Manchester Central (UK Parliament constituency)
Manchester Central is a parliamentary constituency in Greater Manchester created in 1974 represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2012 by Lucy Powell of the Labour Party and Co-operative Party.
for the House of Commons
|Electorate||89,519 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Ardwick, Ancoats, Deansgate, Manchester City Centre, Openshaw, Moston|
|Member of Parliament||Lucy Powell (Labour Co-operative)|
|Created from||Manchester Exchange and Manchester Cheetham|
The seat covers the city centre and fringe areas such as Hulme and Ancoats which have undergone extensive regeneration since the 1990s; as well as more deprived areas to the east, including Moston, Beswick and Ardwick.
This constituency has always (since its 1974 creation) been a safe Labour seat. The current MP Lucy Powell won the seat in a by-election in November 2012 on a turnout of just 18%, the lowest since the Second World War. Contrasting to this, 12 candidates stood, considerably more than the six who stood in the 1979 by-election.
The main forerunner to the seat was Manchester Cheetham, entirely taken into this area; three of five wards of former seat Manchester Exchange completed the first set of boundaries of the seat. The seat (including predecessor seats) has been held by the Labour Party since 1945.
- Political history
Labour candidates have won Manchester Central by a decidedly non-marginal majority since its 1974 creation. The current MP Lucy Powell won the seat at a by-election in November 2012 on a turnout of 18%; the lowest since the Second World War.
- Results of other parties
The 2015 general election saw greater-than-national-average swing of +3.4% (by a swing of +6.2%) to the Green Party candidate, achieving third place. Followed next by UKIP in 2015 by number of votes cast (prior to the UK EU membership referendum 2016, votes cast for the Liberal Democrats — who for two periods had been the runner-up party in Manchester Central — for the first time placed its candidate in fifth place. The Conservative Party returned to second place in 2015 through candidate Xingang Wang (achieving 13.5% of the vote); its second place of 1979 was through its best polling to date of 22.1% of the vote. The maximal second place to date was 2010, through Liberal Democrat candidate, Marc Ramsbottom, taking 26.6% of the vote.
Turnout has changed from a national low within the 2010 general election (of 46.7%) to 55.1% of electors. The greatest turnout was in 1987, with 63.9%.
1974–1983: The County Borough of Manchester wards of Beswick, Cheetham, Collegiate Church, Harpurhey, High Oldham, Miles Platting, New Cross, and St Peter's.
1983–1997: The City of Manchester wards of Ardwick, Beswick and Clayton, Bradford, Central, Cheetham, Hulme, and Newton Heath.
1997–2010: As above, less Cheetham, plus Moss Side, and Whalley Range.
2018–: The City of Manchester wards of Ancoats and Beswick, Ardwick, Charlestown Clayton and Openshaw, Deansgate, Fallowfield, Hulme, Miles Platting & Newton Heath, Moss Side, Moston, Piccadilly and Whalley Range.
Members of Parliament
|Feb 1974||Harold Lever||Labour||MP for Manchester Exchange from 1945 and for Manchester Cheetham from 1950. Resigned July 1979 on being raised to the peerage|
|1979 by-election||Bob Litherland||Labour|
|1997||Tony Lloyd||Labour||MP for Stretford from 1983. Resigned October 2012 to run for Greater Manchester Police and Crime Commissioner. MP for Rochdale since 2017|
|2012 by-election||Lucy Powell||Labour Co-op|
Elections in the 2010s
|Labour Co-op||Lucy Powell||36,823||70.4||7.0|
|Liberal Democrats||John Bridges||3,420||6.5||3.1|
|Brexit Party||Sarah Chadwick||2,335||4.5||New|
|Socialist Equality||Dennis Leech||107||0.2||New|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||3.8|
|Labour Co-op||Lucy Powell||38,490||77.4||+16.1|
|Liberal Democrats||John Bridges||1,678||3.4||−0.7|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||+7.7|
|Labour Co-op||Lucy Powell||27,772||61.3||+8.6|
|Liberal Democrats||John Reid||1,867||4.1||−22.5|
|Communist League||John Davies||72||0.2||New|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||+3.4|
|Labour Co-op||Lucy Powell||11,507||69.1||+16.4|
|Liberal Democrats||Marc Ramsbottom||1,571||9.4||−17.2|
|Monster Raving Loony||Howling Laud Hope||78||0.5||New|
|People's Democratic Party||Lee Holmes||71||0.4||New|
|Communist League||Peter Clifford||64||0.4||New|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing|
|Liberal Democrats||Marc Ramsbottom||10,620||26.6||+5.6|
|Socialist Labour||Ron Sinclair||153||0.4||−0.2|
|Workers Revolutionary||Jonty Leff||59||0.1||New|
|Socialist Equality||Robert Skelton||54||0.1||New|
This was the lowest turnout for any constituency in the whole of the United Kingdom
Elections in the 2000s
|Labour Co-op||Tony Lloyd||16,993||58.1||−10.6|
|Liberal Democrats||Marc Ramsbottom||7,217||24.7||+9.0|
|National Front||Richard Kemp||421||1.4||New|
|Independent Progressive Labour||Damien O'Connor||382||1.3||New|
|Socialist Labour||Ronald Sinclair||183||0.6||−1.3|
|Liberal Democrats||Phylip Hobson||4,070||15.7||+3.4|
|Socialist Labour||Ron Sinclair||484||1.9||−0.5|
|ProLife Alliance||Terrenia Brosnan||216||0.8||New|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||−3.9|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrats||Alison Firth||4,121||12.3||+2.5|
|Socialist Labour||Francis Rafferty||810||2.4||New|
|Communist League||Timothy Rigby||97||0.3||−0.2|
|Liberal Democrats||Richard Clayton||3,151||9.8||−3.2|
|Natural Law||Vivienne Mitchell||167||0.5||New|
|Communist League||Andrew Buchanan||167||0.5||New|
Elections in the 1980s
|National Front||Alfred Coles||729||1.7||−0.1|
Elections in the 1970s
|Independent Labour||Syed Ala-Ud-Din||187||1.8||New|
|Democratic Monarchist, Public Safety, White Resident.||Bill Boaks||12||0.1||New|
|National Front||Derek Benthall||365||1.8||New|
|Labour win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "First female Manchester Labour MP". November 16, 2012 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
- As to the parts formerly in the abolished Manchester Platting (UK Parliament constituency) these have returned a Labour MP since 1935.
- The lowest majority was in 2010, at some 26.1% of the vote as shown in the results tables.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "M" (part 1)
- "UK Parliamentary General Election - 12 December 2019". manchester.gov.uk. Manchester City Council. Retrieved 13 December 2019.
- "Manchester Central - Statement of Persons Nominated & Notice of Poll". manchester.gov.uk. Manchester City Council. Archived from the original on 15 May 2017. Retrieved 19 May 2017. Pdf.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Lancashire West". Manchester Central. Retrieved 11 May 2015.
- Manchester Central results UK Polling
- "General Election Results from the Electoral Commission".
- "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 2010-12-06.