Luba people

The Luba people or Baluba are an ethno-linguistic group indigenous to the south-central region of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.[2] The majority of them live in this country, residing mainly in Katanga, Kasai and Maniema. The Baluba Tribe consist of many sub-groups or clans who speak various dialects of Luba (e.g. Kiluba, Tshiluba) and other languages, such as Swahili.

Luba people
Total population
c. 7 million[1]
Regions with significant populations
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Languages
Luba languages (Kiluba and Tshiluba); Swahili; French
Religion
Christianity, African Traditional Religion, Bantu Mythology
Related ethnic groups
other Bantu peoples
Luba
PersonMulubà
PeopleBalubà
LanguageKiluba and Tshiluba
CountryLubaland

The Baluba developed a society and culture by about the 400s CE, later developing a well-organised community in the Upemba Depression known as the Baluba in Katanga confederation.[3][4] Luba society consisted of miners, smiths, woodworkers, potters, crafters, and people of various other professions.[5][6] Their success and wealth grew greatly over time, but this also caused their gradual decline to marauding bands of slavers[citation needed], robbers, and terrorists[citation needed] from among Portuguese and Omani led or influenced invasions.


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