Manchu people

The Manchu[note 2] (Manchu: ᠮᠠᠨᠵᡠ;Möllendorff: manju;Abkai: manju; simplified Chinese: 满洲族; traditional Chinese: 滿洲族; pinyin: Mǎnzhōuzú; Wade–Giles: Man3-chou1-tsu2) are an ethnic minority in China and the people from whom Manchuria derives its name.[15] They are sometimes called "red-tasseled Manchus", a reference to the ornamentation on traditional Manchu hats.[16][17] The Later Jin (1616–1636) and Qing dynasty (1636–1912) were established and ruled by Manchus, who are descended from the Jurchen people who earlier established the Jin dynasty (1115–1234) in China.

Total population
Regions with significant populations
Mainland China10,410,585[1]
Hong Kong1,000[3][obsolete source]
Mandarin Chinese
Manchu[note 1]
Manchu shamanism, Buddhism, Chinese folk religion and Roman Catholicism
Related ethnic groups
Other Tungusic peoples

Manchus form the largest branch of the Tungusic peoples and are distributed throughout China, forming the fourth largest ethnic group in the country.[1] They can be found in 31 Chinese provincial regions. They also form the largest minority group in China without an autonomous region. Among them, Liaoning has the largest population and Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Inner Mongolia and Beijing have over 100,000 Manchu residents. About half of the population live in Liaoning and one-fifth in Hebei. There are a number of Manchu autonomous counties in China, such as Xinbin, Xiuyan, Qinglong, Fengning, Yitong, Qingyuan, Weichang, Kuancheng, Benxi, Kuandian, Huanren, Fengcheng, Beizhen[note 3] and over 300 Manchu towns and townships.[19]

Manchu symbol