London Victoria station

Victoria station, also known as London Victoria, is a central London railway terminus and connected London Underground station in Victoria, in the City of Westminster, managed by Network Rail.[4] Named after the nearby Victoria Street (not the Queen[5]), the main line station is a terminus of the Brighton Main Line to Gatwick Airport and Brighton and the Chatham Main Line to Ramsgate and Dover via Chatham. From the main lines, trains can connect to the Catford Loop Line, the Dartford Loop Line, and the Oxted line to East Grinstead and Uckfield. Southern operates most commuter and regional services to south London, Sussex and parts of east Surrey, while Southeastern operates trains to south-east London and Kent. Gatwick Express trains run direct to Gatwick. The Underground station is on the Circle and District lines between Sloane Square and St. James's Park, and the Victoria line between Pimlico and Green Park. The area around the station is an important interchange for other forms of transport: a local bus station is in the forecourt and Victoria Coach Station is nearby.

Victoria
London Victoria
Entrance façade of Victoria station
Victoria
Location of Victoria in Central London
LocationBelgravia
Local authorityCity of Westminster
Managed byNetwork Rail
OwnerNetwork Rail
Station codeVIC
DfT categoryA
Number of platforms19
AccessibleYes[1]
Fare zone1
OSIVictoria
Cycle parkingYes – platforms 7–8 & 17–18
Toilet facilitiesYes
National Rail annual entry and exit
2015–16 81.151[2] million[3]
– interchange  5.621 million[3]
2016–17 75.889 million[3]
– interchange  5.734 million[3]
2017–18 74.955 million[3]
– interchange  6.126 million[3]
2018–19 74.716 million[3]
– interchange  5.800 million[3]
2019–20 73.559 million[3]
– interchange  5.756 million[3]
Key dates
1 October 1860Opened by Victoria Station and Pimlico Railway
1860Leased to London Brighton and South Coast Railway
25 August 1862Separate station opened for London, Chatham and Dover and Great Western Railways
Other information
External links
WGS8451.4952°N 0.1441°W / 51.4952; -0.1441
 London transport portal

Victoria was built to serve both the Brighton and Chatham Main Lines, and has always had a "split" feel of being two separate stations. The Brighton station opened in 1860 with the Chatham station following two years later. It replaced a temporary terminus at Pimlico, and construction involved building the Grosvenor Bridge over the River Thames. It became immediately popular as a London terminus, causing delays and requiring upgrades and rebuilding. It was well known for luxury Pullman train services and continental boat-train trips, and became a focal point for soldiers during World War I.

Like other London termini, steam trains were phased out of Victoria by the 1960s, to be replaced by suburban electric and diesel multiple-unit services. Despite the end of international services following the opening of the Channel Tunnel, Victoria still remains an important London station, and its Underground facilities, in particular, suffer from overcrowding. The Gatwick Express service provides easy access between Central London and Gatwick Airport for international travellers.