Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a private land-grant research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Established in 1861, MIT has since played a key role in the development of modern technology and science and has been ranked among the top academic institutions in the world.[10][11][12][13]

Massachusetts Institute of Technology
MottoMens et Manus (Latin)
Motto in English
Mind and Hand[1]
TypePrivate land-grant research university
EstablishedApril 10, 1861; 160 years ago (1861-04-10)
Academic affiliations
Endowment$18.38 billion (2020)[3]
ChancellorCynthia Barnhart
PresidentL. Rafael Reif
ProvostMartin A. Schmidt
Academic staff
Students11,520 (Fall 2019)[5]
Undergraduates4,530 (Fall 2019)[5]
Postgraduates6,990 (Fall 2019)[5]
United States

42.360°N 71.092°W / 42.360; -71.092
CampusUrban, 166 acres (67.2 ha)[6]
NewspaperThe Tech
ColorsCardinal Red, Silver Gray, & Black[7][8]
Sporting affiliations
MascotTim the Beaver[9]

Founded in response to the increasing industrialization of the United States, MIT adopted a European polytechnic university model and stressed laboratory instruction in applied science and engineering. The institute has an urban campus that extends more than a mile (1.6 km) alongside the Charles River, and encompasses a number of major off-campus facilities such as the MIT Lincoln Laboratory, the Bates Center, and the Haystack Observatory, as well as affiliated laboratories such as the Broad and Whitehead Institutes.

As of June 2021, 97 Nobel laureates, 26 Turing Award winners, and 8 Fields Medalists have been affiliated with MIT as alumni, faculty members, or researchers.[14] In addition, 58 National Medal of Science recipients, 29 National Medals of Technology and Innovation recipients, 50 MacArthur Fellows,[15] 80 Marshall Scholars,[16] 3 Mitchell Scholars,[17] 22 Schwarzman Scholars,[18] 9 Knight-Hennessy Scholars, [19] 41 astronauts,[20] and 16 Chief Scientists of the U.S. Air Force have been affiliated with MIT. The university also has a strong entrepreneurial culture and MIT alumni have founded or co-founded many notable companies.[21][22] MIT is a member of the Association of American Universities (AAU).[23]