The name marsh tern refers to terns of the genus Chlidonias, which are typically found in freshwater marshes, rather than coastal locations. The genus name Chlidonias is from Ancient Greek khelidonios, "swallow-like", from khelidon, "swallow".
|Black-fronted tern (above) |
There are four species:
|Image||Common Name||Scientific name||Distribution|
|Black tern||Chlidonias niger (or nigra)||Europe, Western Asia and North America.|
|White-winged tern or white-winged black tern||Chlidonias leucopterus (or leucoptera)||Europe, Africa, Asia, and Australia.|
|Whiskered tern||Chlidonias hybrida (or hybridus)||Europe and the Palearctic (northwestern Africa and central and southern Europe to southeastern Siberia, eastern China and south to Pakistan and northern India)|
|The black-fronted tern||Chlidonias albostriatus (formerly Sterna albostriata)||New Zealand|
Notice the hesitation in the gender of the epithet of the scientific names, as they are usually masculine (albostriatus, leucopterus or niger), but in the case of the whiskered tern is mostly used as feminine (hybrida), maybe from the influence of the previous gender used, Sterna.
- Jobling, James A (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 102. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
- Bridge, E. S.; Jones, A. W. & Baker, A. J. (2005). A phylogenetic framework for the terns (Sternini) inferred from mtDNA sequences: implications for taxonomy and plumage evolution Archived 2006-07-20 at the Wayback Machine Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 35: 459–469.