List of top-division football clubs in UEFA countries


The Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) is the administrative and controlling body for European football. It consists of 55 member associations, each of which is responsible for governing football in their respective countries.[1]

  UEFA countries on this map of the world's six football confederations

All widely recognised sovereign states located entirely within Europe are members, with the exceptions of the United Kingdom, Monaco and Vatican City. Eight states partially or entirely outside Europe are also members: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Russia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Israel, Cyprus and Turkey.[1] The United Kingdom is divided into the four separate football associations of England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales; each association has a separate UEFA membership. The Faroe Islands, an autonomous country of the Kingdom of Denmark, also has its own football association which is a member of UEFA.[1] The football association of Gibraltar, a British Overseas Territory, was approved as a member by UEFA in 2013.[2] Kosovo was approved as a member in 2016, even though it is claimed by Serbia and is not recognised by several other UEFA member states.

Each UEFA member has its own football league system, except Liechtenstein.[3] Clubs playing in each top-level league compete for the title as the country's club champions. Clubs also compete in the league and national cup competitions for places in the following season's UEFA club competitions, the UEFA Champions League, UEFA Europa League and UEFA Europa Conference League. Due to promotion and relegation, the clubs playing in the top-level league are different every season, except in San Marino and Gibraltar where there is only one level.[4]

Some clubs play in a national football league other than their own country's. Where this is the case the club is noted as such.

UEFA coefficients


The UEFA league coefficients, also known as the UEFA rankings, are used to rank the leagues of Europe, and thus determine the number of clubs from a league that will participate in UEFA Champions League and UEFA Europa League. A country's ranking determines the number of teams competing in the season after the next; the 2009 rankings determined qualification for European competitions in the 2010–11 season.[5]

A country's ranking is calculated based on the results of its clubs in UEFA competitions over the past five seasons. Two points are awarded for each win by a club, and one for a draw. If a game goes to extra time, the result at the end of time is used to calculate ranking points; if the match goes to a penalty shootout, it is considered to be a draw for the purposes of the coefficient system. The number of points awarded to a country's clubs are added together, and then divided by the number of clubs that participated in European competitions that season. This number is then rounded to three decimal places; two and two-thirds would become 2.667.[5]

For the league coefficient the season's league coefficients for the last five seasons must be added up. In the preliminary rounds of both the Champions League and Europa League, the awarded points are halved. Bonus points for certain achievements are added to the number of points scored in a season. Bonus points are allocated for:

  • Qualifying for the Champions League group phase. (4 bonus points)
  • Reaching the second round of the Champions League. (5 bonus points)
  • Reaching the quarter, semi and final of both Champions League and Europa League. (1 bonus point)[5]

Current champions


The below map displays the locations of the current champions of the UEFA countries (except Liechtenstein, which does not organise a domestic championship).

The map is correct as of the end of the 2020 season. The current champions of Cyprus, Gibraltar, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands are actually those of the 2018–19 season, and are shown in italics below. No championship titles for 2019–20 were awarded in those countries because of the COVID-19 pandemic in Europe.

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Full list by country


Albania

The top division of Albanian football was formed in 1930, and the inaugural title was won by SK Tirana (now known as KF Tirana). Tirana are the most successful team in the league's history, having won the competition on 24 occasions, followed by FK Dinamo Tirana (now playing in the second division) with 18 championships, and Partizani with 16.[7] The league became affiliated with UEFA in 1954.[8] Since the 2014–15 season, 10 teams compete in the division. The teams finishing in the bottom two places are relegated to the Albanian First Division and are replaced by the champions of each of that league's two groups.

Clubs and locations as of 2019–20 season:

Pos Team Pld Pts
1 Tirana (C) 36 70
2 Kukësi 36 66
3 Laçi 36 64
4 Skënderbeu 36 58
5 Teuta 36 57
6 Partizani 36 53
7 Bylis 36 51
8 Vllaznia (O) 36 46
9 Flamurtari (R) 36 15
10 Luftëtari (R) 36 14
Source: Albanian Football Association, Soccerway
(C) Champion; (O) Play-off winner; (R) Relegated

Andorra

Andorra's national league system was formed in 1993, and the Andorran Football Federation gained UEFA membership in 1996.[9] Records from the league's first three seasons are incomplete, but FC Santa Coloma have won more First Division titles than any other team, with at least 13.[10] Another Andorran football club, FC Andorra, play in the Spanish football league system. In recent years, eight teams have competed in the First Division. Each team plays two matches against the other seven clubs. After fourteen games, the league splits into two groups, with teams carrying their previous points totals forward. The top four teams play each other a further two times in the championship round to decide 1st–4th places, while the bottom four teams do likewise in the relegation round, to determine the 5th–8th positions. At the end of the season, the bottom-placed team is relegated, while the seventh-placed team plays a two-legged play-off against the second-placed team in the Second Division to decide which team plays in which division for the following season.

Clubs and locations as of 2019–20 season:

Pos Team Pld Pts
1 Inter Club d'Escaldes 21 47
2 FC Santa Coloma 21 44
3 Sant Julià 21 36
4 Engordany 21 35
5 UE Santa Coloma 21 32
6 Atlètic Club d'Escaldes 21 23
7 Ordino 21 9
8 Carroi 21 9
Source: FAFSoccerway

Armenia

Armenia gained independence in 1991, following the break-up of the Soviet Union. Organised football had been played in Armenia since 1936, as part of the Soviet football system. The Football Federation of Armenia gained UEFA affiliation in 1992, and the league ran as the national championship for the first time in the same year.[11][12] Since independence, the country's most successful team is Pyunik, who has won 14 league titles.[11]

Clubs and locations as of 2019–20 season:

Locations of the 2019–20 Armenian Premier League teams
Pos Team Pld Pts
1 Ararat-Armenia 18 36
2 Lori 18 32
3 Alashkert 18 31
4 Ararat 18 31
5 Noah 18 30
6 Shirak 18 28
7 Pyunik 18 23
8 Urartu 18 23
9 Gandzasar 18 18
10 Yerevan 18 0
Source: Soccerway

    Austria

    Clubs and locations as of 2019–20 season:

    Location of teams in the 2019–20 Austrian Football Bundesliga
    Pos Team Pld Pts
    1 Red Bull Salzburg 22 48
    2 LASK 22 42
    3 Rapid Wien 22 40
    4 Wolfsberger AC 22 38
    5 Sturm Graz 22 32
    6 Hartberg 22 29
    7 Austria Wien 22 25
    8 Rheindorf Altach 22 24
    9 Admira Wacker Mödling 22 19
    10 WSG Tirol 22 19
    11 Mattersburg 22 18
    12 St. Pölten 22 17

    Azerbaijan

    Although the country was part of the Soviet Union, the first Azerbaijan-wide football competition took place in 1928, and became an annual occurrence from 1934. Following the break-up of the Soviet Union in 1991, the first independent Azeri championship took place in 1992, and the Association of Football Federations of Azerbaijan gained UEFA affiliation in 1994[13][14] Since independence, the country's most successful team is Neftçi Baku, with eight league titles. In recent years, 10 teams had competed in the Azerbaijan Premier League, but two teams that otherwise would have competed in the 2016–17 season were denied professional licenses, making it an eight-team league at present.

    Clubs and locations as of 2019–20 season:

    Locations of the 2019–20 Azerbaijan Premier League teams.
    Team in italics is from a zone of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict and is playing its home games in Baku.
    Pos Team Pld Pts
    1 Qarabağ (C) 20 45
    2 Neftçi Baku 20 37
    3 Keşla 20 30
    4 Sumgayit 20 23
    5 Zira 20 23
    6 Sabah 20 21
    7 Sabail 20 20
    8 Gabala 20 19
    Source: Soccerway
    (C) Champion

    Belarus

    Belarus declared independence from the Soviet Union in 1990. Its independence was widely recognised within Europe in 1991, an independent national championship began in 1992, and UEFA membership followed in 1993.[15] Through the 2018 season, the most successful team is BATE Borisov, with 15 league championships, including an ongoing streak of 13 titles.[16] The 2016 season saw the league expand from 14 teams to 16, accomplished by promoting three clubs from the Belarusian First League and relegating only the last-place team in the 2015 Premier League. At the end of the season, the bottom two teams are relegated to the First League and replaced by that league's top two finishers.

    Clubs and locations as of 2019 season:

    Pos Team Pld Pts
    1 Dynamo Brest (C) 30 75
    2 BATE Borisov 30 70
    3 Shakhtyor Soligorsk 30 65
    4 Dinamo Minsk 30 50
    5 Isloch Minsk Raion 30 47
    6 Torpedo-BelAZ Zhodino 30 45
    7 Gorodeya 30 44
    8 Slavia Mozyr 30 37
    9 Minsk 30 36
    10 Neman Grodno 30 36
    11 Slutsk 30 34
    12 Energetik-BGU Minsk 30 33
    13 Vitebsk 30 31
    14 Dnyapro Mogilev (R) 30 30
    15 Gomel (R) 30 29
    16 Torpedo Minsk (R) 30 6
    Source: football.by
    (C) Champion; (R) Relegated

    Belgium

    Organised football reached Belgium in the 19th century; the Royal Belgian Football Association was founded in 1895, and FC Liégeois became the country's first champions the following year. Belgium joined European football's governing body, UEFA, upon its formation in 1954.[17] Historically the country's most successful team are Anderlecht, with 34 league titles as of 2019.[18] The Belgian First Division A, historically known as the First Division and also known as the Pro League from 2008 to 2009 through 2015–16, currently consists of 16 teams. Initially, each team plays the other clubs twice for a total of 30 matches. At this point, the league proceeds as follows (as of the current 2016–17 season):[19]

    • The top six teams take half of their points (rounded up) into a championship play-off, playing each other two further times to determine the national champion.
    • The teams finishing the regular season between 7th and 15th enter one of two six-team groups. The remaining teams in this competition are the top three teams from the Belgian First Division B (historically known as the Second Division), excluding that division's champion (which earns automatic promotion to First Division A). Each team plays the other five teams in its group home and away, and the winners of each group play one another in a two-legged play-off. The winner of that match advances to a two-legged play-off against the fourth- or fifth-place team (depending on results) from the championship play-off for the country's final UEFA Europa League place for the following season.
    • The bottom team on the regular-season table is automatically relegated to First Division B.

    Clubs and locations as of 2019–20 season:

    Pos Team Pld Pts
    1 Club Brugge (C) 29 70
    2 Gent 29 55
    3 Charleroi 29 54
    4 Antwerp (W) 29 53
    5 Standard Liège 29 49
    6 Mechelen 29 44
    7 Genk 29 44
    8 Anderlecht 29 43
    9 Zulte Waregem 29 36
    10 Excel Mouscron 29 36
    11 Kortrijk 29 33
    12 Sint-Truiden 29 33
    13 Eupen 29 30
    14 Cercle Brugge 29 23
    15 Oostende 29 22
    16 Waasland-Beveren 29 20
    Source: Belgian First Division A (in Dutch), Soccerway
    (C) Champion; (W) Cup winner

    Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Prior to gaining independence from Yugoslavia, clubs from Bosnia and Herzegovina were eligible to compete in the Yugoslav First League, which they won three times. The country gained independence in 1992, and its Football Association gained UEFA membership in 1998.[20] Due to political tensions between Bosniaks, Bosnian Serbs and Bosnian Croats, the country did not have a single national top division until the 2002–03 season, but rather two or three. Since then, Zrinjski Mostar have won six titles, Sarajevo have won four, Željezničar have won three, Široki Brijeg have won twice and three other teams have won it once each.[21]

    Since the 2016–17 season, the Premier League has consisted of 12 clubs, reduced from 16 in previous seasons. The 2016–17 season was the first for a two-stage season. In the first stage, each team played all others home and away, after which the league split into two six-team groups that also played home and away. The top six teams played for the championship and European qualifying places; the bottom six played to avoid relegation. At the end of the second stage, the bottom two clubs of the relegation group dropped to either the First League of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina or the First League of the Republika Srpska.[22] Since the 2018–19 season, the league is not played as the one in the 2016–17 season. Actually very simple, after all the 12 clubs play each other two times, once home and once away, they play each other three times, also playing home or away depending on how the schedule is made. With that, the league season has 33 full rounds instead of the 22 rounds and an additional 10 rounds in the relegation and championship games.[23]

    Clubs and locations as of 2019–20 season:

    Pos Team Pld Pts
    1 Sarajevo (C) 22 45
    2 Željezničar 22 42
    3 Zrinjski Mostar 22 38
    4 Borac Banja Luka 22 36
    5 Tuzla City 22 35
    6 Radnik Bijeljina 22 34
    7 Široki Brijeg 22 32
    8 Velež Mostar 22 32
    9 Sloboda Tuzla 22 21
    10 Mladost Doboj Kakanj 22 18
    11 Čelik Zenica (R, D) 22 17
    12 Zvijezda 09 (R) 22 8
    Source: Rezultati.com
    (C) Champion; (D) Disqualified; (R) Relegated

    Bulgaria

    A national Bulgarian championship has been held in every year since 1924, although the 1924, 1927 and 1944 seasons were not completed. The country gained UEFA membership in 1954.[24] Historically, the most successful teams in Bulgarian football have been CSKA Sofia and Levski Sofia; no other team has won more than ten league titles. In recent years, Ludogorets Razgrad has dominated the league; although the team did not make its first appearance in the top flight until 2011–12, it has won the championship in each of its first eight seasons at that level.[25] The 2015–16 season was intended to have 12 teams, but was reduced to 10 after four clubs (the two clubs that would otherwise have been promoted to what was then known as the A Group, plus two from the previous season's A Group) were denied professional licenses. Following that season, the Bulgarian Football Union revamped the country's professional league structure, expanding the top flight to 14 teams and changing that league's name from "A Group" to "First League".

    Under the current structure that began in 2016–17, each team plays the others twice, once at each club's stadium. At the end of the season the league splits into separate playoffs, with table points and statistics carrying over in full. The top six teams enter a championship playoff, with each team playing the others home and away. The top finisher is league champion and enters the UEFA Champions League; the second-place team earns a place in the UEFA Europa League; and the third-place team (or fourth-place team, should the winner of that season's Bulgarian Cup finish in the top three) advances to a playoff for the country's final Europa League place. The bottom eight split into two four-team groups, playing home and away within each group. The top two teams from each group enter a knockout playoff consisting of two-legged matches (note, however, that if one of these four teams is the Bulgarian Cup winner, it is withdrawn from the playoff and its opponent receives a bye into the final). The winner of this playoff then plays the third-place team in a one-off match for the final Europa League place. The bottom two clubs from each group enter an identical knockout playoff. The winner remains in the First League; the other three teams face a series of relegation playoffs that also include the second- and third-place clubs from the Second League, with places for only two of these five teams in the next season's First League.[26]

    Clubs and locations as of 2019–20 season:

    Sofia 2019–20 First League football clubs
    Pos Team Pld Pts
    1 Ludogorets Razgrad 26 62
    2 Lokomotiv Plovdiv 26 50
    3 CSKA Sofia 26 50
    4 Levski Sofia 26 49
    5 Slavia Sofia 26 45
    6 Beroe 26 43
    7 Cherno More 26 40
    8 Arda 26 31
    9 Botev Plovdiv 26 30
    10 Etar 26 27
    11 Tsarsko Selo 26 25
    12 Botev Vratsa 26 22
    13 Dunav Ruse 26 19
    14 Vitosha Bistritsa 26 6
    Source: Soccerway



    Croatia

    National Croatian leagues were organised in 1914 and during the Second World War, but during peacetime Croatia's biggest clubs competed in the Yugoslav First League. After Croatia declared independence from Yugoslavia in 1991, a national football league was formed in 1992, and the Croatian Football Federation gained UEFA membership in 1993.[27] Since its formation, the Croatian First League has been dominated by Dinamo Zagreb and Hajduk Split; as of the end of the 2018–19 season, one of these teams has won the title in all but two of the league's 28 seasons.[28] Since the 2013–14 season, the First League has consisted of 10 teams. At the end of the season, the 10th-placed team is relegated directly to the second division, while the 9th-placed team enters a relegation play-off.

    Clubs and locations as of 2019–20 season:

    Pos Team Pld Pts
    1 Dinamo Zagreb (C) 36 80
    2 Lokomotiva 36 65
    3 Rijeka 36 64
    4 Osijek 36 62
    5 Hajduk Split 36 60
    6 Gorica 36 49
    7 Slaven Belupo 36 39
    8 Varaždin 36 36
    9 Istra 1961 (O) 36 25
    10 Inter Zaprešić (R) 36 17
    Source: PrvaHNL.hr
    (C) Champion; (O) Play-off winner; (R) Relegated

    Cyprus

    Clubs and locations as of 2019–20 season:

    Locations of the 2019–20 Cypriot First Division teams.
    Pos Team Pld Pts
    1 Omonia 22 43
    2 Anorthosis Famagusta 22 43
    3 APOEL 22 39
    4 Apollon Limassol 22 38
    5 AEK Larnaca 22 35
    6 AEL Limassol 22 31
    7 Pafos FC 22 30
    8 Nea Salamis Famagusta 22 25
    9 Olympiakos Nicosia 22 24
    10 Enosis Neon Paralimni 22 22
    11 Ethnikos Achna 22 20
    12 Doxa Katokopias 22 11

    Czech Republic

    Clubs and locations as of 2019–20 season:

    Pos Team Pld Pts
    1 Slavia Prague 30 72
    2 Viktoria Plzeň 30 66
    3 Sparta Prague 30 50
    4 Jablonec 30 49
    5 Slovan Liberec 30 47
    6 Baník Ostrava 30 45
    7 České Budějovice 30 43
    8 Bohemians 1905 30 42
    9 Slovácko 30 42
    10 Mladá Boleslav 30 40
    11 Sigma Olomouc 30 36
    12 Teplice 30 31
    13 Fastav Zlín 30 27
    14 Karviná 30 26
    15 Opava 30 23
    16 Příbram 30 21
    Source: Fortuna Liga

    Denmark

    Clubs and locations as of 2019–20 season:

    Pos Team Pld Pts
    1 Midtjylland 26 65
    2 Copenhagen 26 56
    3 AGF 26 47
    4 Brøndby 26 42
    5 Nordsjælland 26 41
    6 AaB 26 38
    7 Randers 26 35
    8 Horsens 26 34
    9 OB 26 33
    10 Lyngby 26 32
    11 SønderjyskE 26 27
    12 Hobro 26 23
    13 Esbjerg 26 18
    14 Silkeborg 26 16

    England

    Founded in 1888, the Football League was the world's first national football league.[29] The inaugural competition was won by Preston North End, who remained unbeaten throughout the entire season. It was the top level football league in England from its foundation until 1992, when the 22 clubs comprising the First Division resigned from the Football League to form the new FA Premier League.[29] As of the 2019–20 season the Premier League comprises 20 clubs;[30] each team plays every other team twice, with the bottom 3 clubs at the end of the season relegated to the EFL Championship. The most successful domestic club is Manchester United, who have won the league 20 times, while the most successful English club in Europe is Liverpool, who have won 6 European Cups, 3 UEFA Cups and 4 UEFA Super Cups, more than any other English team.[31]

    Clubs and locations as of 2020–21 season:

    Greater London Premier League football clubs
    West Midlands Premier League football clubs
    Pos Team Pld Pts
    1 Manchester City (C) 38 86
    2 Manchester United 38 74
    3 Liverpool 38 69
    4 Chelsea 38 67
    5 Leicester City 38 66
    6 West Ham United 38 65
    7 Tottenham Hotspur 38 62
    8 Arsenal 38 61
    9 Leeds United 38 59
    10 Everton 38 59
    11 Aston Villa 38 55
    12 Newcastle United 38 45
    13 Wolverhampton Wanderers 38 45
    14 Crystal Palace 38 44
    15 Southampton 38 43
    16 Brighton & Hove Albion 38 41
    17 Burnley 38 39
    18 Fulham (R) 38 28
    19 West Bromwich Albion (R) 38 26
    20 Sheffield United (R) 38 23
    Source: Premier League
    (C) Champion; (R) Relegated

      Estonia

      An independent Estonian league took place between 1921 and 1940. However, after the Second World War it became part of the Soviet Union, and became a regional system. Estonia regained independence after the dissolution of the USSR, organising the first national championship in 52 years in 1992, the same year that the Estonian Football Association joined UEFA.[32][33] FC Flora is the most successful team in the modern era, with 11 league titles as of the end of the 2018 season.[32] Since 2005, the Premier Division has consisted of 10 teams, which play one another four times. At the end of the season the bottom team is relegated to the second level of Estonian football, while the ninth-placed team enters into a relegation playoff.[34]

      Clubs and locations as of 2019 season:

      Pos Team Pld Pts
      1 Flora (C) 36 90
      2 FCI Levadia 36 78
      3 Nõmme Kalju 36 77
      4 Paide Linnameeskond 36 74
      5 Tammeka 36 49
      6 Narva Trans 36 48
      7 Tulevik 36 28
      8 Tallinna Kalev 36 24
      9 Kuressaare (O) 36 23
      10 Maardu Linnameeskond (R) 36 17
      Source: Estonian Football Association (in Estonian), UEFA
      (C) Champion; (O) Play-off winner; (R) Relegated

      Faroe Islands

      The Faroe Islands are a constituent country of the Kingdom of Denmark, which also comprises Greenland and Denmark itself. The league was formed in 1942, and has been contested annually since, with the exception of 1944 due to a lack of available balls.[35] The Faroe Islands gained UEFA recognition in 1992.[36] The most successful teams are HB and KI, with 23 and 17 Premier League titles respectively as of the most recently completed 2018 season. Since the 1988 season, the Premier League has consisted of 10 teams.[37] They play each other three times, with the bottom two teams relegated to the First Division.

      Clubs and locations as of 2021 season:

      Locations of the 2021 Betri deidin menn teams
      Pos Team Pld Pts
      1 13 37
      2 Víkingur 12 25
      3 Havnar Bóltfelag 12 24
      4 NSÍ Runavík 13 21
      5 B36 Tórshavn 12 20
      6 EB/Streymur 12 12
      7 ÍF 11 11
      8 07 Vestur 11 8
      9 B68 Toftir 12 6
      10 TB Tvøroyri 12 2
      Updated to match(es) played on 13 June 2021. Source: Flashscore

        Finland

        Finland's current league has been contested annually since 1898, with the exceptions of 1914 and 1943.[38] The most successful team are HJK with 29 titles; as of 2018, no other team has won 10 or more. However, between 1920 and 1948 a rival championship operated, organised by the Finnish Workers' Sports Federation. Frequent champions in that competition before it came under the jurisdiction of the Football Association of Finland included Kullervo Helsinki, Vesa Helsinki and Tampereen Pallo-Veikot.[39] The Premier League consists of 12 teams. Since 2019 season teams play one another two times, then the top 6 teams play the championship round, and the bottom 6 the relegation round. At the end of the season the bottom club is relegated to the First Division, and the second-last club contests a in a play-off with the 2nd team of the First Division.

        Clubs and locations as of 2019 season:

        Pos Team Pld Pts
        1 KuPS (C) 27 53
        2 Inter Turku 27 48
        3 FC Honka (O) 27 47
        4 Ilves 27 47
        5 HJK 27 37
        6 IFK Mariehamn 27 32
        7 HIFK 27 39
        8 FC Lahti 27 36
        9 SJK 27 30
        10 RoPS 27 30
        11 KPV (R) 27 25
        12 VPS (R) 27 19
        Source: Veikkausliiga, Soccerway
        (C) Champion; (O) Play-off winner; (R) Relegated

        France

        France's first football team—Le Havre AC—formed in 1872. The first French championship was first held in 1894, but only featured teams from the capital, Paris. Between 1896 and 1912, national championships were organised by several competing federations; the first universally recognised national championship took place in the 1912–13 season. However, it only lasted two seasons; from the outbreak of the First World War in 1914, French football operated on a regional basis until 1932. A national league resumed between 1932 and 1939, and has operated annually since the conclusion of the Second World War in 1945.[40] Ligue 1 and its predecessors have featured 20 teams since the 1946–47 season. Each team plays the other nineteen sides home and away, and at the end of the season the bottom three teams are relegated to Ligue 2.[41] So far, Olympique de Marseille are the only French club to have won the UEFA Champions League, in 1993.

        Clubs and locations as of 2020–21 season:

        Pos Team Pld Pts
        1 Lille (C) 38 83
        2 Paris Saint-Germain 38 82
        3 Monaco 38 78
        4 Lyon 38 76
        5 Marseille 38 60
        6 Rennes 38 58
        7 Lens 38 57
        8 Montpellier 38 54
        9 Nice 38 52
        10 Metz 38 47
        11 Saint-Étienne 38 46
        12 Bordeaux 38 45
        13 Angers 38 44
        14 Reims 38 42
        15 Strasbourg 38 42
        16 Lorient 38 42
        17 Brest 38 41
        18 Nantes (O) 38 40
        19 Nîmes (R) 38 35
        20 Dijon (R) 38 21
        Source: Ligue 1
        (C) Champion; (O) Play-off winner; (R) Relegated

          Georgia

          A Georgian football championship first took place in 1926, as part of the Soviet football system. The first independent championship took place in 1990, despite the fact that Georgia remained a Soviet state until 1991. Upon independence, Georgia subsequently joined UEFA and FIFA in 1992.[42]

          When Georgia organised its first independent championship, it operated with a spring-to-autumn season contained entirely within a calendar year. After the 1991 championship, the country transitioned to an autumn-to-spring season spanning two calendar years. This format continued through the 2015–16 season, after which it returned to a spring-to-autumn format. This was accomplished by holding an abbreviated 2016 season in autumn; the transition was completed for the 2017 season. Before the most recent transition, 16 teams had competed in the top flight, but the league was reduced to 14 teams for the 2016 season, and was reduced further to 10 for 2017 and beyond.

          Clubs and locations as of 2019 season:

          Pos Team Pld Pts
          1 Dinamo Tbilisi (C) 36 75
          2 Dinamo Batumi 36 70
          3 Saburtalo Tbilisi 36 70
          4 Locomotive Tbilisi 36 55
          5 Chikhura Sachkhere 36 47
          6 Torpedo Kutaisi 36 44
          7 Dila Gori 36 43
          8 Rustavi (R) 36 38
          9 Sioni Bolnisi (R) 36 38
          10 WIT Georgia (R) 36 20
          Source: Erovnuli Liga, Soccerway
          (C) Champion; (R) Relegated

          Germany

          The Bundesliga consists of 18 teams, who play each other twice, for a total of 34 matches. The teams finishing in 17th and 18th places are relegated directly to the 2. Bundesliga, while the team finishing in 16th place enters into a two-legged play-off with the team finishing 3rd in the lower division.

          Clubs and locations as of 2020–21 season:

          Pos Team Pld Pts
          1 Bayern Munich (C) 34 78
          2 RB Leipzig 34 65
          3 Borussia Dortmund 34 64
          4 VfL Wolfsburg 34 61
          5 Eintracht Frankfurt 34 60
          6 Bayer Leverkusen 34 52
          7 Union Berlin 34 50
          8 Borussia Mönchengladbach 34 49
          9 VfB Stuttgart 34 45
          10 SC Freiburg 34 45
          11 1899 Hoffenheim 34 43
          12 Mainz 05 34 39
          13 FC Augsburg 34 36
          14 Hertha BSC 34 35
          15 Arminia Bielefeld 34 35
          16 1. FC Köln (O) 34 33
          17 Werder Bremen (R) 34 31
          18 Schalke 04 (R) 34 16
          Source: DFB
          (C) Champion; (O) Play-off winner; (R) Relegated

          Gibraltar

          The Gibraltar Football Association was founded in 1895, making it one of the ten oldest active football associations in the world. League football has been organized by the GFA since 1905. The first league season after Gibraltar were accepted as full members of UEFA was 2013–14, making qualification to the UEFA Champions League and UEFA Europa League possible since the 2014–15 season, provided the relevant club has received a UEFA licence.[2] The Premier Division has consisted of 10 teams since the 2015–16 season. All league matches are held at Victoria Stadium.

          Clubs as of 2019–20 season:

          Location of the stadium where all teams play in the 2019–20 Gibraltar National League
          Pos Team Pld Pts
          1 Europa 17 49
          2 St Joseph's 17 44
          3 Lincoln Red Imps 17 39
          4 Lynx 17 29
          5 Bruno's Magpies 17 21
          6 Lions Gibraltar 17 15
          7 Mons Calpe 18 33
          8 Europa Point 18 25
          9 Manchester 62 18 19
          10 Boca Gibraltar 17 16
          11 Glacis United 17 10
          12 College 1975 18 1
          Source: UEFA, Soccerway

          Greece

          Clubs and locations as of 2019–20 season:

          Pos Team Pld Pts
          1 Olympiacos 26 66
          2 PAOK 26 59
          3 AEK Athens 26 51
          4 Panathinaikos 26 44
          5 OFI 26 34
          6 Aris 26 34
          7 Atromitos 26 32
          8 AEL 26 30
          9 Xanthi 26 30
          10 Asteras Tripolis 26 30
          11 Lamia 26 27
          12 Volos 26 27
          13 Panetolikos 26 17
          14 Panionios 26 11

          Hungary

          Clubs and locations as of 2019–20 season:

          Location of Budapest teams
          Pos Team Pld Pts
          1 Ferencváros (C) 33 76
          2 Fehérvár 33 63
          3 Puskás Akadémia 33 54
          4 Mezőkövesd 33 50
          5 Budapest Honvéd 33 44
          6 Újpest 33 43
          7 Zalaegerszeg 33 43
          8 Kisvárda 33 42
          9 Diósgyőr 33 41
          10 Paks 33 41
          11 Debrecen (R) 33 39
          12 Kaposvár (R) 33 14
          Source: Hungarian Football Federation (in Hungarian), Soccerway
          (C) Champion; (R) Relegated

          Iceland

          Clubs and locations as of 2019 season:

          Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification or relegation
          1 KR (C) 22 16 4 2 44 23 +21 52 Qualification for the Champions League first qualifying round
          2 Breiðablik 22 11 5 6 45 31 +14 38 Qualification for the Europa League first qualifying round
          3 FH 22 11 4 7 40 36 +4 37
          4 Stjarnan 22 9 8 5 40 34 +6 35
          5 KA 22 9 4 9 34 34 0 31
          6 Valur 22 8 5 9 38 34 +4 29
          7 Víkingur 22 7 7 8 37 35 +2 28 Qualification for the Europa League first qualifying round[lower-alpha 1]
          8 Fylkir 22 8 4 10 38 44 6 28
          9 HK 22 7 6 9 29 29 0 27
          10 ÍA 22 7 6 9 27 32 5 27
          11 Grindavík (R) 22 3 11 8 17 28 11 20 Relegation to 1. deild karla
          12 ÍBV (R) 22 2 4 16 23 52 29 10
          Source: KSÍ (in Icelandic), Soccerway
          (C) Champion; (R) Relegated
          Notes:

          Israel

          Clubs and locations as of 2019–20 season:

          Pos Team Pld Pts
          1 Maccabi Tel Aviv 26 64
          2 Maccabi Haifa 26 58
          3 Beitar Jerusalem 26 49
          4 Hapoel Be'er Sheva 26 44
          5 Hapoel Tel Aviv 26 38
          6 Hapoel Haifa 26 37
          7 Bnei Yehuda 26 34
          8 Hapoel Hadera 26 34
          9 Maccabi Netanya 26 31
          10 F.C. Ashdod 26 28
          11 Hapoel Kfar Saba 26 26
          12 Ironi Kiryat Shmona 26 22
          13 Sektzia Nes Tziona 26 21
          14 Hapoel Ra'anana 26 16
          Updated to match(es) played on unknown. Source: Soccerway


          Italy

          Clubs and locations as of 2019–20 season:

          Pos Team Pld Pts
          1 Juventus (C) 38 83
          2 Internazionale 38 82
          3 Atalanta 38 78
          4 Lazio 38 78
          5 Roma 38 70
          6 Milan 38 66
          7 Napoli 38 62
          8 Sassuolo 38 51
          9 Hellas Verona 38 49
          10 Fiorentina 38 49
          11 Parma 38 49
          12 Bologna 38 47
          13 Udinese 38 45
          14 Cagliari 38 45
          15 Sampdoria 38 42
          16 Torino 38 40
          17 Genoa 38 39
          18 Lecce (R) 38 35
          19 Brescia (R) 38 25
          20 SPAL (R) 38 20
          Source: Serie A, Soccerway
          (C) Champion; (R) Relegated

          Kazakhstan

          Clubs and locations as of 2019 season:

          Locations of teams in the 2018 Kazakhstan Premier League
          Pos Team Pld Pts
          1 Astana (C) 33 69
          2 Kairat 33 68
          3 Ordabasy 33 65
          4 Tobol 33 63
          5 Zhetysu 33 56
          6 Kaisar 33 42
          7 Okzhetpes 33 40
          8 Irtysh Pavlodar 33 37
          9 Shakhter Karagandy 33 35
          10 Taraz (O) 33 29
          11 Atyrau (R) 33 26
          12 Aktobe (R) 33 15
          Source: UEFA, Soccerway
          (C) Champion; (O) Play-off winner; (R) Relegated

          Kosovo

          Clubs and locations as of 2019–20 season:

          Pos Team Pld Pts
          1 Drita (C) 33 68
          2 Gjilani 33 68
          3 Ballkani 33 67
          4 Prishtina 33 62
          5 Feronikeli 33 47
          6 Llapi 33 45
          7 Trepça '89 33 44
          8 Drenica 33 44
          9 Flamurtari (R) 33 43
          10 Ferizaj (R) 33 29
          11 Vushtrria (R) 33 21
          12 Dukagjini (R) 33 19
          Source: Football Federation of Kosovo (in Albanian)
          (C) Champion; (R) Relegated

          Latvia

          Clubs and locations as of 2019 season:

          Pos Team Pld Pts
          1 Riga (C) 32 66
          2 RFS 32 59
          3 Ventspils 32 47
          4 Valmiera Glass ViA 32 46
          5 Spartaks Jūrmala 32 44
          6 Liepāja 32 39
          7 Jelgava 32 38
          8 Daugavpils 32 31
          9 METTA/LU (O) 32 26
          Source: Soccerway
          (C) Champion; (O) Play-off winner

          Lithuania

          Clubs and locations as of 2020 season:

          Locations of the 2019 A Lyga teams
          Pos Team Pld Pts
          1 Žalgiris (C) 20 45
          2 Sūduva 20 43
          3 Kauno Žalgiris 20 38
          4 Banga 20 16
          5 Panevėžys 20 12
          6 Riteriai 20 12
          Source: A Lyga (in Lithuanian), UEFA, Soccerway
          (C) Champion

          Luxembourg

          Clubs and locations as of 2019–20 season:

          Pos Team Pld Pts
          1 Fola Esch 17 39
          2 Progrès Niederkorn 17 37
          3 Differdange 03 17 35
          4 Union Titus Pétange 17 33
          5 F91 Dudelange 17 26
          6 UNA Strassen 17 26
          7 Racing FC 17 25
          8 Jeunesse Esch 17 19
          9 Victoria Rosport 17 18
          10 Etzella Ettelbruck 17 17
          11 Hostert 17 16
          12 Mondorf-les-Bains 17 15
          13 Rodange 91 17 15
          14 Muhlenbach Blue Boys 17 12
          Source: UEFA, Soccerway

          Malta

          Clubs and locations as of 2019–20 season:

          Pos Team Pld Pts
          1 Floriana (C) 20 41
          2 Valletta 20 38
          3 Hibernians 20 37
          4 Sirens 20 35
          5 Birkirkara 20 33
          6 Gżira United 20 32
          7 Balzan 20 28
          8 Mosta 20 28
          9 Ħamrun Spartans 20 25
          10 Sliema Wanderers 20 24
          11 Gudja United 20 24
          12 St. Lucia 20 23
          13 Senglea Athletic 20 16
          14 Tarxien Rainbows 20 4
          Source: Malta Football Association
          (C) Champion

          Moldova

          Clubs and locations as of 2019 season:

             
          Pos Team Pld Pts
          1 Sheriff Tiraspol (C) 28 70
          2 Sfîntul Gheorghe 28 53
          3 Petrocub-Hîncești 28 50
          4 Dinamo-Auto 28 41
          5 Milsami Orhei 28 39
          6 Speranța Nisporeni 28 35
          7 Zimbru Chișinău 28 16
          8 Codru Lozova (O) 28 5
          Source: FMF, UEFA, Soccerway
          (C) Champion; (O) Play-off winner

          Montenegro

          Clubs and locations as of 2019–20 season:

          Location of teams in the 2019–20 Montenegrin First League
          Pos Team Pld Pts
          1 Budućnost (C) 31 73
          2 Sutjeska 31 55
          3 Iskra 31 53
          4 Zeta 31 41
          5 Podgorica 31 40
          6 Petrovac 31 37
          7 Rudar 31 35
          8 Titograd (O) 31 31
          9 Kom (R) 31 29
          10 Grbalj (R) 31 22
          Source: Football Association of Montenegro (in Montenegrin), UEFA, Soccerway
          (C) Champion; (O) Play-off winner; (R) Relegated

          Netherlands

          Clubs and locations as of 2019–20 season:

          Pos Team Pld Pts
          1 Ajax 25 56
          2 AZ 25 56
          3 Feyenoord 25 50
          4 PSV Eindhoven 26 49
          5 Willem II 26 44
          6 FC Utrecht 25 41
          7 Vitesse 26 41
          8 Heracles Almelo 26 36
          9 FC Groningen 26 35
          10 Heerenveen 26 33
          11 Sparta Rotterdam 26 33
          12 FC Emmen 26 32
          13 VVV-Venlo 26 28
          14 FC Twente 26 27
          15 PEC Zwolle 26 26
          16 Fortuna Sittard 26 26
          17 ADO Den Haag 26 19
          18 RKC Waalwijk 26 15

          North Macedonia

          Clubs and locations as of 2019–20 season:

          Location of teams in 2019–20 Macedonian First League
          Pos Team Pld Pts
          1 Vardar (C) 23 46
          2 Sileks 23 36
          3 Shkëndija 23 35
          4 Renova 23 31
          5 Shkupi 23 29
          6 Makedonija GP 23 29
          7 Akademija Pandev 23 28
          8 Rabotnički 23 28
          9 Borec 23 27
          10 Struga 23 25
          Source: MacedonianFootball.com, Soccerway
          (C) Champion

          Northern Ireland

          Clubs and locations as of 2019–20 season:

          Locations of the Belfast-based 2019–20 NIFL Premiership teams
          Pos Team Pld Pts PPG
          1 Linfield (C) 31 69 2.23
          2 Coleraine 31 65 2.10
          3 Crusaders 31 59 1.90
          4 Cliftonville 31 59 1.90
          5 Glentoran 31 58 1.87
          6 Larne 31 56 1.81
          7 Glenavon 31 35 1.13
          8 Carrick Rangers 31 32 1.03
          9 Dungannon Swifts 31 30 0.97
          10 Ballymena United 31 27 0.87
          11 Warrenpoint Town 31 18 0.58
          12 Institute (R) 31 15 0.48
          Source: NIFL Premiership
          (C) Champion; (R) Relegated
          • Derry City, a club from Northern Ireland, has competed in the Republic of Ireland's football league system, the League of Ireland, since 1985.

          Norway

          Clubs and locations as of 2021 season:

          Pos Team Pld Pts
          1 Bodø/Glimt 7 16
          2 Kristiansund 7 15
          3 Molde 7 14
          4 Rosenborg 8 14
          5 Viking 7 12
          6 Vålerenga 7 11
          7 Tromsø 7 8
          8 Strømsgodset 5 7
          9 Sarpsborg 08 5 6
          10 Lillestrøm 5 6
          11 Mjøndalen 5 5
          12 Haugesund 5 5
          13 Odd 5 5
          14 Stabæk 5 5
          15 Brann 8 4
          16 Sandefjord 5 3
          Updated to match(es) played on 14 June 2021. Source: Football Association of Norway (in Norwegian) ;

          Poland

          Clubs and locations as of 2019–20 season:

          Pos Team Pld Pts
          1 Legia Warsaw 30 60
          2 Piast Gliwice 30 53
          3 Śląsk Wrocław 30 49
          4 Lech Poznań 30 49
          5 Cracovia 30 46
          6 Pogoń Szczecin 30 45
          7 Jagiellonia Białystok 30 44
          8 Lechia Gdańsk 30 43
          9 Górnik Zabrze 30 41
          10 Raków Częstochowa 30 41
          11 Zagłębie Lubin 30 38
          12 Wisła Płock 30 38
          13 Wisła Kraków 30 35
          14 Korona Kielce 30 30
          15 Arka Gdynia 30 29
          16 ŁKS Łódź 30 21

          Portugal

          Clubs and locations as of 2019–20 season:

          Location of teams in 2019–20 Primeira Liga (Madeira)
          Location of teams in 2019–20 Primeira Liga (Azores)
          Pos Team Pld Pts
          1 Porto (C) 34 82
          2 Benfica 34 77
          3 Braga 34 60
          4 Sporting CP 34 60
          5 Rio Ave 34 55
          6 Famalicão 34 54
          7 Vitória de Guimarães 34 50
          8 Moreirense 34 43
          9 Santa Clara 34 43
          10 Gil Vicente 34 43
          11 Marítimo 34 39
          12 Boavista 34 39
          13 Paços de Ferreira 34 39
          14 Tondela 34 36
          15 Belenenses SAD 34 35
          16 Vitória de Setúbal (R) 34 34
          17 Portimonense 34 33
          18 Aves (R) 34 17
          Source: Liga Portugal
          (C) Champion; (R) Relegated

          Republic of Ireland

          Clubs and locations as of 2019 season:

          Pos Team Pld Pts
          1 Dundalk (C) 36 86
          2 Shamrock Rovers 36 75
          3 Bohemians 36 60
          4 Derry City 36 57
          5 St Patrick's Athletic 36 52
          6 Waterford 36 43
          7 Sligo Rovers 36 42
          8 Cork City 36 37
          9 Finn Harps 36 28
          10 UCD (R) 36 19
          Source: SSE Airtricity League, Soccerway
          (C) Champion; (R) Relegated

          Romania

          Clubs and locations as of 2019–20 season:

          Location of Bucharest teams
          Pos Team Pld Pts
          1 CFR Cluj 26 52
          2 Universitatea Craiova 26 46
          3 Botoșani 26 45
          4 FCSB 26 44
          5 Gaz Metan Mediaș 26 43
          6 Astra Giurgiu 26 42
          7 Viitorul Constanța 26 40
          8 Dinamo București 26 34
          9 Sepsi OSK 26 33
          10 Hermannstadt 26 25
          11 Chindia Târgoviște 26 25
          12 Politehnica Iași 26 22
          13 Academica Clinceni 26 22
          14 Voluntari 26 20
          Source: LPF (in Romanian), Soccerway

          Russia

          Clubs and locations as of 2019–20 season:

          Pos Team Pld Pts
          1 Zenit Saint Petersburg (C) 30 72
          2 Lokomotiv Moscow 30 57
          3 Krasnodar 30 52
          4 CSKA Moscow 30 50
          5 Rostov 30 45
          6 Dynamo Moscow 30 41
          7 Spartak Moscow 30 39
          8 Arsenal Tula 30 38
          9 Ufa 30 38
          10 Rubin Kazan 30 35
          11 Ural 30 35
          12 Sochi 30 33
          13 Akhmat Grozny 30 31
          14 Tambov 30 31
          15 Krylia Sovetov Samara (R) 30 31
          16 Orenburg (R) 30 27
          Source: Russian Premier Liga, Soccerway
          (C) Champion; (R) Relegated

            San Marino

            This is a complete list of football clubs in San Marino (as San Marino has only one level domestic amateur league), apart from San Marino Calcio, the only professional Sammarinese club, which as of 2019–20 competes in Serie D, the fourth level of the Italian football league system.

            Clubs and locations as of 2019–20 season:[43]

            Because there is no promotion or relegation in the league, the same 15 teams compete in the league.

            2019–20 Campionato Sammarinese di Calcio team distribution

            Scotland

            Clubs and locations as of 2020–21 season:

            Pos Team Pld Pts
            1 Rangers (C) 38 102
            2 Celtic 38 77
            3 Hibernian 38 63
            4 Aberdeen 38 56
            5 St Johnstone 38 45
            6 Livingston 38 45
            7 St Mirren 38 45
            8 Motherwell 38 45
            9 Dundee United 38 44
            10 Ross County 38 39
            11 Kilmarnock (R) 38 36
            12 Hamilton Academical (R) 38 30
            Source: BBC SPFL
            (C) Champion; (R) Relegated

            Serbia

            Clubs and locations as of 2019–20 season:

            Locations of the 2019–20 Serbian SuperLiga teams
            Pos Team Pld Pts
            1 Red Star Belgrade 30 78
            2 Partizan 30 64
            3 Vojvodina 30 62
            4 TSC Bačka Topola 30 59
            5 Radnički Niš 30 52
            6 Čukarički 30 51
            7 Spartak Subotica 30 46
            8 Voždovac 30 45
            9 Mladost Lučani 30 43
            10 Napredak Kruševac 30 33
            11 Radnik Surdulica 30 31
            12 Proleter Novi Sad 30 30
            13 Javor-Matis 30 28
            14 Inđija 30 25
            15 Rad 30 15
            16 Mačva Šabac 30 13
            Source: SuperLiga (in Serbian), Soccerway

            Slovakia

            Clubs and locations as of 2019–20 season:

            Pos Team Pld Pts
            1 Slovan Bratislava 22 55
            2 Žilina 22 45
            3 DAC Dunajská Streda 22 38
            4 Spartak Trnava 22 30
            5 Zemplín Michalovce 22 30
            6 Ružomberok 22 28
            7 Trenčín 22 27
            8 ViOn Zlaté Moravce 22 26
            9 Senica 22 24
            10 Sereď 22 22
            11 Nitra 22 19
            12 Pohronie 22 16
            Source: Fortuna Liga (in Slovak), Futbalnet

            Slovenia

            Location of teams in the 2019–20 Slovenian PrvaLiga

            Clubs and locations as of 2019–20 season:

            Pos Team Pld Pts
            1 Celje (C) 36 69
            2 Maribor 36 67
            3 Olimpija 36 67
            4 Mura 36 56
            5 Aluminij 36 55
            6 Bravo 36 49
            7 Tabor Sežana 36 46
            8 Domžale 36 43
            9 Triglav Kranj (R) 36 32
            10 Rudar Velenje (R) 36 12
            Source: Soccerway
            (C) Champion; (R) Relegated

            Spain

            Clubs and locations as of 2019–20 season:

            Location of Community of Madrid teams in 2019–20 La Liga
            Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification or relegation
            1 Real Madrid (C) 38 26 9 3 70 25 +45 87 Qualification for the Champions League group stage
            2 Barcelona 38 25 7 6 86 38 +48 82
            3 Atlético Madrid 38 18 16 4 51 27 +24 70
            4 Sevilla 38 19 13 6 54 34 +20 70
            5 Villarreal 38 18 6 14 63 49 +14 60 Qualification for the Europa League group stage
            6 Real Sociedad 38 16 8 14 56 48 +8 56
            7 Granada 38 16 8 14 52 45 +7 56 Qualification for the Europa League second qualifying round[lower-alpha 1]
            8 Getafe 38 14 12 12 43 37 +6 54
            9 Valencia 38 14 11 13 46 53 7 53
            10 Osasuna 38 13 13 12 46 54 8 52
            11 Athletic Bilbao 38 13 12 13 41 38 +3 51
            12 Levante 38 14 7 17 47 53 6 49
            13 Valladolid 38 9 15 14 32 43 11 42
            14 Eibar 38 11 9 18 39 56 17 42
            15 Real Betis 38 10 11 17 48 60 12 41
            16 Alavés 38 10 9 19 34 59 25 39
            17 Celta Vigo 38 7 16 15 37 49 12 37
            18 Leganés (R) 38 8 12 18 30 51 21 36 Relegation to the Segunda División
            19 Mallorca (R) 38 9 6 23 40 65 25 33
            20 Espanyol (R) 38 5 10 23 27 58 31 25
            Source: La Liga, Soccerway
            Rules for classification: 1) Points; 2) Head-to-head points; 3) Head-to-head goal difference; 4) Goal difference; 5) Goals scored; 6) Fair-play points (Note: Head-to-head record is used only after all the matches between the teams in question have been played)[45]
            (C) Champion; (R) Relegated
            Notes:
            1. The 2020 Copa del Rey Final was postponed due to the COVID-19 pandemic in Spain and could not be completed by the UEFA registration deadline of 3 August 2020, so the fifth- and sixth-placed teams in the 2019–20 La Liga, Villarreal and Real Sociedad, entered the 2020–21 UEFA Europa League at the group stage, and the seventh-placed team, Granada, entered at the second qualifying round.[44]

            Sweden

            A Swedish championship was first organised in 1896, and the champions were decided by a knockout cup format until 1925, when Allsvenskan was formed.[46] Sweden was one of the founding members of UEFA in 1954.[47] As of the most recently completed 2018 season, Malmö FF have won the most national titles with 20, followed by IFK Göteborg with 18 and IFK Norrköping with 13. Malmö also have the most league titles, with 23 to 13 for both IFK Götebörg and IFK Norrköping. Since 2008,[48] Allsvenskan has featured 16 teams. They each play one another home and away, for a total of 30 games. The bottom two teams are relegated to the Superettan (The Super One), and the 14th-placed Allsvenskan team enters into a relegation playoff with the 3rd-placed Superettan team to decide which will play in Allsvenskan for the following season.[49]

            Clubs and locations as of 2021 season:

            Pos Team Pld Pts
            1 Malmö FF 9 20
            2 Djurgårdens IF 8 17
            3 AIK 8 14
            4 IF Elfsborg 9 13
            5 Kalmar FF 8 13
            6 IFK Norrköping 8 11
            7 Degerfors IF 8 11
            8 Hammarby IF 8 11
            9 Mjällby AIF 8 10
            10 IFK Göteborg 8 9
            11 Halmstads BK 8 9
            12 IK Sirius 8 9
            13 Östersunds FK 8 8
            14 Varbergs BoIS 8 7
            15 Örebro SK 8 7
            16 BK Häcken 8 6
            Updated to match(es) played on 24 May 2021. Source: svenskfotboll.se (in Swedish)

            Switzerland

            Clubs and locations as of 2019–20 season:

            Pos Team Pld Pts
            1 Young Boys (C) 36 76
            2 St. Gallen 36 68
            3 Basel 36 62
            4 Servette 36 49
            5 Lugano 36 47
            6 Luzern 36 46
            7 Zürich 36 43
            8 Sion 36 39
            9 Thun (R) 36 38
            10 Neuchâtel Xamax (R) 36 27
            Source: Swiss Super League
            (C) Champion; (R) Relegated

            Turkey

            Turkish football operated on a regional basis until the 1950s. A national knockout tournament took place in 1957 and 1958, to decide European qualification. The Turkish Football Federation retrospectively recognised these tournaments as deciding the Turkish champions; both competitions were won by Beşiktaş.[50] A national league was formed in 1959, and has been held annually from then onwards.[50] Since the formation of a national league, the most successful teams are Galatasaray and Fenerbahçe, with 22 and 19 league titles respectively, as of the most recently completed 2018–19 season. Currently, 18 teams compete in the Süper Lig. Each team plays the other teams home and away, with the bottom three teams relegated to the TFF First League for the following season.[51]

            Clubs and locations as of 2019–20 season:

            Pos Team Pld Pts
            1 İstanbul Başakşehir (C) 34 69
            2 Trabzonspor 34 65
            3 Beşiktaş 34 62
            4 Sivasspor 34 60
            5 Alanyaspor 34 57
            6 Galatasaray 34 56
            7 Fenerbahçe 34 53
            8 Gaziantep 34 46
            9 Antalyaspor 34 45
            10 Kasımpaşa 34 43
            11 Göztepe 34 42
            12 Gençlerbirliği 34 36
            13 Konyaspor 34 36
            14 Denizlispor 34 35
            15 Rizespor 34 35
            16 Yeni Malatyaspor 34 32
            17 Kayserispor 34 32
            18 Ankaragücü 34 32
            Source: Süper Lig, Soccerway
            (C) Champion

              Ukraine

              As a member of the Soviet Union, Ukraine's league operated as a feeder to the national Soviet leagues, meaning that until 1992 the strongest Ukrainian teams did not take part.[53] The Football Federation of Ukraine was formed shortly after the country achieved independence in 1991, and gained UEFA membership the following year.[54] Since the formation of a national league, Dynamo Kyiv have won 15 titles, Shakhtar Donetsk 12, and Tavriya Simferopol one, as of the most recently completed 2018–19 season.[53]

              Through the 2013–14 season, 16 teams participated in the Premier League. However, during that season's winter break, the Euromaidan protests began, soon followed by Russia's annexation of the Crimean peninsula and the still-ongoing war in the country's east. These developments led to the league dropping to 14 teams in 2014–15 and 12 in 2016–17.

              Beginning with the 2016–17 season, the league season is divided into two stages. In the first stage, the teams play one another home and away, after which the league splits into two groups, each playing a home-and-away schedule within the group and with table points carrying over intact. The top six teams play to determine the league champion and European qualifying spots, while the bottom six teams play to avoid relegation, with the bottom two at the end of the second stage dropping to the Ukrainian First League.[55][56]

              Clubs and locations as of 2019–20 season:

              Home venues of teams in the 2019–20 Ukrainian Premier League.
              Teams in italics are from a conflict zone of the War in Donbass and are playing their home games in different cities.
              Kyiv city home venues of teams in the League. In italics identified clubs that are not from Kiev.
              Lviv city home venues of teams in the League
              Pos Team Pld Pts
              1 Shakhtar Donetsk 22 59
              2 Dynamo Kyiv 22 45
              3 Zorya Luhansk 22 43
              4 Desna Chernihiv 22 42
              5 FC Oleksandriya 22 37
              6 Kolos Kovalivka 22 26
              7 SC Dnipro-1 22 25
              8 FC Mariupol 22 25
              9 FC Lviv 22 20
              10 Vorskla Poltava 22 20
              11 Olimpik Donetsk 22 18
              12 Karpaty Lviv 22 13

              Wales

              Although Wales joined UEFA in 1954, Welsh football operated on a regional basis until 1992, with no national championship.[57] Five Welsh clubs play not in the Welsh football league system, but in the English football league system. Currently, there are no Welsh clubs competing in the Premier League. Welsh club Swansea City was relegated to the second level, the EFL Championship, at the end of the 2017–18 season, while Cardiff City were relegated following the 2018–19 season. Three other Welsh clubs participate lower down the English football league system: Newport County, Wrexham, and Merthyr Town. Despite competing in Football Association competitions, the latter three are under the jurisdiction of the Football Association of Wales.[58] Until 2011 Swansea City and Cardiff City had similar arrangements with the FAW but are now under the jurisdiction of The Football Association.[59] The most successful Welsh club since the formation of the Welsh Premier League is The New Saints, with 13 league titles after having clinched their eighth straight league crown in 2018–19.[60] Since the 2010–11 season, the Welsh Premier League has featured 12 teams.[61] Relegation to and promotion from lower regional leagues is in part dictated by whether or not clubs can obtain a Premier League licence; only clubs able to obtain a licence are eligible for promotion, and clubs which fail to obtain one are relegated regardless of their final league position.[62]

              Clubs and locations as of 2019–20 season:

              Pos Team Pld Pts PPG
              1 Connah's Quay Nomads (C) 26 56 2.15
              2 The New Saints 26 52 2.00
              3 Bala Town 26 49 1.88
              4 Barry Town United 25 42 1.68
              5 Caernarfon Town 26 38 1.46
              6 Newtown 25 35 1.40
              7 Cardiff Metropolitan University 25 35 1.40
              8 Cefn Druids 25 35 1.40
              9 Aberystwyth Town 26 27 1.04
              10 Penybont 25 21 0.84
              11 Carmarthen Town (R) 25 18 0.72
              12 Airbus UK Broughton (R) 26 17 0.65
              Updated to match(es) played on 7 March 2020. Source: Cymru Premier,Soccerway
              (C) Champion; (R) Relegated

                See also


                References


                1. Ornstein, David (8 December 2008). "Big four to feel wind of European change". BBC Sport. Retrieved 18 July 2010.
                2. "Gibraltar named 54th member of UEFA". UEFA. 24 May 2013. Retrieved 18 June 2013.
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