Self-immolation in the Czech Republic. Is it a sign of protest against the war in Iraq?]. (in Russian). Deutche Welle. April 2, 2003. Retrieved November 13, 2020.
  67. Vasagar, Jeevan (June 24, 2003). "Parents mourn 'brave girl' who set herself on fire in memory of uncle". The Guardian. Retrieved November 26, 2016.
  68. "Hamimo Cohen sets himself on fire". NRG. Retrieved December 20, 2014.
  69. "Au Luxembourg, une mère congolaise se suicide dans l'indifférence". Le Monde. Retrieved June 5, 2019.
  70. "Belgium: Black woman sets herself on fire". The Patriotic Vanguard. October 19, 2007. Retrieved November 17, 2019.
  71. "For the land she loved to death". August 30, 2005. Retrieved December 20, 2014.
  72. "ynet מת מפצעיו הצעיר שהצית עצמו בגלל ההתנתקות – חדשות". ynet (in Hebrew). Retrieved December 20, 2014.
  73. Dion, B. (March 30, 2006). "Ελεύθερο Κουρδιστάν ή θάνατος..." Eleftherotypia (in Greek). Archived from the original on October 5, 2010.
  74. "Fanaa: man who immolates dies". The Hindu. Chennai, India. June 21, 2006. Archived from the original on May 23, 2008. Retrieved December 2, 2009.
  75. Fleishman, Jeffrey (December 28, 2006). "Pastor's fiery protest mystifies many". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved November 26, 2016.
  76. "Activist's Fiery Death Prompts Questions". Associated Press. November 27, 2006. Archived from the original on August 27, 2011. Retrieved November 16, 2011.
  77. "Fire protest asylum seeker dies". BBC News. March 19, 2007. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  78. "Man who immolated himself in protest of FTA dies". The Hankyoreh. April 16, 2007. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  79. "Mexican farm leader dies after setting himself onfire". Fox News. Retrieved December 20, 2014.
  80. "Last statement of Muthukumar". Retrieved December 2, 2009.
  81. Jones, Sam (February 19, 2009). "Tamil killed himself 'to guide others to liberation'". The Guardian. London, UK. Retrieved June 26, 2012.
  82. "Self-immolation Fact Sheet: Tapey". Archived from the original on November 15, 2011. Retrieved November 16, 2011.
  83. Cohen, Roger (January 25, 2010). "A Woman Burns". The New York Times. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  84. "TRS activist Srikanth cremated". The Siasat Daily. Retrieved January 11, 2018.
  85. "Telangana protestor succumbs to 80 pc burns". News18. February 21, 2010. Retrieved December 20, 2014.
  86. "Student who set himself ablaze for Telangana cause dies". Press Trust of India. February 21, 2010. Retrieved June 1, 2019 via The Times of India.
  87. "Student commits suicide for Telangana, Osmania Univ tense". dna. Retrieved December 20, 2014.
  88. "Party officials removed after self-immolation protest". Xinhua News Agency. October 11, 2010. Retrieved November 26, 2016.
  89. "Bouazizi has become a Tunisian protest 'symbol'". The National. Retrieved January 14, 2011.
  90. Janyala, Sreenivas (January 21, 2010). "Fresh Telangana stir over student's death". The Indian Express. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  91. "Algerian dies from self-immolation". Al Jazeera English. Retrieved January 17, 2011.
  92. "Student commits suicide for Telangana". October 2, 2011. Retrieved December 20, 2014.
  93. Mauritanian man sets himself ablaze in capital,; accessed May 7, 2015.
  94. "Man dies in Saudi self-immolation". BBC News. 2011. Retrieved September 28, 2017.
  95. "Lensman attempts suicide". The Times of India. February 20, 2011. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  96. (in Spanish) China endurecerá la seguridad en las regiones tibetanas tras las inmolaciones- ABC
  97. "Self-immolation Fact Sheet: Phuntsog". Archived from the original on November 15, 2011. Retrieved November 16, 2011.
  98. Self-Immolation Fact Sheet(Archived November 10, 2011, at the Wayback Machine)
  99. "American Father Self-Immolates To Protest Against Family Courts". International Business Times. June 17, 2011.
  100. "Self-immolation Fact Sheet: Tsewang Norbu". Archived from the original on November 15, 2011. Retrieved November 16, 2011.
  101. Shekhar, G.C. (August 28, 2011). "Suicide to stop hanging – Protests against Rajiv Killers' execution grow in Tamil Nadu". The Telegraph.
  102. Why Apostolos Polyzonis set himself on fire in Greece, BBC, October 19, 2011.
  103. "Podpalił się przed kancelarią. Jest śledztwo". Retrieved January 11, 2018.
  104. "Andrzej Ż. z BIEDY PODPALIŁ SIĘ przed Kancelarią Premiera. Zostawił LIST do Donalda Tuska: Życzę dobrego samopoczucia". Retrieved January 11, 2018.
  105. "Self-immolation Fact Sheet: Lobsang Kunchok". Archived from the original on November 15, 2011. Retrieved November 16, 2011.
  106. "Self-immolation Fact Sheet: Lobsang Kelsang". Archived from the original on November 15, 2011. Retrieved November 16, 2011.
  107. "Self-immolation Fact Sheet: Kelsang Wangchuk". Archived from the original on November 15, 2011. Retrieved November 16, 2011.
  108. "Self-immolation Fact Sheet: Kayang". Archived from the original on November 15, 2011. Retrieved November 16, 2011.
  109. "Self-immolation Fact Sheet: Choepel". Archived from the original on November 15, 2011. Retrieved November 16, 2011.
  110. "Two Tibetans injured in self-immolation". China Daily. October 8, 2011. Retrieved November 16, 2011.
  111. "Self-immolation Fact Sheet: Norbu Damdrul". Archived from the original on November 15, 2011. Retrieved November 16, 2011.
  112. "Self-immolation Fact Sheet: Tenzin Wangmo". Archived from the original on November 15, 2011. Retrieved November 16, 2011.
  113. Foster, Peter (November 16, 2011). "Chinese man sets himself on fire in Tiananmen Square". The Telegraph. London, UK. Retrieved November 16, 2011.
  114. "Self-immolation Fact Sheet: Dawa Tsering". Archived from the original on November 15, 2011. Retrieved November 16, 2011.
  115. "Self-immolation Fact Sheet: Palden Choetso". Archived from the original on November 15, 2011. Retrieved November 16, 2011.
  116. "Dalai Lama Blames Chinese 'Cultural Genocide' for Self-Immolations". VOA. Retrieved December 20, 2014.
  117. "AFP: Indian police halt Tibetan's self-immolation bid". November 4, 2011. Retrieved February 6, 2012.
  118. "Tibetan Sets Himself on Fire in Indian Capital". Voice of America. November 4, 2011. Retrieved April 3, 2012.
  119. Burke, Jason (January 13, 2012). "Protesters' stories: Sherab Tsedor and Tibet". London, UK: Guardian UK. Retrieved April 3, 2012.
  120. "Ethiopian man burns himself to death in protest". The Bureau of Investigative Journalism. Archived from the original on November 18, 2011. Retrieved November 17, 2011.
  121. "Tibetan Dies after Self Immolation in TAR". Tibetan Center for Human Rights and Democracy. December 9, 2011. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. Retrieved December 9, 2011.
  122. "A Former Monk Self Immolates in Chamdo". Tibetan Center for Human Rights and Democracy. Archived from the original on December 2, 2011. Retrieved December 2, 2011.
  123. "First self-immolation in Tibet Autonomous Region; former monk sets himself on fire". Archived from the original on December 2, 2011. Retrieved December 1, 2011.
  124. "Farmer in stable condition after setting himself on fire". China Daily. December 2, 2011. Retrieved December 7, 2011.
  125. "Self-immolating student buried today". The Jakarta Post. December 17, 2011. Archived from the original on February 10, 2012. Retrieved February 6, 2012.
  126. "Self-Immolation Fact Sheet | International Campaign for Tibet". Archived from the original on November 15, 2011. Retrieved February 6, 2012.
  127. "Self-Immolation Fact Sheet". Archived from the original on November 15, 2011. Retrieved February 6, 2012.
  128. "Self-Immolation Fact Sheet". Archived from the original on November 15, 2011. Retrieved February 6, 2012.
  129. VOA Tibetan (January 9, 2012). "A Tibetan Lama Self-immolates in Golok Darlak". Retrieved February 6, 2012.
  130. "Self-Immolation Fact Sheet". Archived from the original on November 15, 2011. Retrieved February 6, 2012.
  131. Lafraniere, Sharon (February 5, 2012). "3 Tibetan Herders Self-Immolate in Anti-Chinese Protest". The New York Times. Retrieved February 7, 2012.
  132. Wee, Sui-Lee (February 5, 2012). "Three Tibetans self-immolate in western China: report". Reuters. Retrieved March 30, 2012.
  133. "Rigzin Dorje dies in hospital and Lobsang Kunchok's limbs amputated". Retrieved March 31, 2012.
  134. "Tibet Immolation Factsheet – Sonam Rabyang". International Campaign for Tibet. March 30, 2012. Archived from the original on November 15, 2011. Retrieved April 3, 2012.
  135. "Self-immolation Fact Sheet: Tenzin Choedron". March 30, 2012. Archived from the original on November 15, 2011. Retrieved April 3, 2012.
  136. "18 year old nun Tenzin Choedron passes away". February 13, 2012. Retrieved April 3, 2012.
  137. "Tibet Immolation Factsheet – Lobsang Gyatso". International Campaign for Tibet. March 30, 2012. Archived from the original on November 15, 2011. Retrieved April 3, 2012.
  138. "Nineteen year old Kirti monk sets fire to himself in Ngaba". International Campaign for Tibet. February 13, 2012. Archived from the original on March 3, 2012. Retrieved April 3, 2012.
  139. "Two Female Tibetans Burn to Death". Radio Free Asia. Retrieved January 11, 2018.
  140. "Tibetan Sets Himself on Fire in China". Associated Press. March 6, 2012. Retrieved June 1, 2019 via The Wall Street Journal.
  141. "Tibet Immolation Factsheet – Gapey". International Campaign for Tibet. Archived from the original on November 15, 2011. Retrieved March 31, 2012.
  142. "Tibetan Monk Self-Immolates in Western China", Associated Press/ABC News.
  143. (March 16, 2012). "Yet Another Self-Immolation Marks a year of Fiery Protests",
  144. "Tibet Immolation Factsheet – Sonam Thargyal". International Campaign for Tibet. Archived from the original on November 15, 2011. Retrieved March 31, 2012.
  145. "Farmer Dies in New Burning Protest". Radio Free Asia. Retrieved March 31, 2012.
  146. "Telangana erupts as activists take their own lives". Retrieved December 20, 2014.
  147. "Tibetan dies from self-immolation in India before Hu visit". Reuters. March 28, 2012. Retrieved March 31, 2012.
  148. "Tibetan lights self on fire at anti-China protest". Associated Press. Retrieved March 31, 2012.
  149. "Another man dies for Telangana, TRS calls for shutdown". Indo-Asian News Service. March 26, 2012. Retrieved June 1, 2019 via Hindustan Times.
  150. "AP: Suicide politics back on the boil". IBNLive. Archived from the original on July 10, 2012. Retrieved December 20, 2014.
  151. "One more suicide attempt for Telangana". IBNLive. Archived from the original on July 10, 2012. Retrieved December 20, 2014.
  152. "Two attempt suicide for Telangana". The Times of India. March 28, 2012. Archived from the original on July 9, 2012.
  153. "Another suicide for Telangana". IBNLive. Archived from the original on July 10, 2012. Retrieved December 20, 2014.
  154. "Fire rages on: Tibetan monk dies in fiery protest". Retrieved April 3, 2012.
  155. "Tibet Immolation Factsheet – Lobsang Sherab". International Campaign for Tibet. Archived from the original on November 15, 2011. Retrieved March 31, 2012.
  156. "Kirti Monk Self-Immolates, Dies". Radio Free Asia. Retrieved March 31, 2012.
  157. "Man who tried immolation on Wednesday dies". Deccan Chronicle. April 5, 2012. Archived from the original on April 5, 2012. Retrieved January 11, 2018.
  158. "Tibet Immolation Factsheet – Tenpa Darjey". International Campaign for Tibet. Archived from the original on November 15, 2011. Retrieved March 31, 2012.
  159. "Two More Monks Burn Themselves". Radio Free Asia. Retrieved March 31, 2012.
  160. "Tibet Immolation Factsheet – Chimey Palden". International Campaign for Tibet. Archived from the original on November 15, 2011. Retrieved March 31, 2012.
  161. "Self-immolation death toll rises to 24 in Tibet, Chimey Palden declared dead". Retrieved April 3, 2012.
  162. "Another youth attempts suicide for Telangana". The Times of India. April 1, 2012. Archived from the original on May 17, 2012.
  163. "Another suicide attempt by Telangana supporter". The Times of India. March 31, 2012. Archived from the original on July 1, 2012.
  164. Kanan, Mark (July 12, 2012). "First Hand Account of Self-immolations in Lhasa by Taiwanese National". The Tibet Post International. Retrieved November 26, 2016.
  165. Lappin, Yaakov (July 14, 2012). "Social justice activist sets himself on fire in Tel Aviv". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  166. "Activist Silman who set self on fire dies of wounds". The Jerusalem Post. July 20, 2012. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  167. "mynet באר שבע – ציון וקנין מב"ש מספר למה ניסה להצית את עצמו". ynet (in Hebrew). Retrieved December 20, 2014.
  168. דרמה בב"ש: ניסה להצית עצמו מול בניין העיריה. ynetews (in Hebrew). July 16, 2012.
  169. "Investigators probe incitement to suicide in self-immolation attempt at United Russia public center in Novosibirsk (Part 2)". Interfax. July 18, 2012. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  170. "Police Probe Self-Immolation Act In Ruling Party's Office In Siberia". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. July 18, 2012. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  171. "Novosibirsk self-immolation woman dies in hospital". Interfax. Retrieved January 11, 2018.[dead link]
  172. "Disabled IDF veteran sets himself on fire in Yehud". Haaretz. July 22, 2012. Retrieved December 20, 2014.
  173. He made that because of the social services
  174. Brother of the 45-year-old disabled veteran who self-immolated at Yehud bus stop tells Haaretz: "The army loves you three feet under, but doesn't love you when you're wounded."
  175. Disabled veteran who set himself on fire dies Akiva Mafi'i, 45, who self-immolated at a bus stop in Yahud some 10 days ago, succumbs to wounds, ynetnews
  176. "Vietnamese blogger's mother sets herself on fire as daughter faces trial". Associated Press. July 31, 2012. Retrieved June 1, 2019 via The Guardian.
  177. Kamila Shamsie (August 5, 2012). "Vietnam's blog shame". The Guardian. Archived from the original on August 7, 2012. Retrieved August 14, 2012.
  178. 26-year-old Tarnovo resident sets himself on fire because of poverty,, February 20, 2013.(in Bulgarian)
  179. Stoyanova, Marieta. "Великотърновци почетоха паметта на самозапалилите се Пламен и Траян" (in Bulgarian). Darik News. Retrieved April 1, 2013.
  180. Plamen Goranov protesting "Down with TIM" in the city of Varna note TIM being allegedly a major monopolist organisation, Bivol, February 24, 2013.
  181. Tsolova, Tsvetelia; Krasimirov, Angel (March 6, 2013). "Bulgarian mayor resigns after man sets himself on fire". Reuters. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  182. Man who self-immolated in Varna being operated on today,, 25 February 2013.(in Bulgarian)
  183. Plamen Goranov dies, Varna in mourning Archived January 2, 2014, at the Wayback Machine,, March 4, 2013.(in Bulgarian)
  184. Impoverished 53-year-old self-immolates in Radnevo municipality,, February 26, 2013.(in Bulgarian)
  185. 51-year-old self-immolates in front of presidency Archived May 18, 2015, at the Wayback Machine,, March 14, 2013.(in Bulgarian)
  186. Poverty in Bulgaria drives more to make ultimate sacrifice,, May 8, 2013; retrieved May 7, 2015.
  187. Morris, Harvey (March 23, 2013). "Poverty Blamed for Bulgaria's Suicide Wave". The New York Times. Retrieved January 11, 2018.
  188. "Sri Lanka Buddhist monk dies after self-immolation". Retrieved September 25, 2016.
  189. "Podpalił się, bo "był załamany i zrozpaczony sytuacją". "Nie mam pracy a MOPR nam odmawia pomocy, nie mamy z czego żyć"". Retrieved January 11, 2018.
  190. ""Ludzie już tego nie wytrzymują". PIĘĆ PYTAŃ DO Andrzeja Żydka, który podpalił się w 2011 r. przed kancelarią premiera". Retrieved January 11, 2018.
  191. S.A., Wirtualna Polska Media (June 12, 2013). "Mężczyzna podpalił się przed kancelarią premiera Donalda Tuska w Warszawie". Retrieved January 11, 2018.
  192. Young, Mark. "Bradenton Herald & Lakewood Ranch Herald". The Bradenton Herald. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  193. "In dying act, minister hoped to inspire social justice". Retrieved December 20, 2014.
  194. "Funeral of the Ahwazi Arab who set himself on fire turned into demonstration". Ahwaz Human Rights Organization. March 23, 2015. Retrieved November 26, 2016.
  195. "Raise of self-immolation among Ahwazi Arabs due to discrimination and poverty". Ahwazi Centre for Human Rights. June 2, 2016. Archived from the original on November 27, 2016. Retrieved November 26, 2016.
  196. "South Korean Man, 80, Sets Self on Fire at Anti-Japan Rally". The New York Times. August 12, 2015. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 12, 2015.
  197. Boroweic, Steven (August 12, 2015). "South Korean man lights himself on fire during anti-Japan protest in Seoul". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  198. Hasham, Nicole (October 20, 2015). "Asylum seeker self-immolated amid fears he would be sent back to detention, Senate hearing told". Retrieved January 11, 2018 via The Sydney Morning Herald.
  199. Wong, Edward (March 3, 2016). "Tibetan Monk, 18, Dies After Self-Immolation to Protest Chinese Rule". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 13, 2017.
  200. Lipp, Kenneth (March 27, 2016). "Veteran Burned Himself Alive Outside VA Clinic". The Daily Beast. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  201. "Claims Iranian man suicided after thinking he would have to stay on Nauru for another 10 years". May 2, 2016. Retrieved January 11, 2018.
  202. "Iranian Asylum Seeker Severely Burnt After Setting Himself On Fire On Nauru".
  203. "Nauru refugee suffers critical injuries after setting herself on fire". May 2, 2016. Retrieved January 11, 2018.
  204. "Man sets himself on fire in centre of Munich". The Independent. May 19, 2017. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  205. "Tibetan Self-Immolator Tenzin Choeying Dies in Indian Hospital". Radio Free Asia. Retrieved January 11, 2018.
  206. "Tibetan man dies in apparent self-immolation protest in Dharamshala". The Tibet Post International. July 31, 2017. Retrieved September 28, 2017.
  209. NCKultury (January 17, 2013). "Chłopcy z Placu broni – Kocham wolność". Retrieved January 11, 2018 via YouTube.
  210. hermesauto (October 20, 2017). "Pole attempts self-immolation in likely anti-govt protest". Retrieved January 11, 2018.
  211. FM., RMF. "54-latek podpalił się na Placu Defilad. Nieoficjalnie: Zostawił list, w którym krytykował rząd". Retrieved January 11, 2018.
  212. "Sacked Man Dies After Setting Fire To Himself In Bashkortostan". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. January 16, 2018. Retrieved January 21, 2018.
  213. Mays, Jeffery C. (April 14, 2018). "Prominent Lawyer in Fight for Gay Rights Dies After Setting Himself on Fire in Prospect Park". The New York Times. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  214. "Prominent gay rights lawyer sets himself on fire in protest suicide". CNN. April 15, 2018. Retrieved April 15, 2018.
  215. Akram, Fares (May 20, 2018). "Palestinian publicly sets himself on fire in Gaza". Associated Press. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  216. "Palestinian man publicly sets himself on fire over dire living conditions in Gaza". The Independent. Retrieved September 28, 2018.
  217. "Woman who set self on fire in Portland park remembered as 'brilliant and tortured' artist". Retrieved June 26, 2018.
  218. Zraick, Karen (June 26, 2018). "Veteran Sets Himself on Fire Outside State Capitol in Atlanta". The New York Times. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  219. "Crimean Tatar Activist Sets Himself On Fire To Protest 'Lawlessness'". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. August 3, 2018. Retrieved August 5, 2018.
  220. "Mother searches for answers a year after daughter set herself on fire in council housing office". The Guardian. September 8, 2019. Retrieved October 11, 2019.
  221. "British media blacks out self-immolation of woman at Barnet council office". World Socialist Website. September 8, 2018. Retrieved October 11, 2019.
  222. "Inside the World of Black Incels". MEL Magazine. December 9, 2019.
  223. "Black Manosphere Displays Black Men's Sexual Rage and Frustration". December 6, 2018.
  224. "Selbstverbrennung in Ingolstadt: Kurden sprechen von Protest". (in German). Retrieved February 17, 2021.
  225. Acarer, Erk (September 30, 2018). "Selbstverbrennung in Ingolstadt: Videobotschaft gegen Erdoğan". Die Tageszeitung: taz (in German). ISSN 0931-9085. Retrieved March 23, 2021.
  226. "Man sets himself on fire in Prague's Wenceslas Square". Reuters. January 20, 2018. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  227. Stirken, Norbert (February 20, 2020). "Demo am Gericht in Krefeld: Sympathie für Kurden-Protest". RP ONLINE (in German). Retrieved February 17, 2021.
  228. Dvorak, Petula (May 30, 2019). "Self-immolation can be a form of protest. Or a cry for help. Are we listening?". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  229. Jeong, Sophie; Mackintosh, Eliza (July 19, 2019). "South Korean man dies after setting himself on fire outside Japanese embassy in Seoul". CNN. Retrieved July 19, 2019.
  230. "Iranian female football fan who self-immolated outside court dies". The Guardian. September 10, 2019. Retrieved September 10, 2019.
  231. "Russian Scholar Dies From Self-Immolation While Protesting to Save Native Language". The Moscow Times. September 10, 2019. Retrieved September 11, 2019.
  232. "Man Dies After Self-Immolation Protest Over Language Policies In Russia's Udmurtia". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. September 10, 2019. Retrieved September 11, 2019.
  233. "Syrian Kurd sets himself on fire outside UN refugee agency". The Jerusalem Post | Retrieved May 17, 2020.
  234. "Destitute student self-immolates in Lyon in 'desperate' protest at inequality". Euronews. September 11, 2019. Retrieved October 11, 2019.
  235. "French student sets himself on fire over financial problems". BBC News. September 11, 2019. Retrieved October 11, 2019.
  239. "Przed Sejmem podpalił się mężczyzna. Wcześniej rozmawiał z dziennikarzami". Gazeta Wyborcza| Retrieved June 16, 2020.
  240. "Arie den Dekker steekt zichzelf in brand; Tot wanhoop gedreven na getuigenverklaring". Retrieved July 27, 2020.
  243. "Woman commits act of self-immolation near Catholic Church in Zaporizhzhia". Union of Orthodox Journalists | Retrieved August 4, 2020.
  244. "Self-immolation of a woman in Zaporozhye: details became known". NewsBeezer | Retrieved August 6, 2020.
  247. "Belarusian who committed self-immolation act passes away in Minsk". Retrieved October 26, 2020.
  248. "Russian journalist dies after setting herself on fire outside government building". NY Post. Retrieved October 2, 2020.
  249. "'Blame the Russian Federation' Journalist Irina Slavina's self-immolation came after years of constant pressure from the authorities". October 3, 2020.
  250. "Selbstanzündung in Dresden: Rund 150 bei Kundgebung". (in German). Retrieved February 17, 2021.
  251. "Mann zündete sich vor Landtag an: Bekennerschreiben von PKK-Anhänger aufgetaucht". TAG24 (in German). Retrieved March 23, 2021.
  252. Winer, Stuart; Gross, Judah Ari. "PTSD-afflicted IDF veteran still critical after setting himself alight". The Times of Israel. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  253. "Disabled Israeli army veteran sets himself on fire ahead of Memorial Day".