List of scientific publications by Albert Einstein


Albert Einstein (1879–1955) was a renowned theoretical physicist of the 20th century, best known for his theories of special relativity and general relativity. He also made important contributions to statistical mechanics, especially his treatment of Brownian motion, his resolution of the paradox of specific heats, and his connection of fluctuations and dissipation. Despite his reservations about its interpretation, Einstein also made seminal contributions to quantum mechanics and, indirectly, quantum field theory, primarily through his theoretical studies of the photon.[1]

First page from Einstein's manuscript explaining general relativity.

Einstein's scientific publications are listed below in four tables: journal articles, book chapters, books and authorized translations. Each publication is indexed in the first column by its number in the Schilpp bibliography (Albert Einstein: Philosopher–Scientist, pp. 694–730) and by its article number in Einstein's Collected Papers. Complete references for these two bibliographies may be found below in the Bibliography section. The Schilpp numbers are used for cross-referencing in the Notes (the final column of each table), since they cover a greater time period of Einstein's life at present. The English translations of titles are generally taken from the published volumes of the Collected Papers. For some publications, however, such official translations are not available; unofficial translations are indicated with a § superscript. Although the tables are presented in chronological order by default, each table can be re-arranged in alphabetical order for any column by the reader clicking on the arrows at the top of that column. For illustration, to re-order a table by subject—e.g., to group together articles that pertain to "General relativity" or "Specific heats"—one need only click on the arrows in the "Classification and Notes" columns. To print out the re-sorted table, one may print it directly by using the web-browser Print option; the "Printable version" link at the left gives only the default sorting. Collaborative works by Einstein are highlighted in lavender, with the co-authors provided in the final column of the table.

In addition to his scientific publications, the Schilpp bibliography notes over 130 of Einstein's non-scientific works, often on humanitarian or political topics (pp. 730–746). There were also five volumes of Einstein's Collected Papers (volumes 1, 5, 8–10) that are devoted to his correspondence, much of which is concerned with scientific questions, but were never prepared for publication.

Chronology and major themes


Einstein in 1921.

The following chronology of Einstein's scientific discoveries provides a context for the publications listed below, and clarifies the major themes running through his work. The first four entries come from his Annus Mirabilis papers or miracle year papers.

Journal articles


Most of Einstein's original scientific work appeared as journal articles. Articles on which Einstein collaborated with other scientists are highlighted in lavender, with the co-authors listed in the "Classification and notes" column. These are the total of 272 scientific articles.

Index[notes 1] Year Title and English translation[notes 2] Journal, volume, pages[notes 3] Classification and notes[notes 4]
Schilpp 1; CP 2, 11901Folgerungen aus den Kapillaritätserscheinungen
Conclusions Drawn from the Phenomena of Capillarity
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 4, 513–523, linkIntermolecular forces.[22] The first of two papers in which Einstein proposed the (incorrect) theory that the interactions between all molecules are a universal function of distance, in analogy with the inverse-square force of gravity. Once parameterized, his theory makes reasonably accurate predictions for heavier hydrophobic molecules, but fails for lighter molecules.
Schilpp 2; CP 2, 21902Thermodynamische Theorie der Potentialdifferenz zwischen Metallen und vollständig dissoziierten Lösungen ihrer Salze, und eine elektrische Methode zur Erforschung der Molekularkräfte
On the Thermodynamic Theory of the Difference in Potentials between Metals and Fully Dissociated Solutions of Their Salts and on an Electrical Method for Investigating Molecular Forces
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 8, 798–814, linkIntermolecular forces.[23] Einstein's second paper on a universal molecular energy function, this time applied to electrolytic solutions. No data are available for comparison. Einstein characterizes these two papers as "worthless" in 1907.[24]
Schilpp 3; CP 2, 31902Kinetische Theorie des Wärmegleichgewichtes und des zweiten Hauptsatzes der Thermodynamik
Kinetic Theory of Thermal Equilibrium and of the Second Law of Thermodynamics
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 9, 417–433, linkStatistical mechanics.[25] Study of the equipartition theorem and the definitions of temperature and entropy.
Schilpp 4; CP 2, 41903Eine Theorie der Grundlagen der Thermodynamik
A Theory of the Foundations of Thermodynamics
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 11, 170–187, linkStatistical mechanics.[26] The problem of irreversibility in thermodynamics.
Schilpp 5; CP 2, 51904Allgemeine molekulare Theorie der Wärme
On the General Molecular Theory of Heat
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 14, 354–362, linkStatistical mechanics.[27] Fluctuations and new methods for determining Boltzmann's constant.
CP 2, 61905Review of Giuseppe Belluzzo: "Principi di termodinamica grafica"
Review of Giuseppe Belluzzo: "Principles of Graphic Thermodynamics"
Beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 29, 78Thermodynamics.
CP 2, 71905Review of Albert Fliegner: "Über den Clausius'schen Entropiesatz"
Review of Albert Fliegner: "On Clausius's Law of Entropy"
Beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 29, 79Thermodynamics.
CP 2, 81905Review of William McFadden Orr: "On Clausius' Theorem for Irreversible Cycles, and on the Increase of Entropy" Beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 29, 79Thermodynamics.
CP 2, 91905Review of George Hartley Bryan: "The Law of Degradation of Energy as the Fundamental Principle of Thermodynamics" Beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 29, 80Thermodynamics.
CP 2, 101905Review of Nikolay Nikolayevich Schiller: "Einige Bedenken betreffend die Theorie der Entropievermehrung durch Diffusion der Gase bei einander gleichen Anfangsspannungen der letzteren"
Review of Nikolay Nikolayevich Schiller: "Some Concerns Regarding the Theory of Entropy Increase Due to the Diffusion of Gases Where the Initial Pressures of the Latter Are Equal"
Beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 29, 81Thermodynamics.
CP 2, 111905Review of Jakob Johann Weyrauch: "Über die spezifischen Wärmen des überhitzten Wasserdampfes"
Review of Jakob Johann Weyrauch: "On the specific Heats of Superheated Water Vapor"
Beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 29, 82Thermodynamics.
CP 2, 121905Review of Jacobus Henricus van't Hoff: "Einfluss der Änderung der spezifischen Wärme auf die Umwandlungsarbeit"
Review of Jacobus Henricus van't Hoff: "The Influence of the Change in Specific Heat on the Work of Conversion"
Beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 29, 82Thermodynamics.
CP 2, 131905Review of Arturo Giammarco: "Un caso di corrispondenza in termodinamica"
Review of Arturo Giammarco: "A Case of Corresponding States in Thermodynamics"
Beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 29, 84Thermodynamics.
Schilpp 7; CP 2, 14; Weil *61905 March 17Über einen die Erzeugung und Verwandlung des Lichtes betreffenden heuristischen Gesichtspunkt
On a Heuristic Point of View Concerning the Production and Transformation of Light
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 17, 132–148, linkPhotons.[28] Proposal of the photon as a quantum of energy, supported by many independent arguments.
Schilpp 8; CP 2, 16; Weil *81905Über die von der molekularkinetischen Theorie der Wärme geforderte Bewegung von in ruhenden Flüssigkeiten suspendierten Teilchen
On the Movement of Small Particles Suspended in Stationary Liquids Required by the Molecular-Kinetic Theory of Heat
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 17, 549–560, linkStatistical mechanics.[29] Seminal treatment of Brownian motion, a type of translational diffusion.
CP 2, 171905Review of Karl Fredrik Slotte: "Über die Schmelzwärme"
Review of Karl Fredrik Slotte: "On the Heat of Fusion"
Beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 29, 135Thermodynamics.
CP 2, 181905Review of Karl Fredrik Slotte: "Folgerungen aus einer thermodynamischen Gleichung"
Review of Karl Fredrik Slotte: "Conclusions Drawn from a Thermodynamic Equation"
Beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 29, 135Thermodynamics.
CP 2, 191905Review of Emile Mathias: "La constante a des diamètres rectilignes et les lois des états correspondents"
Review of Emile Mathias: "The Constant a of Rectilinear Diameters and the Laws of Corresponding States"
Beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 29, 136Thermodynamics.
CP 2, 201905Review of Max Planck: "On Clausius' Theorem for Irreversible Cycles, and on the Increase of Entropy" Beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 29, 29 (1905) 137Thermodynamics.
CP 2, 211905Review of Edgar Buckingham: "On Certain Difficulties Which Are Encountered in the Study of Thermodynamics" Beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 29, 137Thermodynamics.
CP 2, 221905Review of Paul Langevin: "Sur une formule fondamentale de la théorie cinétique"
Review of Paul Langevin: "On a Fundamental Formula of the Kinetic Theory"
Beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 29, 138Thermodynamics.
Schilpp 9; CP 2, 23; Weil *91905Zur Elektrodynamik bewegter Körper
On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 17, 891–921, link, WikilivresSpecial relativity.[30] This seminal paper gave birth to special relativity (SR). In particular, it stated the two postulates of SR (uniform motion is undetectable, and the speed of light is always constant) and its kinematics.
Schilpp 10; CP 2, 24; Weil *101905Ist die Trägheit eines Körpers von seinem Energieinhalt abhängig?
Does the Inertia of a Body Depend upon its Energy Content?
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 18, 639–641, linkSpecial relativity.[31] A follow-on from his last paper, this paper derived the conclusion that mass was equivalent to an energy and vice versa, leading to the famous equation E=mc2.
CP 2, 251905Review of Heinrich Birven: Grundzüge der mechanischen Wärmetheorie
Review of Heinrich Birven: Fundamentals of the Mechanical Theory of Heat
Beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 29, 175Thermodynamics.
CP 2, 261905Review of Auguste Ponsot: "Chaleur dans le déplacement de 1'équilibre d'un système capillaire"
Review of Auguste Ponsot: "Heat in the Displacement of the Equilibrium of a Capillary System"
Beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 29, 175Thermodynamics.
CP 2, 271905Review of Karl Bohlin: "Sur le choc, considéré comme fondement des théories cinétiques de la pression des gaz et de la gravitation universelle"
Review of Karl Bohlin: "On Impact Considered as the Basis of Kinetic Theories of Gas Pressure and of Universal Gravitation"
Beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 29, 176Thermodynamics.
CP 2, 281905Review of Georges Meslin: "Sur la constante de la loi de Mariotte et GayLussac"
Review of Georges Meslin: "On the Constant in Mariotte and GayLussac's Law"
Beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 29, 177Thermodynamics.
CP 2, 291905Review of Albert Fliegner: "Das Ausströmen heissen Wassers aus Gefässmündungen"
Review of Albert Fliegner: "The Efflux of Hot Water from Container Orifices
Beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 29, 177Thermodynamics.
CP 2, 301905Review of Jakob Johann Weyrauch: Grundriss der Wärmetheorie. Mit zahlreichen Beispielen und Anwendungen
Review of Jakob Johann Weyrauch: "An Outline of the Theory of Heat. With Numerous Examples and Applications. Part 1
Beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 29, 178Thermodynamics.
CP 2, 311905Review of Albert Fliegner: "Über den Wärmewert chemischer Vorgänge"
Review of Albert Fliegner: "On the Thermal Value of Chemical Processes"
Beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 29, 179Thermodynamics.
Schilpp 11; CP 2, 331906Eine neue Bestimmung der Moleküldimensionen
A New Determination of Molecular Dimensions
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 19, 289–306, linkStatistical mechanics.[32] Hydrodynamic determination of molecular volumes.
Schilpp 12; CP 2, 32; Weil *111906Zur Theorie der Brownschen Bewegung
On the Theory of Brownian Motion
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 19, 371–381, linkStatistical mechanics.[33] Rotational Brownian motion, an example of rotational diffusion.
Schilpp 13; CP 2, 34; Weil *121906Theorie der Lichterzeugung und Lichtabsorption
On the Theory of Light Production and Light Absorption
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 20, 199–206, linkPhotons.[34] Einstein reconciles his and Planck's independent derivations of the blackbody formula E=hν. Planck's derivation of this formula ascribed it to a restriction on the energy changes possible when radiation is produced or absorbed by matter, which implied no restriction on the energies of either matter or radiation. Einstein's 1905 derivation ascribed it to a restriction on the energy of radiation alone, but in this paper, he proposes the modern idea that the energies of both matter and radiation are quantized, which led to his work on quantum specific heats, such as reference #16.
Schilpp 14; CP 2, 351906Prinzip von der Erhaltung der Schwerpunktsbewegung und die Trägheit der Energie
The Principle of Conservation of Motion of the Center of Gravity and the Inertia of Energy
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 20, 627–633, linkSpecial relativity.[35] First statement that the conservation of mass is a special case of the conservation of energy.
Schilpp 15; CP 2, 361906Eine Methode zur Bestimmung des Verhältnisses der transversalen und longitudinalen Masse des Elektrons
On a Method for the Determination of the Ratio of the Transverse and the Longitudinal Mass of the Electron
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 21, 583–586, linkSpecial relativity.[36] A French translation appeared in the journal L'Éclairage électrique, volume 49, pages 493–494.
CP 2, 371906Review of Max Planck: Vorlesungen über die Theorie der Wärmestrahlung
Review of Max Planck: Lectures on the Theory of Thermal Radiation
Beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 30, 211Statistical mechanics.
Schilpp 16; CP 2, 38; Weil *151907Plancksche Theorie der Strahlung und die Theorie der Spezifischen Wärme
Planck's Theory of Radiation and the Theory of Specific Heat
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 22, 180–190, 800 link and correction and Specific heats.[37] Seminal work applying Planck's law to the oscillations of atoms and molecules in solids. Resolved the 19th-century paradox of the equipartition theorem in classical physics, and introduced the Einstein model of solids, which led to the current Debye model. Showed that the quantum mechanical law E=hν was a general law of physics, and not merely special to blackbody radiation.
Schilpp 17; CP 2, 391907Gültigkeit des Satzes vom thermodynamischen Gleichgewicht und die Möglichkeit einer neuen Bestimmung der Elementarquanta
On the Limit of Validity of the Law of Thermodynamic Equilibrium and on the Possibility of a New Determination of the Elementary Quanta
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 22, 569–572, linkStatistical mechanics.[38] Applies his theory of fluctuations to determine Boltzmann's constant from the voltage fluctuations in a capacitor. Resulted in a novel low-noise technique for amplifying voltages, as described in reference #25.
Schilpp 18; CP 2, 411907Möglichkeit einer neuen Prüfung des Relativitätsprinzips
On the Possibility of a New Test of the Relativity Principle
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 23, 197–198, linkSpecial relativity.[39] Einstein's discovery of the transverse Doppler effect, in which the perceived frequency is shifted even when the line between the wave source and receiver and the source's velocity are perpendicular.
Schilpp 191907Bemerkung zur Notiz des Herrn P. Ehrenfest: Translation deformierbarer Elektronen und der Flächensatz
Comments on the Note of Mr. Paul Ehrenfest: The Translatory Motion of Deformable Electrons and the Area Law
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 23, 206–208, linkSpecial relativity.[40] Discusses the difficulty of applying Lorentz transformations to rigid bodies.
Schilpp 20; CP 2, 451907Die vom Relativätsprinzip geforderte Trägheit der Energie
On the Inertia of Energy Required by the Relativity Principle
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 23, 371–384, linkSpecial relativity.[41] First statement that the total energy of a particle in rest equals E=mc2. Derives the transformation of energy and momentum under the influence of external forces (relativistic dynamics). Notes again the difficulty of applying Lorentz transformations to rigid bodies (see reference #19). Finally, speculates that Maxwell's equations will prove to be the limiting case for large numbers of light-quanta, just as thermodynamics is a limiting case of statistical mechanics.
CP 2, 461907Review of Jakob Johann Weyrauch: Grundriss der Wärmetheorie. Mit zahlreichen Beispielen und Anwendungen
Review of Jakob Johann Weyrauch: An Outline of the Theory of Heat. With Numerous Examples and Applications. Part 2.
Beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 31, 251Thermodynamics.
Schilpp 21; CP 2, 47; Weil *211907Relativitätsprinzip und die aus demselben gezogenen Folgerungen
On the Relativity Principle and the Conclusions Drawn from It
Jahrbuch der Radioaktivität, 4, 411–462, linkSpecial and general relativity.[42] A correction appeared in volume 5, pp. 98–99, Berichtigungen. First appearance (page 443) of the equation E=mc2. This paper also marks the beginning of Einstein's long development of general relativity; here he derives the equivalence principle, gravitational redshift, and the gravitational bending of light. Einstein returns to these topics in 1911.
Schilpp 22; CP 2, 401907Theoretische Bemerkungen über die Brownsche Bewegung
Theoretical Remarks on Brownian Motion
Zeitschrift für Elektrochemie und angewandte physikalische Chemie, 13, 41–42Statistical mechanics.[43] Brief note on the technical meaning of "average velocity".
Schilpp 23; CP 2, 511908Elektromagnetische Grundgleichungen für bewegte Körper
On the Fundamental Electromagnetic Equations for Moving Bodies
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 26, 532–540, linkSpecial relativity.[44] Co-authored with J. Laub. A correction appeared in volume 27, p.232, Berichtigungen. See also publication #27.
Schilpp 24; CP 2, 521908Die im elektromagnetischen Felde auf ruhende Körper ausgeübten ponderomotorischen Kräfte
On the Ponderomotive Forces Exerted on Bodies at Rest in the Electromagnetic Field
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 26, 541–550, linkSpecial relativity.[45] Co-authored with J. Laub.
Schilpp 25; CP 2, 481908Neue elektrostatische Methode zur Messung kleiner Elektrizitätsmengen
A New Electrostatic Method for the Measurement of Small Quantities of Electricity
Physikalische Zeitschrift, 9, 216–217Electromagnetism.[46] Novel experimental method for measuring tiny amounts of charge, by first charging a variable capacitor at low capacitance, then changing it to high capacitance and discharging it to another capacitor. An apparatus for this amplification was constructed by two brothers, Johann Conrad Habicht and Franz Paul Habicht, in collaboration with Einstein and published in Physikalische Zeitschrift, 11, 532 (1910).
Schilpp 26; CP 2, 501908Elementare Theorie der Brownschen Bewegung
Elementary Theory of Brownian Motion
Zeitschrift für Elektrochemie, 14, 235–239Statistical mechanics.[47] Semi-popular review.
Schilpp 27; CP 2, 541909Bemerkungen zu unserer Arbeit: Elektromagnetische Grundgleichungen für bewegte Körper
Remarks on Our Paper: On the Fundamental Electromagnetic Equations for Moving Bodies
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 28, 445–447, linkSpecial relativity.[44] Co-authored with J. Laub.
Schilpp 28; CP 2, 551909Bemerkung zur Arbeit von Mirimanoff: Die Grundgleichungen...
Comment on the Paper of D. Mirimanoff: On the Fundamental Equations...
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 28, 885–888, linkSpecial relativity.[48] Notes similarity to Hermann Minkowski's work.
Schilpp 29; CP 2, 561909Zum gegenwärtigen Stande des Strahlungsproblems
On the Present Status of the Radiation Problem
Physikalische Zeitschrift, 10, 185–193Photons.[49] Review article on electromagnetic radiation, and an important forerunner of publication #30.
Schilpp 29b; CP 2, 571909No title Physikalische Zeitschrift, 10, 323–324Photons.[50] Walther Ritz's joint communique with Einstein (co-author) on their differing viewpoints of the advanced and retarded solutions of Maxwell's equations. Einstein argues that the physical restriction to retarded solutions is not a law, but probabilistic; Ritz states that the same restriction is the basis of the 2nd law of thermodynamics.
Schilpp 30; CP 2, 601909Entwicklung unserer Anschauungen über das Wesen und die Konstitution der Strahlung
On the Development of Our Views Concerning the Nature and Constitution of Radiation
Physikalische Zeitschrift, 10, 817–825Photons.[51] Pivotal address before the 81st assembly of the Gesellschaft Deutscher Naturforscher, held in Salzburg, where Einstein showed that photons must carry momentum and should be treated as particles. Notes that electromagnetic radiation must have a dual nature, at once both wave-like and particulate. Also published in the journal Deutsche physikalische Gesellschaft, Verhandlungen, 11, pp. 482–500. An English translation is available at the English Wikisource.
Schilpp 31; CP 3, 71910Über einen Satz der Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung und seine Anwendung in der Strahlungstheorie
On a Theorem of the Probability Calculus and Its Application in the Theory of Radiation
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 33, 1096–1104, linkPhotons.[52] Co-authored with L. Hopf. See also publication #79.
Schilpp 32; CP 3, 81910Statistische Untersuchung der Bewegung eines Resonators in einem Strahlungsfeld
Statistical Investigation of a Resonator's Motion in a Radiation Field
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 33, 1105–1115, linkPhotons.[53] Co-authored with L. Hopf.
Schilpp 33; CP 3, 9; Weil *361910Theorie der Opaleszenz von homogenen Flüssigkeiten und Flüssigkeitsgemischen in der Nähe des kritischen Zustandes
The Theory of the Opalescence of Homogeneous Fluids and Liquid Mixtures near the Critical State
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 33, 1275–1298, linkStatistical mechanics.[54] Seminal paper on critical opalescence.
Schilpp 34; CP 3, 21910Principe de relativité et ses conséquences dans la physique moderne
The Principle of Relativity and Its Consequences in Modern Physics
Archives des sciences physiques et naturelles (ser. 4), 29, 5–28, 125–244Special relativity.[55] Translation by E. Guillaume, but does not correspond to reference #21.
Schilpp 35; CP 3, 51910Théorie des quantités lumineuses et la question de la localisation de l'énergie électromagnetique
On the Theory of Light Quanta and the Question of the Localization of Electromagnetic Energy
Archives des sciences physiques et naturelles (ser. 4), 29, 525–528Photons.
Schilpp 36; CP 3, 61910Forces pondéromotrices qui agissent sur les conducteurs ferromagnétiques disposés dans un champs magnétique et parcourus par un courant
On the Ponderomotive Forces Acting on Ferromagnetic Conductors Carrying a Current in a Magnetic Field
Archives des sciences physiques et naturelles (ser. 4), 30, 323–324Electromagnetism.[56]
Schilpp 37; CP 3, 121911Bemerkung zu dem Gesetz von Eötvös
Comment on Eötvös's Law
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 34, 165–169, linkIntermolecular forces and fluid mechanics.[57]
Schilpp 38; CP 3, 13; Weil *391911Beziehung zwischen dem elastischen Verhalten und der Spezifischen Wärme mit einatomigem Molekül
A Relationship between Elastic Behavior and Specific Heat in Solids with a Monatomic Molecule
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 34, 170–174, linkSpecific heats.[58] Einstein tries to connect a characteristic frequency in his 1907 theory of specific heats to the elastic properties of the solid. See also Bemerkung zu meiner Arbeit: 'Eine Beziehung zwischen dem elastischen Verhalten ...'", p. 590.
Schilpp 39; CP 3, 101911Bemerkungen zu den P. Hertzschen Arbeiten: Mechanische Grundlagen der Thermodynamik
Comments on P. Hertz's Papers: On the Mechanical Foundations of Thermodynamics
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 34, 175–176, linkStatistical mechanics.[59]
Schilpp 40; CP 3, 141911Berichtigung zu meiner Arbeit: Eine neue Bestimmung der Moleküldimensionen
Correction to My Paper: A New Determination of Molecular Dimensions
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 34, 591–592, linkStatistical mechanics.[60] Correction to publication #11 that produces an excellent estimate of the Avogadro constant.[61]
Schilpp 41; CP 3, 211911Elementare Betrachtungen über die thermische Molekularbewegung in festen Körpern
Elementary Observations on Thermal Molecular Motion in Solids
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 35, 679–694, linkSpecific heats.[62] Recognizing that his 1907 model of specific heats is incorrect at very low temperatures, Einstein tries to improve it. The correct answer came a year later with the Debye model.
Schilpp 42; CP 3, 23; Weil *431911Einfluss der Schwerkraft auf die Ausbreitung des Lichtes
On the Influence of Gravitation on the Propagation of Light
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 35, 898–908, linkGeneral relativity.[63] In this paper, Einstein resumes his development of general relativity, last discussed in 1907. Here, Einstein realizes that a new theory is needed to replace both special relativity and Newton's theory of gravitation. He also realizes that special relativity and the equivalence principle hold locally, not globally.
Schilpp 43; CP 3, 171911Relativitätstheorie
The Theory of Relativity
Naturforschende Gesellschaft, Zürich, Vierteljahresschrift, 56, 1–14Special and (possibly) general relativity.[64] An address given at the conference of the Zurich Society of Scientists.
Schilpp 44; CP 3, 221911Zum Ehrenfestschen Paradoxon
On the Ehrenfest Paradox
Physikalische Zeitschrift, 12, 509–510Special relativity.[65] Clears up confusion about the Lorentz contraction.
Schilpp 45; CP 4, 2 and 51912Thermodynamische Begründung des photochemischen Äquivalentgesetzes
Thermodynamic Proof of the Law of Photochemical Equivalence
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 37, 832–838, linkStatistical mechanics.[66] See also volume 38, pp. 881–884, Nachtrag zu meiner Arbeit: 'Thermodynamische Begründung des photochemischen Äquivalentgesetzes'
Schilpp 46; CP 4, 31912Lichtgeschwindigkeit und Statik des Gravitationsfeldes
The Speed of Light and the Statics of the Gravitational Field
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 38, 355–369, linkGeneral relativity.[67] First of two papers (see next entry for second) in the continuing development of general relativity (see reference #42). These two papers are the last in which Einstein allows time to be warped while keeping space flat (uncurved). In these papers, he realizes that the Lorentz transformations of special relativity must be generalized and that the new theory of gravitation must be non-linear, since gravitational energy can itself gravitate.[68]
Schilpp 47; CP 4, 41912Theorie des statischen Gravitationsfeldes
On the Theory of the Static Gravitational Field
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 38, 443–458, linkGeneral relativity.[69] Second of two papers (see previous entry for first) in the continuing development of general relativity.
Schilpp 48; CP 4, 61912Antwort auf eine Bemerkung von J. Stark: Anwendung des Planckschen Elementargesetzes
Response to a Comment by J. Stark: 'On an Application of Planck's Fundamental Law...
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 38, 888, linkPhotons.[70]
Schilpp 49; CP 4, 81912Relativität und Gravitation: Erwiderung auf eine Bemerkung von M. Abraham
Relativity and Gravitation. Reply to a Comment by M. Abraham
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 38, 1059–1064, linkGeneral relativity.[71]
Schilpp 50; CP 4, 91912Bemerkung zu Abraham's vorangehender Auseinandersetzung: Nochmals Relativität und Gravitation
Comment on Abraham's Preceding Discussion 'Once Again, Relativity and Gravitation
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 39, 704, linkGeneral relativity.[72]
Schilpp 52; CP 4, 71912Gibt es eine Gravitationswirkung die der elektromagnetischen Induktionswirkung analog ist?
Is There a Gravitational Effect Which Is Analogous to Electrodynamic Induction?
Vierteljahrschrift für gerichtliche Medizin (ser. 3), 44, 37–40General relativity.[73]
Schilpp 53; CP 4, 13; Weil *581913Entwurf einer verallgemeinerten Relativitätstheorie und eine Theorie der Gravitation. I. Physikalischer Teil von A. Einstein II. Mathematischer Teil von M. Grossmann
Outline of a Generalized Theory of Relativity and of a Theory of Gravitation. I. Physical Part by A. Einstein II. Mathematical Part by M. Grossmann
Zeitschrift für Mathematik und Physik, 62, 225–244, 245–261General relativity.[74] A breakthrough paper, written in collaboration with Marcel Grossmann, in which the single Newtonian scalar gravitational field is replaced by ten fields, which are the components of a symmetric, four-dimensional metric tensor. However, the correct equations describing these fields are not identified. Reviewed critically in reference #68. See also references #21, 42, 46 and 47.
Schilpp 54; CP 4, 111913Einige Argumente für die Annahme einer molekular Agitation beim absoluten Nullpunkt
Some Arguments for the Assumption of Molecular Agitation at Absolute Zero
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 40, 551–560, linkSpecific heats.[75] Co-authored with O. Stern. Einstein and Stern attempt to explain the specific heats of diatomic gases, such as molecular hydrogen, H2. Although qualitatively correct, they are quantitatively inaccurate.[76]
Schilpp 55; CP 4, 121913Déduction thermodynamique de la loi de l'équivalence photochimique
Thermodynamic Deduction of the Law of Photochemical Equivalence
Journal de physique (ser. 5), 3, 277–282Statistical mechanics.[77] Not a translation of reference #45, but rather an address before the Société Française de Physique, held on March 27, 1913.
Schilpp 56; CP 4, 161913Physikalische Grundlagen einer Gravitationstheorie
Physical Foundations of a Theory of Gravitation
Naturforschende Gesellschaft, Zürich, Vierteljahrsschrift, 58, 284–290General relativity.[78] Address before the Swiss Society of Scientists on September 9, 1913. A résumé is printed in the Schweizerische naturforschende Gesellschaft, Verhandlungen, 1913 (part 2), pp. 137–138.
Schilpp 57; CP 4, 231913Max Planck als Forscher
Max Planck as Scientist
Naturwissenschaften, 1, 1077–1079History of physics.[79]
Schilpp 58; CP 4, 171913Zum gegenwärtigen Stande des Gravitationsproblems
On the Present State of the Problem of Gravitation
Physikalische Zeitschrift, 14, 1249–1266General relativity.[80] Address on September 21, 1913 to the 85th Versammlung Deutscher Naturforscher in Vienna. The discussion following Einstein's address is included in this citation. This review was also published in the Gesellschaft deutscher Naturforscher und Ärzte, Verhandlungen, 1914, pp. 3–24. A referat was also published in the journal Himmel und Erde, 26, pp. 90–93.
Schilpp 59; CP 4, 281914Nordströmsche Gravitationstheorie vom Standpunkt des absoluten Differentialkalküls
Nordström's Theory of Gravitation from the Point of View of the Absolute Differential Calculus
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 44, 321–328, linkGeneral relativity.[81] Co-authored with A. D. Fokker. Shows that the competing field theory of Gunnar Nordström could be recast as a special case of the Einstein-Grossmann equations (see reference #53).
Schilpp 601914Bases physiques d'une théorie de la gravitation
Physical Foundations of a Theory of Gravitation§
Archives des sciences physiques et naturelles (ser. 4), 37, 5–12General relativity.[78] Translated by E. Guillaume.
Schilpp 611914Bemerkung zu P. Harzers Abhandlung: Die Mitführung des Lichtes in Glas und die Aberration
Observation on P. Harzer's Article: Dragging of Light in Glass and Aberration§
Astronomische Nachrichten, 199, 8–10, linkElectromagnetism and special relativity.[82]
Schilpp 621914Antwort auf eine Replik P. Harzers
Answer to P. Harzer's Reply§
Astronomische Nachrichten, 199, 47–48, linkElectromagnetism and special relativity.[82]
Schilpp 631914Zum gegenwärtigen Stande des Problems der spezifischen Wärme
On the Present Status of the Problem of Specific Heats§
Deutsche Bunsengesellschaft, Abhandlungen, 7, 330–364Specific heats. German edition of reference #51; pages 353–364 include the discussion following Einstein's address.
Schilpp 64; CP 6, 51914Beiträge zur Quantentheorie
Contributions to Quantum Theory§
Deutsche physikalische Gesellschaft, Berichte, 1914, 820–828Quantum mechanics.[83] Reprinted in volume 16 of the Verhandlungen of the same society.
Schilpp 65; CP 4, 271914Zur Theorie der Gravitation
On the Theory of Gravitation
Naturforschende Gesellschaft, Zürich, Vierteljahrsschrift, 59, 4–6General relativity.[84]
Schilpp 661914Review of H. A. Lorentz: Das Relativitätsprinzip
Review of H. A. Lorentz: The Principle of Relativity§
Naturwissenschaften, 2, 1018Special and (possibly) general relativity.[85]
Schilpp 67; CP 4, 241914Nachträgliche Antwort auf eine Frage von Reissner
Supplementary Response to a Question by Mr. Reißner
Physikalische Zeitschrift, 15, 108–110General relativity.[86] Concerns the mass of a gravitational field itself.
Schilpp 68; CP 4, 251914Principielles zur verallgemeinerten Relativitätstheorie und Gravitationstheorie
On the Foundations of the Generalized Theory of Relativity and the Theory of Gravitation
Physikalische Zeitschrift, 15, 176–180General relativity.[87] Reply to Gustav Mie on the relationship between reference #53 and Hermann Minkowski's work.
Schilpp 69; CP 6, 31914Antrittsrede
Inaugural Address§
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1914 (pt. 2), 739–742General relativity.[88]
Schilpp 70; CP 6, 91914Formale Grundlage der allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie
Formal Foundations of the General Theory of Relativity§
Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Sitzungsberichte, 1914 (part 2), 1030–1085General relativity.[89] An important paper in the development of general relativity. Einstein still has not derived correct field equations, but he derives the geodesic motion of point particles, relates gravitational fields to rotation, and re-derives his 1907 results about the bending of light and gravitational redshift using the new metric tensor theory.
Schilpp 71; CP 4, 311914Zum Relativitätsproblem
On the Relativity Problem
Scientia (Bologna), 15, 337–348 linkSpecial and (possibly) general relativity.[90]
Schilpp 721914Physikalische Grundlagen und leitende Gedanken für eine Gravitationstheorie
Physical Foundations and Suggestive Thoughts for a Gravitational Theory§
Verhandlungen der Schweizerischen naturforschenden Gesellschaft, 96 (pt. 2), 146General relativity. Listed only by title; same lecture as publication #56.
Schilpp 731914Gravitationstheorie
Gravitational Theory§
Verhandlungen der Schweizerischen naturforschenden Gesellschaft, 96 (pt. 2), 136–137General relativity.[78] For full text, see reference #56.
Schilpp 74; CP 6, 11914 April 26Relativitätsprinzip
On the Principle of Relativity
Vossische Zeitung, 33–34Special and (possibly) general relativity.[91]
Schilpp 75; CP 6, 21914Kovarianzeigenschaften der Feldgleichungen der auf die verallgemeinerte Relativitätstheorie gegründeten Gravitationstheorie
Covariance Properties of the Field Equations of the Theory of Gravitation Based on the Generalized Theory of Relativity
Zeitschrift für Mathematik und Physik, 63, 215–225General relativity.[92] Co-authored with M. Grossmann.
Schilpp 781915Proefondervindelijk bewijs voor het bestan der moleculaire stroomen von Ampère
Experimental Proof of the Existence of Ampère's Molecular Currents
Akademie van Wetenschappen, Amsterdam, Verslag. (ser. 4), 23, 1449–1464Einstein-de Haas effect.[93] Co-authored with WJ de Haas.
Schilpp 79; CP 6, 181915Antwort auf eine Abhandlung M. von Laues: Ein Satz der Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung und seine Anwendung auf die Strahlungstheorie
Response to a Paper by M. von Laue: A Theorem in Probability Calculus and Its Application to Radiation Theory
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 47, 879–885, linkPhotons.[94]
Schilpp 80; CP 6, 23; Weil *731915Experimenteller Nachweis des Ampèreschen Molekularströme
Experimental Proof of Ampère's Molecular Currents
Verhandlungen der Deutschen Physikalischen Gesellschaft, 17, 152–170, 203 (Berichtigung), 420Einstein-de Haas effect.[95] Co-authored with WJ de Haas.
Schilpp 811915Experimenteller Nachweis des Ampèreschen Molekularströme
Experimental Proof of Ampère's Molecular Currents
Naturwissenschaften, 3, 237–238Einstein-de Haas effect.[96] Co-authored with WJ de Haas.
Schilpp 821915Grundgedanken der allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie und Anwendung dieser Theorie in der Astronomie
Fundamental Ideas of the General Theory of Relativity and the Application of this Theory in Astronomy§
Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Sitzungsberichte, 1915 (part 1), 315General relativity. First of Einstein's four papers in November 1915.[97]
Schilpp 83; CP 6, 21 and 221915Zur allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie
On the General Theory of Relativity
Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Sitzungsberichte, 1915 (part 2), 778–786, 799–801General relativity.[98] Second of Einstein's four papers in November 1915 that led to the final field equations for general relativity. The first paper had corrected a fundamental misconception and had allowed Einstein to finish; however, the second introduced a serious mistake.[99]
Schilpp 84; CP 6, 24; Weil *761915Erklärung der Perihelbewegung des Merkur aus der allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie
Explanation of the Perihelion Motion of Mercury from the General Theory of Relativity
Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Sitzungsberichte, 1915 (part 2), 831–839General relativity.[100] Third of Einstein's four papers in November 1915. A pivotal paper in which Einstein shows that general relativity explains the anomalous precession of the planet Mercury, which had vexed astronomers since 1859. This paper also introduced the important calculational method, the post-Newtonian expansion. Einstein also calculated correctly (for the first time) the bending of light by gravity.
Schilpp 85; CP 6, 251915Feldgleichungen der Gravitation
The Field Equations of Gravitation
Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Sitzungsberichte, 1915 (part 2), 844–847General relativity.[101] Fourth of Einstein's four papers in November 1915. This is the defining paper of general relativity. At long last, Einstein had found workable field equations, which served as the basis for subsequent derivations.
Schilpp 88; CP 6, 141916Experimental proof of the existence of Ampère's molecular currentsProceedings of the Akademie van Wetenschappen, Amsterdam, 18, 696–711,link[permanent dead link]Einstein-de Haas effect.[102] Co-authored with WJ de Haas; English translation of reference #80.
Schilpp 89; CP 6, 30; Weil *801916Grundlage der allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie
The Foundation of the General Theory of Relativity
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 49, 769–822, linkGeneral relativity. Final consolidation by Einstein of his various papers on the subject - in particular, his four papers in November 1915.[103]
Schilpp 90; CP 6, 401916Über Fr. Kottlers Abhandlung: Einsteins Äquivalenzhypothese und die Gravitation
On Friedrich Kottler's Paper: On Einstein's Equivalence Hypothesis and Gravitation
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 51, 639–642, linkGeneral relativity.[104]
Schilpp 91; CP 6, 281916Einfaches Experiment zum Nachweis der Ampèreschen Molekularströme
A Simple Experiment to Demonstrate Ampère's Molecular Currents
Verhandlungen der Deutschen Physikalischen Gesellschaft, 18, 173–177Einstein-de Haas effect.[105]
Schilpp 92; CP 6, 34; Weil *851916Strahlungs-emission und -absorption nach der Quantentheorie
Emission and Absorption of Radiation in Quantum Theory
Verhandlungen der Deutschen Physikalischen Gesellschaft, 18, 318–323Photons.[106] Seminal paper in which Einstein showed that Planck's quantum hypothesis E=hν could be derived from a kinetic rate equation. This paper introduced the idea of stimulated emission (which led to the laser and maser), and Einstein's A and B coefficients provided a guide for the development of quantum electrodynamics, the most accurately tested theory of physics at present. In this work, Einstein begins to realize that quantum mechanics seems to involve probabilities and a breakdown of causality.[107]
Schilpp 93; CP 6, 381916Quantentheorie der Strahlung
On the Quantum Theory of Radiation
Mitteilungen der Physikalischen Gesellschaft, Zürich, 16, 47–62Photons.[108] Following his 1909 address (reference #30), Einstein shows that photons must carry momentum if Planck's law is to hold. This was confirmed in 1923 by Compton scattering, for which the 1927 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded and which led to the general acceptance to the photon concept.
Schilpp 94; CP 6, 361916Review of H. A. Lorentz: Théories statistiques en thermodynamique
Review of H. A. Lorentz: Statistical Theories in Thermodynamics: Five Lectures...
Naturwissenschaften, 4, 480–481Statistical mechanics.[109]
Schilpp 95; CP 6, 391916Elementare Theorie der Wasserwellen und des Fluges
Elementary Theory of Water Waves and of Flight
Naturwissenschaften, 4, 509–510Fluid mechanics.
Schilpp 96; CP 6, 291916Ernst MachPhysikalische Zeitschrift, 17, 101–104History of physics.[110]
Schilpp 97; CP 6, 271916Neue formale Deutung der Maxwellschen Feldgleichungen der Elektrodynamik
A New Formal Interpretation of Maxwell's Field Equations of Electrodynamics
Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Sitzungsberichte, 1916 (part 1), 184–187Electromagnetism.
Schilpp 981916Einige anschauliche Überlegungen aus dem Gebiete der Relativitätstheorie
Some Intuitive Considerations from the Field of Relativity Theory§
Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Sitzungsberichte, 1916 (part 1), 423General relativity.[111] Abstract of a paper (never published) dealing with the behavior of clocks and Foucault pendulums.
Schilpp 99; CP 6, 321916Näherungsweise Integration der Feldgleichungen der Gravitation
Approximative Integration of the Field Equations of Gravitation
Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Sitzungsberichte, 1916 (part 1), 688–696General relativity[112] The first prediction of gravitational waves. Such gravitational radiation has been observed indirectly, for which the 1993 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded, and observed directly, on Earth, in 2015.
Schilpp 1001916Gedächtnisrede auf Karl Schwarzschild
Memorial Lecture on Karl Schwarzschild
Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Sitzungsberichte, 1916 (part 1), 768–770History of physics.[113]
Schilpp 101; CP 6, 411916Hamiltonsches Prinzip und allgemeine Relativitätstheorie
Hamilton's Principle and the General Theory of Relativity
Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Sitzungsberichte, 1916 (part 2), 1111–1116General relativity.[114]
Schilpp 103; CP 6, 451917Zum Quantensatz von Sommerfeld und Epstein
On the Quantum Theorem of Sommerfeld and Epstein
Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft, Verhandlungen, 19, 82–92Quantum mechanics.[115] Seminal paper for the Einstein–Brillouin–Keller method, which describes how to convert a classical system into its quantum mechanical analogue.
Schilpp 1041917Review of H. v. Helmholtz: Zwei Vorträge über Goethe
Review of Hermann von Helmholtz: Two Lectures on Goethe
Naturwissenschaften, 5, 675History of physics.[116]
Schilpp 1051917Marian von SmoluchowskiNaturwissenschaften, 5, 737–738History of physics.[117]
Schilpp 106; Weil *911917Zur Quantentheorie der Strahlung
On the Quantum Theory of Radiation
Physikalische Zeitschrift, 18, 121–128Photons.[118]
Schilpp 107; CP 6, 431917Kosmologische Betrachtungen zur allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie
Cosmological Considerations in the General Theory of Relativity
Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Sitzungsberichte, 1917 (part 1), 142–152General relativity.[119] This seminal paper marks the beginning of physical cosmology. Under certain simplifying assumptions, general relativity describes the birth, the expansion and the ultimate fate of the Universe.
Schilpp 108; CP 6, 471917Eine Ableitung des Theorems von Jacobi
A Derivation of Jacobi's Theorem
Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Sitzungsberichte, 1917 (part 2), 606–608Mathematical physics.[120]
Schilpp 1091917 May 23Friedrich Adler als Physiker
Friedrich Adler as a Physicist§
Die Vossische Zeitung, Morgen Ausgabe, no. 259, 2History of physics.[121]
Schilpp 112; CP 7, 41918Prinzipielles zur allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie
On the Foundations of the General Theory of Relativity
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 55, 241–244, linkGeneral relativity.[122]
Schilpp 113; CP 7, 61918Lassen sich Brechungsexponenten der Körper für Röntgenstrahlen experimentell ermitteln?
Is It Possible to Determine Experimentally the X-Ray Refractive Indices of Solids?
Verhandlungen der Deutschen Physikalischen Gesellschaft, 20, 86–87Electromagnetism.
Schilpp 114; CP 7, 151918Bemerkung zu Gehrckes Notiz: Über den Äther
Comment on E. Gehrcke's Note: On the Aether
Verhandlungen der Deutschen Physikalischen Gesellschaft, 20, 261Special and general relativity.
Schilpp 115; CP 7, 101918Review of H. Weyl: Raum, Zeit, Materie
Review of Hermann Weyl, Space-Time-Matter: Lectures on General Relativity
Naturwissenschaften, 6, 373Special and general relativity.[123]
Schilpp 116; CP 7, 131918Dialog über Einwände gegen die Relativitätstheorie
Dialogue about Objections to the Theory of Relativity
Naturwissenschaften, 6, 697–702Special and general relativity.[111]
Schilpp 117; CP 7, 21918Notiz zu Schrödingers Arbeit: Energiekomponenten des Gravitationsfeldes
Note on E. Schrödinger's Paper: The Energy Components of the Gravitational Field
Physikalische Zeitschrift, 19, 115–116General relativity.[124]
Schilpp 118; CP 7, 31918Bemerkung zu Schrödingers Notiz: Lösungssystem der allgemein kovarianten Gravitationsgleichungen
Comment on Schrödinger's Note: On a System of Solutions for the Generally Covariant Gravitational Field Equations
Physikalische Zeitschrift, 19, 165–166General relativity.[124]
Schilpp 119; CP 7, 11918Gravitationswellen
On Gravitational Waves
Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Sitzungsberichte, 1918 (part 1), 154–167General relativity.[125] Second paper on Gravitational waves.
Schilpp 120; CP 7, 51918Kritisches zu einer von Hrn. de Sitter gegebenen Lösung der Gravitationsgleichungen
Critical Comment on a Solution of the Gravitational Field Equations Given by Mr. de Sitter
Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Sitzungsberichte, 1918 (part 1), 270–272General relativity.[126]
Schilpp 121; CP 7, 91918Der Energiesatz in der allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie
The Law of Energy Conservation in the General Theory of Relativity
Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Sitzungsberichte, 1918 (part 1), 448–459General relativity.[127]
Schilpp 1221919Prüfung der allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie
A Test of the General Theory of Relativity
Naturwissenschaften, 7, 776General relativity.[128]
Schilpp 123; CP 7, 171919Spielen Gravitationsfelder im Aufbau der materiellen Elementarteilchen eine wesentliche Rolle?
Do Gravitational Fields Play an Essential Role in the Structure of the Elementary Particles of Matter?
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1919 (pt. 1), 349–356General relativity.[129] Suggests a modification of his field equations to allow for stable elementary particles.
Schilpp 124; CP 7, 181919Bemerkungen über periodische Schwankungen der Mondlänge, welche bisher nach der Newtonschen Mechanik nicht erklärbar schienen
Comment about Periodical Fluctuations of Lunar Longitude, Which So Far Appeared to Be Inexplicable in Newtonian Mechanics
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1919 (pt. 1), 433–436General relativity.
Schilpp 1251919Feldgleichungen der allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie vom Standpunkte des kosmologischen Problems und des Problems der Konstitution der Materie
Field Equations of the General Theory of Relativity in Respect to the Cosmological Problem and the Problem of the Constitution of Matter§
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1919 (pt. 1), 463 (Title only)General relativity.[129]
Schilpp 126; CP 7, 261919 November 28My theoryTimes, London, 13General relativity.[130] Re-published in 1919 as "Time, space and gravitation" in Optician, the British optical journal, volume 58, pages 187–188.
Schilpp 127; CP 7, 241919Leo Arons als Physiker
Leo Arons as Physicist
Sozialistische Monatshefte, 52 (Jahrgang 25, pt. 2), 1055–1056History of physics.[131]
Schilpp 1321920Bemerkung zur Abhandlung von W. R. Hess: Theorie der Viscosität heterogener Systeme
Comment on the Paper by W. R. Hess: Contribution to the Theory of the Viscosity of Heterogeneous Systems
Kolloidzeitschrift, 27, 137Intermolecular forces.[132]
Schilpp 133; CP 7, 49 1920Ernst Reichenbächer: Inwiefern lässt sich die moderne Gravitationstheorie ohne die Relativität begründen?
To What Extent Can Modern Gravitational Theory Be Established without Relativity?

Einstein: Antwort auf vorstehende Betrachtung

Answer to the above considerations
Naturwissenschaften, 8, 1010–1011General relativity.[122]
Schilpp 1341920Trägheitsmoment des Wasserstoffmoleküls
Moment of Inertia of the Hydrogen Molecule§
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1920, 65Intermolecular forces.[133] Abstract of never-published paper.
Schilpp 135; CP 7, 391920Schallausbreitung in teilweise dissoziierten Gasen
Propagation of Sound in Partly Dissociated Gases
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1920, 380–385Intermolecular forces. Notes on the page proofs with corrections.[134]
Schilpp 136; CP 7, 451920 August 27Meine Antwort über die antirelativitätstheoretische G.m.b.H.
My Response on the Anti-Relativity Company
Berliner Tageblatt und Handelszeitung, no. 402, 1–2Special and general relativity.[135]
Schilpp 147; CP 7, 531921A brief outline of the development of the theory of relativityNature, 106, 782–784History of physics.[136] Translated by R. W. Lawson.
Schilpp 1481921Geometrie und Erfahrung
Geometry and Experience
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1921 (pt. 1), 123–130General relativity.[137]
Schilpp 149; CP 7, 541921Eine naheliegende Ergänzung des Fundaments der allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie
On a Natural Addition to the Foundation of the General Theory of Relativity
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1921 (pt. 1), 261–264General relativity.[138]
Schilpp 150; CP 7, 681921Ein den Elementarprozess der Lichtemission betreffendes Experiment
On an Experiment Concerning the Elementary Process of Light Emission
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1921 (pt. 2), 882–883Photons.[139]
Schilpp 1511921Report of a lecture at King's College on the development and present position of relativity, with quotationsNation and Athenaeum, 29, 431–432Special and general relativity. The German text is reproduced in Mein Weltbild (pp. 215–220); a full translation is found in The World as I See It. It was also reported in Nature (107, p. 504) and also in the Times (London) on June 14, p. 8.
Schilpp 1591922Bemerkung zur Seletyschen Arbeit: Beiträge zum kosmologischen Problem
Observation of the Paper of Selety: Contributions to the Cosmological Problem§
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 69, 436–438, linkGeneral relativity.[140]
Schilpp 1601922Review of W. Pauli: Relativitätstheorie
Review of W. Pauli: Relativity Theory§
Naturwissenschaften, 10, 184–185Special and general relativity.[141]
Schilpp 1611922Emil Warburg als Forscher
Emil Warburg as Researcher§
Naturwissenschaften, 10, 823–828History of physics.[142]
Schilpp 1621922Theorie der Lichtfortpflanzung in dispergierenden Medien
Theory of the Propagation of Light in Dispersive Media§
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Phys.-math. Klasse, 1922, 18–22Electromagnetism.[143]
Schilpp 1631922Bemerkung zu der Abhandlung von E. Trefftz: Statische Gravitationsfeld zweier Massenpunkte
Observation on the Work of E. Trefftz: Static Gravitational Field of Two Point Masses§
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Phys.-math. Klasse, 1922, 448–449General relativity.
Schilpp 1641922Quantentheoretische Bemerkungen zum Experiment von Stern und Gerlach
Quantum Mechanical Observations on the Experiment of Stern and Gerlach§
Zeitschrift für Physik, 11, 31–34Quantum mechanics.[144] Co-authored with Paul Ehrenfest.
Schilpp 1651922Bemerkung zu der Arbeit von A. Friedmann: Über die Krümmung des Raumes
Observation on the Paper of A. Friedmann: On the Curvature of Space§
Zeitschrift für Physik, 11, 326General relativity.[145] Einstein withdrew this self-criticism in 1922 in the same journal Zeitschrift für Physik, volume 16, p. 228.
Schilpp 1701923Bemerkung zu der Notiz von W. Anderson: Neue Erklärung des kontinuierlichen Koronaspektrums
Observation on the Note of W. Anderson: New Explanation of the Continuous Spectrum of the Corona§
Astronomische Nachrichten, 219, 19Solar physics.
Schilpp 1711923Experimentelle Bestimmung der Kanalweite von Filtern
Experimental Determination of the Pore Diameter in Filters§
Deutsche medizinische Wochenschrift, 49, 1012–1013Fluid mechanics.[146] Co-authored with H. Mühsam.
Schilpp 1721923Beweis der Nichtexistenz eines überall regulären zentrisch symmetrischen Feldes nach der Feldtheorie von Kaluza
Proof of the Non-Existence of an Everywhere-Regular Centrally Symmetric Field According to the Field Theory of Kaluza§
Jerusalem University, Scripta, 1 (no. 7), 1–5Classical unified field theories.[147] Co-authored with J. Grommer; also given in Hebrew.
Schilpp 1731923Theory of the affine fieldNature, 112, 448–449Classical unified field theories.[148] Translated by RW Lawson, but does not correspond to publication #175. Relatively non-mathematical.
Schilpp 1741923Zur allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie
On the General Theory of Relativity§
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse, 1923, 32–38, 76–77General relativity.[149]
Schilpp 175; Weil *1321923Zur affinen Feldtheorie
On Affine Field Theory§
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse, 1923, 137–140Classical unified field theories.[150]
Schilpp 1761923Bietet die Feldtheorie Möglichkeiten für die Lösung des Quantenproblems?
Does Field Theory Offer Possibilities for Solving the Quantum Problem?§
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse, 1923, 359–364Classical unified field theories.[151]
Schilpp 1771923Théorie de relativité
Theory of Relativity§
Société française de philosophie, Bulletin, 22, 97–98, 101, 107, 111–112Special and general relativity.[152] Quoted in full in Nature, 112, p. 253.
Schilpp 1781923Quantentheorie des Strahlungsgleichgewichts
Quantum Theory of the Equilibrium of Radiation§
Zeitschrift für Physik, 19, 301–306Photons.[153] Co-authored with Paul Ehrenfest.
Schilpp 1811924Antwort auf eine Bemerkung von W. Anderson
Response to an Observation of W. Anderson§
Astronomische Nachrichten, 221, 329–330
Schilpp 1821924 April 20Komptonsche Experiment
The Compton Experiment§
Berliner Tageblatt, 1. BeiblattPhotons.[154] Experiment showing that photons could carry momentum; for many physicists, this experiment was conclusive proof that photons were particles.
Schilpp 1841924Zum hundertjährigen Gedenktag von Lord Kelvins Geburt
On the 100th Anniversary of Lord Kelvin's Birth§
Naturwissenschaften, 12, 601–602History of physics.[155]
Schilpp 185; Weil *1421924Quantentheorie des einatomigen idealen Gases
Quantum Theory of the Monatomic Ideal Gas§
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse, 1924, 261–267Photons and statistical mechanics.[156] First of two seminal papers (see reference #194), in which Einstein creates the theory of identical particles in quantum mechanics. In 1924, Satyendra Nath Bose derived Planck's law of black-body radiation from a modification of coarse-grained counting of phase space.[157] Einstein shows that this modification is equivalent to assuming that photons are rigorously identical, leading to the concept of coherent states. Einstein also extends Bose's formalism to material particles (bosons), predicting that they condense at sufficiently low temperatures, as verified experimentally.[158]
Schilpp 1861924Über den Äther
On the Aether§
Verhandlungen der Schweizerischen naturforschenden Gesellschaft, 105 (pt. 2), 85–93History of physics.[159] Historical overview.
Schilpp 1871924Theorie der Radiometerkräfte
Theory of Radiometer Forces§
Zeitschrift für Physik, 27, 1–6Statistical mechanics. Treatment of the physics of radiometers, a science toy.
Schilpp 1881924[Note appended to a paper by Bose entitled "Wärmegleichgewicht im Strahlungsfeld bei Anwesenheit von Materie"]
Thermal Equilibrium in the Radiation Field in the Presence of Matter
Zeitschrift für Physik, 27, 392–392Photons.[160]
Schilpp 1931925Elektron und allgemeine Relativitätstheorie
The Electron and The General Theory of Relativity§
Physica, 5, 330–334General relativity.[161]
Schilpp 194; Weil *1441925Quantentheorie des einatomigen idealen Gases. 2. Abhandlung
Quantum Theory of the Monatomic Ideal Gas, Part II§
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften (Berlin), Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse, 1925, 3–14Photons and statistical mechanics.[162] Second of two seminal articles on identical particles, bosons and Bose–Einstein condensation; see reference #185 for the first.
Schilpp 1951925Quantentheorie des idealen Gases
Quantum theory of Ideal Gases§
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften (Berlin), Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse, 1925, 18–25Photons and statistical mechanics.[163]
Schilpp 1961925Einheitliche Feldtheorie von Gravitation und Elektrizität
Unified Field Theory of Gravity and Electricity§
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften (Berlin), Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse, 1925, 414–419Classical unified field theories.[164]
Schilpp 1971925Bemerkung zu P. Jordans Abhandlung: Theorie der Quantenstrahlung
Observation on P. Jordan's Work: Theory of Quantum Radiation§
Zeitschrift für Physik, 31, 784–785Photons.[165]
Schilpp 1991926W. H. Julius, 1860–1925Astrophysical Journal, 63, 196–198History of physics.[166]
Schilpp 2001926Ursache der Mäanderbildung der Flussläufe und des sogenannten Baerschen Gesetzes
Origin of River-Meanders and the So-Called Law of Baer§
Naturwissenschaften, 14, 223–224Earth science.[167] The physics of meandering rivers.
Schilpp 2011926Vorschlag zu einem die Natur des elementaren Strahlungs-emissions-prozesses betreffenden Experiment
Suggestion for an Experiment Concerning the Nature of the Elementary Process of Emitting Light§
Naturwissenschaften, 14, 300–301Photons.[168]
Schilpp 2021926Interferenzeigenschaften des durch Kanalstrahlen emittierten Lichtes
Interference Properties of Light Emitted by Canal Rays§
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse, 1926, 334–340Photons.[169] Supposedly verified experimentally by Rupp in the paper following it in the journal (pp. 341–351); later, it came out that Rupp was a fraud.
Schilpp 2031926Geometría no euclídea y física
Non-Euclidean Geometry and Physics§
Revista matemática Hispano-americana (ser. 2), 1, 72–76General relativity.
Schilpp 2051927Einfluss der Erdbewegung auf die Lichtgeschwindigkeit relativ zur Erde
Influence of the Earth's Motion on the Speed of Light Relative to Earth§
Forschungen und Fortschritte, 3, 36–37Special relativity.[170]
Schilpp 2061927Formale Beziehung des Riemannschen Krümmungstensors zu den Feldgleichungen der Gravitation
Formal Relationship of the Riemannian Curvature Tensor to the Field Equations of Gravity§
Mathematische Annalen, 97, 99–103 linkGeneral relativity.[171]
Schilpp 2071927Isaac NewtonManchester Guardian Weekly, 16, 234–235History of physics. Reprinted in the Manchester Guardian (March 19, 1927); Observatory, 50, 146–153; Smithsonian Institution, Report for 1927, 201–207.
Schilpp 2081927Newtons Mechanik und ihr Einfluss auf die Gestaltung der theoretischen Physik
Newton's Mechanics and its Influence on the Formation of Theoretical Physics§
Naturwissenschaften, 15, 273–276History of physics.[172]
Schilpp 2091927Zu Newtons 200. Todestage
On the 200th Anniversary of Newton's Death§
Nord und Süd, Jahrg. 50, 36–40History of physics.
Schilpp 2101927[Letter to the Royal Society on the occasion of the Newton bicentenary]Nature, 119, 467History of physics.[173] Also published in Science, 65, 347–348.
Schilpp 2111927Establishment of an international bureau of meteorologyScience, 65, 415–417Meteorology.[174]
Schilpp 2121927Kaluzas Theorie des Zusammenhanges von Gravitation und Elektrizität
Kaluza's Theory of the Connection between Gravity and Electricity§
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse, 1927, 23–30Classical unified field theories.[175]
Schilpp 2131927Allgemeine Relativitätstheorie und Bewegungsgesetz
General Theory of Relativity and the Law of Motion§
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse, 1927, 2–13, 235–245General relativity.[176] The first part (pp. 2–13) was co-authored with J. Grommer.
Schilpp 2141927Theoretisches und Experimentelles zur Frage der Lichtentstehung
Theoretical and Experimental [Aspects] to the Question of the Generation of Light§
Zeitschrift für angewandte Chemie, 40, 546Photons.[177]
Schilpp 2161928H. A. LorentzMathematisch-naturwissenschaftliche Blätter, 22, 24–25History of physics.[178] Abstract of an address given at a memorial service at Leiden University. Reprinted in Mein Weltbild (The World as I See It), p. 25.
Schilpp 2171928Riemanngeometrie mit Aufrechterhaltung des Begriffes des Fern-Parallelismus
Riemannian Geometry with Preservation of the Concept of Distant Parallelism§
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse, 1928, 217–221Classical unified field theories.[179]
Schilpp 2181928Neue Möglichkeit für eine einheitliche Feldtheorie von Gravitation und Elektrizität
New Possibility for a Unified Field Theory of Gravity and Electricity§
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse, 1928, 224–227Classical unified field theories.[180]
Schilpp 2191928À propos de "La déduction relativiste" de M. E. Meyerson
Concerning "The Relativistic Deduction" by M. E. Meyerson§
Revue philosophique de la France, 105, 161–166Special and general relativity.[181]
Schilpp 2221929Ansprache an Prof. Planck [bei Entgegennahme der Planckmedaille]
Address to Prof. Planck [upon receiving the Planck medal]§
Forschungen und Fortschritte, 5, 248–249History of physics.[182]
Schilpp 2231929[Quotation from an interview with (London) Daily Chronicle (January 26, 1929) on the unitary field theory, in advance of publication #226]Nature, 123, 175Classical unified field theories.
Schilpp 2241929[Note appended to a reprinting of Arago's Memorial address on Thomas Young before the French Academy]Naturwissenschaften, 17, 363History of physics.[183]
Schilpp 2251929 February 4The new field theoryTimes (London)Classical unified field theories. Translated by L. L. Whyte. Reprinted in the Observatory, 52, 82–87, 114–118 (1930).
Schilpp 226; Weil *1651929Einheitliche Feldtheorie
Unified Field Theory§
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse, 1929, 2–7Classical unified field theories.[184]
Schilpp 2271929Einheitliche Feldtheorie und Hamiltonsches Prinzip
Unified Field Theory and Hamilton's Principle§
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse, 1929, 156–159Classical unified field theories.[185]
Schilpp 2281929Sur la théorie synthéthique des champs
On the Unified Theory of Fields§
Revue générale de l'électricité, 25, 35–39Classical unified field theories. Co-authored with Théophile de Donder.
Schilpp 2291929Appreciation of Simon NewcombScience, 69, 249History of physics.[186] Translation of a letter to Newcomb's daughter dated July 15, 1926.
Schilpp 2301929Sesión especial de la Academia (16 abril 1925)
Special Session of the Scientific Society of Argentina§
Sociedad científica Argentina, Anales, 107, 337–347Special and general relativity. Einstein's discussions with RG Loyarte on mass-energy equivalence and with H Damianovich on the relevance of relativity for a proposed "chemical field".
Schilpp 2321930 November 9Über Kepler
On Kepler§
Frankfurter Zeitung, p. 16, col. 3–4History of physics.[187] The text is reprinted in Mein Weltbild and its English translation The World as I See It (in German and English, respectively).
Schilpp 2331930Raum-, Feld- und Äther-problem in der Physik
The Problems of Space, Fields and Aether in Physics§
World power conference, 2nd, Berlin, 1930. Transactions, 19, 1–5Special and general relativity. A widely reported address, e.g., in Dinglers polytechnisches journal, 345, p. 122.
Schilpp 2341930Raum, Äther und Feld in der Physik
Space, Aether and Field in Physics§
Forum Philosophicum, 1, 173–180Special and general relativity.[188] An English translation by ES Brightman was provided in the same volume, pp. 180–184. Similar to #233, but different from the article "Das Raum-, Äther-, und Feld-problem der Physik" reprinted in Mein Weltbild (The World as I See It), pp. 229–248.
Schilpp 2351930Théorie unitaire du champ physique
Unified theory of the physical field§
Annales de l'Institut H. Poincaré, 1, 1–24Classical unified field theories.[189]
Schilpp 2361930Auf die Riemann-Metrik und den Fern-Parallelismus gegründete einheitliche Feldtheorie
A Unified Field Theory Based on the Riemannian Metric and Distant Parallelism§
Mathematische Annalen, 102, 685–697 linkClassical unified field theories.[190]
Schilpp 2371930Das Raum-Zeit Problem
The Space-Time Problem§
Die Koralle, 5, 486–488Special and general relativity.[191]
Schilpp 2381930Review of S. Weinberg: Erkenntnistheorie
Review of S. Weinberg: Theory of Knowledge§
Naturwissenschaften, 18, 536History of physics.[192]
Schilpp 2391930Kompatibilität der Feldgleichungen in der einheitlichen Feldtheorie
Consistency of the Field Equations in the Unified Field Theory§
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse, 1930, 18–23Classical unified field theories.[193]
Schilpp 2401930Zwei strenge statische Lösungen der Feldgleichungen der einheitlichen Feldtheorie
Two Strictly Static Solutions of the Field Equations of the Unified Field Theory§
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse, 1930, 110–120Classical unified field theories.[194] Co-authored with W. Mayer.
Schilpp 2411930Theorie der Räume mit Riemannmetrik und Fernparallelismus
Theory of Spaces with a Riemannian Metric and Distant Parallelism§
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse, 1930, 401–402Classical unified field theories.[195]
Schilpp 2421930Address at University of NottinghamScience, 71, 608–610Special and general relativity.[196] A survey of relativity theory (special and general) and of field theory in general. A précis of the talk was published in Nature, 125, pp. 897–898, under the title "Concept of space".
Schilpp 2431930Über den gegenwärtigen Stand der allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie
On the Present Status of the General Theory of Relativity§
Yale University Library, Gazette, 6, 3–6General relativity.[197] An English translation by Prof. Leigh Page of Yale University was provided on pages 7–10. This was neither a scientific talk nor a typical scientific paper; rather, a Yale graduate convinced Einstein to write the summary by longhand; the manuscript is still housed at Yale.
Schilpp 2471931Theory of Relativity: Its Formal Content and Its Present ProblemsNature, 127, 765, 790, 826–827Special and general relativity. Rhodes lectures delivered at Oxford University in May 1931.
Schilpp 248; Weil *1781931Knowledge of past and future in quantum mechanicsPhysical Review (ser. 2), 37, 780–781, link[permanent dead link]Quantum mechanics.[198] Co-authored with Richard C. Tolman and Boris Podolsky.
Schilpp 2491931Zum kosmologischen Problem der allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie
On the Cosmological Problem of the General Theory of Relativity§
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse, 1931, 235–237General relativity.[199] Proposed a "cosmological constant."
Schilpp 2501931Systematische Untersuchung über kompatible Feldgleichungen welche in einem Riemannschen Raume mit Fern-Parallelismus gesetzt werden können
Systematic Investigation of Consistent Field Equations That Can Be Posited in a Riemannian Space with Distant Parallelism§
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse, 1931, 257–265Classical unified field theories.[200] Co-authored with W. Mayer.
Schilpp 251; Weil *1821931Einheitliche Feldtheorie von Gravitation und Elektrizität
Unified Field Theory of Gravity and Electricity§
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse, 1931, 541–557Classical unified field theories.[201] Co-authored with W. Mayer.
Schilpp 2521931Thomas Alva Edison, 1847–1931Science, 74, 404–405History of physics.[202]
Schilpp 2531931Gravitational and electromagnetic fields [Translation of a preliminary report for the Josiah Macy, Jr. foundation]Science, 74, 438–439Classical unified field theories.[203]
Schilpp 2541931[Reply to congratulatory addresses at a dinner given by the California Institute of Technology on January 15, 1931]Science, 73, 379History of physics.[204]
Schilpp 2551931Gedenkworte auf Albert A. Michelson
In Remembrance of Albert A. Michelson§
Zeitschrift für angewandte Chemie, 44, 658History of physics.[205]
Schilpp 2581932On the relation between the expansion and the mean density of the universeProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 18, 213–214General relativity.[206] Co-authored with Willem de Sitter.
Schilpp 2591932Zu Dr. Berliners siebzigstem Geburtstag
On Dr. Berliner's 70th Birthday§
Naturwissenschaften, 20, 913History of physics.[207] Reprinted in Mein Weltbild (The World as I See It), pp. 29–32.
Schilpp 2601932Gegenwärtiger Stand der Relativitätstheorie
Present Status of Relativity Theory§
Die Quelle (now called Paedogogischer Führer), 82, 440–442General relativity.[208]
Schilpp 261; Weil *1851932Einheitliche Feldtheorie von Gravitation und Elektrizität, 2. Abhandlung
Unified Field Theory of Gravity and Electricity, Part II§
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse, 1932, 130–137Classical unified field theories.[209] Co-authored with W. Mayer.
Schilpp 2621932Semi-Vektoren und Spinoren
Semi-Vectors and Spinors§
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse, 1932, 522–550Mathematics.[210] Co-authored with W. Mayer.
Schilpp 2631932Unbestimmtheitsrelation
Uncertainty Relations§
Zeitschrift für angewandte Chemie, 45, 23Quantum mechanics.[211]
Schilpp 2671933Dirac Gleichungen für Semi-Vektoren
Dirac Equations for Semi-Vectors§
Akademie van wetenschappen (Amsterdam), Proceedings, 36 (pt. 2), 497–?Quantum mechanics.[212] Co-authored with W. Mayer.
Schilpp 2681933Spaltung der natürlichsten Feldgleichungen für Semi-Vektoren in Spinor-Gleichungen vom Diracschen Typus
Division of the Most Natural Field-Equations for Semi-Vectors in Spinor Equations of the Dirac Type§
Akademie van wetenschappen (Amsterdam), Proceedings, 36 (pt. 2), 615–619Quantum mechanics.[213] Co-authored with W. Mayer.
Schilpp 2701934Darstellung der Semi-Vektoren als gewöhnliche Vektoren von besonderem Differentiations Charakter
Representation of Semi-Vectors as Ordinary Vectors with Unusual Differentiation Properties§
Annals of mathematics (ser. 2), 35, 104–110Mathematics.[214] Co-authored with W. Mayer.
Schilpp 2711934Review of R. Tolman: Relativity, thermodynamics and cosmologyScience, 80, 358Special and general relativity.[215]
Schilpp 2721935Elementary derivation of the equivalence of mass and energyBulletin of the American Mathematical Society, 41, 223–230, link[permanent dead link]Special relativity.[216]
Schilpp 273; Weil *1951935Can quantum-mechanical description of physical reality be considered complete?Physical Review (ser. 2), 47, 777–780, linkQuantum mechanics.[217] Seminal paper on non-local effects (entanglement) in quantum mechanics. Co-authored with B. Podolsky and N. Rosen.
Schilpp 2741935The particle problem in the general theory of relativityPhysical Review (ser. 2), 48, 73–77General relativity.[218] Co-authored with N. Rosen.
Schilpp 2751936Physik und Realität
Physics and Reality§
Franklin Institute, Journal, 221, 313–347Quantum mechanics.[219] An English translation (by J Picard) is provided on pages 349–382. Also reprinted in Zeitschrift für freie deutsche Forschung, 1, no. 1, pp. 5–19 and no. 2, pp. 1–14 (1938).
Schilpp 2761936Two-body problem in general relativity theoryPhysical Review (ser. 2), 49, 404–405General relativity.[220] Co-authored with N. Rosen.
Schilpp 2771936Lens-like action of a star by deviation of light in the gravitational fieldScience, 84, 506–507General relativity.[221]
Schilpp 278; Weil *2001937On gravitational wavesJournal of the Franklin Institute, 223, 43–54General relativity.[222] Co-authored with N. Rosen. This important paper established that gravitational waves are possible despite the nonlinear nature of the Einstein field equations. Einstein and Rosen originally reached the opposite conclusion.
Schilpp 283; Weil *2021938Gravitational equations and the problems of motionAnnals of Mathematics (ser. 2), 39, 65–100General relativity.[223] Co-authored with L. Infeld and B. Hoffmann.
Schilpp 2841938Generalization of Kaluza's theory of electricityAnnals of mathematics (ser. 2), 39, 683–701Classical unified field theories.[224] Co-authored with P. Bergmann.
Schilpp 285; Weil *2041939Stationary system with spherical symmetry consisting of many gravitating massesAnnals of Mathematics (ser. 2), 40, 922–936General relativity.[225]
Schilpp 286; Weil *2051940Gravitational equations and the problems of motion. IIAnnals of Mathematics (ser. 2), 41, 455–464General relativity.[226] Co-authored with L. Infeld.
Schilpp 2871940Considerations concerning the fundamentals of theoretical physics Science, 91, 487–492History of physics.[227] Partly reprinted in Nature, 145, 920–924.
Schilpp 2901941Demonstration of the non-existence of gravitational fields with a non-vanishing total mass free of singularitiesTucumán universidad nac., Revista (ser. A), 2, 11–16General relativity.[228]
Schilpp 2921942The work and personality of Walter NernstScientific Monthly, 54, 195–196History of physics.[229]
Schilpp 2931943Non-existence of regular stationary solutions of relativistic field equationsAnnals of Mathematics (ser. 2), 44, 131–137General relativity.[230] Co-authored with Wolfgang Pauli.
Schilpp 2951944Bivector fields, IAnnals of mathematics (ser. 2), 45, 1–14Mathematics.[231] Co-authored with V. Bargmann.
Schilpp 2961944Bivector fields, IIAnnals of mathematics (ser. 2)296, 45, 15–23Mathematics.[232]
Schilpp 2981945On the cosmological problemAmerican Scholar, 14, 137–156, 269 (correction)General relativity. A pre-printing of the appendix to publication #297.
Schilpp 2991945Generalization of the relativistic theory of gravitationAnnals of mathematics (ser. 2), 46, 578–584Classical unified field theories.[233]
Schilpp 3001945Influence of the expansion of space on the gravitation fields surrounding the individual starsReviews of modern physics, 17, 120–124General relativity.[234] Co-authored with E. G. Straus. Corrections and additions, ibid., 18, 148–149 (1946).
Schilpp 3011946Generalization of the relativistic theory of gravitation, IIAnnals of mathematics (ser. 2), 47, 731–741Classical unified field theories.[235] Co-authored with E. G. Straus.
Schilpp 3021946Elementary derivation of the equivalence of mass and energyTechnion Journal, 5, 16–17, link[permanent dead link]Special relativity.[236] Novel, simplified derivation in the Yearbook of American Society for Advancement of the Hebrew Institute of Technology in Haifa. Also published in Hebrew in 1947, in the Scientific Publications of Hebrew Technical College (Institute of Technology) in Haifa.
Schilpp 3071948Quantenmechanik und Wirklichkeit
Quantum mechanics and reality§
Dialectica, 2, 320–324Quantum mechanics.[237]
Schilpp 308; Weil *2221948Generalized theory of gravitationReviews of modern physics, 20, 35–39Classical unified field theories.[238]
Schilpp 3091949Motion of particles in general relativity theoryCanadian Journal of Mathematics, 1, 209–241General relativity.[239] Co-authored with L. Infeld.
Schilpp 3101949Dem Gedächtnis Max Plancks
In memory of Max Planck§
Angewandte Chimie, 61, U114History of physics.
Schilpp 3111950The Bianchi Identities in the Generalized Theory of GravitationCanadian Journal of Mathematics, 2, 120–128Classical unified field theories.[240]
Schilpp 3131950On the General Theory of GravitationScientific American, 182, 13–17Classical unified field theories.[241]
Schilpp 3141951The Advent of the Quantum TheoryScience, 113, 82–84Quantum mechanics.
Schilpp 3161953A Comment on a Criticism of Unified Field TheoryPhysical Review, 89, 321Classical unified field theories.[242]
Schilpp 3171954Algebraic Properties of the Field in the Relativistic Theory of the Asymmetric FieldAnnals of Mathematics, 59, 230–244Classical unified field theories.[243] Co-authored with B. Kaufman.
Schilpp 3181955An Interview with EinsteinScientific American, 193, 69–73History of physics. Co-authored with I. B. Cohen.
Schilpp 3191955A New Form of the General Relativistic Field EquationsAnnals of Mathematics, 62, 128–138Classical unified field theories.[244] Simplified derivation using an ancillary field instead of the usual affine connection. Co-authored with B. Kaufman.

Book chapters


With the exception of publication #288, the following book chapters were written by Einstein; he had no co-authors. Given that most of the chapters are already in English, the English translations are not given their own columns, but are provided in parentheses after the original title; this helps the table to fit within the margins of the page. These are the total of 31.

Index[notes 1] Year Chapter title (English translation[notes 2]) Book title (English translation[notes 2]), page numbers Book author/editor Publisher (Location) Classification and notes[notes 4]
Schilpp 511912État actuel du problème des chaleurs spécifiques
Present State of the Problem of Specific Heats§
Rapports du premier Conseil de Physique (1911), Instituts Solvay
Reports of the 1st Solvay Conference of Physics§
UnknownGauthier (Paris)Specific heats.[245] The German text is publication #63.
Schilpp 761915Theoretische Atomistik
Theoretical Atomic Science§
Die Physik, pp. 251–263
Physics§
E. LecherTeubner (Leipzig)Atomic physics.[246] Part of the series Kultur der Gegenwart (3. Teil, Abt. 3, Band 1).
Schilpp 771915Relativitätstheorie
Relativity Theory§
Die Physik
Physics§
E. LecherTeubner (Leipzig)Special and general relativity.[247] Part of the series Kultur der Gegenwart (3. Teil, Abt. 3, Band 1)
Schilpp 871916Vorwort
Foreword
Grundlagen der Einsteinschen Gravitationstheorie
Foundations of Einstein's Gravitational Theory§
Erwin F. FreundlichSpringer (Berlin)General relativity.
Schilpp 1111918Motiv des Forschens
Motives for Research
Zu Max Plancks 60. Geburtstag: Ansprachen in der deutschen physikalischen Gesellschaft, pp. 29–32
Talks in Honor of Max Planck's 60th Birthday§
UnknownMüller (Karlsruhe)Philosophy of physics.[248]
Schilpp 1461921Einfache Anwendung des Newtonschen Gravitationsgesetzes auf die Kugelförmigen Sternhaufen
Simple Application of Newton's Law of Gravitation to Spherical Collections of Stars§
Kaiser Wilhelm Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Wissenschaft, Festschrift zu ihrem zehnjährigen Jubiläum, pp. 50–52
Celebratory Work for the 10th Anniversary of the Kaiser Wilhelm Society§
UnknownSpringer Verlag (Berlin)Gravitation.
Schilpp 1581922Theoretische Bemerkungen zur Supraleitung der Metalle
Theoretical Observations on the Superconductivity of Metals§
Leyden. Rijksuniversiteit Naturkundig Laboratorium, Gedenkboek aangeboden aan H. Kamerlingh Onnes, pp. 429–435
A Book Honoring H. Kamerlingh Onnes§
UnknownIjdo (Leiden)Superconductivity.
Schilpp 1801924Geleitwort
Preface§
Lucretius, De rerum naturaH. DielsWeidmann (Berlin)History of physics.[249]
Schilpp 1901925Anhang: Eddingtons Theorie und Hamiltonsches Prinzip
Appendix: Eddington's Theory and Hamilton's Principle§
Relativitätstheorie in mathematischer Behandlung
Relativity Theory, Treated Mathematically§
AS EddingtonSpringer Verlag (Berlin)Classical unified field theories.[250] Written exclusively for this German translation of Eddington.
Schilpp 1911925Theoretische Atomistik
Theoretical Atomic Science§
Die Physik, 2. Auflage, pp. 281–294
Physics, 2nd edition§
UnknownTeubner (Leipzig)Atomic physics.
Schilpp 1921925Relativitätstheorie
Relativity theory§
Die Physik, 2. Auflage, pp. 783–797
Physics, 2nd edition§
UnknownTeubner (Leipzig)Special and general relativity.
Schilpp 2041927IntroductionDi spetsyele relativitets-teorye
The Special Theory of Relativity§
T. Shalitprivately printed (Berlin)Special relativity. Both Yiddish and German versions are provided.
Schilpp 2201929Space-timeEncyclopædia Britannica, 14th ed., vol. 21, pp. 105–108Franklin Henry HooperEncyclopædia Britannica Inc. (Chicago)Special and general relativity.
Schilpp 2211929Über den gegenwärtigen Stand der Feldtheorie
On the Present Status of Field Theory§
Festschrift Prof. Dr. A. Studola Überreicht, pp. 126ff.
Celebratory Work for Dr. A. Studola§
UnknownFüssli (Zürich)General relativity.[251] Less technical and more historical than (journal) publication #235.
Schilpp 2311929Begleitwort
Foreword§
Grenzflächenvorgänge in der unbelebten und belebten Natur
Boundary Surface Processes in Biological and Inorganic Nature§
D. ReichinsteinBarth (Leipzig)History of physics.
Schilpp 2441931ForewordNewton, the man, p. vR. de VillamilKnox (London)History of physics.
Schilpp 2451931Maxwell's influence on the development of the conception of physical realityJames Clerk Maxwell: A Commemoration Volume, pp. 66–73UnknownCambridge University Press (Cambridge)History of physics.[252] The German text is found in Mein Weltbild (The World as I See It).
Schilpp 2461931ForewordOpticks, 4th edition (London 1730), pp. vii–viiiIsaac NewtonMcGraw (New York)History of physics.[253]
Schilpp 2561932PrologueWhere is science going?, pp. 7–12Max PlanckNorton (New York)Philosophy of physics.[254]
Schilpp 2571932Epilogue: a socratic dialogue, interlocutors, Einstein and MurphyWhere is science going?, pp. 201–213Max PlanckNorton (New York)Philosophy of physics.[254]
Schilpp 2691934IntroductionThe World in Modern Science, pp. 5–6Leopold InfeldV. Gollancz (London)Philosophy of physics.[255] The German original is on p. 275.
Schilpp 2881941Five-dimensional representation of gravitation and electricityTheodore von Karman Anniversary Volume, pp. 212–225California Institute of Technology (Pasadena)Classical unified field theories.[256] Co-authored with Bargmann V and Bergmann PG.
Schilpp 2891941Science and religion1st Conference on Science, Philosophy and ReligionUnknownUnknownPhilosophy. Reported in the New York Times (September 11, 1940, p. 30, col. 2) and also in Nature, 146, 605–607.
Schilpp 2911942ForewordIntroduction to the theory of relativity, p. vPeter G. BergmannPrentice-Hall (New York)Special and general relativity.[257]
Schilpp 2941944Remarks on Bertrand Russell's theory of knowledgeThe philosophy of Bertrand Russell, pp. 277–291Paul A. SchilppNorthwestern University (Evanston)Philosophy.[258] Volume 5 of the Library of Living Philosophers.
Schilpp 3031947The problem of space, ether and the field in physicsMan and the universe, pp. 82–100Saxe, Commins, and RN LinscottRandom House (New York)Special and general relativity. Reprinted from The World as I See It.
Schilpp 3051948Einstein's theory of relativityGrolier Encyclopedia, vol. 9, p. 19UnknownGrolier Society (New York)Special and general relativity. Although dated as 1947, the actual issue occurred in 1948.
Schilpp 3061948Relativity: essence of the theory of relativityAmerican Peoples Encyclopedia, vol. 16, col. 604–608UnknownSpencer Press (Chicago)Special and general relativity.
Schilpp 3121950Appendix II: Generalized theory of gravitationThe Meaning of Relativity, 3rd editionAlbert EinsteinPrinceton University (Princeton)Classical unified field theories. Appendix II added to the third edition of the Meaning of Relativity (publication #297).
Schilpp 3151951Reply to Criticisms: Remarks Concerning the Essays Brought Together in this Co-operative VolumeAlbert Einstein: Philosopher-Scientist, Volume II, pp. 665–688Paul Arthur Schilpp, editorHarper and Brothers Publishers, Harper Torchbook edition (New York)History of science and philosophy of physics.[259] Biographical notes and a summary of Einstein's scientific thinking in his later years.
Weil *235 1953 Appendix II: Generalization of Gravitation Theory The Meaning of Relativity, 4th edition Albert Einstein Princeton University (Princeton) Completely revised (and renamed) Appendix II, translated by Bruria Kaufman.

There is also a separate reprint of Appendix II, it being the first published separate edition.

Schilpp 3201955Appendix II: Relativistic Theory of the Non-Symmetric FieldThe Meaning of Relativity, 5th editionAlbert EinsteinPrinceton University (Princeton)Classical unified field theories.[260] Completely revised (and renamed) Appendix II for the fifth and final edition of the Meaning of Relativity (publications #297 and #312).

Books


The following books were written by Einstein. With the exception of publication #278, he had no co-authors. These are the total of 16 books.

Index[notes 1] Year Book title and English translation[notes 2] Publisher (Location) Classification and notes[notes 4]
Schilpp 61906Eine neue Bestimmung der Moleküldimensionen
A New Determination of Molecular Dimensions
Buchdruckerei K. J. Wyss (Bern)Statistical mechanics.[261] Inaugural-dissertation from Zürich Universität. Same as (journal) publication #11.
Schilpp 861916Die Grundlage der allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie
Foundations of the General Theory of Relativity§
Barth (Leipzig)General relativity.[262]
Schilpp 1021917Über die spezielle und die allgemeine Relativitätstheorie, gemeinverständlich
On the Special and General Theory of Relativity (A Popular Account)
Vieweg (Braunschweig)Special and general relativity.[263] This is volume 38 (Heft 38) in the series Sammlung Vieweg. Other editions and translations are found in publications #110, 129, 130, 137141, 154, 169 and 215.
Schilpp 1101918Über die spezielle und die allgemeine Relativitätstheorie, gemeinverständlich, 3rd edition
On the Special and General Theory of Relativity (A Popular Account)
Vieweg (Braunschweig)Special and general relativity. Other editions and translations are found in publication #102 and 129, 130, 137141, 154, 169 and 215.
Schilpp 1291920Über die spezielle und die allgemeine Relativitätstheorie, gemeinverständlich, 10th edition
On the Special and General Theory of Relativity (A Popular Account)
Vieweg (Braunschweig)Special and general relativity. The first edition of this book is listed as publication #102. Editions of this work were published until 1922 (the 14th edition). Editions 10–14 contained an additional section "Rotverschiebung der Spectrallinien" (Redshift of spectral lines) in the appendix.
Schilpp 1311920Äther und Relativitätstheorie: Rede gehalten am 5. Mai 1920 an der Reichs-Universität zu Leiden
Aether and Relativity Theory: A Talk Given on May 5, 1920 at the University of Leiden§
Springer Verlag (Berlin)Special and general relativity.[264] The French, English, and Italian translations are listed as publications #145, 152, and 153, respectively. An undated Polish translation by L. Freundenheim, Eter a teorja wzglednosci, was published in Lviv. Also published with variant subtitle in Dutch (although the text is German), Aether und Relativitaetstheorie: Rede Uitgesproken bij de Aanvaarding van het Ambt van Bijzonder Hoogleerar aan de Rijks-Universiteit te Leiden.
Schilpp 1431921Geometrie und Erfahrung, Erweiterte Fassung des Festvortrages gehalten an der Preussischen Akademie
Geometry and Experience: Expanded Edition of the Celebratory Lecture Given at the Prussian Academy§
Springer Verlag (Berlin)General relativity.[265] The original paper is found as (journal) publication #148. French, English and Italian translations are listed as publications #144, 152, and 153. An undated Polish translation, Geometrja a doswiadczenie, was published in Lviv.
Schilpp 1561922Vier Vorlesungen über Relativitätstheorie, gehalten im Mai 1921, an der Universität Princeton
Four Lectures on Relativity Theory, Given in May 1921 at Princeton University§
Vieweg (Braunschweig)Special and general relativity. German text of publication #142. A second printing by Vieweg is dated 1923.
Schilpp 1571922Untersuchungen über die Theorie der Brownschen Bewegungen
Investigations of Brownian Motion§
Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft (Leipzig)Statistical mechanics. A re-issue of publications #8, 11, 12, 22, and 26 with notes and derivations from the editor, R. Fürth. Released as Nr. 199 of Oswalds Klassiker der exacten Wissenschaften. An English translation appeared as publication #198.
Schilpp 1681923Grundgedanken und Probleme der Relativitätstheorie
Fundamental Ideas and Problems of Relativity Theory§
Imprimerie royale (Stockholm)Special and general relativity.[266] Nobel prize lecture, delivered before the Nordische Naturforscherversammlung in Göteborg. Reprinted in Nobelstiftelsen, Les prix Nobel en 1921–22.
Schilpp 2641933On the Method of Theoretical Physics Clarendon Press (Oxford)Philosophy of physics.[267] The Herbert Spenser lecture at Oxford University, delivered on June 10, 1933.
Schilpp 2651933Origins of the General Theory of Relativity Jackson (Glasgow)General relativity.[268] Lecture at the University of Glasgow, delivered June 20, 1933.
Schilpp 2661933Les fondements de la théorie de la relativité générale
Foundations of the General Theory of Relativity§
Hermann (Paris)General relativity. French translations of publications #89 and 251 by Maurice Solovine, together with a new essay by Einstein, "Sur la structure cosmologique de l'espace", which discusses the cosmological implications of general relativity, together with its historical antecedents.
Schilpp 2781938The Evolution of Physics: The Growth of Ideas from Early Concepts to Relativity and QuantaSimon and Schuster (New York)History of physics. Co-authored with Infeld L.
Schilpp 2791938Die Physik als Abenteuer der Erkenntnis
Physics as an Adventure of the Mind§
Sijthoff (Leiden)Philosophy of physics.
Schilpp 2971945The Meaning of RelativityPrinceton University (Princeton)Special and general relativity.[269] Second edition of publication #142, with a long appendix covering various topics such as the cosmological implications of general relativity. The appendix was translated by Ernst G. Straus. A "third edition" was published in 1946 by Methuen (London), but it is identical except for a change in pagination. The true third, fourth and fifth editions appeared in 1950, 1953 and 1956, respectively. In the 3rd, Einstein added Appendix II on a generalized theory of gravitation, which was substantially revised for the fifth and final edition.

Authorized translations


The following translations of his work were authorized by Einstein.

Index[notes 1] Year Book title Translator Publisher (Location) Classification and notes[notes 4]
Schilpp 1281920The Principle of Relativity: Original PapersMN Saha and SN BoseUniversity of Calcutta (Kolkata)Special and general relativity.[270] Includes English translations of (journal) publications #9 and 89, with a historical introduction by PC Mahalanobis. The work of Hermann Minkowski is also included.
Schilpp 1301920Relativity, the Special and the General Theory: A Popular ExpositionRobert W LawsonMethuen (London)Special and general relativity. Authorized translation of the 5th German edition of Ueber die spezielle und die allgemeine Relativitaetstheorie, gemeinverstaendlich (cf. publications #102, 110, 129). The text also includes Dr. Lawson's biographical sketch of Albert Einstein, a short bibliography on relativity theory and an appendix written for this edition entitled "Experimental confirmation of the general theory of relativity". Up to 10 editions were published by Methuen, the last in 1931.
Schilpp 1371921Relativity, the Special and the General Theory: A Popular ExpositionRW LawsonHolt (New York)Special and general relativity. Effectively the same as publication #130. Later imprints were Smith (New York, 1931) and Hartsdale House, Inc. (New York, 1947).
Schilpp 1381921Teoría de la relatividad especial y generalF. Lorente de NóPeláez (Toledo)Special and general relativity. Spanish translation of publication #129. Two later editions were Ruiz de Lara (Cuenca, 1923) and Medina (Toledo, 1925).
Schilpp 1391921Sulla teoria speciale e generale della relatività: VolgarizzazioneG. L. CalisseZanichelli (Bologna)Special and general relativity. Italian translation of publication #129.
Schilpp 1401921Teoriia Otnositel'nosti: Obshchedostypnoe IzlozhenieG. B. Itel'sonSlowo (Berlin)Special and general relativity. Russian translation of publication #129. Re-published in 1922 with the same imprint.
Schilpp 1411921La théorie de la relativité restreinte et géneraliséeMlle. J. RouviereGauthier (Paris)Special and general relativity. French translation of publication #129.
Schilpp 1421921The Meaning of Relativity: Four Lectures Delivered at Princeton UniversityEdwin P. AdamsPrinceton University Press (Princeton)Special and general relativity.[271] Reprinted in 1922 and 1923. Also released in 1922 and 1924 under the imprint Methuen (London). Translations are found in publications #166, 167, and 179, whereas the German text is listed as publication #156. A second edition was also released; see publication #297.
Schilpp 1441921La géometrie et l'expérienceMaurice SolovineGauthier (Paris)General relativity. French translation of publication #143. A second edition was also published by Gauthier in 1934.
Schilpp 1451921L'éther et la théorie de la relativitéMaurice SolovineGauthier (Paris)Special and general relativity. French translation of publication #131. Reprinted in 1925.
Schilpp 1521922Sidelights on Relativity: I. Ether and Relativity. II. Geometry and ExperienceGB Jeffrey and W PerrettMethuen (London)Special and general relativity. Translation of publications #131 and 143. Republished in 1923 by Dutton (New York) imprint. The second part, Geometry and Experience, was published separately in 1947 as chapter 8 of Methods of the sciences from the Chicago University.
Schilpp 1531922Prospettive Relativistiche dell'Etere e della GeometriaR. Cantù and T. BemboAndare (Milano)Special and general relativity. Italian translation of publications #131 and 143.
Schilpp 1541922A Különleges és az Általános Relativitás, ElméleteUnknownPatheon irodalmi (Budapest)Special and general relativity. Hungarian translation of publication #129.
Schilpp 1551922O Fizicheskoi Prirodie ProstranstvaGB Itel'sonSlowo (Berlin)Special and general relativity. Russian translation of publications #131 and #143 under the title "Physical nature of space".
Schilpp 1661923Cztery odczyty o teorji Wzglednosci wygloszone w 1921 na Uniwersytecie w PrincetonA GottfrydaRenaissance-Verlag (Vienna)Special and general relativity. Polish translation of publication #142.
Schilpp 1671923Matematicheskija Osnovy Teorii Otnositel'nostiGB Itel'sonSlowo (Berlin)Special and general relativity. Russian translation of publication #142.
Schilpp 1691923[A Popular Exposition of the Special and General Theories of Relativity]UnknownGitlina (Warsaw)Special and general relativity. Yiddish translation (in Hebrew characters) of publication #129.
Schilpp 1791924Quatre conférences sur la théorie de la relativité, faîtes à l'université de PrincetonMaurice SolovineGauthier (Paris)Special and general relativity. French translation of publication #142. A second printing was dated 1925.
Schilpp 1891925Sur l'électrodynamique des corps en mouvementMaurice SolovineGauthier (Paris)Special relativity. French translation of publications #9 and 10, part of the series Maîtres de la pensée scientifique.
Schilpp 1981926Investigations on the Theory of the Brownian Movement (R. Fürth, ed.)AD CowperMethuen (London)Statistical mechanics. English translation of publication #157. Also published under the Dutton imprint in New York.
Schilpp 2151928Al Torath Ha-Yahasiuth Ha-Peratith Weha-Kelalith (Harzaah Popularith)Jacob GreenbergDvir (Tel Aviv)Special and general relativity. Hebrew translation of publication #129.
Schilpp 2801938Drie Eeuwen Physica van Galilei tot Relativiteitstheorie en QuantumtheorieMC GeerlingCenten (Amsterdam)History of physics. Dutch translation of publication #279.
Schilpp 2811938L'évolution des idées en physique des premiers concepts aux théories de la relativité et des quantaMaurice SolovineFlammarion (Paris)History of physics. French translation of publication #279.
Schilpp 3041948El Significado de la RelatividadDr. Carlos E. PrelatEspasa-Calpe (Buenos Aires)Special and general relativity. Spanish translation of publication #297.

See also


Footnotes


  1. These Index numbers are taken from: 1. Schilpp reference cited in the Bibliography, pp. 694–730. 2. The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein published by Princeton University Press, which are indicated by a CP in italic type, the volume number in boldface type, and by the article number within that volume. 3. Albert Einstein: A Bibliography of His Scientific Papers, 1901-1954, by Ernst Weil, which are indicated by "Weil #" where # is the article number within that reference. A “principal work” is marked by an asterisk (*), for example, Weil *235.
  2. The translations of article titles are generally taken from the published volumes of Einstein's collected papers. For some articles, however, such official translations are not available; unofficial translations are indicated with a § superscript.
  3. The volume number is given in boldface type. Terms such as "ser. 4" in the journal name refer to the series of the journal, which is a grouping of volumes. For example, a journal may appear in yearly volumes for 60 years (volumes 1–60), then start its volume numbering anew in a second series.
  4. The subject classification of Einstein's articles are the first item, and are indicated in boldface type. Any co-authors are always indicated by the second item.

References


The following references are drawn from Abraham Pais' biography of Albert Einstein, Subtle is the Lord; see the Bibliography for a complete reference.

  1. Whittaker, E. (November 1, 1955). "Albert Einstein. 1879-1955". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 1: 37–67. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1955.0005. JSTOR 769242. S2CID 619823.
  2. Pais, pp. 364–388, 402–422.
  3. Pais, pp. 402–415.
  4. Pais, pp. 93–100.
  5. Pais, pp. 90–92.
  6. Pais, pp. 111–174.
  7. Pais A (1988). Inward Bound: Of Matter and Forces in the Physical World. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 232–234. ISBN 978-0-19-851997-3.
  8. Pais, pp. 389–401.
  9. Pais, p. 394.
  10. Pais, pp. 177–324.
  11. Weinberg, S (1972). Gravitation and Cosmology. New York: John Wiley and Sons. pp. 175–210. ISBN 978-0-471-92567-5.
  12. R.V. Pound and G.A. Rebka, Jr. "Gravitational Red-Shift in Nuclear Resonance" Phys. Rev. Lett. 3 439–441 (1959)
  13. Muhlfelder, B., Mac Keiser, G., and Turneaure, J., Gravity Probe B Experiment Error, poster L1.00027 presented at the American Physical Society (APS) meeting in Jacksonville, Florida, on April 14–17, 2007, 2007.
  14. Gerssen, Joris; van der Marel, Roeland P.; Gebhardt, Karl; Guhathakurta, Puragra; Peterson, Ruth C.; Pryor, Carlton (December 2002). "Hubble Space Telescope Evidence for an Intermediate-Mass Black Hole in the Globular Cluster M15. II. Kinematic Analysis and Dynamical Modeling". The Astronomical Journal. 124 (6): 3270–3288. arXiv:astro-ph/0209315. Bibcode:2002AJ....124.3270G. doi:10.1086/344584. S2CID 14234106.
    "Hubble Discovers Black Holes in Unexpected Places". HubbleSite. September 17, 2002. Retrieved October 31, 2007.
  15. J. M. Weisberg and J. H. Taylor, Relativistic Binary Pulsar B1913+16: Thirty Years of Observations and Analysis, July 2004.
  16. Pais, p. 412.
  17. Knudson SK (2006). "The Old Quantum Theory for H2+: Some Chemical Implications". Journal of Chemical Education. 83 (3): 464–472. Bibcode:2006JChEd..83..464K. doi:10.1021/ed083p464.
    Strand MP, Reinhardt WP (1979). "Semiclassical quantization of the low lying electronic states of H2+". Journal of Chemical Physics. 70 (8): 3812–3827. Bibcode:1979JChPh..70.3812S. doi:10.1063/1.437932.
  18. Pais, pp. 405–407.
  19. Pais, pp. 423–439.
  20. Pais, pp. 440–459.
  21. Pais, pp. 325–354.
  22. Pais, Chap. 3, ref. E13; Chap. 4, ref. E5.
  23. Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E6.
  24. Pais, Chap. 4, p. 57.
  25. Pais, Chap. 3, ref. E21; Chap. 4, ref. E10.
  26. Pais, Chap. 4, refs. E11 and E49.
  27. Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E12; Chap. 5, ref. E17; Chap. 19, ref. E7.
  28. Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E13; Chap. 7, ref. E7; Chap. 19, ref. E5; Chap. 23, ref. E2.
  29. Pais, Chap. 4, refs. E4 and E17; Chap. 5, ref. E2.
  30. Pais, Chap. 6, ref. E5; Chap. 7, ref. E1; Chap. 11, ref. E10; Chap. 26, ref. E13.
  31. Pais, Chap. 7, ref. E9; Chap. 26, ref. E14.
  32. Pais, Chap. 5, ref. E5.
  33. Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E18; Chap. 5, ref. E8.
  34. Pais, Chap. 19, ref. E8.
  35. Pais, Chap. 7, ref. E10; Chap. 8, ref. E6.
  36. Pais, Chap. 7, ref. E21.
  37. Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E21; Chap. 20, refs. E1 and E2.
  38. Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E22; Chap. 5, ref. E9; Chap. 29, ref. E3.
  39. Pais, Chap. 7, ref. E5.
  40. Pais, Chap. 7, ref. E22.
  41. Pais, Chap. 7, ref. E23; Chap. 8, ref. E5.
  42. Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E23; Chap. 6, ref. E7; Chap. 7, refs. E3, E11, and E15; Chap. 8, refs. E1 and E4; Chap. 9, ref. E3; Chap. 11, ref. E9.
  43. Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E19; Chap. 5, ref. E11.
  44. Pais, Chap. 7, ref. E18; Chap. 29, ref. E1.
  45. Pais, Chap. 7, ref. E19; Chap. 29, ref. E2.
  46. Pais, Chap. 10, ref. E4; Chap. 29, ref. E5.
  47. Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E20; Chap. 5, ref. E12.
  48. Pais, Chap. 7, ref. E25.
  49. Pais, Chap. 4, refs. E24 and E47; Chap. 10, ref. E2; Chap. 21, ref. E2.
  50. Pais, Chap. 29, ref. R1.
  51. Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E25; Chap. 7, ref. E27; Chap. 10, ref. E3; Chap. 12, ref. E25; Chap. 19, ref. E11; Chap. 21, ref. E3; Chap. 26, ref. E15.
  52. Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E26; Chap. 29, ref. E10.
  53. Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E27; Chap. 21, ref. E12; Chap. 29, ref. E11.
  54. Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E29; Chap. 5, E10.
  55. Pais, Chap. 7, refs. E16 and E28; Chap. 10, ref. E8.
  56. Pais, Chap. 7, ref. E26.
  57. Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E9.
  58. Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E30; Chap. 20, ref. E3.
  59. Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E2.
  60. Pais, Chap. 4, refs. E15 and E30; Chap. 5, ref. E7.
  61. Pais, p. 92.
  62. Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E31; Chap. 20, ref. E4.
  63. Pais, Chap. 11, ref. E8; Chap. 13, ref. E4.
  64. Pais, Chap. 7, ref. E29.
  65. Pais, Chap. 7, ref. E4.
  66. Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E32; Chap. 19, ref. E10.
  67. Pais, Chap. 9, refs. E6 and E7; Chap. 11, ref. E16; Chap. 13, refs. E2 and E5.
  68. Pais, pp. 201–206.
  69. Pais, Chap. 11, ref. E17; Chap. 12, refs. E10 and E33; Chap. 13, ref. E2.
  70. Pais, Chap. 19, ref. E10.
  71. Pais, Chap. 12, ref. E17; Chap. 13, ref. E6.
  72. Pais, Chap. 13, ref. E7.
  73. Pais, Chap. 11, ref. E19; Chap. 12, ref. E24; Chap. 15, ref. E36.
  74. Pais, Chap. 12, ref. E29; Chap. 13, ref. E1; Chap. 14, ref. E23; Chap. 15, ref. E37.
  75. Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E34; Chap. 14, ref. E36; Chap. 20, ref. E6; Chap. 29, ref. E13.
  76. Pais, p. 397.
  77. Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E33.
  78. Pais, Chap. 12, ref. E36.
  79. Pais, Chap. 16, ref. E53; Chap. 19, refs. E2 and E6.
  80. Pais, Chap. 13, ref. E11; Chap. 15, ref. E39.
  81. Pais, Chap. 13, ref. E18; Chap. 29, ref. E15.
  82. Pais, Chap. 7, ref. E5a.
  83. Pais, Chap. 20, ref. E8.
  84. Pais, Chap. 14, ref. E6; Chap. 15, ref. E37.
  85. Pais, Chap. 7, ref. E35; Chap. 16, ref. E53a.
  86. Pais, Chap. 13, ref. E11.
  87. Pais, Chap. 13, ref. E13.
  88. Pais, Chap. 14, ref. E12.
  89. Pais, Chap. 12, ref. E30; Chap. 14, ref. E16; Chap. 15, ref. E13.
  90. Pais, Chap. 7, ref. E30; Chap. 13, ref. E12.
  91. Pais, Chap. 7, ref. E34; Chap. 14, ref. E10; Chap. 16, ref. E38.
  92. Pais, Chap. 12, ref. E37.
  93. Pais, Chap. 14, ref. E34.
  94. Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E28; Chap. 14, ref. E30.
  95. Pais, Chap. 14, ref. E33.
  96. Pais, Chap. 14, ref. E32.
  97. Pais, Chap. 14, ref. E28.
  98. Pais, Chap. 14, refs. E44, E45 and E46; Chap. 15, ref. E14
  99. Pais, pp. 250–253.
  100. Pais, Chap. 14, refs. E48 and E50; Chap. 15, ref. E1; Chap. 16, ref. E30.
  101. Pais, Chap. 14, ref. E1; Chap. 15, ref. E15.
  102. Pais, Chap. 14, ref. E35.
  103. Pais, Chap. 12, refs. E27 and E31; Chap. 15, ref. E6.
  104. Pais, Chap. 13, ref. E3a.
  105. Pais, Chap. 14, ref. E37.
  106. Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E35; Chap. 15, ref. E21; Chap. 21, ref. E9.
  107. Pais, pp. 410–412.
  108. Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E36; Chap. 15, ref. E21; Chap. 21, ref. E10.
  109. Pais, Chap. 16, ref. E54.
  110. Pais, Chap. 15, ref. E26.
  111. Pais, Chap. 7, ref. E6.
  112. Pais, Chap. 15, ref. E20.
  113. Pais, Chap. 14, ref. E51.
  114. Pais, Chap. 14, ref. E55; Chap. 15, ref. E16.
  115. Pais, Chap. 21, ref. E17.
  116. Pais, Chap. 16, ref. E55.
  117. Pais, Chap. 5, ref. E16.
  118. Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E37; Chap. 21, ref. E11; Chap. 26, ref. E16.
  119. Pais, Chap. 15, ref. E40; Chap. 29, ref. E17.
  120. Pais, Chap. 21, ref. E18.
  121. Pais, Chap. 1, ref. E1.
  122. Pais, Chap. 15, ref. E42.
  123. Pais, Chap. 16, ref. E56.
  124. Pais, Chap. 15, ref. E19a.
  125. Pais, Chap. 15, ref. E22.
  126. Pais, Chap. 15, ref. E42b.
  127. Pais, Chap. 15, ref. E19b; Chap. 17, ref. E33.
  128. Pais, Chap. 16, ref. E28.
  129. Pais, Chap. 15, ref. E43; Chap. 17, ref. E17.
  130. Pais, Chap. 2, ref. E2.
  131. Pais, Chap. 1, ref. E2.
  132. Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E16; Chap. 5, ref. E14.
  133. Pais, Chap. 20, ref. E7.
  134. J. L. van Velsen, Notes on the page proof and publication, May 2012.
  135. Pais, Chap. 16, ref. E44.
  136. Pais, Chap. 9, ref. E1.
  137. Pais, Chap. 8, ref. E7; Chap. 12, ref. E22.
  138. Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E34.
  139. Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E6; Chap. 21, ref. E19.
  140. Pais, Chap. 15, ref. E42a.
  141. Pais, Chap. 7, ref. E36; Chap. 29, ref. E68.
  142. Pais, Chap. 16, ref. E60.
  143. Pais, Chap. 21, ref. E20.
  144. Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E7; Chap. 21, ref. E22; Chap. 29, ref. E23.
  145. Pais, Chap. 15, refs. E45 and E46.
  146. Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E11; Chap. 29, ref. E26.
  147. Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E8; Chap. 29, ref. E18.
  148. Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E38.
  149. Pais, Chap. 17, refs. E35 and E36.
  150. Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E37.
  151. Pais, Chap. 26, ref. E20; Chap. 29, ref. E19.
  152. Pais, Chap. 1, ref. E7; Chap. 15, ref. E35; Chap. 16, ref. E72.
  153. Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E10; Chap. 21, ref. E23; Chap. 29, ref. E24.
  154. Pais, Chap. 21, ref. E24.
  155. Pais, Chap. 16, ref. E59.
  156. Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E39; Chap. 23, ref. E8.
  157. Bose, SN (1924). "Plancks Gesetz und Lichtquantenhypothese". Zeitschrift für Physik (in German). 26 (1): 178–181. Bibcode:1924ZPhy...26..178B. doi:10.1007/BF01327326. S2CID 186235974.
  158. Anderson, MH; Ensher, JR; Matthews, MR; Wieman, Carl; Cornell, Eric (1995). "Observation of Bose–Einstein Condensation in a Dilute Atomic Vapor". Science. 269 (5221): 198–201. Bibcode:1995Sci...269..198A. doi:10.1126/science.269.5221.198. JSTOR 2888436. PMID 17789847.
  159. Pais, Chap. 23, ref. E6.
  160. Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E38.
  161. Pais, Chap. 26, ref. E33.
  162. Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E40; Chap. 23, ref. E7; Chap. 24, ref. E2.
  163. Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E41; Chap. 23, ref. E11.
  164. Pais, Chap. 17, refs. E15 and E44; Chap. 29, ref. E20.
  165. Pais, Chap. 23, ref. E9.
  166. Pais, Chap. 12, ref. E2; Chap. 16, ref. E63.
  167. Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E12.
  168. Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E13.
  169. Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E14.
  170. Pais, Chap. 6, ref. E2a.
  171. Pais, Chap. 15, ref. E44; Chap. 17, ref. E48.
  172. Pais, Chap. 1, ref. E9; Chap. 26, ref. E1.
  173. Pais, Chap. 1, ref. E12.
  174. Pais, Chap. 16, ref. E52.
  175. Pais, Chap. 17, refs. E19 and E20.
  176. Pais, Chap. 14, ref. E52b; Chap. 15, ref. E56; Chap. 26, refs. E28 and E29; Chap. 29, ref. E21.
  177. Pais, Chap. 25, ref. E12.
  178. Pais, Chap. 8, ref. E11.
  179. Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E50.
  180. Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E51a.
  181. Pais, Chap. 16, ref. E76.
  182. Pais, Chap. 2, ref. E4; Chap. 19, ref. E1; Chap. 26, ref. E23.
  183. Pais, Chap. 16, ref. E67.
  184. Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E52; Chap. 29, ref. E22.
  185. Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E54; Chap. 29, refs. E31 and E33.
  186. Pais, Chap. 14, ref. E49a; Chap. 16, ref. E68.
  187. Pais, Chap. 16, ref. E57.
  188. Pais, Chap. 15, ref. E10; Chap. 17, ref. E60.
  189. Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E58.
  190. Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E51.
  191. Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E59.
  192. Pais, Chap. 16, ref. E70.
  193. Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E55.
  194. Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E66; Chap. 29, ref. E34.
  195. Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E67.
  196. Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E57; Chap. 26, ref. E30.
  197. Pais, Chap. 15, ref. E11; Chap. 17, ref. E61.
  198. Pais, Chap. 25, ref. E15; Chap. 29, ref. E47.
  199. Pais, Chap. 15, ref. E48.
  200. Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E68.
  201. Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E24; Chap. 29, ref. E36.
  202. Pais, Chap. 16, ref. E64.
  203. Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E26; Chap 26, ref. E31.
  204. Pais, Chap. 6, ref. E10.
  205. Pais, Chap. 6, ref. E11; Chap. 16, ref. E65.
  206. Pais, Chap. 15, ref. E49; Chap. 29, ref. E48.
  207. Pais, Chap. 16, ref. E69.
  208. Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E62.
  209. Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E27; Chap. 29, ref. E37.
  210. Pais, Chap. 25, ref. E23; Chap. 29, ref. E38.
  211. Pais, Chap. 25, ref. E16.
  212. Pais, Chap. 25, ref. E21; Chap. 29, ref. E40.
  213. Pais, Chap. 25, ref. E22; Chap. 29, ref. E41.
  214. Pais, Chap. 29, ref. E45.
  215. Pais, Chap. 7, ref. E24.
  216. Pais, Chap. 7, ref. E12.
  217. Pais, Chap. 25, ref. E27; Chap. 29, ref. E49.
  218. Pais, Chap. 15, ref. E53a; Chap. 26, ref. E32; Chap. 29, ref. E50.
  219. Pais, Chap. 26, ref. E2.
  220. Pais, Chap. 29, ref. E51.
  221. Pais, Chap. 15, ref. E12b.
  222. Pais, Chap. 15, ref. E23; Chap. 29, ref. E52; Chap. 29, ref. E61.
  223. Pais, Chap. 15, ref. E59; Chap. 29, refs. E58 and E63.
  224. Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E29.
  225. Pais, Chap. 15, ref. E53.
  226. Pais, Chap. 15, ref. E60; Chap. 29, ref. E59.
  227. Pais, Chap. 16, ref. E80; Chap. 26, ref. E34.
  228. Pais, Chap. 29, ref. E70.
  229. Pais, Chap. 20, ref. E10.
  230. Pais, Chap. 29, ref. E69.
  231. Pais, Chap. 7, ref. E8; Chap. 17, ref. E71; Chap. 29, ref. E66.
  232. Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E72; Chap. 29, ref. E67.
  233. Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E73.
  234. Pais, Chap. 29, ref. E72
  235. Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E77; Chap. 29, ref. E73.
  236. Pais, Chap. 7, ref. E13.
  237. Pais, Chap. 25, ref. E28; Chap. 27, ref. E2.
  238. Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E74.
  239. Pais, Chap. 29, ref. E60.
  240. Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E75.
  241. Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E83.
  242. Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E76; Chap. 29, ref. E54.
  243. Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E78; Chap. 29, ref. E75.
  244. Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E79; Chap. 29, ref. E76.
  245. Pais, Chap. 4, refs. E42, E44 and E53; Chap. 19, ref. E12; Chap. 22, ref. E11.
  246. Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E43; Chap. 5, ref. E6.
  247. Pais, Chap. 6, ref. E8; Chap. 7, refs. E31 and E32; Chap. 14, refs. E11 and E29.
  248. Pais, Chap. 2, ref. E1.
  249. Pais, Chap. 16, ref. E74.
  250. Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E43.
  251. Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E56.
  252. Pais, Chap. 15, ref. E55; Chap. 16, ref. E58; Chap. 25, ref. E6; Chap. 26, ref. E19.
  253. Pais, Chap. 1, ref. E8.
  254. Pais, Chap. 16, ref. E77.
  255. Pais, Chap. 29, ref. E57.
  256. Pais, Chap. 29, ref. E64.
  257. Pais, Chap. 29, ref. E65.
  258. Pais, Chap. 16, ref. E75.
  259. Pais, Chap. 1, refs. E6 and E11; Chap. 4, ref. E1; Chap. 6, ref. E6; Chap. 10, ref. E22; Chap. 15, ref. E27; Chap. 22, ref. E2; Chap. 26, ref. E3; Chap. 27, ref. E3.
  260. Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E81.
  261. Pais, Chap. 3, ref. E25; Chap. 4, ref. E14; Chap. 5, ref. E3.
  262. Pais, Chap. 7, ref. E20; Chap. 12, ref. E21; Chap. 15, ref. E7.
  263. Pais, Chap. 15, ref. E8a.
  264. Pais, Chap. 16, ref. E39.
  265. Pais, Chap. 12, ref. E22.
  266. Pais, Chap. 6, ref. E4.
  267. Pais, Chap. 2, ref. E7; Chap. 8, ref. E20; Chap. 17, ref. E70; Chap. 25, ref. E17; Chap. 26, ref. E4.
  268. Pais, Chap. 10, ref. E21; Chap. 14, ref. E52a; Chap. 15, ref. E2; Chap. 25, ref. E20.
  269. Pais, Chap. 6, ref. E9; Chap. 7, ref. E33; Chap. 15, refs. E50 and E54.
  270. Pais, Chap. 15, ref. E8.
  271. Pais, Chap. 6, ref. E1.

Bibliography


  • Einstein, Albert (1989). The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein, Volume 2: The Swiss Years: Writings, 1900–1909 (English translation supplement; translated by Anna Beck, with Peter Havas, consultant ed.). Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0-691-08549-4.
  • Einstein, Albert (1994). The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein, Volume 3: The Swiss Years: Writings, 1909–1911 (English translation supplement; translated by Anna Beck, with Don Howard, consultant ed.). Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0-691-10250-4.
  • Einstein, Albert (1996). The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein, Volume 4: The Swiss Years: Writings, 1912–1914 (English translation supplement; translated by Anna Beck, with Don Howard, consultant ed.). Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0-691-02610-7.
  • Einstein, Albert (1997). The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein, Volume 6: The Berlin Years: Writings, 1914–1917 (English translation supplement; translated by Alfred Engel, with Engelbert Schucking, consultant ed.). Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0-691-01734-1.
  • Einstein, Albert (2002). The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein, Volume 7: The Berlin Years: Writings, 1918–1921 (English translation supplement; translated by Alfred Engel, with Engelbert Schucking, consultant ed.). Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0-691-05718-7.
  • Pais, Abraham (1982). Subtle is the Lord: The Science and the Life of Albert Einstein. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-520438-4.
  • Schilpp, Paul Arthur, ed. (1951). Albert Einstein: Philosopher-Scientist, Volume II. New York: Harper and Brothers Publishers (Harper Torchbook edition).