Marxist philosophy of nature

There is no specific Marxist philosophy of nature as Karl Marx did not conceive of nature as separate from society.[citation needed] As the young Marx exposed in the Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844, labour transforms nature which becomes the "inorganic body" of man. In the same way, Marx's theory of human nature (Gattungswesen) opposed the traditional conception of an eternal human nature which remained the same in all places and times. Later, Friedrich Engels wrote the Dialectics of Nature (1883) in opposition to German Naturphilosophie. Marx and Engels' thought was then codified into "dialectical materialism" which is what is usually referred to when speaking of a "Marxist philosophy of nature". Such a doctrine was rejected by several Marxist philosophers, starting with Georg Lukács and Walter Benjamin.