The Luba people or Baluba are an ethno-linguistic group indigenous to the south-central region of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The majority of them live in this country, residing mainly in Katanga, Kasai and Maniema. The Baluba Tribe consist of many sub-groups or clans who speak various dialects of Luba (e.g. Kiluba, Tshiluba) and other languages, such as Swahili.
|c. 7 million|
|Regions with significant populations|
|Democratic Republic of the Congo|
|Luba languages (Kiluba and Tshiluba); Swahili; French|
|Christianity, African Traditional Religion, Bantu Mythology|
|Related ethnic groups|
|other Bantu peoples|
|Language||Kiluba and Tshiluba|
The Baluba developed a society and culture by about the 400s CE, later developing a well-organised community in the Upemba Depression known as the Baluba in Katanga confederation. Luba society consisted of miners, smiths, woodworkers, potters, crafters, and people of various other professions. Their success and wealth grew greatly over time, but this also caused their gradual decline to marauding bands of slavers, robbers, and terrorists from among Portuguese and Omani led or influenced invasions.