Lists of office-holders


These are lists of incumbents (individuals holding offices or positions), including heads of states or of subnational entities.

A historical discipline, archontology, focuses on the study of past and current office holders.

Incumbents may also be found in the countries' articles (main article and "Politics of") and the list of national leaders, recent changes in 2007 in politics, and past leaders on State leaders by year and Colonial governors by year.

Various articles group lists by title, function or topic: e.g. abdication, assassinated persons, cabinet (government), chancellor, ex-monarchs (20th century), head of government, head of state, lieutenant governor, mayor, military commanders, minister (and ministers by portfolio below), order of precedence, peerage, president, prime minister, Reichstag participants (1792), secretary of state.

Heads of international organizations


Heads of state or government


Africa

Eastern Africa
Horn of Africa
Middle Africa
Northern Africa
Southern Africa
Western Africa

Americas

Caribbean
Central America
North America
South America

Asia

Central Asia
Eastern Asia
Southeastern Asia
South Asia
Western Asia

Europe

Eastern Europe
Northern Europe
Central Europe
Southern Europe
Western Europe

Oceania

Australasia
Melanesia
Micronesia
Polynesia

Religious leaders


Christian

Catholic Church
Anglican Communion
Other denominations

Judaism

Islam

Buddhist

Other lists


Ministers by portfolio

Municipal leaders