Los Angeles

Los Angeles (US: /lɔːs ˈænələs/ (listen) lawss AN-jəl-əs;[lower-alpha 1] Tongva: Tovaangar;[14][15] Spanish: Los Ángeles; "The Angels"), often spoken and written as its initialism, L.A., is the largest city in California. With a 2020 population of 3,898,747,[10] it is the second-largest city in the United States, after New York City, and the third-largest city in North America, after Mexico City and New York City. Los Angeles is known for its Mediterranean climate, ethnic and cultural diversity, Hollywood entertainment industry, and its sprawling metropolitan area.

Los Angeles, California
Nickname(s): 
L.A., City of Angels,[1] The Entertainment Capital of the World,[1] La-la-land, Tinseltown[1]
Interactive map outlining Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Location within California
Los Angeles
Location within the United States
Los Angeles
Location within North America
Coordinates: 34°03′N 118°15′W
Country United States
State California
County Los Angeles
RegionSouthern California
CSALos Angeles-Long Beach
MSALos Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim
PuebloSeptember 4, 1781[2]
City statusMay 23, 1835[3]
IncorporatedApril 4, 1850[4]
Named forOur Lady, Queen of the Angels
Government
  TypeMayor-Council-Commission[5]
  BodyLos Angeles City Council
  MayorEric Garcetti (D)[6]
  City AttorneyMike Feuer (D)[6]
  City ControllerRon Galperin (D)[6]
Area
  Total501.55 sq mi (1,299.01 km2)
  Land469.49 sq mi (1,215.97 km2)
  Water32.06 sq mi (83.04 km2)
Elevation305 ft (93 m)
Highest elevation5,074 ft (1,547 m)
Lowest elevation0 ft (0 m)
Population
  Total3,898,747
  Rank2nd in the United States
1st in California
  Density8,304.22/sq mi (3,206.29/km2)
  Metro13,200,998 (2nd)
Demonym(s)Los Angeleno, Angeleno
Time zoneUTC−08:00 (Pacific)
  Summer (DST)UTC−07:00 (PDT)
ZIP Codes
List
  • 90001–90084, 90086–90089, 90091, 90093–90097, 90099, 90101–90103, 90174, 90185, 90189, 90291–90293, 91040–91043, 91303–91308, 91311, 91316, 91324–91328, 91330, 91331, 91335, 91340, 91342–91349, 91352–91353, 91356–91357, 91364–91367, 91401–91499, 91504–91505, 91601–91609[12]
Area codes213/323, 310/424, 747/818
FIPS code06-44000
GNIS feature IDs1662328, 2410877
Websitewww.lacity.org

Los Angeles lies in a basin in southern California, adjacent to the Pacific Ocean, with mountains as high as 10,000 feet (3,000 m), and deserts. The city, which covers about 469 square miles (1,210 km2),[7] is the seat of Los Angeles County, the most populous county in the United States. The Los Angeles metropolitan area (MSA) is home to a population of 13.1 million, making it the second-largest metropolitan area in the nation after that of New York.[11] Greater Los Angeles includes metro Los Angeles as well as the Inland Empire and Ventura County.[16] It is the second most populous U.S. combined statistical area, also after New York, with a 2015 estimate of 18.7 million people.[17]

Home to the Chumash and Tongva, the area that became Los Angeles was claimed by Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo for Spain in 1542. The city was founded on September 4, 1781, under Spanish governor Felipe de Neve, on the village of Yaanga.[18] It became a part of Mexico in 1821 following the Mexican War of Independence. In 1848, at the end of the Mexican–American War, Los Angeles and the rest of California were purchased as part of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, and thus became part of the United States. Los Angeles was incorporated as a municipality on April 4, 1850, five months before California achieved statehood. The discovery of oil in the 1890s brought rapid growth to the city.[19] The city was further expanded with the completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, which delivers water from eastern California.

Los Angeles has a diverse and robust economy, and hosts businesses in a broad range of professional and cultural fields. It also has the busiest container port in the Americas.[20] In 2018, the Los Angeles metropolitan area had a gross metropolitan product of over $1.0 trillion,[21] making it the city with the third-largest GDP in the world, after Tokyo and New York City. Los Angeles hosted the 1932 and 1984 Summer Olympics and will host the 2028 Summer Olympics.