Macintosh Classic

The Macintosh Classic is a personal computer designed, manufactured and sold by Apple Computer from October 1990 to September 1992. It was the first Macintosh to sell for less than US$1,000.[3]

Macintosh Classic
Macintosh Classic
Also known as"XO"[1]
ManufacturerApple Computer
Product familyCompact Macintosh
TypeAll-in-one
Release dateOctober 15, 1990; 32 years ago (1990-10-15)[2]
DiscontinuedSeptember 14, 1992 (1992-09-14)[2]
Operating system
CPUMotorola 68000 8 MHz[2]
Memory1 MB, expandable to 4 MB (requires a RAM card); 120 ns, 30-pin DRAM chips required[1]
Display9 in (23 cm) monochrome, 512 × 342
Dimensions
  • Height: 13.2 in (34 cm)
  • Width: 9.7 in (25 cm)
  • Depth: 11.2 in (28 cm)
Mass16 lb (7.3 kg)
Predecessor
SuccessorMacintosh Classic II

Production of the Classic was prompted by the success of the original Macintosh 128K, then the Macintosh Plus, and finally the Macintosh SE. The system specifications of the Classic are very similar to those of its predecessors, with the same 9-inch (23 cm) monochrome CRT display, 512 × 342 pixel resolution, and 4 megabyte (MB) memory limit of the older Macintosh computers.[2] Apple's decision to not update the Classic with newer technology such as a newer CPU, higher RAM capacity or color display resulted in criticism from reviewers, with Macworld describing it as having "nothing to gloat about beyond its low price"[4] and "unexceptional".[5] However, it ensured compatibility with the Mac's by-then healthy software base, as well as enabled it to sell for the lower price, as planned. The Classic also featured several improvements over the aging Macintosh Plus, which it replaced as Apple's low-end Mac computer. It is up to 25 percent faster than the Plus[1] and included an Apple SuperDrive 3.5-inch (9 cm) floppy disk drive as standard. Unlike the Macintosh SE/30 and other compact Macs before it, the Classic did not have an internal Processor Direct Slot, making it the first non-expandable desktop Macintosh since the Macintosh Plus. Instead, it had a memory expansion/FPU slot.

The Classic is an adaptation of Jerry Manock's and Terry Oyama's 1984 Macintosh 128K industrial design, as had been the earlier Macintosh SE. Apple released two versions. The price and the availability of education software led to the Classic's popularity in education. It was sold alongside the more powerful Macintosh Classic II in 1991 until its discontinuation the next year.


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