Lusitania (//; Classical Latin: [luːsiːˈtaːnia]) or Hispania Lusitana was an ancient Iberian Roman province located where modern Portugal (south of the Douro river) and part of western Spain (the present autonomous community of Extremadura and a part of the province of Salamanca) lie. It was named after the Lusitani or Lusitanian people (an Indo-European people).
|Province of the Roman Empire|
|27 BC–AD 409/410|
|Capital||Emerita Augusta (Mérida)|
|Historical era||Roman Empire|
|Today part of|| Portugal|
Its capital was Emerita Augusta (currently Mérida, Spain), and it was initially part of the Roman Republic province of Hispania Ulterior, before becoming a province of its own in the Roman Empire. Romans first came to the territory around the mid-2nd century BC. A war with Lusitanian tribes followed, from 155 to 139 BC. In 27 BC, the province was created.
Lusitania was and is often used as an alternative name for Portugal.