List of the most recent elections by country


Country President Parliament
Lower House Upper House
 Abkhazia20202017
 Afghanistan20192018Appointed/indirectly-elected
 AlbaniaIndirectly-elected2021
 Algeria20192017Appointed/indirectly-elected
 AndorraMonarchy2019
 AnguillaMonarchy2020
 AngolaIndirectly-elected2017
 Antigua and BarbudaMonarchy2018Appointed
 Argentina201920192019
 ArmeniaIndirectly-elected2018
 Artsakh20202020
 AustraliaMonarchy20192019
 Austria20162019Indirectly-elected
 Azerbaijan20182020
 BahamasMonarchy2017Appointed
 BahrainMonarchy2018Appointed
 BangladeshIndirectly-elected2018
 BarbadosMonarchy2018Appointed
 Belarus20202019Appointed/indirectly-elected
 BelgiumMonarchy2019Appointed/indirectly-elected
 BelizeMonarchy2020Appointed
 Benin20212019
 BermudaMonarchy2020
 BhutanMonarchy20182018
 Bolivia202020202020
 Bosnia and Herzegovina20182018Indirectly-elected
 BotswanaIndirectly-elected2019Appointed/indirectly-elected
 Brazil201820182018
 British Virgin IslandsMonarchy2019
 BruneiMonarchyAppointed
 Bulgaria20162021
 Burkina Faso20202020
 Burundi20202020Indirectly-elected
 CambodiaMonarchy2018Appointed/indirectly-elected
 Cameroon20182020Indirectly-elected
 CanadaMonarchy2019Appointed
 Cape Verde20162021
 Cayman IslandsMonarchy2021
 Central African Republic20202020–21
 Chad20212011
 Chile201720172017
 ChinaIndirectly-elected (2018)Indirectly-elected (2018)
 Colombia201820182018
 Comoros20192020
 Democratic Republic of the Congo20182018Indirectly-elected
 Republic of the Congo20212017Indirectly-elected
 Cook IslandsMonarchy2018
 Costa Rica20182018
 Croatia2019–20202020
 CubaIndirectly-elected2018
 Cyprus20182021
 Czech Republic201820172020
 DenmarkMonarchy2019
 Djibouti20212018
 DominicaIndirectly-elected2019
 Dominican Republic202020202020
 East Timor20172018
 Ecuador20212021
 Egypt201820202020
 El Salvador20192021
 Equatorial Guinea201620172017
 EritreaNoneNone
 EstoniaIndirectly-elected2019
 EswatiniMonarchy2018Appointed/indirectly-elected
 EthiopiaIndirectly-elected2015Indirectly-elected
 Falkland IslandsMonarchy2017
 FijiIndirectly-elected2018
 Finland20182019
 France20172017Indirectly-elected
 Gabon20162018Indirectly-elected
 Gambia20162017
 Georgia20182020
 GermanyIndirectly-elected2017Indirectly-elected
 Ghana20202020
 GibraltarMonarchy2019
 GreeceIndirectly-elected2019
 GrenadaMonarchy2018Appointed
 Guatemala20192019
 GuernseyMonarchy2020
 Guinea20202020
 Guinea-Bissau20192019
 GuyanaIndirectly-elected2020
 Haiti2016–172015–162016–17
 Honduras20172017
 Hong Kong Special Administrative RegionIndirectly-elected (2017)2016
 HungaryIndirectly-elected2018
 Iceland20202017
 IndiaIndirectly-elected2019Appointed/indirectly-elected
 Indonesia201920192019
 Iran20172020
 IraqIndirectly-elected2018
 Republic of Ireland20182020Appointed/indirectly-elected
 IsraelIndirectly-elected2021
 ItalyIndirectly-elected20182018
 Ivory Coast20202021
 JamaicaMonarchy2020Appointed
 JapanMonarchy20172019
 JerseyMonarchy2018
 JordanMonarchy2020Appointed
 Kazakhstan20192021Appointed/indirectly-elected
 Kenya20172017 2017
 Kiribati20202020
 North KoreaIndirectly-elected2019
 South Korea20172020
 Republic of KosovoIndirectly-elected2021
 KuwaitMonarchy2020
 Kyrgyzstan20212020
 LaosIndirectly-elected2021
 LatviaIndirectly-elected2018
 LebanonIndirectly-elected2018
 LesothoMonarchy2017Appointed
 Liberia201720172020
 LibyaNone2014
 LiechtensteinMonarchy2021
 Lithuania20192020
 LuxembourgMonarchy2018
 Madagascar20182019Appointed/indirectly-elected
 Malawi20202019
 MalaysiaMonarchy2018Appointed/indirectly-elected
 Maldives20182019
 Mali20182020
 MaltaIndirectly-elected2017
 Isle of ManMonarchy2016
 Marshall IslandsIndirectly-elected2019
 Mauritania20192018Indirectly-elected
 MauritiusIndirectly-elected2019
 Mexico20182018
MicronesiaIndirectly-elected2021
 Moldova20202019
 MonacoMonarchy2018
 Mongolia20172020
 MontserratMonarchy2019
 Montenegro20182020
 MoroccoMonarchy2016Indirectly-elected
 Mozambique20192019
 MyanmarIndirectly-elected20202020
 Namibia20192019Indirectly-elected
 NauruIndirectly-elected2019
   NepalIndirectly-elected2017Indirectly-elected
 NetherlandsMonarchy2021Indirectly-elected
 New ZealandMonarchy2020
 Nicaragua20162016
 Niger2020–212020–21
 Nigeria201920192019
 NiueMonarchy2020
 Northern Cyprus20202018
 North Macedonia20192020
 NorwayMonarchy2017
 OmanMonarchy2019Appointed
 PakistanIndirectly-elected2018Indirectly-elected
 Palau202020202020
 Palestine20052006
 Panama20192019
 Papua New GuineaMonarchy2017
 Paraguay201820182018
 Peru20212021
 Philippines201620192019
 Pitcairn IslandsMonarchy2019
 Poland202020192019
 Portugal20212019
 QatarMonarchyAppointed
 Romania201920202020
 Russia20182016Indirectly-elected
 Rwanda20172018Appointed/indirectly-elected
 Saint HelenaMonarchy2017
 Saint Kitts and NevisMonarchy2020
 Saint LuciaMonarchy2016Appointed
 Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesMonarchy2020
 SamoaIndirectly-elected2021
 San MarinoIndirectly-elected2019
 São Tomé and Príncipe20162018
 Saudi ArabiaMonarchyAppointed
 Senegal20192017Appointed/indirectly-elected
 Serbia20172020
 Seychelles20202020
 Sierra Leone20182018
 Singapore20202020
 Slovakia20192020
 Slovenia20172018
 Solomon IslandsMonarchy2019
 SomaliaIndirectly-elected2016
 Somaliland20172021Appointed
 South AfricaIndirectly-elected2019Indirectly-elected
 South Ossetia20172019
 South Sudan20102010Appointed/indirectly-elected
 SpainMonarchy20192019
 Sri Lanka20192020
 Sudan20152015Indirectly-elected
 SurinameIndirectly-elected2020
 SwedenMonarchy2018
  SwitzerlandIndirectly-elected20192019
 Syria20212020
 Taiwan20202020
 Tajikistan20202020Appointed/indirectly-elected
 Tanzania20202020
 ThailandMonarchy2019Appointed/indirectly-elected
 Togo20202018
 TongaMonarchy2017
 Transnistria20162020
 Trinidad and TobagoIndirectly-elected2020Appointed
 Tunisia20192019
 Turkey20182018
 Turkmenistan20172018
 Turks and Caicos IslandsMonarchy2021
 TuvaluMonarchy2019
 Uganda20212021
 Ukraine20192019
 United Arab EmiratesMonarchy2019
 United KingdomMonarchy2019Appointed
 United States202020202020
 Uruguay201920192019
 Uzbekistan20162019–2020Appointed/indirectly-elected
 VanuatuIndirectly-elected2020
  Vatican City2013Appointed
 Venezuela20182020
 VietnamIndirectly-elected2021
 Western SaharaIndirectly-elected2012
 Yemen20122003
 Zambia20162016
 Zimbabwe20182018

See also