List of sovereign states
The 208 listed states can be divided into three categories based on membership within the United Nations System: 193 UN member states, 2 UN observer states, and 13 other states. The sovereignty dispute column indicates states having undisputed sovereignty (188 states, of which there are 187 UN member states and 1 UN observer state), states having disputed sovereignty (18 states, of which there are 6 UN member states, 1 UN observer state, and 11 de facto states), and states having a special political status (2 states, both in free association with New Zealand).
Compiling a list such as this can be a complicated and controversial process, as there is no definition that is binding on all the members of the community of nations concerning the criteria for statehood. For more information on the criteria used to determine the contents of this list, please see the criteria for inclusion section below. The list is intended to include entities that have been recognised as having de facto status as sovereign states, and inclusion should not be seen as an endorsement of any specific claim to statehood in legal terms.