Madison Square Garden

Madison Square Garden, colloquially known as The Garden or by its initials MSG, is a multi-purpose indoor arena in New York City. Located in Midtown Manhattan between Seventh and Eighth avenues from 31st to 33rd Street, it is situated atop Pennsylvania Station. It is the fourth venue to bear the name "Madison Square Garden"; the first two (1879 and 1890) were located on Madison Square, on East 26th Street and Madison Avenue, with the third Madison Square Garden (1925) further uptown at Eighth Avenue and 50th Street.

Madison Square Garden
"MSG", "The Garden"
Madison Square Garden in 2019
Madison Square Garden
Location within Manhattan
Madison Square Garden
Madison Square Garden (New York City)
Madison Square Garden
Madison Square Garden (New York)
Madison Square Garden
Madison Square Garden (the United States)
Address4 Pennsylvania Plaza
LocationNew York, New York, U.S.
Coordinates40°45′2″N 73°59′37″W
Public transit

New York City Subway:

PATH: 33rd Street

New York City Bus: M4, M7, M20, M34 SBS, M34A SBS, Q32 buses
OwnerMadison Square Garden Entertainment
CapacityBasketball: 19,812[1]
Ice hockey: 18,006[1]
Pro wrestling: 18,500
Concerts: 20,000
Boxing: 20,789
Hulu Theater: 5,600
Field size820,000 sq ft (76,000 m2)
Construction
Broke groundOctober 29, 1964[2]
OpenedFormer locations: 1879, 1890, 1925
Current location: February 11, 1968
Renovated1989–1991
2011–2013
Construction cost$123 million
Renovation:
1991: $200 million
Total cost:
$1.19 billion in 2020
ArchitectCharles Luckman Associates
Brisbin Brook Beynon Architects
Structural engineerSeverud Associates[3]
Services engineerSyska & Hennessy, Inc.[4]
General contractorTurner/Del E. Webb[4]
Tenants
New York Rangers (NHL) (1968–present)
New York Knicks (NBA) (1968–present)
St. John's Red Storm (NCAA) (1969–present)
New York Raiders/Golden Blades (WHA) (1972–1973)
New York Apples (WTT) (1977–1978)
New York Stars (WBL) (1979–1980)
New York Cosmos (NASL) (1983–1984)
New York Knights (AFL) (1988)
New York CityHawks (AFL) (1997–1998)
New York Liberty (WNBA) (1997–2010, 2014–2017)
New York Titans (NLL) (2007–2009)
Website
www.msg.com/madison-square-garden/

The Garden is used for professional ice hockey and basketball, as well as boxing, concerts, ice shows, circuses, professional wrestling and other forms of sports and entertainment. It is close to other midtown Manhattan landmarks, including the Empire State Building, Koreatown, and Macy's at Herald Square. It is home to the New York Rangers of the National Hockey League (NHL), the New York Knicks of the National Basketball Association (NBA), and was home to the New York Liberty (WNBA) from 1997 to 2017.

Originally called Madison Square Garden Center, the Garden opened on February 11, 1968, and is the oldest major sporting facility in the New York metropolitan area. It is the oldest arena in the National Basketball Association, and the second-oldest in the National Hockey League, with Climate Pledge Arena in Seattle being six years older than the Garden. In 2016, MSG was the second-busiest music arena in the world in terms of ticket sales, behind The O2 Arena in London.[5] Including two major renovations, its total construction cost is approximately $1.1 billion, and it has been ranked as one of the 10 most expensive stadium venues ever built.[6] It is part of the Pennsylvania Plaza office and retail complex, named for the railway station. Several other operating entities related to the Garden share its name.