Mascarene Islands

The Mascarene Islands (English: /mæskəˈrn/, French: Mascareignes) or Mascarenes or Mascarenhas Archipelago is a group of islands in the Indian Ocean east of Madagascar consisting of the islands belonging to the Republic of Mauritius as well as the French department of Réunion. Their name derives from the Portuguese navigator Pedro Mascarenhas, who first visited them in April 1512. The islands share a common geologic origin in the volcanism of the Réunion hotspot beneath the Mascarene Plateau and form a distinct ecoregion with a unique flora and fauna.

Mascarene Islands
Native name:
Mascareignes
Topographic map of Mascarene Islands
Geography
Major islandsMauritius, Réunion, Rodrigues
Administration
Demographics
Population2,195,087

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