March on Rome

The March on Rome (Italian: Marcia su Roma) was an organized mass demonstration in October 1922 which resulted in Benito Mussolini's National Fascist Party (PNF) ascending to power in the Kingdom of Italy. In late October 1922, Fascist Party leaders planned an insurrection, to take place on 28 October. When fascist demonstrators and Blackshirt paramilitaries entered Rome, Prime Minister Luigi Facta wished to declare a state of siege, but this was overruled by King Victor Emmanuel III. On the following day, 29 October 1922, the King appointed Mussolini as Prime Minister, thereby transferring political power to the fascists without armed conflict.[1][2]

March on Rome

Benito Mussolini and his Blackshirts during the March
Date27–29 October 1922
Location
ActionMussolini's Blackshirts conquered strategic points across the country and gathered outside Rome. King Victor Emmanuel III refused to declare the state of emergency and implemented the bloodless transfer of power to the Fascists.
Result
Belligerents

Italian government

National Fascist Party

Commanders and leaders
Luigi Facta
Antonio Salandra
Paolino Taddei
Marcello Soleri
Giovanni Giolitti
Benito Mussolini
Emilio De Bono
Italo Balbo
C. M. De Vecchi
Michele Bianchi
Political support
Liberals
Socialists
Populars
Communists
Fascists
Nationalists