Lithuania–Mexico relations refers to the diplomatic relations between the Republic of Lithuania and the United Mexican States. Both nations are members of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.
Early contact between Lithuania and Mexico occurred with the immigration of over 700 primarily Lithuanian Jews to Mexico between 1900 and 1950. In 1918, Lithuania obtained its independence after World War I and after 123 years as part of the Russian Empire. On 5 May 1921, Mexico recognized Lithuania's independence. Both nations established diplomatic relations on 31 May 1938 in Washington, D.C. after the signing of a Treaty of Friendship. During World War II, Lithuania was occupied by both Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union and after the war, Lithuania was forcibly annexed by the Soviet Union in 1944. Mexico was one of the few nations to condemned and not recognize Soviet annexation of Lithuania.
In March 1990, Lithuania obtained its independence after the Dissolution of the Soviet Union. Mexico recognized the independence of and re-established diplomatic relations with Lithuania on 5 November 1991. Since then, Mexico has been accredited to Lithuania from its embassy in Stockholm, Sweden and Lithuania has been accredited to Mexico from its embassy in Washington, D.C., United States.
In January 2002 President Valdas Adamkus became the first Lithuanian head-of-state to pay an official visit to Mexico and was accompanied by Foreign Minister Antanas Valionis. During President Adamkus visit he met with Mexican President Vicente Fox. The purpose of the visit was to promote political dialogue and cooperation at the highest level. In June 2002, the first meeting of Lithuanian-Mexican bilateral political consultation was held in Vilnius, co-chaired by the Lithuanian Secretary of State of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Evaldas Ignatavičius and Mexican Undersecretary of Foreign Affairs, Miguel Marín. In February 2003, Mexico opened an honorary consulate in Vilnius. In 2008, President Adamkus returned on a second visit to Mexico and met with Mexican President Felipe Calderón.
In 2009, Mexican Foreign Minister Patricia Espinosa Cantellano and Lithuanian Foreign Minister Vygaudas Ušackas met during the 119th Session of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe held in Madrid, Spain, to establish a diplomatic exchange project in order to share knowledge about Latin America, with a view to the Lithuanian Presidency of the Council of the European Union in 2013.
In 2018, celebrations took place in Mexico City to celebrate the centenary of Lithuania's independence which was attended by the Ambassador of Lithuania accredited to Mexico and resident in the United States and members of the Lithuanian-Mexican community.
High-level visits from Lithuania to Mexico
- President Valdas Adamkus (2002 and 2008)
- Foreign Minister Antanas Valionis (2002)
- President Arturas Paulauskas (2004)
- Foreign Vice-Minister Oskaras Jusys (2008)
High-level visits from Mexico to Lithuania
- Foreign Undersecretary Miguel Marín (2002)
- Foreign Undersecretary Lourdes Aranda Bezaury (2012)
Both nations have signed several bilateral agreements such as a Treaty of Friendship (1938); Agreement of Cooperation in the Fields of Education, Culture, Art and Sport (2002); Agreement for the Suppression of Visas in Diplomatic and Official Passports (2002) and an Agreement to Prevent Double Taxation and Prevent Tax Evasion in the Area of Income Tax and its Protocol (2012).
In 1997, Mexico signed a Free Trade Agreement with the European Union (which includes Lithuania). In 2018, trade between Lithuania and Mexico totaled US$70.6 million. Lithuania's main exports to Mexico include: gasoline, animal feeding, radio navigation equipment, and automobile parts. Mexico's main exports to Lithuania include: terephthalic acid and tequila. Mexican multinational company Cemex operates in Lithuania under the operation of Akmenės Cementas.
- Lithuania is accredited to Mexico from its embassy in Washington, D.C., United States and maintains an honorary consulate in Mexico City.
- Mexico is accredited to Lithuania from its embassy in Stockholm, Sweden and maintains an honorary consulate in Vilnius.
- El Secreto Lituano de la Sinagoga Histórica Justo Sierra (in Spanish)
- Political Relations with Mexico
- Bilateral relations between Mexico and Lithuania (in Spanish)
- Relaciones Bilaterales México-Lituania (in Spanish)
- Relaciones México-Lituania (in Spanish)
- Lituania celebra 100 años y en México recuerdan a la comunidad judía (in Spanish)
- "Mexican Ministry of the Economy: Lithuania (in Spanish)". Archived from the original on 2019-07-28. Retrieved 2019-01-25.
- Embassy of Lithuania in Washington, D.C.
- Embassy of Mexico in Stockholm