Manx language

Manx (Manx: Gaelg or Gailck, pronounced [ɡilɡ] or [ɡilk] or [ɡeːlɡ]),[3] also known as Manx Gaelic, and also historically spelled Manks,[4] is a Goidelic language of the insular Celtic branch of the Celtic language family, itself a branch of the Indo-European language family. Manx is the historical language of the Manx people. Although few children have Manx as a first language on the Isle of Man, there has been a steady increase in the number of speakers since the death of Ned Maddrell in 1974. Ned Maddrell was considered to be the last speaker who grew up in a Manx-speaking community environment. Despite this, the language has never fallen completely out of use, with a minority having some knowledge of it as a heritage language, and it is still an important part of the island's culture and cultural heritage. Manx is often cited as a good example of language revival efforts; in 2015, around 1,800 people had varying levels of second language conversational ability. Since the late 20th century, Manx has become more visible on the island, with increased signage, radio broadcasts and a Manx-medium primary school. The revival of Manx has been made easier because the language was well recorded: for example, the Bible and Book of Common Prayer had been translated into Manx, and audio recordings had been made of native speakers.

Manx Gaelic
Gaelg, Gailck
Pronunciation[əˈɣɪlɡ], [əˈɣɪlk] y Ghaelg, y Ghailk
Native toIsle of Man
ExtinctExtinct as a first language by 1974 with the death of Ned Maddrell, before subsequent revival.[1]
Revival53 first language speakers, and 1,800 second language speakers, including children (2015)[2]
Early forms
Official status
Official language in
Isle of Man
Regulated byCoonceil ny Gaelgey (Manx Gaelic Council)
Language codes
ISO 639-1gv
ISO 639-2glv
ISO 639-3glv
ISO 639-6glvx (historical)
rvmx (revived)
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A Manx speaker, recorded in the Isle of Man.