Al-Mas'udi (Arabic: أَبُو ٱلْحَسَن عَلِيّ ٱبْن ٱلْحُسَيْن ٱبْن عَلِيّ ٱلْمَسْعُودِيّ, ʾAbū al-Ḥasan ʿAlī ibn al-Ḥusayn ibn ʿAlī al-Masʿūdī; c.896–956) was an Arab historian, geographer and traveler. He is sometimes referred to as the "Herodotus of the Arabs".[1][2][3] A polymath and prolific author of over twenty works on theology, history (Islamic and universal), geography, natural science and philosophy, his celebrated magnum opus Murūj al-Dhahab wa-Ma'ādin al-Jawhar (Arabic: مُرُوج ٱلذَّهَب وَمَعَادِن ٱلْجَوْهَر), combines universal history with scientific geography, social commentary and biography, and is published in English in a multi-volume series as The Meadows of Gold and Mines of Gems.[4]

Abu al-Hasan Ali ibn al-Husayn al-Mas'udi
أَبُو ٱلْحَسَن عَلِيّ ٱبْن ٱلْحُسَيْن ٱبْن عَلِيّ ٱلْمَسْعُودِيّ
Born282–283 AH
AD 896
DiedJumada al-Thani, 345 AH
(September, 956 AD)
EraIslamic golden age
(Middle Abbasid era)
CreedIraqi school
Main interest(s)History and geography
Notable work(s)Muruj adh-Dhahab wa Ma'adin al-Jawhar ("The Meadows of Gold and Mines of Gems"),
at-Tanbih wa al-'Ashraf ("Admonition and Revision")