Martin Durkin (director)
Martin Richard Durkin is an English television producer and director, notably for Britain's Channel 4.
He has produced, directed and executive-produced programmes covering the arts, science, history, entertainment, features and social documentaries. He was formerly connected to the now defunct Revolutionary Communist Party, and a number of his documentaries have caused controversies, including those critical of state spending and environmentalism. He has been described as "the scourge of the greens" and "one of the environmentalists' favourite hate figures".
In 1997, Channel 4 broadcast Durkin's documentary series Against Nature, which criticized the environmental movement for being a threat to personal freedom and for crippling economic development.
The UK's then broadcasting regulator the Independent Television Commission received 151 complaints from viewers and interviewees featured in the programme with four complaints upheld. In its report on the series, the ITC rejected 147 complaints that mainly were concerned with fairness and misrepresentation, stating that "the programmes' line that green ideologies were, at least in some respects, open to criticism on both scientific and humanitarian grounds, was a legitimate approach". It stated that environmentalists had been permitted a fair chance to air their side of the story in the televised debates that followed the broadcast.
The ITC stated that four complaints were upheld because: "the programmes breached the Programme Code in respect of the failure to make the four interviewees adequately aware of the nature of the programmes, and the way their contributions were edited." For these reasons, Channel 4 later issued a public apology on prime time television. According to The Independent, Durkin "accepts the charge of misleading contributors, but describes the verdict of distortion as 'complete tosh'".
This section relies largely or entirely on a single source. (December 2015)
Durkin produced 2 documentaries for Channel 4's science strand Equinox. In 1998 he produced "Storm in a D-Cup", which argued that the medical dangers of silicone breast implants had been exaggerated for political reasons and highlighting evidence that implants may even carry medical benefits. In 2000 he produced The Rise and Fall of GM defending the science of genetic modification.
The 1998 documentary on breast implants was originally developed for the BBC but was eventually produced for Channel 4 after the BBC declined to commission it; the BBC's in-house researcher concluded that Durkin had ignored evidence contradicting his claims in the programme. Criticising the programme, environmental activist and writer George Monbiot wrote "Neither Martin Durkin nor, extraordinarily, Charles Furneaux, the commissioning editor of the science series Equinox, has a science background. They don't need one, for science on Channel 4 has been reduced to a crude manifesto for corporate libertarianism." The film later won awards from the British Medical Association and the American Society for Plastic Surgeons.
The Rise and Fall of GM
This documentary, which argues in favour of genetic modification, was broadcast on Channel 4 on 20 March 2000, also met with complaints. Environmentalist activists organised a campaign in an effort to discredit the film. A joint letter signed by a number of scientists from the Third World was issued in protest of Durkin's claims in this documentary. Dr. Mae-Wan Ho, a scientist featured on the programme, later said of her participation in the programme: "I feel completely betrayed and misled. They did not tell me it was going to be an attack on my position." However, although broadcasting regulator Ofcom received 17 complaints about the programme none was upheld; Ofcom concluded that 'although the programme set out to be a critical analysis of the case against GM, it nevertheless gave opportunity for a number of anti-GM speakers to explain their views clearly and fairly.' Ofcom review of complaints against Martin Durkin, ofcom.org.uk; accessed 20 December 2015.
The Great Global Warming Swindle
The Great Global Warming Swindle was a 2007 documentary film that premiered on Channel 4 in the United Kingdom on March 8, 2007 and was subsequently criticised by the British media regulator Ofcom. The film features scientists and others who are sceptical that global warming is caused by human activity. The second part of the programme examines the conditions under which one of the current theories was developed. It focuses on political pressures on those who speak out against the supposed anthropogenic causes of global warming, some of the reasons for the wide adoption of this view and the factors leading to its original development. The film also interviews sceptics who are critical of environmental policies they view as holding back developing nations from industrialising. The film has drawn widespread complaints from some in the scientific community, citing numerous errors and misleading claims.
Professor Carl Wunsch who appeared on the programme has since repudiated the film, and described it "as close to propaganda as anything since World War II". Durkin responded that Wunsch had been told very explicitly the nature of the programme and now appeared to be back-tracking.
It later emerged that Durkin had fallen out with geneticist Armand Leroi (with whom Durkin had previously refused to work), after Leroi questioned the accuracy of the data used in the film in an email to Durkin. Leroi copied the e-mail to various colleagues including Guardian journalist and Bad Science columnist Ben Goldacre and science writer and mathematics expert Simon Singh. Durkin replied to Leroi copying in the others with the single sentence: "You're a big daft cock." Singh then sent an email to Durkin that said: "I have not paid the same attention to your programme as Armand has done, but from what I did see it is an irresponsible piece of film-making. If you can send me a copy of the programme then I will examine it in more detail and give you a more considered response...it would be great if you could engage in the debate rather just resorting to one line replies."
Durkin responded by arguing that global warming had stopped, and concluded with, "Never mind a bit of irresponsible film-making. Go and fuck yourself." Durkin later apologised for his language, saying that he had sent the e-mails when tired and had just finished making the programme, and that he was "eager to have all the science properly debated with scientists qualified in the right areas."
The film was awarded the Best Documentary trophy at the Io Isabella film festival and was shortlisted for the Best Documentary prize in the British television industry's 2008 Broadcast Awards. An official judgement issued on 21 July 2008 by the British media regulator Ofcom found that the programme "did not fulfill obligations to be impartial and to reflect a range of views on controversial issues". It upheld complaints by Sir David King that his views had been misrepresented, and Carl Wunsch, on the points that he had been misled as to its intent, and that the impression had been given that he agreed with the programme's position on climate change. However, the regulator said that because "the link between human activity and global warming... became settled before March 2007" the audience was not "materially misled so as to cause harm or offence". Ofcom declined to rule on the accuracy of the programme, saying: "It is not within Ofcom's remit or ability in this case as the regulator of the 'communications industry' to establish or seek to adjudicate on 'facts' such as whether global warming is a man-made phenomenon".
Britain's Trillion Pound Horror Story
In 2010 Durkin made a programme called Britain's Trillion Pound Horror Story for Channel 4. Ostensibly about Britain's national debt, the film makes a case for lower taxes, a smaller public sector and a free-market economy. The film argues that Hong Kong's social and economic success is attributable to the positive non-interventionism implemented in 1961 by John James Cowperthwaite. In the film, Durkin argued that increasing public spending would stunt the economy instead of reviving it. The film featured Nigel Lawson, Geoffrey Howe, Brendan Barber and Alastair Darling.
Brexit: The Movie
As executive producer
Martin Durkin has executive produced a wide range of programmes. Productions include: The Naked Pilgrim, an architectural travelogue that followed art critic Brian Sewell's pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela; produced for UK's Channel Five it won the Sandford St. Martin Trust award for best programme in 2004; Face of Britain for Channel 4, a three-part series presented by Neil Oliver, which looked at the Wellcome Trust's DNA project profiling the ancestry of various British communities; How Do They Do It?, an engineering series for Discovery Channel; Secret Intersex, a two-part series about intersexuality for Channel 4, which was short listed for Best Science Programme in the 2004 Royal Television Society awards. He has served on the steering committees of the World Congress of Science Producers and the Edinburgh Television Festival and as a judge on the Bafta and Royal Television Society Awards.
- Harrison, Mr (January 3, 2011). "Britain's Trillion Pound Horror Story". Retrieved August 9, 2019 – via Vimeo.
- Lynas, Mark (11 May 2007). "The great Channel 4 swindle". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 23 February 2018.
- Walker, Tim (12 October 2008). "The climate change unbelievers". The Independent. Retrieved 11 September 2009.
- Lean, Geoffrey (4 March 2007). "Global warming: An inconvenient truth or hot air?". The Independent. Archived from the original on 15 May 2009. Retrieved 11 May 2009.
- Programme Complaints & Interventions Report, ofcom.org.uk; accessed 20 December 2015.
- Getting your science from charlatans George Monbiot, The Guardian, 16 March 2000.
- Independent Television Commission ruling on "Against Nature", ofcom.org.uk; accessed 20 December 2015.
- "Why would Channel 4 attempt to discredit the environmental movement?". Greenpeace UK. Archived from the original on 2014-07-14. Retrieved 2014-07-02.
- Profile of Durkin Archived 2007-03-18 at the Wayback Machine, gmwatch.org; accessed 20 December 2015.
- Joint letter to Channel Four Television and the Times newspaper Dr. Tewolde Gebre Egziaber
- Durkin, Martin (17 March 2007). "The global-warmers were bound to attack, but why are they so feeble?". London, UK: Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 13 January 2008.
- McKie, Robin (4 March 2007). "Why Channel 4 has got it wrong over climate change". The Guardian. London, UK. Retrieved 13 January 2008.
- Goldacre, Ben; David Adam (11 March 2007). "Climate scientist 'duped to deny global warming'". The Guardian. London, UK. Retrieved 13 January 2008.
- "The global warming film you mustn't watch". The Herald Sun. 12 March 2007.
- Lawson, Dominic (2 March 2007). "Dominic Lawson: Here is another inconvenient truth (but this one will infuriate the Green lobby)". London, UK: The Independent. Archived from the original on 16 May 2008. Retrieved 20 December 2015.
- Milloy, Steven (18 March 2007). "Must-See Global Warming TV". Fox News. Retrieved 18 March 2007.
- O'Neill, Brendan (9 March 2007). "Apocalypse my arse". Retrieved 16 March 2007.
- Email correspondence between Armand Leroi, Simon Singh and Martin Durkin, ocean.mit.edu; accessed 20 December 2015.
- Coates, Sam; Mark Henderson (15 March 2007). "C4's debate on global warming boils over". London, UK: Times Online. Retrieved 13 January 2008.
- "Kodikara and Smith and SKY Network Television Ltd - 2008-077". Broadcasting Standards Authority. 25 November 2008. Retrieved 26 May 2015.
- (PDF). February 15, 2010 https://web.archive.org/web/20100215200621/http://www.ofcom.org.uk/tv/obb/prog_cb/obb114/issue114.pdf. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 15, 2010. Retrieved August 9, 2019. Missing or empty
- Ofcom comments regarding Durkin, monbiot.com, 21 July 2008.
- Last night's TV: Britain's Trillion Pound Horror Story and Misfits, The Guardian, 12 November 2010
- Rallying cry, James Delingpole, The Spectator, 13 November 2010
- Haslett, Emma (26 February 2016). "Brexit: The Movie crowdfunding campaign hits its target".
- Royal Television Society - Programme Archived 2006-09-25 at the Wayback Machine, rts.org.uk; accessed 20 December 2015.