Lord's Resistance Army insurgency

The Lord's Resistance Army insurgency is an ongoing guerrilla campaign waged by the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) insurgent group since 1987.[21] Currently, there is low-level LRA activity in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Central African Republic. The movement is led by Joseph Kony, who proclaims himself the "spokesperson" of God and a spirit medium. It aims to overthrow Yoweri Museveni's Ugandan government and establish a theocratic state based on a version of the Ten Commandments and Acholi tradition.[22][23]

Lord's Resistance Army insurgency

Fire in Parabongo IDP camp, Uganda
Date1987 – present
(36 years)
Northern Uganda (until 2006), South Sudan, eastern DR Congo, Central African Republic


  • Founder and leader of the LRA Joseph Kony goes into hiding
  • Senior LRA commander Dominic Ongwen surrenders to American forces in the Central African Republic and is tried at the Hague[1][2]
  • Majority of LRA installations and encampments located in South Sudan and Uganda abandoned and dismantled
  • Small scale LRA activity continues in eastern DR Congo, and the Central African Republic[3]
 DR Congo
 Central African Republic[3]
 South Sudan
 Arrow Boys
United Nations MONUC[4]
Supported by:
 United States
Lord's Resistance Army
Supported by:
 Sudan (1994–2002)[8]
Allied Democratic Forces
Commanders and leaders
Uganda Yoweri Museveni
Democratic Republic of the Congo Joseph Kabila
South Sudan Salva Kiir
United Nations Alan Doss
Joseph Kony
Vincent Otti Executed
Raska Lukwiya 
Okot Odhiambo 
Dominic Ongwen Surrendered
Alphonse Lamola
Units involved

Uganda UPDF
Democratic Republic of the Congo FARDC
Central African Republic FACA

United States SOF
No specific units

2002: Uganda 65,000−75,000[9]
2010: Uganda 46,800[10]
2014: Uganda 1,500[11]

United States 300 advisers[12]
1990: 200−800[13]
1998: 6,000[13]
2007: 840−3,000[14]
2014: 240[15]
2022: 200−1,000[16]
Casualties and losses
Unknown ~600 killed (2009–2010)[17]
100,000+ killed[18]
400,000[19]–430,000+[20] displaced

The conflict, one of Africa's longest running, has resulted in a humanitarian crisis. The LRA has been accused by the International Criminal Court of widespread human rights violations, including mutilation, torture, slavery, rape, the abduction of civilians, the use of child soldiers, and a number of massacres.[24] By 2004, the LRA had abducted more than 20,000 children, 1.5 million civilians had been displaced, and an estimated 100,000 civilians were killed.[25]

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