MPLA

The People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola, for some years called the People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola – Labour Party (Portuguese: Movimento Popular de Libertação de Angola – Partido do Trabalho, MPLA), is a left-wing political party from Angola. The MPLA fought against the Portuguese army in the Angolan War of Independence from 1961 to 1974, and defeated the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) and the National Liberation Front of Angola (FNLA) in the Angolan Civil War. The party has ruled Angola since the country's independence from Portugal in 1975, being the de facto government throughout the civil war and the ruling since its end.

People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola
Movimento Popular de Libertação de Angola
AbbreviationMPLA
ChairmanJoão Lourenço
Secretary-GeneralÁlvaro de Boavida Neto
FounderAgostinho Neto, Viriato da Cruz
Founded10 December 1956 (1956-12-10) (64 years ago)
Merger ofPLUA, MINE and PCA
HeadquartersLuanda, Angola
NewspaperJornal de Angola
Youth wingYouth of MPLA
Women's wingAngolan Women's Organization
Paramilitary wingFAPLA (until 1993; integrated into the Angolan Armed Forces)
IdeologySince 1991:
Social democracy[1]
1977–1991:
Communism
Marxism–Leninism
Left-wing nationalism
Political positionSince 1991:
Centre-left to left-wing
1977–1991:
Far-left
International affiliationSocialist International
African affiliationFormer Liberation Movements of Southern Africa
SloganPeace, Work and Liberty
National Assembly
150 / 220
SADC PF
0 / 5
Pan-African Parliament
0 / 5
Election symbol
Party flag
Website
www.mpla.ao

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