Lithuania–Turkey relations are the foreign relations between Lithuania and Turkey. Turkey recognized Lithuania on July 28, 1922, and diplomatic relations were established on the same day. The Turkish ambassador to Estonia in Tallinn was also accredited to Lithuania. Following USSR occupation and annexation of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, the Turkish embassy in Tallinn closed on September 5, 1940. Turkey, however, never recognized the Soviet annexation of Lithuania.
Turkey cooperates closely with Lithuania in military affairs and provides personnel to the NATO Center of Excellence in Vilnius. In the past, Turkey trained Lithuanian military units who served as UN peacekeepers in the former Yugoslavia.
|State Emblem / National Emblem|
|Area||65,300 km2 (25,200 sq mi)||783,356 km2 (302,455 sq mi)|
|Population density||43/km2 (111.4/sq mi)||105/km2 (271.9/sq mi)|
|Government||Unitary semi-presidential republic||Unitary presidential constitutional republic|
|Current Leader||President Gitanas Nausėda
Prime Minister Saulius Skvernelis
|President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan |
Vice President Fuat Oktay
|Main religions||93% Christianity, 6% No religion||97.6% Islam, 1.1% Judaism, 0.3% Christianity|
|Ethnic groups||86.4% Lithuanians, 5.7% Poles, 4.5% Russians||85% Turkish, 9% Kurdish 6% Others|
|Human Development Index (HDI)||0.869 (very high) — 34th||0.806 (very high) — 59th|
|GDP (PPP)||$107 billion ($38,751 per capita)||$2.464 trillion ($29,326 per capita)|
- Trade volume between the two countries was US$687 million in 2018 (Turkish exports/imports: 277/410 million USD).
- Krickus, Richard. "Lithuania: Nationalism in the Modern Era." pp. 157-81 in Ian Bremmer and Ray Taras, eds., Nations and Politics in the Soviet Successor States. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993.
- Bremmer, Ian, and Ray Taras, eds. Nations and Politics in the Soviet Successor States. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993.
- "Relations between Turkey and Lithuania". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkey.
- Senn, Alfred E. The Emergence of Modern Lithuania. New York: University of Columbia Press, 1999.
- "2019 Human Development Index Ranking | Human Development Reports". hdr.undp.org. Retrieved 2020-08-04.
- "International Monetary Fund, Report on selected countries". International Monetary Fund.