Llanfechell (Welsh: 'Llanfechell' llan church + Saint Mechell) is a village in Anglesey, Wales. It is the largest of several small villages and dispersed settlements that make up Mechell Community Council area. It is 11 miles (18 km) east of Holyhead, and 5.6 miles (9 km) west of Amlwch, in the north of the island.
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|Senedd Cymru – Welsh Parliament|
Mechell Community (which also includes the small villages of Mynydd Mechell and Carreglefn) had a 2001 population of 1,532, decreasing to 1,293 in 2011. Village services include a church, a primary school, a pub and two chapels. It is an agricultural area, and has been a local centre for markets, livestock fairs, and had both a watermill and a windmill. The area round about has many prehistoric monuments.
The many prehistoric remains close to the village indicate that the area has been lived in for thousands of years. The first written mention of Llanfechell itself is in 1291. The name Llanfechell means Church of St Mechell (In the lenitive (treiglad meddal) the 'M' becomes 'F', pronounced V.). Mechell (or Mechyll) appears to have been a 6th-century missionary, possibly from Brittany, who founded a monastery here. Hw is said to have been the son of Echwydd and the grandson of Gwyn Gohoyw, who flourished in the 5th century. A 17th century manuscript (Llanstephan MS. 125) records a Welsh poem, Cywydd i Fechell Sant. This describes how St Mechell was offered a gift of land in gratitude for a miraculous healing, to be demarcated by the route of a released hare. The hare, under divine guidance, marked the full extent of what is now the parish of Llanfechell, where he then founded the monastery.
18th century life in Llanfechell was described in great detail by William Bulkeley (4 November 1691 – October 1760). From 30 March 1734 to September 1760 he kept a daily diary recording Anglesey life, social customs, personal and family dealings, farming practices and the weather. William Bulkeley lived at Brynddu as Squire of Llanfechell. His daughter married Fortunatus Wright, a brewer from Liverpool whose colourful life included periods as a privateer.
Llanfechell was one of a network of market towns on Anglesey. During the 18th century and following, in addition to its weekly market day the village held a fair several times a year, for the sale of livestock and produce. The Llanfechell Fair (Welsh: Ffair Mechell) no longer includes livestock and agricultural sales, but continues as a horticultural show and family fun day at Llanfechell Community School in late July.
'Menter Mechell' is an umbrella community venture, which helps facilitate a variety of activities and interest groups in the village. Areas of activity include the History Group, a Hobbies Group, the Maes Martin playground and sports project and an Allotment Group.
Church and chapels
St Mechell's Church includes features that date back to the 12th century. It is a Grade II* listed building in the centre of the village (location:, ). St Mechell's Day is 15 November. The thick stone walls are whitewashed externally, while the stone tower has a single bell, and is topped by an unusual cupola. The church is part of the Anglican Church in Wales, in the diocese of Bangor, and holds bilingual services at 10.00am each Sunday.
Facing the church across the village square is Libanus Chapel (Welsh Calvinistic Methodist). Founded in 1832, it was rebuilt in 1903. Ebenezer Chapel, a Welsh Independent chapel, is near the school on Mountain Road. Built in 1862, it replaced a chapel built soon after 1800. Both chapels are listed grade II.
In addition to the three churches, there are six other listed buildings within the village (all grade II):
- Brynddu (listed in 2001), is a large 17th to 18th century house 440 yards (400 m) south-east of the village. (Location: , . There was a medieval building which the diarist William Bulkeley began to rebuild in the 1690s. Brynddu estate has been in the hands of the Bulkeley family and their descendants for 500 years. It is now a 900-acre farming estate with five long-term tenant farmers in the locality, as well as 70 acres farmed directly from Brynddu. Since 2006 it has been the home of Robin Grove-White, formerly director of CPRE and chair of Greenpeace UK.
- Crown Terrace, including Crown House. A row of three listed terraced buildings on the corner of the Square.
- The Old Rectory, a 17th-century rectory, with 18th century additions, in grounds alongside the churchyard and Crown Terrace.
- Llanfechell War Memorial, which incorporates a clock, and stands in the village square. ,
There are four scheduled monuments close to the village:
Baron Hill Maen Hir
The standing stone 440 yards north of Llanfechell Church, known as Baron Hill Maen Hir, is a prehistoric standing stone (one of many such on Anglesey). The stone is 6.6 feet (2.0 m) high, with a further 19 in (0.5m) below ground and weighs 4.6 tons. In 2009 it had keeled over, and in 2010 it was lifted and re-set in position by Gwynedd Archaeological Trust under the guidance of Cadw. When removed from its socket, some 20 packing stones were found around its base, one of which had two 'pecked' engravings, a cupmark and a cup and ring mark. The engraved stone is now at Oriel Ynys Môn Museum, Llangefni. Such rock engravings are very rare in North Wales, and its use as part of the construction of the standing stone implies a particular, if unknown, significance. It is Located at , grid reference .
The Llanfechell Triangle Standing Stones are a group of three prehistoric standing stones at grid reference . They are all around 6.6 feet (2.0 m) high with their long axis aligned NW-SE. They are thought to date to the Bronze Age.,
Pen-y-Morwydd Barrow, is a burial mound, probably from the Bronze Age, on the top of a hill between Llanfechell and Bodewryd. It is 27 yards (25 m) across, and 6.6 feet (2.0 m) high, crossed by a modern wall. A footpath from Rhosbeirio crosses the mound. (Location: , grid reference )
Llifad enclosure is a later prehistoric pentagonal enclosure, 49 yards (45 m) across. It is a possible defended settlement a few hundred metres south of Pen-y-Morwydd Barrow, on the same hill, towards Carreglefn. Location: , grid reference
Other archaeological sites
In addition to the scheduled sites, a range of other archaeological and historic sites are known:
- Hilltop enclosure at Carog
- This has Neolithic settlement evidence with a circular defensive ditch dated to 800BC. Also 800-900AD house and domestic artifacts, excavated in 2010. Location: ,
- Burial chamber at Foel Fawr
- or Stones near Cromlech Farm (It may just be a 'suggestive natural feature'). Location: ,
- Mynydd Groes Earthwork
- a field enclosure, largely cleared. Location: ,
- Pen-y-Morwydd Pillow Mound
- a medieval constructed rabbit warren. Up to 7 are recorded at this site, most no longer visible. Location: ,
- north-west of Llanfechell, roughly square, 16 yards across. Location: ,
- Tai Hen Cropmark Enclosure
- An irregular rectilinear enclosure some 50 yards across Location: ,
- Pont-y-Plas Bridge
- a road bridge with square headed arches and steps to the water. Location: ,
- Meddanen Water Mill and Melin Mechell Windmill
- (also known as Minffordd Mill and Melin Maen Arthur). Location: , (these two Medieval mills are close together so could have been worked by the same miller, depending on wind or water supply). The windmill fell out of use in the early 20th century and was converted into a house in the late 1970s.
Notable former resident
- UK Neighbourhood Statistics, 2001 Census returns accessed 30 April 2012
- Rev. Dafydd Wyn William, record of a talk given to Llanfechell History Society Archived 2012-03-03 at the Wayback Machine
- Baring-Gould, S. & Fisher, John (1911), The Lives of the British Saints, Vol III p.433 us.archive.org
- William Bulkely (1691-1760), by Thomas Richards, D.Litt., (1878-1962), Bangor. Welsh Biography Online, The National Library of Wales
- Brynddu and the Privateer, Fortunatus Wright Archived 2012-04-21 at the Wayback Machine, Menter Mechell History Society.
- Mechell Fair - Llanfechell.info
- Llanfechell War Memorial
- Lanfechell.info: Menter Mechell
- British Listed Buildings accessed 7 May 2012
- Menter Mechell: Inside the Church
- Wales Directory. Libanus Chapel
- History Society. Llanfechell Chapels Archived 2012-05-18 at the Wayback Machine
- British Listed Buildings: Bryn-ddu
- Robin Grove-White lives the wild life Archived 2012-07-24 at archive.today, Andrew Forgrave, dailypost.co.uk 8 Jan 2008. (Accessed 21 May 2012)
- "Crown Terrace". Coflein Database. Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales. Retrieved 28 November 2016.
- "The Old Rectory". Coflein Database. Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales. Retrieved 28 November 2016.
- Rock Art Wales, April 2011 Archived 2016-04-06 at the Wayback Machine Accessed 5 May 2012
- Archaeological News on Llanfechell Standing Stone. George Smith, 29 September 2010
- "Standing stone Llanfechell". Coflein Database Record. Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales. Retrieved 28 November 2016.[permanent dead link]
- "Pen-y-Morwydd Barrow". Coflein Database Record. Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales. Retrieved 28 November 2016.
- "Llifad". Coflein Database Record. Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales. Retrieved 28 November 2016.
- Llanfechell History Society: Cropmarks Archived 2012-03-03 at the Wayback Machine Accessed 5 May 2012
- "Foel Fawr". Coflein Database Record. Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales. Retrieved 28 November 2016.
- "Mynydd Groes". Coflein Database Record. Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales. Retrieved 28 November 2016.
- "Pen-y-Morwydd Pillow Mound". Coflein Database Record. Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales. Retrieved 28 November 2016.
- "Square enclosure". Coflein Database Record. Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales. Retrieved 28 November 2016.
- "Tai Hen Cropmark Enclosure". Coflein Database Record. Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales. Retrieved 28 November 2016.
- "Pont-y-Plas". Coflein Database Record. Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales. Retrieved 28 November 2016.
- Menter Mechell History Society: Windmills