Mary of the Divine Heart
Mary of the Divine Heart (Münster, 8 September 1863 – Porto, 8 June 1899), born Maria Droste zu Vischering, was a German noblewoman and Roman Catholic nun of the Congregation of Our Lady of Charity of the Good Shepherd, best known for having influenced Pope Leo XIII to make the consecration of the world to the Sacred Heart of Jesus. Pope Leo XIII himself called the solemn consecration "the greatest act of my pontificate".
Blessed Mary of the Divine Heart (Droste zu Vischering)
|Blessed / Religious of the Good Shepherd / Messenger of the Sacred Heart of Jesus|
|Born||8 September 1863|
|Residence||Erbdrostenhof Palace (birth); Castle of Darfeld (childhood); Convent of the Good Shepherd Sisters in Porto (until her death)|
|Died||June 8, 1899 35) (aged|
|Venerated in||Catholic Church|
|Beatified||1 November 1975, St. Peter's Square, Vatican by Pope Paul VI|
|Major shrine||Church of the Sacred Heart of Jesus (Ermesinde)|
|Patronage||Priests and devotees of the Sacred Heart of Jesus|
Maria Anna Johanna Franziska Theresia Antonia Huberta Droste zu Vischering was born with her twin brother Max (Maximilian Droste zu Vischering) on 8 September 1863, the solemnity feast of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary, in the Erbdrostenhof Palace, in Münster, the capital city of Westphalia, Germany, as daughter of one of the wealthiest and noblest German families, which distinguished itself by its fidelity to the Catholic Church during the persecution of the Kulturkampf. Her parents were Klemens Heidenreich Franz Hubertus Eusebius Maria, the count Droste zu Vischering, and Helene Clementine Maria Anna Sybille Huberta Antonia, the countess of Galen. Because of the fragility of her health, Vischering was baptized immediately at birth.
Maria Droste zu Vischering spent her childhood with her family in the Castle of Darfeld, in Rosendahl near Münster, and was a child full of life. Her mother stated, "She doesn't mind her dress. She is running into the mud, jumping into the wet grass and the bushes until she is so dirty that she has to change every stitch."
Vischering was taught at home by governesses. On 25 April 1875 Vischering and her brother Max received their First Communion. In April 1879, Vischering continued her education at the boarding school of the Sacré-Coeur Sisters in Riedenburg, Bavaria. While there, she heard a homily on Psalm 45: "Listen, my daughter,... forget your father's house..., the king will fall in love with your beauty." Vischering decided that she should become a religious. During the spring of 1879, while she was listening to a particular devotion of one of the sisters to the Heart of Christ, Maria Droste zu Vischering reached an important conclusion: "I began to understand that without the spirit of sacrifice the love of the Heart of Jesus is merely an illusion."
While at school, she contracted pneumonia and, shortly before her 18th birthday, returned home to recover. In 1883, at the chapel of the Castle of Darfeld, Vischering is said to have had an interior locution of Jesus Christ who told her: "Thou shalt be the wife of My Heart." On 5 August of that same year, on the Silver Jubilee of her parents' marriage, Vischering told them of her desire to become a religious.
In 1888, she visited with her mother the Hospital of Darfeld and there found a girl who had given scandal. Maria Droste zu Vischering reached out to the unfortunate. That episode can be considered her first contact with the charism of the Sisters of the Good Shepherd. In the parish church, a short time later, she heard again the voice of Jesus, who told her: "You must enter in the Convent of the Good Shepherd." On 21 November 1888, at the age of 25, Maria Droste zu Vischering joined the Congregation of Our Lady of Charity of the Good Shepherd. After she received the white religious habit of the religious congregation, Vischering also received the name that became for her a program of life: Sister Mary of the Divine Heart.
For Maria Droste zu Vischering, the devotion to the Heart of Christ always merged with the devotion to the Blessed Sacrament: "I could never separate the devotion to the Heart of Jesus from the devotion to the Blessed Sacrament, and I will never be able to explain how and how much the Sacred Heart of Jesus deigned to favor me in the Blessed Sacrament of the Eucharist."
In 1891, she devoted herself to the girls sent to the Good Shepherd Sisters in Münster for rehabilitation and care. With an ardent love for youth ministry, she maintained that "the most needy, the most miserable, the most forsaken are the children I love best."
Vischering spent only five years in Münster because she was called by obedience to a special mission. In 1894, at the age of 31, she was transferred to Portugal, where she was initially sent as assistant of the Mother Superior of the Convent of the Good Shepherd Sisters in Lisbon. From February to May 1894, she remained in the Portuguese capital but then was appointed to the position of Mother Superior of the Convent of the Good Shepherd Sisters in Porto.
In Porto, Vischering reported several messages from Jesus Christ in which she was asked to contact the Pope to request the consecration of the world to the Sacred Heart of Jesus.
World Consecration to the Sacred Heart of Jesus
On 10 June 1898 her confessor at the Good Shepherd monastery wrote to Pope Leo XIII to state that Vischering had received a message from Christ requesting the Pope to consecrate the entire world to the Sacred Heart. The Pope initially did not believe her and took no action. However, on 6 January 1899, she wrote another letter asking that in addition to the consecration, the first Fridays of the month be observed in honour of the Sacred Heart. In the letter, she also referred to the recent illness of the Pope and stated that Christ had assured her that Pope Leo XIII would live until he had performed the consecration to the Sacred Heart. The theologian Laurent Volken states that this had an emotional impact on Leo XIII, despite the theological issues concerning the consecration of non-Christians.
Pope Leo XIII commissioned an inquiry on the basis of her revelation and church tradition. In his 1899 encyclical letter Annum sacrum, he decreed that the consecration of the entire human race to the Sacred Heart of Jesus should take place on 11 June 1899. In the encyclical, he referred to the illness about which Vischering had written: "There is one further reason that urges us to realize our design: We do not want it to pass by unnoticed. It is personal in nature but just as important: God the author of all Good has saved us by healing us recently from a dangerous disease."
Pope Leo XIII also composed the Prayer of Consecration to the Sacred Heart and included it in the encyclical. Pope Pius X later decreed for the consecration of the human race, performed by Pope Leo XIII, to be renewed each year.
Death and incorruptibility
Vischering died on Thursday 8 June 1899, the eve of the Feast of the Sacred Heart (properly, the Solemnity of the Most Sacred Heart of Jesus), three days before the world consecration that Pope Leo XIII had scheduled for the following Sunday.
Vischering's incorrupt body is exposed for public veneration in the Church of the Sacred Heart of Jesus, in Ermesinde, in northern Portugal. The church is adjacent to the Convent of the Good Shepherd Sisters. There is also a relic of her body exposed for public veneration at the Sanctuary of Christ the King in Almada, near Lisbon, Portugal.
In 1964, Sister Mary of the Divine Heart, the countess of Droste zu Vischering, officially received the title of Venerable by the Catholic Church. On 1 November 1975 she was declared Blessed by Pope Paul VI. Doctor Waldery Hilgeman is the postulator of the cause of canonisation.
Promises of the Sacred Heart of Jesus
In His revelations to Sister Mary of the Divine Heart, Jesus is said to have revealed to her two promises:
Promise of obtaining graces through the intercession of Sister Mary of the Divine Heart
"Know this, My daughter, that by the charity of My Heart I desire to pour out floods of graces through your heart over the hearts of others. This is why people will get close to you with confidence. ...No one, even the most hardened sinner, will leave your presence without having received, in one way or another, consolation, relief, or a special grace."
Promise of obtaining graces in the Church of the Sacred Heart of Jesus in Ermesinde
"For a long time, as you know, I have wanted to build a church on the Good Shepherd property. Uncertain as to whom this church should be dedicated, I have prayed and consulted many people without reaching a decision. On the First Friday of this month, I asked Our Lord to enlighten me. After the Holy Communion, He said to me: I desire that the church be consecrated to My Heart. You must erect here a place of reparation; from My part I will make it a place of graces. I will distribute copiously graces to all who live in this house [the Convent], those who live here now, those who will live here after, and even to the people of their relations. Then He told me that He wished this church, above all, to be a place of reparation for sacrileges and to obtain graces for the clergy."
- "CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Devotion to the Sacred Heart of Jesus". www.newadvent.org. Archived from the original on 2012-05-21. Retrieved 2018-08-19.
- "Blessed Maria Droste - Good Shepherd Sisters Philippines". www.goodshepherdsisters.org.ph. Archived from the original on 2018-08-29. Retrieved 2018-08-19.
- Eisenkratzer, Alexandra. "Biography of Maria Droste Zu Vischering: Childhood and youth". Congregation of Our Lady of Charity of the Good Shepherd. Retrieved December 11, 2020.
- Eisenkratzer, Alexandra. "Biography of Maria Droste Zu Vischering: The Religious Woman". Congregation of Our Lady of Charity of the Good Shepherd. Retrieved December 11, 2020.
- Laurent Volken, 1963, Visions, Revelations and the Church P.J. Kenedy Publishers
- Niels Christian Hvidt, 2007, Christian Prophecy: The Post-Biblical Tradition, OUP Press ISBN 0-19-531447-6 p. 242
- Annum sacrum Archived 2014-08-18 at the Wayback Machine in Vatican official website.
- Pollard, George. "Devotion to the Hearts of Jesus and Mary: Its Origin and History". Retrieved December 11, 2020 – via EWTN.
- "Sisters Rejoice At Beatification". The Denver Catholic Register. October 29, 1975. p. 13. Retrieved December 11, 2020.
- "1982 - ERMESINDE". Flickr. Archived from the original on 2017-04-13. Retrieved 2018-08-19.
- Civil Parish of Ermesinde Archived 2015-02-13 at the Wayback Machine - The Church of the Sacred Heart of Jesus
- Letter from Sister Mary of the Divine Heart dated 23 June 1897, in Autobiography of Blessed Mary of the Divine Heart, Religious of the Good Shepherd. Lisbon: Edition of the Congregation of Our Lady of Charity of the Good Shepherd, 1993.
- Letter from Sister Mary of the Divine Heart dated 13 August 1897, in Autobiography of Blessed Mary of the Divine Heart, Religious of the Good Shepherd. Lisbon: Edition of the Congregation of Our Lady of Charity of the Good Shepherd, 1993.
|Part of a series on the|
|Sacred Heart of Jesus|
- Act of Consecration to the Sacred Heart of Jesus – including a prayer by Vischering
- Alliance of the Hearts of Jesus and Mary
- Louis Chasle; Sister Mary of the Divine Heart, Burns & Oates, London (1906).
- Max Bierbaum; Maria vom Göttlichen Herzen Droste zu Vischering: Ein Lebensbild. Unter Benutzung unveröffentlichter Quellen, (1966).
- Antonio Ricciardi; Più nobile per Carità: Beata Maria Droste zu Vischering (1863-1899), 261 pp., Edizioni Agiografiche, Italia (1975).
- Joaquim Abranches; Beata Maria do Divino Coração, Mensageiro do Coração de Jesus, Braga, Portugal (1970).
- Soeur Muriel du Divin Coeur; Le secret de la bienheureuse Marie du Divin Coeur, 480 pp., Éditions de la Contre-Réforme Catholique, Saint-Parres-lès-Vaudes – France (2014)