Mary, mother of Jesus

Mary[lower-alpha 2] was a 1st century Jewish Galilean woman of Nazareth,[2][3] the wife of Joseph and, according to the gospels, the virgin mother of Jesus.

Blessed Virgin Mary
Our Lady of Sorrows, by Giovanni Battista Salvi da Sassoferrato, 17th century
Bornunknown; c.18 BC[1]
Diedunknown; after c.30/33 AD
ChildrenJesus,[lower-alpha 1] possibly the brothers and sisters of Jesus
Parent(s)unknown; according to some apocryphal writings: Joachim and Anne

Both the gospels of Matthew and Luke in the New Testament and the Quran describe Mary as a virgin.[lower-alpha 3] She is betrothed to Joseph, according to Matthew and Luke.[5] According to Christian theology, Mary conceived Jesus through the Holy Spirit while still a virgin, and accompanied Joseph to Bethlehem, where Jesus was born.[6] According to the apocryphal Gospel of James, her parents were called Anne and Joachim.[7]

According to Catholic and Eastern Christian teachings, at the end of her earthly life, God raised Mary's body directly into heaven; this is known in the Christian West as the Assumption of Mary.[8][9]

Mary has been venerated since early Christianity,[10][11] and is considered by millions to be the holiest and greatest saint because of her extraordinary virtues as seen at the Annunciation by the archangel Gabriel. She is said to have miraculously appeared to believers many times over the centuries. The Eastern and Oriental Orthodox, Catholic, Anglican, and Lutheran churches believe that Mary, as mother of Jesus, is the Theotokos (Mother of God; Θεοτόκος). There is significant diversity in the Marian beliefs and devotional practices of major Christian traditions. The Catholic Church holds distinctive Marian dogmas, namely her status as the Mother of God, her Immaculate Conception, her perpetual virginity, and her Assumption into heaven.[12] Many Protestants minimize Mary's role within Christianity, basing their argument on the lack of biblical support for any beliefs other than the virgin birth.[13] Mary also has the highest position in Islam among all women.[14][15][16][verification needed] She is mentioned in the Quran more often than in the New Testament,[17] where two of the longer chapters of the Quran are devoted to her and her family.[18]