Lithuania–Ukraine relations


Lithuania–Ukraine relations are foreign relations between Lithuania and Ukraine. Lithuania has an embassy in Kyiv and an honorary consulate in Lviv. Ukraine has an embassy in Vilnius and 3 honorary consulates (in Klaipėda, Šalčininkai and Visaginas).

Lithuania-Ukraine relations

Lithuania

Ukraine

History


The Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky meeting with the Lithuanian President Gitanas Nausėda in Vilnius

Between 1569 and 1795 Poland and Lithuania formed the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth which incorporated much of what is now Ukraine.[1] Before 1918 both countries were part of the Russian empire and until 1991 part of the USSR.

A number of agreements were signed in November 2009 including the mutual recognition of university qualifications and cooperation in preserving cultural heritage; furthermore Lithuania promised assistance to Ukraine with obtaining EU-membership.[2][3]

In 2014, the Lithuanian president Dalia Grybauskaitė voiced her support for Ukraine in the wake of the Ukrainian crisis.[4] In January 2015, Lithuania requested a United Nations Security Council meeting due to the ongoing conflict in Eastern Ukraine.[5] Later on, Vytautas Landsbergis declared that he believes the Minsk agreement to be "worse than Munich".[6]

In 2021, the Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky noted the importance of Lithuania's support for Ukraine's European Union and NATO aspirations, while the Lithuanian President Gitanas Nausėda noted that Lithuania supports Ukraine's progress and welcomes reforms in Ukraine.[7]

Overview


According to the 2016 census, 17,679 ethnic Ukrainians were living in Lithuania, mostly in Vilnius, Kaunas, Klaipėda, Šiauliai, Jonava, and Visaginas.[8] Moreover, Lithuania is a popular destination for the Ukrainian migrants, therefore over 21,800 Ukrainians have work-based residence permits.[9][10] The Ukrainians evaluate Lithuania positively.[11][12]

Over 7,000 ethnic Lithuanians are living in Ukraine and are represented by the Lithuanian community of Ukraine organization there.[13][14] Lithuania and Lithuanians consistently supports Ukraine and Ukrainians with their internal struggles.[15][16][17]

Diplomacy


See also


References


  1. Poland, Lithuania and Ukraine to form brigade for UN, EU and NATO peacekeeping missions, NY Daily News (November 16, 2009)
  2. Ukraine, Lithuania sign series of agreements, Kyiv Post (November 26, 2009)
  3. Lithuania promises assistance on Ukraine's path to EU membership, Kyiv Post (November 26, 2009)
  4. "The Baltic 'Iron Lady': Putin's solitary foe". POLITICO. Retrieved 2 May 2016.
  5. "Lithuania calls UN Security Council meeting on Ukraine". uatoday.tv. Retrieved 2 May 2016.
  6. "Vytautas Landsbergis on Minsk agreement: It is worse than Munich". DELFI. 13 February 2015. Retrieved 2 May 2016.
  7. "Lithuania will support Ukraine on the path of European and Euro-Atlantic integration - Volodymyr Zelenskyy". Official website of the President of Ukraine. Retrieved 17 May 2021.
  8. "Ukrainiečiai". Vle.lt (in Lithuanian). Retrieved 17 May 2021.
  9. "20 tūkstančių ukrainiečių Lietuvoje: „Kai pradeda kosėti, paprašo laisvos dienos"". 15min.lt (in Lithuanian). Retrieved 17 May 2021.
  10. Radžiūnas, Vytenis. "Atskleidė, kodėl ukrainiečiai taip veržiasi į Lietuvą: priminė mūsų emigrantų patirtį". lrytas.lt. Retrieved 17 May 2021.
  11. "Ukraine: we have brotherly relations with Lithuania". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Lithuania. Retrieved 20 May 2021.
  12. Gasanovas, Orijus. "Ukrainiečiai Lietuvą vadina svajonių šalimi: priežastys, kodėl pas mus geriau nei pas juos". DELFI (in Lithuanian). Retrieved 17 May 2021.
  13. Fedirkienė, Džiulija Elena. "Lietuviai Ukrainoje". Embassy of Lithuania in Ukraine. Retrieved 17 May 2021.
  14. "Ukrainos lietuvių bendruomenė | Товариство литовців України | Lithuanian community of Ukraine". litva.org.ua.
  15. "Supporting Ukraine is within Lithuania's security interests". President of Lithuania. Press Service of the President. Retrieved 17 May 2021.
  16. "Lithuania's Foreign Minister Gabrielius Landsbergis: Lithuania will continue its consistent support to Ukraine". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Lithuania. Retrieved 17 May 2021.
  17. "Sanctions on Russia must continue until it leaves Ukraine's territory, says Lithuanian president". Lrt.lt. Retrieved 17 May 2021.