Liverpool Walton (UK Parliament constituency)


Liverpool, Walton is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2017 by Dan Carden of the Labour Party.[n 2] Carden won the highest percentage share of the vote in June 2017 of 650 constituencies, 85.7%.[2] It is the safest Labour seat in the United Kingdom, and the safest seat in the country having been won by 84% of the vote in the most recent election in 2019.

Liverpool, Walton
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Liverpool, Walton in Merseyside
Location of Merseyside within England
CountyMerseyside
Electorate61,974 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlementsFazakerley, Orrell Park, Walton
Current constituency
Created1885
Member of ParliamentDan Carden (Labour)
Number of membersOne
Created fromLiverpool

Boundaries


Map of present boundaries
Liverpool Walton in Lancashire, boundaries used 1974-83

1918–1950: The County Borough of Liverpool wards of Fazakerley, Walton, and Warbreck.

1950–1955: As above plus the civil parish of Aintree in the Rural District of West Lancashire.

1955–1983: The County Borough of Liverpool wards of County, Fazakerley, Pirrie, and Warbreck.

1983–2010: The City of Liverpool wards of Anfield, Breckfield, County, Fazakerley, Melrose, and Warbreck.

2010–present: The City of Liverpool wards of Anfield, Clubmoor, County, Everton, Fazakerley, and Warbreck.

The constituency is one of five covering the city of Liverpool and covers the north-centre of the city thereby taking in Walton, Clubmoor, Orrell Park, Anfield, Everton and Fazakerley. The grounds of Liverpool F.C. (Anfield) and Everton F.C. (Goodison Park), the city's two major football clubs, are in the constituency.

History


Created by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, Liverpool Walton has been held by the Labour Party since the 1964 general election, and is the party's safest seat by size of majority. In 2010 and 2015, it had the largest Labour majority in the country by percentage terms.[3] Labour won over 70% of the vote at every general election in the Walton constituency since 1992, although for many years; it was looked on as a reasonably safe Conservative seat. Until 1964, Labour had only gained Walton once, at their landslide victory after the Second World War ended in 1945. Like other seats in Merseyside, the Conservative Party's share of the vote declined rapidly during the 1980s, and Conservative candidates failed to poll in second place from 1997 until 2017. From 1964 until his death in 1991, the seat was held by the notable left-winger Eric Heffer; the subsequent by-election was won by Peter Kilfoyle, who held the seat until 2010. Steve Rotheram won the seat in 2010 after Kilfoyle stood down.

At both the 2010 and 2015 general elections, Liverpool Walton saw the highest share of the vote for a winning candidate in the country, and in the latter election, the 81.3% of the vote won by Rotheram was the highest of any candidate in an election in the UK since 1997.[4]

In 2015, Liverpool Walton was the only constituency in England where the Conservative candidate (Norsheen Bhatti) lost their deposit.

In the 2016 referendum on EU membership, the constituency is estimated to have voted by a 7.6% majority in favour of leaving the EU in contrast to Rotheram, who supported remaining in the EU. The Leave percentage vote was 53.8%.[5][6] However, an analysis of YouGov polling by Focaldata suggested support for Remain had risen from 46.2% to 60.5% in August 2018.[7]

Rotheram stood down as an MP at the 2017 general election due to his election as Mayor of the Liverpool City Region and was succeeded as the Labour candidate by Dan Carden, who won the seat with the highest vote share for any Labour candidate nationally, at 85.7% – the strongest result in the seat's history.[8]

Members of Parliament


ElectionMember[9]Party
1885John George GibsonConservative
1888 by-electionMiles Walker MattinsonConservative
1892James Henry StockConservative
1906F. E. SmithConservative
1918Harry ChilcottConservative
1929Reginald PurbrickConservative
1945James HaworthLabour
1950Kenneth ThompsonConservative
1964Eric HefferLabour
1991 by-electionPeter KilfoyleLabour
2010Steve RotheramLabour
2017Dan CardenLabour

Elections


Elections in the 2010s

General election 2019: Liverpool Walton[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Dan Carden 34,538 84.7 -1.0
Conservative Alex Phillips 4,018 9.9 +1.3
Green Ted Grant 814 2.0 +0.8
Liberal Democrats David Newman 756 1.9 +0.4
Liberal Billy Lake 660 1.6 New
Majority 30,520 74.8 -2.3
Turnout 40,786 65.1 -2.2
Labour hold Swing -1.1

This was the largest Labour vote share at the 2019 general election.[11] This was also the largest majority in the country in percentage terms, although the numeral majority was slightly less than safe Conservative constituencies such as Rayleigh and Wickford and South Holland and The Deepings.

General election 2017: Liverpool Walton[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Dan Carden 36,175 85.7 +4.4
Conservative Laura Evans 3,624 8.6 +3.9
Independent Terry May 1,237 2.9 New
Liberal Democrats Kris Brown 638 1.5 -0.8
Green Colm Feeley 523 1.2 -1.3
Majority 32,551 77.1 +4.8
Turnout 42,197 67.3 +6.2
Labour hold Swing +0.3
General election 2015: Liverpool Walton[13][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Steve Rotheram 31,222 81.3 +9.3
UKIP Steven Flatman 3,445 9.0 +6.4
Conservative Norsheen Bhatti 1,802 4.7 -1.8
Green Jonathan Clatworthy 956 2.5 New
Liberal Democrats Patrick Moloney 899 2.3 −11.9
Independent Alexander Karran 56 0.1 New
The Pluralist Party Jonathan Bishop 23 0.1 New
Majority 27,777 72.3 +14.5
Turnout 38,403 61.1 +6.3
Labour hold Swing +1.5
General election 2010: Liverpool Walton[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Steve Rotheram 24,709 72.0 +0.2
Liberal Democrats Patrick Moloney 4,891 14.2 −2.7
Conservative Adam Marsden 2,241 6.5 +0.6
BNP Peter Stafford 1,104 3.2 New
UKIP Joseph Nugent 898 2.6 −0.7
CPA John Manwell 297 0.9 New
TUSC Darren Ireland 195 0.6 New
Majority 19,818 57.8 +3.0
Turnout 34,335 54.8 +8.1
Labour hold Swing +1.5

Elections in the 2000s

General election 2005: Liverpool Walton[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Peter Kilfoyle 20,322 72.8 −5.0
Liberal Democrats Kiron Reid 4,365 15.6 +1.0
Conservative Sharon Buckle 1,655 5.9 −0.2
UKIP Joseph Moran 1,108 4.0 +2.4
Liberal Daniel J. Wood 480 1.7 New
Majority 15,957 57.2 -6.0
Turnout 27,930 45.0 +2.0
Labour hold Swing −3.0
General election 2001: Liverpool Walton[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Peter Kilfoyle 22,143 77.8 −0.6
Liberal Democrats Kiron Reid 4,147 14.6 +3.5
Conservative Stephen Horgan 1,726 6.1 −0.2
UKIP Paul Forrest 442 1.6 New
Majority 17,996 63.2 -4.1
Turnout 28,458 43.0 -16.5
Labour hold Swing −2.1

Elections in the 1990s

General election 1997: Liverpool Walton[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Peter Kilfoyle 31,516 78.4 +6.0
Liberal Democrats Richard J. Roberts 4,478 11.1 −0.9
Conservative Mark K. Kotecha 2,551 6.3 −6.2
Referendum Charles Grundy 620 1.5 New
Socialist Alternative Lesley Mahmood 444 1.1 New
Liberal Hazel L. Williams 352 0.9 1.1
ProLife Alliance Veronica P. Mearns 246 0.6 New
Majority 27,038 67.3 +8.4
Turnout 40,207 59.5 -7.9
Labour hold Swing
General election 1992: Liverpool Walton[19][20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Peter Kilfoyle 34,214 72.4 +8.0
Conservative Berkeley Greenwood 5,915 12.5 1.9
Liberal Democrats Joseph Lang 5,672 12.0 −9.2
Liberal Tom Newall 963 2.0 New
Protestant Reformation David J.E. Carson 393 0.8 New
Natural Law Dianne Raiano 98 0.2 New
Majority 28,299 59.9 +16.7
Turnout 47,255 67.4 6.2
Labour hold Swing +4.9
1991 Liverpool Walton by-election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Peter Kilfoyle 21,317 53.1 −11.3
Liberal Democrats Paul Clark 14,457 36.0 +14.8
Walton Real Labour Lesley Mahmood 2,613 6.5 New
Conservative Berkeley Greenwood 1,155 2.9 −11.5
Monster Raving Loony Screaming Lord Sutch 546 1.4 New
Independent George Lee-Delisle 63 0.1 New
Majority 6,860 17.1 26.1
Turnout 40,151 56.7 -16.9
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1980s

General election 1987: Liverpool Walton[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Eric Heffer 34,661 64.4 +11.7
Liberal Paul Clark 11,408 21.2 0.2
Conservative Iain Mays 7,738 14.4 10.7
Majority 23,253 43.2 +15.6
Turnout 53,807 73.6 +4.0
Labour hold Swing +6.0
General election 1983: Liverpool Walton[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Eric Heffer 26,980 52.7 -2.5
Conservative Alan Maddox 12,865 25.1 -11.5
Liberal David M.B. Croft 10,970 21.4 +11.9
BNP Donald J.M. McKechnie 343 0.7 New
Majority 14,115 27.6 +6.0
Turnout 51,158 69.6 -3.2
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s

General election 1979: Liverpool Walton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Eric Heffer 20,231 55.22
Conservative R. Gould 12,673 34.59
Liberal N. Cardwell 3,479 9.50
National Front W.F. Haire 254 0.69 New
Majority 7,558 20.63
Turnout 36,637 72.83
Labour hold Swing
General election October 1974: Liverpool Walton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Eric Heffer 20,568 57.95
Conservative R. Gould 10,706 30.16
Liberal J. Watton 4,221 11.89
Majority 9,862 27.79
Turnout 35,495 68.30
Labour hold Swing
General election February 1974: Liverpool Walton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Eric Heffer 20,057 53.65
Conservative R.W. Rollins 11,841 31.67
Liberal J. Watton 4,842 12.95 New
National Front C. Gibbon 647 1.73 New
Majority 8,216 21.98
Turnout 37,387 72.69
Labour hold Swing
General election 1970: Liverpool Walton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Eric Heffer 20,530 56.01
Conservative Joseph Norton 16,124 43.99
Majority 4,406 12.02
Turnout 36,654 67.99
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s

General election 1966: Liverpool Walton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Eric Heffer 20,950 57.29
Conservative Kenneth Thompson 15,617 42.71
Majority 5,333 14.58
Turnout 36,567 71.18
Labour hold Swing
General election 1964: Liverpool Walton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Eric Heffer 21,452 53.63
Conservative Kenneth Thompson 18,546 46.37
Majority 2,906 7.26 N/A
Turnout 39,998 75.62
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1950s

General election 1959: Liverpool Walton[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Kenneth Thompson 24,288 54.53
Labour George McCartney 20,254 45.47
Majority 4,034 9.06
Turnout 44,542 77.72
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1955: Liverpool Walton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Kenneth Thompson 23,851 53.19
Labour Joseph Cleary 20,989 46.81
Majority 2,862 6.38
Turnout 44,840 75.33
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1951: Liverpool Walton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Kenneth Thompson 28,014 53.59
Labour Ian Isidore Levin 24,262 46.41
Majority 3,752 7.18
Turnout 52,276 81.05
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1950: Liverpool Walton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Kenneth Thompson 26,250 49.40
Labour James Haworth 21,983 41.37
Liberal Ewart Heywood 4,901 9.22
Majority 4,267 8.03 N/A
Turnout 53,134 83.07
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1940s

General election 1945: Liverpool Walton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour James Haworth 18,385 43.61
Conservative Reginald Purbrick 15,749 37.35
Liberal Ernest Ronald Webster 8,028 19.04
Majority 2,636 6.26 N/A
Turnout 42,162 69.55
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1930s

General election 1935: Liverpool Walton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Reginald Purbrick 22,623 61.64
Labour Frederick Lees McGhee 14,079 38.36
Majority 8,544 23.28
Turnout 36,702 64.24
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1931: Liverpool Walton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Reginald Purbrick 31,135 73.57
Labour F. A. P. Rowe 11,183 26.43
Majority 19,952 47.14
Turnout 42.318 77.50
Conservative hold Swing

Election results 1885–1929


Elections in the 1880s

Birrell
General election 1885: Liverpool Walton[24][25][26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John George Gibson 3,492 58.3
Liberal Augustine Birrell 2,500 41.7
Majority 992 16.6
Turnout 5,992 78.0
Registered electors 7,683
Conservative win (new seat)
General election 1886: Liverpool Walton[24][25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John George Gibson 2,872 63.1 +4.8
Liberal Charles Hamilton Bromby 1,681 36.9 -4.8
Majority 1,191 26.2 +9.6
Turnout 4,553 59.3 18.7
Registered electors 7,683
Conservative hold Swing +4.8

Gibson was appointed Solicitor-General for Ireland, requiring a by-election.

By-election, 11 Aug 1886: Liverpool Walton[24][25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John George Gibson Unopposed
Conservative hold

Gibson resigned after being appointed a Judge of the Queen's Bench Division in the High Court of Justice in Ireland, causing a by-election.

By-election, 3 Feb 1888: Liverpool Walton[24][25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Miles Walker Mattinson Unopposed
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1890s

Richardson
General election 1892: Liverpool Walton[24][25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative James Henry Stock 3,707 59.8 3.3
Liberal Benjamin Ward Richardson 2,493 40.2 +3.3
Majority 1,214 19.6 6.6
Turnout 6,200 68.9 +9.6
Registered electors 9,004
Conservative hold Swing 3.3
General election 1895: Liverpool Walton[24][25][27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative James Henry Stock Unopposed
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1900s

General election 1900: Liverpool Walton[24][25][27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative James Henry Stock Unopposed
Conservative hold
Smith
General election 1906: Liverpool Walton[24][25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative F. E. Smith 5,862 53.2 N/A
Liberal Edwin George Jellicoe 5,153 46.8 New
Majority 709 6.4 N/A
Turnout 11,015 74.0 N/A
Registered electors 14,889
Conservative hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1910s

General election January 1910: Liverpool Walton[24][28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative F. E. Smith 6,627 52.6 -0.6
Liberal Francis L'Estrange Joseph 5,513 43.8 -3.0
Independent Liberal Edwin George Jellicoe 451 3.6 -43.2
Majority 1,114 8.8 +2.4
Turnout 12,591 80.4 +6.4
Conservative hold Swing +1.2
General election December 1910: Liverpool Walton[24][28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative F. E. Smith 6,383 55.9 +3.3
Liberal William Permewan 5,039 44.1 +0.3
Majority 1,344 11.8 +3.0
Turnout 11,422 72.9 -7.5
Conservative hold Swing

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

General election 1918: Liverpool Walton[30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
C Unionist Harry Chilcott 11,457 71.4 +15.5
Labour Robert Dixon Smith 4,580 28.6 New
Majority 6,877 42.8 +31.0
Turnout 16,037 55.1 20.8
Registered electors 29,128
Unionist hold Swing N/A
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

Elections in the 1920s

General election 1922: Liverpool Walton[30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Harry Chilcott Unopposed
Unionist hold
General election 1923: Liverpool Walton[30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Harry Chilcott Unopposed
Unionist hold
General election 1924: Liverpool Walton[30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Harry Chilcott 13,387 55.3 N/A
Labour Tom Gillinder 8,924 36.8 New
Liberal Samuel Skelton 1,910 7.9 New
Majority 4,463 18.5 N/A
Turnout 24,221 76.9 N/A
Registered electors 31,482
Unionist hold Swing N/A
General election 1929: Liverpool Walton[30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Reginald Purbrick 16,623 42.7 12.6
Labour F. A. P. Rowe 16,395 42.2 +5.4
Liberal Glyn Howard Howard-Jones 5,857 15.1 +7.2
Majority 228 0.5 18.0
Turnout 38,875 76.0 0.9
Registered electors 51,175
Unionist hold Swing 9.0

See also


Notes and references


Notes
  1. A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  2. See Results of the 2017 United Kingdom general election
  3. "UK Polling Report". ukpollingreport.co.uk.
  4. List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
  5. Hanretty, Chris (29 June 2016). "The EU referendum: how did Westminster constituencies vote?".
  6. BBC Daily Politics, Feb 1 2017
  7. Savage, Michael (11 August 2018). "More than 100 seats that backed Brexit now want to remain in EU". The Observer.
  8. "GE2017 - Constituency results". Britain Elects (Google Docs). Retrieved 11 June 2017.
  9. Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 1)
  10. "Liverpool Walton Parliamentary constituency".
  11. http://researchbriefings.files.parliament.uk/documents/CBP-8749/CBP-8749.pdf
  12. "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  13. "Liverpool Walton". Liverpool City Council. Retrieved 11 May 2015.
  14. "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  15. "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  16. "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  17. "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  18. "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  19. "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 26 October 2016. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
  20. "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  21. "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  22. British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  23. The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  24. Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
  25. Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  26. Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  27. Liverpool Daily Post 27 Jun 1914
  28. British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig