During the Second Punic War the Masaesyli initially supported the Roman Republic and were led by Syphax against the Massylii, who were led by Masinissa, as an ally of the Carthaginian Republic. After Masinissa and the Massylii switched sides to Rome, the Masaesyli turned against Rome and allied with Hasdrubal Gisco. Syphax was defeated, however, and spent the remainder of his days in Roman captivity, while his tribe was assimilated into the kingdom of Masinissa.
- UNESCO (1997), "Private documents of United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural : From the Seventh Century BC to the Seventh Century AD", History of Humanity: From the Seventh Century BC to the Seventh Century AD, United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural, pp. 289–290, ISBN 9789231028120