Liverpool Walton (UK Parliament constituency)
Liverpool, Walton is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2017 by Dan Carden of the Labour Party. Carden won the highest percentage share of the vote in June 2017 of 650 constituencies, 85.7%. It is the safest Labour seat in the United Kingdom, and the safest seat in the country having been won by 84% of the vote in the most recent election in 2019.
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for the House of Commons
|Electorate||61,974 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Fazakerley, Orrell Park, Walton|
|Member of Parliament||Dan Carden (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
1918–1950: The County Borough of Liverpool wards of Fazakerley, Walton, and Warbreck.
1950–1955: As above plus the civil parish of Aintree in the Rural District of West Lancashire.
1955–1983: The County Borough of Liverpool wards of County, Fazakerley, Pirrie, and Warbreck.
1983–2010: The City of Liverpool wards of Anfield, Breckfield, County, Fazakerley, Melrose, and Warbreck.
The constituency is one of five covering the city of Liverpool and covers the north-centre of the city thereby taking in Walton, Clubmoor, Orrell Park, Anfield, Everton and Fazakerley. The grounds of Liverpool F.C. (Anfield) and Everton F.C. (Goodison Park), the city's two major football clubs, are in the constituency.
Created by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, Liverpool Walton has been held by the Labour Party since the 1964 general election, and is the party's safest seat by size of majority. In 2010 and 2015, it had the largest Labour majority in the country by percentage terms. Labour won over 70% of the vote at every general election in the Walton constituency since 1992, although for many years; it was looked on as a reasonably safe Conservative seat. Until 1964, Labour had only gained Walton once, at their landslide victory after the Second World War ended in 1945. Like other seats in Merseyside, the Conservative Party's share of the vote declined rapidly during the 1980s, and Conservative candidates failed to poll in second place from 1997 until 2017. From 1964 until his death in 1991, the seat was held by the notable left-winger Eric Heffer; the subsequent by-election was won by Peter Kilfoyle, who held the seat until 2010. Steve Rotheram won the seat in 2010 after Kilfoyle stood down.
At both the 2010 and 2015 general elections, Liverpool Walton saw the highest share of the vote for a winning candidate in the country, and in the latter election, the 81.3% of the vote won by Rotheram was the highest of any candidate in an election in the UK since 1997.
In 2015, Liverpool Walton was the only constituency in England where the Conservative candidate (Norsheen Bhatti) lost their deposit.
In the 2016 referendum on EU membership, the constituency is estimated to have voted by a 7.6% majority in favour of leaving the EU in contrast to Rotheram, who supported remaining in the EU. The Leave percentage vote was 53.8%. However, an analysis of YouGov polling by Focaldata suggested support for Remain had risen from 46.2% to 60.5% in August 2018.
Rotheram stood down as an MP at the 2017 general election due to his election as Mayor of the Liverpool City Region and was succeeded as the Labour candidate by Dan Carden, who won the seat with the highest vote share for any Labour candidate nationally, at 85.7% – the strongest result in the seat's history.
Members of Parliament
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrats||David Newman||756||1.9||+0.4|
This was the largest Labour vote share at the 2019 general election. This was also the largest majority in the country in percentage terms, although the numeral majority was slightly less than safe Conservative constituencies such as Rayleigh and Wickford and South Holland and The Deepings.
|Liberal Democrats||Kris Brown||638||1.5||-0.8|
|Liberal Democrats||Patrick Moloney||899||2.3||−11.9|
|The Pluralist Party||Jonathan Bishop||23||0.1||New|
|Liberal Democrats||Patrick Moloney||4,891||14.2||−2.7|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrats||Kiron Reid||4,365||15.6||+1.0|
|Liberal||Daniel J. Wood||480||1.7||New|
|Liberal Democrats||Kiron Reid||4,147||14.6||+3.5|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrats||Richard J. Roberts||4,478||11.1||−0.9|
|Conservative||Mark K. Kotecha||2,551||6.3||−6.2|
|Socialist Alternative||Lesley Mahmood||444||1.1||New|
|Liberal||Hazel L. Williams||352||0.9||−1.1|
|ProLife Alliance||Veronica P. Mearns||246||0.6||New|
|Liberal Democrats||Joseph Lang||5,672||12.0||−9.2|
|Protestant Reformation||David J.E. Carson||393||0.8||New|
|Natural Law||Dianne Raiano||98||0.2||New|
|Liberal Democrats||Paul Clark||14,457||36.0||+14.8|
|Walton Real Labour||Lesley Mahmood||2,613||6.5||New|
|Monster Raving Loony||Screaming Lord Sutch||546||1.4||New|
Elections in the 1980s
|Liberal||David M.B. Croft||10,970||21.4||+11.9|
|BNP||Donald J.M. McKechnie||343||0.7||New|
Elections in the 1970s
|National Front||W.F. Haire||254||0.69||New|
|National Front||C. Gibbon||647||1.73||New|
Elections in the 1960s
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
Elections in the 1950s
|Labour||Ian Isidore Levin||24,262||46.41|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
Elections in the 1940s
|Liberal||Ernest Ronald Webster||8,028||19.04|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
Elections in the 1930s
|Labour||Frederick Lees McGhee||14,079||38.36|
|Labour||F. A. P. Rowe||11,183||26.43|
Election results 1885–1929
Elections in the 1880s
|Conservative||John George Gibson||3,492||58.3|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
|Conservative||John George Gibson||2,872||63.1||+4.8|
|Liberal||Charles Hamilton Bromby||1,681||36.9||-4.8|
Gibson was appointed Solicitor-General for Ireland, requiring a by-election.
|Conservative||John George Gibson||Unopposed|
Gibson resigned after being appointed a Judge of the Queen's Bench Division in the High Court of Justice in Ireland, causing a by-election.
|Conservative||Miles Walker Mattinson||Unopposed|
Elections in the 1890s
|Conservative||James Henry Stock||3,707||59.8||−3.3|
|Liberal||Benjamin Ward Richardson||2,493||40.2||+3.3|
|Conservative||James Henry Stock||Unopposed|
Elections in the 1900s
|Conservative||James Henry Stock||Unopposed|
|Conservative||F. E. Smith||5,862||53.2||N/A|
|Liberal||Edwin George Jellicoe||5,153||46.8||New|
Elections in the 1910s
|Conservative||F. E. Smith||6,627||52.6||-0.6|
|Liberal||Francis L'Estrange Joseph||5,513||43.8||-3.0|
|Independent Liberal||Edwin George Jellicoe||451||3.6||-43.2|
|Conservative||F. E. Smith||6,383||55.9||+3.3|
General Election 1914/15:
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;
|Labour||Robert Dixon Smith||4,580||28.6||New|
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
Elections in the 1920s
|Labour||F. A. P. Rowe||16,395||42.2||+5.4|
|Liberal||Glyn Howard Howard-Jones||5,857||15.1||+7.2|
Notes and references
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- See Results of the 2017 United Kingdom general election
- "UK Polling Report". ukpollingreport.co.uk.
- List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
- Hanretty, Chris (29 June 2016). "The EU referendum: how did Westminster constituencies vote?".
- BBC Daily Politics, Feb 1 2017
- Savage, Michael (11 August 2018). "More than 100 seats that backed Brexit now want to remain in EU". The Observer.
- "GE2017 - Constituency results". Britain Elects (Google Docs). Retrieved 11 June 2017.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 1)
- "Liverpool Walton Parliamentary constituency".
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Liverpool Walton". Liverpool City Council. Retrieved 11 May 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 26 October 2016. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
- The Liberal Year Book, 1907
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
- Liverpool Daily Post 27 Jun 1914
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig