Mahsa Amini protests

The Mahsa Amini protests are an ongoing series of protests and civil unrest against the government of Iran that began in Tehran on 16 September 2022.[9] The protests began as a reaction to the death of Mahsa Amini (Persian: مهسا امینی), a 22-year-old Iranian woman who died while in police custody. According to eyewitnesses, she was beaten by the Guidance Patrol, the Islamic "morality police" of Iran, who accused her of wearing an "improper" hijab in violation of Iran's mandatory hijab law.[10] Iranian police have denied that Amini was beaten while she was in custody.[11]

Mahsa Amini protests
Part of the 2021–2022 Iranian protests, the Iranian democracy movement, Iranian protests against compulsory hijab, and the aftermath of the death of Mahsa Amini
Date16 September 2022 – present (2022-09-16 – present)
Iran, with solidarity rallies worldwide[1]
Caused by
Parties to the civil conflict

Iranian protesters

  • Support by most anti-Islamic Republic organizations
Lead figures
No centralized leadership
Death(s)At least 76 killed (Iran Human Rights) as of 26th September[4][5]

At least 41 killed (state media) as of 24th September[6]

See casualties for details.
Arrested1,200 people (per Tasnim News Agency)[8]

The Mahsa Amini protests began hours after her death in Tehran. Protests first began at the hospital where Amini was treated and then quickly spread to other cities, firstly in Amini's home province of Kurdistan, including in Saqqez, Sanandaj, Divandarreh, Baneh, and Bijar.[12][13] In response to these demonstrations, beginning on 19 September the Iranian government implemented regional shutdowns of Internet access. As protests grew, a widespread Internet blackout was imposed along with nationwide restrictions on social media.[14][15] In response to the protests over Amini's death, people held demonstrations in support of the government across several cities in Iran.[16]

As of 26 September 2022, at least 76 protestors have been killed as a result of the government's intervention in the protests, involving tear gas and live rounds,[4][17][18] making the protests the deadliest since the 2019–2020 protests that resulted in more than 1,500 fatalities.[19] The government's response to the protests has largely been condemned, and the United States Department of the Treasury has sanctioned the Guidance Patrol and several high-ranking Iranian officials.

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