Liverpool Riverside (UK Parliament constituency)
Liverpool Riverside is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2019 by Kim Johnson, who is a member of the Labour Party. She is the first black MP to represent a constituency in Liverpool.
for the House of Commons
|Electorate||73,406 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Aigburth, Kirkdale, Liverpool (part), Mossley Hill, St Michaels|
|Member of Parliament||Kim Johnson (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Liverpool Toxteth,|
Liverpool Scotland Exchange
Liverpool Riverside covers an urban area, many neighbourhoods and households of which are economically deprived on relative and absolute measures. The latter 20th century economic history of Liverpool cost many jobs, businesses and sources of investment to the city leading to urban blight and the return of widespread generational poverty, not seen since the 19th century. The city's 21st century economic history has been increasing prosperous, seeing growth amongst its financial sector, innovative technology businesses, tourism and entertainment gigs and events. The re-investment has been heightened by heavily used high rise buildings by leading architects, principally the Tate Liverpool and an adjoining block, and publicly funded transport and services improvements.
Liverpool Riverside was created in 1983, merging most of the old Liverpool Scotland Exchange and Liverpool Toxteth constituencies. A provisional recommendation by the Boundary Commission was for the name Liverpool Abercromby, dropped during the local consultations, during which an alternate name of Liverpool Cathedrals was also proposed.
- Results of the winning party
The area has been held by the Labour Party since the 1964 election (including predecessor seats); 1983—1997 by Robert Parry (ex-MP for Scotland Exchange, from 1974), 1997—2019 by Louise Ellman, and 2019—date by Kim Johnson. The 2017 result made the seat the 3rd safest seat by percentage of majority.
- Results of other parties
The 2005 general election saw much more than the national average swing (+8.1%) to the Liberal Democrat candidate (compared with 3.4% nationwide), however Labour's candidate won more than double that share of the vote, scoring 57%. In the same election the area was one of several urban seats in which the Green Party retained its deposit by its candidate scoring just over 5% of the vote. The last time until 2017 that the Conservatives fielded a candidate who achieved second place was in 1992. That party took third place in 2015 behind the highest polling to date for any candidate from the Green Party across Merseyside. Despite the Conservatives managing to come second in the seat in 2017, this was significantly overshadowed by the fact Labour won over 84% of the vote and a majority of 35,947 (74.8%), the biggest margin by both popular vote and percentage majority the party has ever won in the seat.
In the 2001 and 2005 general elections it had the lowest turnout of all constituencies of the UK. In a contest where positions of runner-up candidates greatly changed, turnout exceeded 62% in the 2015 election. This slightly increased to 62.9% in 2017, which remains below the average (the 2017 election had a total turnout of 68.8%), but significantly less so than has previously been the case in the constituency.
1983–1997: The City of Liverpool wards of Abercromby, Arundel, Dingle, Everton, Granby, and Vauxhall.
1997–2010: The City of Liverpool wards of Abercromby, Aigburth, Arundel, Dingle, Everton, Granby, Smithdown, and Vauxhall.
2010–present: The City of Liverpool wards of Central, Greenbank, Kirkdale, Mossley Hill, Princes Park, Riverside, and St Michael's.
The constituency is one of five covering the city of Liverpool. It covers the central area of the city, including famous sights of the city such as the Royal Liver Building and Albert Dock. Neighbourhoods include Aigburth, Canning, Chinatown, Dingle, Kirkdale, Part of Mossley Hill, St Michael's Hamlet, Toxteth and Vauxhall. It contains the University of Liverpool and Liverpool John Moores University.
Members of Parliament
|1997||Louise Ellman||Labour Co-op|
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrats||Robert McAllister-Bell||2,696||5.1||2.6|
|Brexit Party||David Leach||1,779||3.4||New|
|Labour Co-op||Louise Ellman||40,599||84.5||17.1|
|Liberal Democrats||Tom Sebire||1,187||2.5||1.4|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||8.5|
|Labour Co-op||Louise Ellman||29,835||67.4||8.1|
|Liberal Democrats||Paul Childs||1,719||3.9||18.8|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||0.3|
|Labour Co-op||Louise Ellman||22,998||59.3||0.1|
|Liberal Democrats||Richard Marbrow||8,825||22.7||0.6|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||0.3|
Elections in the 2000s
The turnout compared to the 2001 election had risen by 7.4% to 41.5% (an above average increase). However, this was still the lowest throughout the United Kingdom which averaged 61.3% with a 1.2% increase.
|Labour Co-op||Louise Ellman||17,951||57.6||−13.8|
|Liberal Democrats||Richard Marbrow||7,737||24.8||+8.1|
|Conservative||Gabrielle J.F. Howatson||2,843||9.1||+0.7|
|Green||Peter A.E. Cranie||1,707||5.5||New|
|Socialist Labour||Beth R. Marshall||498||1.6||New|
|UKIP||Ann R.F. Irving||455||1.5||New|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing|
In the 2001 election it had a turnout of 34.1% which was the lowest of the United Kingdom. The average turnout in that year was 59.2%.
|Labour Co-op||Louise Ellman||18,201||71.4||+1.0|
|Liberal Democrats||Richard Marbrow||4,251||16.7||+3.4|
|Socialist Alliance||Cathy Wilson||909||3.6||+1.6|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing|
Elections in the 1990s
|Labour Co-op||Louise Ellman||26,858||70.4|
|Liberal Democrats||Beatrice L. Fraenkel||5,059||13.3|
|Conservative||David G. Sparrow||3,635||9.5|
|Socialist Alternative||Cathy Wilson||776||2.0||New|
|Liberal||David W. Green||594||1.6||New|
|ProLife Alliance||Heather M. Neilson||277||0.7||New|
|Multi-Racial Anti-Corruption Alliance||David Braid||179||0.5||New|
|Natural Law||Geoffrey Gay||171||0.5|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing|
|Liberal Democrats||Mohammed Akbar Ali||2,498||9.3||−2.0|
|Natural Law||John D. Collins||169||0.6||New|
Elections in the 1980s
|SDP||Baldey Singh Chahal||3,912||11.3||−2.7|
|Workers Revolutionary||David Latchford||234||0.6||New|
|Labour win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Boundary Commission for England, Third Periodic Review, 1983
- "GE2017: Marginal seats and turnout". House of Commons Library. Retrieved 3 October 2019.
- Dawson, Katie (5 May 2010). "Can Liverpool Riverside improve its voting turnout?". BBC News. Retrieved 5 May 2010.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "R" (part 1)
- Ellman, Louise [@LouiseEllman] (17 October 2019). "I have made the truly agonising decision to leave the Labour Party after 55 years. I can no longer advocate voting Labour when it risks Corbyn becoming PM. I will continue to serve the people of Liverpool Riverside as I have had the honour to do since 1997" (Tweet). Retrieved 17 October 2019 – via Twitter.
- "MPs - Dame Louise Ellman MP". parliament.uk. Houses of Parliament. Retrieved 21 October 2019.
- "Statement of persons nominated 2019".
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Liverpool Riverside". BBC News. Retrieved 10 May 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "'Liverpool Riverside', May 1997 -". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Retrieved 17 May 2016.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 26 October 2016. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.