Malcolm Rifkind

Sir Malcolm Leslie Rifkind KCMG QC (born 21 June 1946) is a British politician who served in various roles as a Cabinet minister under Prime Ministers Margaret Thatcher and John Major, including Secretary of State for Scotland (1986–1990), Defence Secretary (1992–1995), and Foreign Secretary (1995–1997).

Sir Malcolm Rifkind

Rifkind in 2011
Chair of the Intelligence and Security Committee
In office
6 July 2010  24 February 2015
Preceded byKim Howells
Succeeded byDominic Grieve
Chairman of the Standards and Privileges Committee
In office
1 December 2009  12 April 2010
Preceded byDavid Curry
Succeeded byKevin Barron
Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs
In office
5 July 1995  2 May 1997
Prime MinisterJohn Major
Preceded byDouglas Hurd
Succeeded byRobin Cook
Secretary of State for Defence
In office
10 April 1992  5 July 1995
Prime MinisterJohn Major
Preceded byTom King
Succeeded byMichael Portillo
Secretary of State for Transport
In office
28 November 1990  10 April 1992
Prime MinisterJohn Major
Preceded byCecil Parkinson
Succeeded byJohn MacGregor
Secretary of State for Scotland
In office
11 January 1986  28 November 1990
Prime MinisterMargaret Thatcher
Preceded byGeorge Younger
Succeeded byIan Lang
Minister of State for Europe
In office
9 June 1983  11 January 1986
Prime MinisterMargaret Thatcher
Preceded byDouglas Hurd
Succeeded byLynda Chalker
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs
In office
6 April 1982  9 June 1983
Prime MinisterMargaret Thatcher
Preceded byThe Lord Trefgarne
Succeeded byRay Whitney
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Scotland
In office
7 May 1979  6 April 1982
Prime MinisterMargaret Thatcher
Preceded byFrank McElhone
Succeeded byJohn MacKay
Shadow Secretary of State for Work and Pensions
In office
6 May 2005  6 December 2005
LeaderMichael Howard
Preceded byDavid Willetts
Succeeded byPhilip Hammond
Member of Parliament
for Kensington
Kensington and Chelsea (2005–2010)
In office
5 May 2005  30 March 2015
Preceded byMichael Portillo
Succeeded byVictoria Borwick
Member of Parliament
for Edinburgh Pentlands
In office
28 February 1974  8 April 1997
Preceded byNorman Wylie
Succeeded byLynda Clark
Personal details
Malcolm Leslie Rifkind

(1946-06-21) 21 June 1946 (age 75)
Edinburgh, Scotland
Political partyConservative
Edith Steinberg
(m. 1970; died 2019)
Alma materUniversity of Edinburgh

Rifkind was the MP for Edinburgh Pentlands from 1974 to 1997. In 1997, his party lost power and he lost his seat to the Labour Party. He attempted, unsuccessfully, to be re-elected in Pentlands in 2001; the constituency was abolished before the 2005 general election and he was adopted, and subsequently elected, as the Conservative candidate for Kensington and Chelsea. He announced his intention to seek the leadership of the party before the 2005 Conservative Party leadership election, but withdrew before polling commenced.

Rifkind stood for the Kensington seat and was elected at the 2010 general election with a majority of 8,616 votes. He was appointed Chairman of the Intelligence and Security Committee of Parliament by the Prime Minister, David Cameron, on 6 July 2010.[1] In January 2015 he was appointed by the OSCE as a member of their Eminent Persons Panel on European Security. He did not stand in the 2015 general election. In December 2015, Rifkind was appointed a Visiting Professor by King's College, London in their Department of War Studies. He was invited to become a Distinguished Fellow at the Royal United Services Institute (RUSI). In July 2016, his memoirs, Power and Pragmatism, were published.