Malay Peninsula

The Malay Peninsula (Malay: Semenanjung Tanah Melayu) is a peninsula in Mainland Southeast Asia. The landmass runs approximately north–south and, at its terminus, is the southernmost point of the Asian continental mainland. The area contains Peninsular Malaysia, Southern Thailand, and the southernmost tip of Myanmar (Kawthaung). The island country of Singapore also has historical and cultural ties with the region. The peninsula is indigenous to or historically inhabited by the Malays, an Austronesian people.

Malay Peninsula
Native name:
Semenanjung Tanah Melayu  (Malay)
လေး ကျွန်းဆွယ်  (Burmese)
คาบสมุทรมลายู  (Thai)
Photo of Malay Peninsula taken by the crew of Expedition 28 on board the International Space Station.
Location of the Malay Peninsula.
LocationSoutheast Asia
Coordinates7°00′N 100°00′E
Adjacent bodies of waterIndian Ocean, Pacific Ocean
Area242,363.8 km2 (93,577.2 sq mi)
Highest elevation2,187 m (7175 ft)
Highest pointMount Tahan
Peninsular Malaysia
Largest settlementKuala Lumpur
Largest settlementKawthaung
Southern Thailand
Largest settlementHat Yai

The Titiwangsa Mountains are part of the Tenasserim Hills system, and form the backbone of the peninsula. They form the southernmost section of the central cordillera which runs from Tibet through the Kra Isthmus (the peninsula's narrowest point) into the Malay Peninsula.[1] The Strait of Malacca separates the Malay Peninsula from the Indonesian island of Sumatra while the south coast is separated from the island of Singapore by the Straits of Johor.