Manx language

Manx (Gaelg or Gailck, pronounced [ɡilɡ, geːlɡ] or [gilk]),[4] also known as Manx Gaelic, is a Gaelic language of the insular Celtic branch of the Celtic language family, itself a branch of the Indo-European language family. Manx is the historical language of the Manx people.

Manx Gaelic
Gaelg, Gailck
Pronunciation[əˈɣɪlɡ], [əˈɣɪlk], [əˈɣe:lg] y Ghaelg, y Ghailk
ExtinctExtinct as a first language by 1974 with the death of Ned Maddrell, before subsequent revival.[1]
Revival23 first language speakers and 2,200 second language speakers, including children (2021)[2]
Early forms
Official status
Official language in
Isle of Man
Regulated byCoonceil ny Gaelgey (Manx Gaelic Council)
Language codes
ISO 639-1gv
ISO 639-2glv
ISO 639-3glv
ISO 639-6glvx (historical)
rvmx (revived)
Manx is classified as Critically Endangered by the UNESCO Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger[3]
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A Manx speaker, recorded in the Isle of Man

Although only few children native to the Isle of Man speak Manx as a first language, there has been a steady increase in the number of speakers since the death of Ned Maddrell in 1974. He was considered to be the last speaker to grow up in a Manx-speaking community environment. Despite this, the language has never fallen completely out of use, with a minority having some knowledge of it as a heritage language, and it is still an important part of the island's culture and cultural heritage.

Manx is often cited as a good example of language revival efforts; in 2015, around 1,800 people had varying levels of second-language conversational ability. Since the late 20th century, Manx has become more visible on the island, with increased signage, radio broadcasts and a Manx-medium primary school. The revival of Manx has been made easier because the language was well recorded, e.g. the Bible and the Book of Common Prayer had been translated into Manx, and audio recordings had been made of native speakers.

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