Loess Plateau

The Chinese Loess Plateau or just Loess Plateau (Chinese: 黄土高原), is an area which is full of yellow wind-blown sediments, i.e., loess, and formed mainly in the Quaternary period. It is located Southeast of the Gobi Desert and surrounded by the Yellow River.[1] The morphology of the Chinese Loess Plateau was shaped by the tectonic movement in Neogene. After that, the East Asian Monsoon and the transportation of the loess started from Quaternary.[2] There are three main types of morphology in the Chinese Loess Plateau, which are loess platform, loess ridges and loess hills.[1] They were formed by the erosion and deposition of loess. Most of the loess comes from the Gobi Desert and other nearby deserts.[3] The sediments were transported to the Loess Plateau during interglacial periods by southeasterly prevailing winds and the winter monsoon winds. After the deposition of sediments on the Loess Plateau, they slowly changed to loess under the arid climate.[1] The Chinese Loess Plateau is one of the largest and thickest loess plateaus in the world. Because of the strong winds, erosion is also powerful across in the Loess Plateau. Therefore, erosional features, including wind escarpments, loess vertical joints and gullies are present.[2][4][5] In the past few decades, the environment and climate has changed, including the rainfall pattern, vegetation cover, and the number of natural hazards.[6] These changes may relate to human development in the Loess Plateau, so the environmental officials in China are trying to find sustainable ways to manage the Loess Plateau.[6]

The geomorphology of Loess Plateau

Share this article:

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article Loess Plateau, and is written by contributors. Text is available under a CC BY-SA 4.0 International License; additional terms may apply. Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.