Lourdes

Lourdes (/lʊərd/,[3] also US: /lʊərdz/,[4][5] French: [luʁd]; Occitan: Lorda [ˈluɾðɔ]) is a small market town lying in the foothills of the Pyrenees. It is part of the Hautes-Pyrénées department in the Occitanie region in southwestern France. Prior to the mid-19th century, the town was best known for the Château fort de Lourdes, a fortified castle that rises up from a rocky escarpment at its center.

Lourdes, France
Lorda  (Occitan)
Lourdes with the Sanctuary of Our Lady
Location of Lourdes, France
Lourdes, France
Lourdes, France
Coordinates: 43°06′N 0°03′W
CountryFrance
RegionOccitanie
DepartmentHautes-Pyrénées
ArrondissementArgelès-Gazost
CantonLourdes-1 and 2
IntercommunalityCA Tarbes-Lourdes-Pyrénées
Government
  Mayor (20202026) Thierry Lavit[1]
Area
1
36.94 km2 (14.26 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018)[2]
13,210
  Density360/km2 (930/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Lourdais
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
65286 /65100
Elevation343–960 m (1,125–3,150 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

In 1858 Lourdes rose to prominence in France and abroad due to the Marian apparitions claimed to have been seen by the peasant girl Bernadette Soubirous, who was later canonized. Shortly thereafter the city with the Sanctuary of Our Lady of Lourdes became one of the world's most important sites of pilgrimage and religious tourism.