Los Angeles

Los Angeles (US: /lɔːs ˈænələs/ (listen) lawss AN-jəl-əs;[lower-alpha 1] Spanish: Los Ángeles [los ˈaŋxeles], lit.'The Angels'), often referred to by its initials L.A.,[13] is a major city in the U.S. state of California. With a 2020 population of 3,898,747,[8] it is the largest city in the state, as well as the second-largest city in the United States following New York City. Los Angeles is known for its Mediterranean climate, ethnic and cultural diversity, Hollywood film industry, and sprawling metropolitan area.

Los Angeles, California
Nickname(s): 
L.A., City of Angels,[1] The Entertainment Capital of the World,[1] La-la-land, Tinseltown[1]
Map of Los Angeles County, California, with Los Angeles highlighted
Los Angeles
Location within California
Los Angeles
Location within the United States
Los Angeles
Location within North America
Coordinates: 34°03′N 118°15′W
Country United States
State California
County Los Angeles
RegionSouthern California
CSALos Angeles-Long Beach
MSALos Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim
PuebloSeptember 4, 1781[2]
City statusMay 23, 1835[3]
IncorporatedApril 4, 1850[4]
Named forOur Lady, Queen of the Angels
Government
  TypeMayor-Council-Commission[5]
  BodyLos Angeles City Council
  MayorEric Garcetti (D)[6]
  City AttorneyMike Feuer (D)[6]
  City ControllerRon Galperin (D)[6]
Area
  Total501.55 sq mi (1,299.01 km2)
  Land469.49 sq mi (1,215.97 km2)
  Water32.06 sq mi (83.04 km2)
Elevation
305 ft (93 m)
Population
  Total3,898,747
  Rank2nd in the United States
1st in California
  Density8,304.22/sq mi (3,206.29/km2)
  Metro13,200,998 (2nd)
Demonym(s)Angeleno, Angelino[10]
Time zoneUTC–08:00 (PST)
  Summer (DST)UTC–07:00 (PDT)
ZIP Codes
List
  • 90001–90084, 90086–90089, 90091, 90093–90097, 90099, 90101–90103, 90174, 90185, 90189, 90291–90293, 91040–91043, 91303–91308, 91311, 91316, 91324–91328, 91330, 91331, 91335, 91340, 91342–91349, 91352–91353, 91356–91357, 91364–91367, 91401–91499, 91504–91505, 91601–91609[11]
Area codes213/323, 310/424, 747/818
FIPS code06-44000
GNIS feature IDs1662328, 2410877
International airportLos Angeles International Airport (LAX)
Secondary airportsHollywood Burbank Airport (BUR)
Long Beach Airport (LGB)
Ontario International Airport (ONT)
John Wayne Airport (SNA)
Rapid TransitMetro
Websitelacity.gov

The city of Los Angeles lies in a basin in Southern California. Adjacent to the Pacific Ocean extending through the Santa Monica Mountains and into the San Fernando Valley, it covers about 469 square miles (1,210 km2).[7] It is the seat of Los Angeles County, which is the most populous county in the United States with an estimated 9.86 million residents in 2022.[14]

Home to the Chumash and Tongva indigenous peoples, the area that became Los Angeles was claimed by Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo for Spain in 1542. The city was founded on September 4, 1781, under Spanish governor Felipe de Neve, on the village of Yaanga.[15] It became a part of Mexico in 1821 following the Mexican War of Independence. In 1848, at the end of the Mexican–American War, Los Angeles and the rest of California were purchased as part of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, and thus became part of the United States. Los Angeles was incorporated as a municipality on April 4, 1850, five months before California achieved statehood. The discovery of oil in the 1890s brought rapid growth to the city.[16] The city was further expanded with the completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, which delivers water from Eastern California.

Los Angeles has a diverse economy, and hosts businesses in a broad range of professional and cultural fields. It also has the busiest container port in the Americas.[17][18] In 2018, the Los Angeles metropolitan area had a gross metropolitan product of over $1.0 trillion,[19] making it the city with the third-largest GDP in the world, after Tokyo and New York City. Los Angeles hosted the 1932 and 1984 Summer Olympics and will host the 2028 Summer Olympics. More recently, statewide droughts in California have further strained both the city’s and Los Angeles County’s water security.[20]


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