Lithuania–Turkey relations

Lithuania–Turkey relations are the foreign relations between Lithuania and Turkey. Turkey recognized[1] Lithuania on July 28, 1922, and diplomatic relations were established[1] on the same day. The Turkish ambassador to Estonia in Tallinn was also accredited to Lithuania. Following USSR occupation and annexation of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, the Turkish embassy in Tallinn closed[2] on September 5, 1940. Turkey, however, never recognized[3] the Soviet annexation of Lithuania.

Lithuania-Turkey relations



Following the revelation[1] that Gorbachev had authorized Vilnius Massacre, Turkey renewed recognition of Lithuania’s independence and restored[3] diplomatic relations on September 3, 1991.

Turkey cooperates closely with Lithuania in military affairs and provides personnel[3] to the NATO Center of Excellence in Vilnius. In the past, Turkey trained[4] Lithuanian military units who served[4] as UN peacekeepers in the former Yugoslavia.

Country comparison

 Lithuania  Turkey
State Emblem / National Emblem
Population 2,795,334 83,154,997
Area 65,300 km2 (25,200 sq mi) 783,356 km2 (302,455 sq mi)
Population density 43/km2 (111.4/sq mi) 105/km2 (271.9/sq mi)
Capital Vilnius Ankara
Government Unitary semi-presidential republic Unitary presidential constitutional republic
Current Leader President Gitanas Nausėda
Prime Minister Saulius Skvernelis
President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
Vice President Fuat Oktay
Official languages Lithuanian Turkish
Main religions 93% Christianity, 6% No religion 97.6% Islam, 1.1% Judaism, 0.3% Christianity
Ethnic groups 86.4% Lithuanians, 5.7% Poles, 4.5% Russians 85% Turkish, 9% Kurdish 6% Others
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.869 (very high)[5] — 34th 0.806 (very high)[5] — 59th
GDP (PPP) $107 billion ($38,751 per capita) $2.464 trillion[6] ($29,326 per capita)

Economic relations

  • Trade volume between the two countries was US$687 million in 2018 (Turkish exports/imports: 277/410 million USD).[3]

See also


  1. Krickus, Richard. "Lithuania: Nationalism in the Modern Era." pp. 157-81 in Ian Bremmer and Ray Taras, eds., Nations and Politics in the Soviet Successor States. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993.
  2. Bremmer, Ian, and Ray Taras, eds. Nations and Politics in the Soviet Successor States. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993.
  3. "Relations between Turkey and Lithuania". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkey.
  4. Senn, Alfred E. The Emergence of Modern Lithuania. New York: University of Columbia Press, 1999.
  5. "2019 Human Development Index Ranking | Human Development Reports". Retrieved 2020-08-04.
  6. "International Monetary Fund, Report on selected countries". International Monetary Fund.