Living systems

Living systems are open self-organizing life forms that interact with their environment. These systems are maintained by flows of information, energy and matter.

In the last few decades, some scientists have proposed that a general living systems theory is required to explain the nature of life.[1] Such a general theory, arising out of the ecological and biological sciences, attempts to map general principles for how all living systems work. Instead of examining phenomena by attempting to break things down into components, a general living systems theory explores phenomena in terms of dynamic patterns of relationships of organisms with their environment.


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