Mainland China, also known as the Chinese Mainland or China Mainland, is the geopolitical area under the direct jurisdiction of the People's Republic of China (PRC) since October 1, 1949. It includes Hainan, which is an island province in the South China Sea, but it excludes the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macao, even though both are mostly on the geographic continental landmass (the "mainland"), and the claimed region of Taiwan.
|Official language||Standard Chinese|
|Ethnic groups||see Ethnic groups in China|
|9,596,960 km2 (3,705,410 sq mi)|
• 2019 census
|147/km2 (380.7/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard Time)|
|ISO 3166 code||CN|
|Today part of||People's Republic of China|
|Literal meaning||Continental China|
|Alternative Chinese name|
|Literal meaning||Inland China|
|Mainland Area of the Republic of China|
The Exit and Entry Administration Law of the People's Republic of China (Chinese: 中华人民共和国出境入境管理法) defines two terms in Chinese that are translated to "mainland":
- Dàlù (大陆; 大陸), which means 'the continent'.
- Nèidì (内地; 內地), literally 'inland' or 'inner land'. It excludes Hong Kong and Macau.
In the People's Republic of China, the usage of the two terms is strictly speaking not interchangeable. To emphasize the One-China policy and not give the Republic of China (ROC) "equal footing" in Cross-Strait relations, the term must be used in PRC's official contexts with reference to Taiwan (with the PRC referring to itself as the "mainland side" dealing with the "Taiwan side"). But in terms of Hong Kong and Macau, the PRC government refers to itself as "the Central People's Government".