Marathi language

Marathi (English: /məˈrɑːti/;[5] Marāṭhī, Marathi: [məˈɾaːʈʰiː] (listen)) is an Indo-Aryan language predominantly spoken by Marathi people in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is the official language of Maharashtra, and a co-official language in Goa state and the territory of Damaon, Diu & Silvassa. It is one of the 22 scheduled languages of India, with 83 million speakers as of 2011. Marathi ranks 10th in the list of languages with most native speakers in the world. Marathi has the third largest number of native speakers in India, after Hindi and Bengali.[6] The language has some of the oldest literature of all modern Indian languages.[7] The major dialects of Marathi are Standard Marathi and the Varhadi dialect.[8]

The word "Marathi" in Devanagari script
Native toIndia
Native speakers
83 million (2011)[1]
L2 speakers: 12 million[1]
Early form
Indian Signing System
Official status
Official language in
Regulated byMinistry of Marathi Language and various other institutions
Language codes
ISO 639-1mr
ISO 639-2mar
ISO 639-3Either:
mar  Modern Marathi
omr  Old Marathi
omr Old Marathi
Glottologmara1378  Modern Marathi
oldm1244  Old Marathi
  regions where Marathi is the language of the majority or plurality
  regions where Marathi is the language of a significant minority
Marathi is not endangered according to the classification system of the UNESCO Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger

Marathi distinguishes inclusive and exclusive forms of 'we' and possesses a three-way gender system, that features the neuter in addition to the masculine and the feminine. In its phonology, it contrasts apico-alveolar with alveopalatal affricates and alveolar with retroflex laterals ([l] and [ɭ] (Marathi letters and respectively).[9]

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This article uses material from the Wikipedia article Marathi language, and is written by contributors. Text is available under a CC BY-SA 4.0 International License; additional terms may apply. Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.