Marek Marian Belka (Polish pronunciation: [ˈmarɛk ˈbɛlka] (listen); born 9 January 1952) is a Polish professor of Economics and politician, has served as a Prime Minister of Poland and Finance Minister of Poland in two governments. Former Director of the International Monetary Fund's (IMF) European Department and former Head of Narodowy Bank Polski (National Bank of Poland). He has served as a Member of the European Parliament (MEP) since July 2019.
|President of the National Bank of Poland|
11 June 2010 – 20 June 2016
|President||Bronisław Komorowski (Acting)|
Bogdan Borusewicz (Acting)
Grzegorz Schetyna (Acting)
|Prime Minister||Donald Tusk|
|Preceded by||Piotr Wiesiołek (Acting)|
|Succeeded by||Adam Glapiński|
|11th Prime Minister of Poland|
2 May 2004 – 31 October 2005
|Preceded by||Leszek Miller|
|Succeeded by||Kazimierz Marcinkiewicz|
|Deputy Prime Minister of Poland|
Minister of Finance
19 October 2001 – 6 July 2002
|Prime Minister||Leszek Miller|
|Preceded by||Halina Wasilewska-Trenker|
|Succeeded by||Grzegorz Kołodko|
4 February 1997 – 17 October 1997
|Prime Minister||Włodzimierz Cimoszewicz|
|Preceded by||Grzegorz Kołodko|
|Succeeded by||Leszek Balcerowicz|
|Minister of Sport|
1 September 2005 – 31 October 2005
|Preceded by||Position established|
|Succeeded by||Tomasz Lipiec|
Marek Marian Belka
9 January 1952
|Political party||Polish United Workers' Party (1973–1990)|
Democratic Left Alliance (1999–2005)
Independent (1990–1999, 2005–present)
|Education||University of Łódź|
In 1978–1979 and 1985–1986 he did scientific internships at Columbia University and University of Chicago, and in 1990 - London School of Economics. From 1986, he was associated with Institute of Economics of the Polish Academy of Sciences. He published over 100 scientific papers devoted mainly to money theory and anti-inflation policy in developing countries. He specializes in applied economics and contemporary economic thought. He is also a member of Committee of Economic Sciences of the Polish Academy of Sciences.
He held a number of important public functions in the country and abroad. In 1990 he became an advisor and consultant at Ministry of Finance, followed by the Ministry of Ownership Transformations and the Central Planning Office. In the years 1994–1996 he was the vice-chairman of the Council of Socio-Economic Strategy at the Council of Ministers, and then economic advisor to the President of the Republic of Poland Aleksander Kwaśniewski. In 1996 he became a consultant World Bank. He was twice Deputy Prime Minister of the Republic of Poland and Minister of Finance: in 1997 in Cabinet of Włodzimierz Cimoszewicz and in 2001–2002 in Cabinet of Leszek Miller. In 2004–2005 Prime Minister and chairman Committee for European Integration, and in 2005 Minister of Sport in his own government .
From 2006 executive secretary of the UN Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), and from November 2008 director of the European Department International Monetary Fund. Previously, he was also the head of the coalition Council for International Coordination in Iraq (2003), and then the director of economic policy in the Provisional Coalition Authority in Iraq, where he answered, among others for currency reform, creation of a new banking system and supervision of the economy (2003-2004).
He was appointed president of the National Bank of Poland. He took office on 11 June 2010 and ended his term on 21 June 2016. In January 2011, he was elected for a three-year term (extended for another three years in 2014) to Steering Committee European Systemic Risk Board. Belka ran for and was elected an MEP at the 2019 European Parliament election. He has been appointed the vice-president of the S&D Group.