Lucerne

Lucerne (/lˈsɜːrn/ loo-SURN, French: [lysɛʁn] (listen)) or Luzern (Swiss Standard German: [luˈtsɛrn] (listen))[note 1] is a city in central Switzerland, in the German-speaking portion of the country. Lucerne is the capital of the canton of Lucerne and part of the district of the same name. With a population of approximately 82,000 people,[3] Lucerne is the most populous city in Central Switzerland, and a nexus of economics, transportation, culture, and media in the region. The city's urban area consists of 19 municipalities and towns with an overall population of about 220,000 people.[4]

Lucerne
Clockwise from top: Kapellbrücke, Löwendenkmal, Old town, City walls, Traditional frescoed building
Location of Lucerne
Lucerne
Lucerne
Coordinates: 47°3′N 8°18′E
CountrySwitzerland
CantonLucerne
DistrictLucerne
Government
  ExecutiveStadtrat
with 5 members
  MayorStadtpräsident (list)
Beat Züsli SPS/PSS
(as of 2019)
  ParliamentGrosser Stadtrat
with 48 members
Area
  Total37.4 km2 (14.4 sq mi)
Elevation
(Lake shore)
435 m (1,427 ft)
Highest elevation
(Sonnenberg)
800 m (2,600 ft)
Lowest elevation422 m (1,385 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[2]
  Total81,691
  Density2,200/km2 (5,700/sq mi)
Demonym(s)German: Luzerner(in)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (Central European Time)
  Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (Central European Summer Time)
Postal code(s)
6000
SFOS number1061
LocalitiesLuzern, Littau
Surrounded byAdligenswil, Ebikon, Emmen, Horw, Kriens, Malters, Meggen, Neuenkirch
Websitewww.stadtluzern.ch
Profile (in German), SFSO statistics

Owing to its location on the shores of Lake Lucerne (German: Vierwaldstättersee) and its outflow, the river Reuss, within sight of the mounts Pilatus and Rigi in the Swiss Alps, Lucerne has long been a destination for tourists. One of the city's famous landmarks is the Chapel Bridge (German: Kapellbrücke), a wooden bridge first erected in the 14th century.

The official language of Luzern is German,[note 2] but the main spoken language is the local variant of the Alemannic Swiss German dialect, Lucerne German.