Lord's Resistance Army insurgency

The Lord's Resistance Army insurgency is an ongoing guerrilla campaign waged by the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) insurgent group since 1987.[20] Currently, there is low-level LRA activity in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Central African Republic. The movement is led by Joseph Kony, who proclaims himself the "spokesperson" of God and a spirit medium. It aims to overthrow Yoweri Museveni's Ugandan government and establish a theocratic state based on the Ten Commandments and Acholi tradition.[21][22]

Lord's Resistance Army insurgency
Date1987 – present
(34 years)
Location
Status

Ongoing

  • Founder and leader of the LRA Joseph Kony goes into hiding
  • Senior LRA commander Dominic Ongwen surrenders to American forces in the Central African Republic and is tried at the Hague[1][2]
  • Majority of LRA installations and encampments located in South Sudan and Uganda abandoned and dismantled
  • Small scale LRA activity continues in eastern DR Congo, and the Central African Republic[3]
Belligerents
 Uganda
 DR Congo
 Central African Republic[3]
 South Sudan
 Arrow Boys
MONUC[4]
Supported by:
 United States
(2011–2017)[5][6][7]
Lord's Resistance Army
Supported by:
 Sudan (1994–2002)[8]
Commanders and leaders
Yoweri Museveni
Joseph Kabila
Salva Kiir
Alan Doss
Joseph Kony
Vincent Otti 
Raska Lukwiya 
Okot Odiambo 
Dominic Ongwen 
Alphonse Lamola
Units involved

UPDF
FARDC
FACA
SPLA


SOF
No specific units
Strength

2002:
65,000–75,000[9]
2010:
46,800[10]
2014:
1,500[11]


300 advisers[12]
1990:
200–800[13]
1998:
6,000[13]
2007:
840–3,000[14]
2014:
240[15]
Casualties and losses
Unknown ~600 killed (2009–2010)[16]
100,000+ killed[17]
400,000[18]–430,000+[19] displaced

The conflict, one of Africa's longest running, has resulted in a humanitarian crisis. The LRA is accused by the International Criminal Court of widespread human rights violations, including mutilation, torture, slavery, rape, the abduction of civilians, the use of child soldiers, and a number of massacres.[23] By 2004, the LRA had abducted more than 20,000 children, while 1.5 million civilians had been displaced and an estimated 100,000 civilians killed.[24]