Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa

Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa[lower-alpha 1] (/əˈɡrɪpə/; 63 BC[3] – 12 BC) was a Roman general, statesman, and architect.[4] He was a close friend, son-in-law, and lieutenant to emperor Augustus.

Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa
Bust of Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa from the Forum of Gabii, currently in the Louvre, Paris
Personal details
Born63 BC[1]
Uncertain location, possibly Arpino, Istria or Asisium,[2] Roman Republic
Died12 BC (aged 50–51)
Campania, Italy, Roman Empire
NationalityRoman
Spouse(s)Pomponia Caecilia Attica
Claudia Marcella Major
Julia the Elder
ChildrenVipsania Attica
Vipsania Agrippina
Vipsania Marcella
Vipsania Marcellina
Gaius Caesar
Julia the Younger
Lucius Caesar
Agrippina the Elder
Agrippa Postumus
Known forThe right hand man and the best friend of emperor Augustus. Also built the original Pantheon.
Military service
Allegiance Roman Republic
Roman Empire
Years of service45–12 BC
RankGeneral
CommandsRoman Army
Battles/warsCaesar's Civil War
Battle of Munda
Post-Caesarian civil war
Battle of Mutina
Liberators' civil war
Battle of Philippi
Final War of the Roman Republic
Battle of Actium
Battle of Alexandria

Agrippa was responsible for the construction of some of the most notable buildings in history, including the original Pantheon, and is well-known for his important military victories, notably the Battle of Actium in 31 BC against the forces of Mark Antony and Cleopatra, where, afterwards, Octavian became the first Roman Emperor, adopting the name of Augustus Caesar.

Agrippa assisted Augustus in making Rome "a city of marble". Agrippa renovated aqueducts to provide Roman citizens from every social class access to the highest quality public services, and was responsible for the creation of many baths, porticoes, and gardens.

Agrippa had been husband to Julia the Elder (who had later married the second Emperor Tiberius), and was the maternal grandfather to Caligula and maternal great-grandfather to the Emperor Nero.