Lorraine

Lorraine[Note 1] is a cultural and historical region in northeastern France, now located in the administrative region of Grand Est. Lorraine's name stems from the medieval kingdom of Lotharingia, which in turn was named after either Emperor Lothair I or King Lothair II. It later was ruled as the Duchy of Lorraine before the Kingdom of France annexed it in 1766.

Lorraine
Louréne  (Lorrain)
Lottringe  (Lorraine Franconian)
CountryFrance
Administrative regionGrand Est
PrefectureMetz
Departments
Area
  Total23,547 km2 (9,092 sq mi)
Population
 (1 January 2012)
  Total2,349,816
Demonym(s)Lorrainer
ISO 3166 codeFR-M
NUTS RegionFR4

From 1982 until January 2016, Lorraine was an administrative region of France. In 2016, under a reorganisation, it became part of the new region Grand Est.[1] As a region in modern France, Lorraine consisted of the four departments Meurthe-et-Moselle, Meuse, Moselle and Vosges (of an historical point of view the Haute-Marne department is located in the region), containing 2,337 communes. Metz is the regional prefecture. The largest metropolitan area of Lorraine is Nancy, which had developed for centuries as the seat of the duchy.

Lorraine borders Germany, Belgium and Luxembourg. Its inhabitants are called Lorrains and Lorraines in French and number about 2,356,000.