Medical biology

Medical biology is a field of biology that has practical applications in medicine, health care and laboratory diagnostics. It includes many biomedical disciplines and areas of specialty that typically contain the "bio-" prefix such as:

Medical biology is the cornerstone of modern health care and laboratory diagnostics. It concernes a wide range of scientific and technological approaches: from an in vitro diagnostics[1][2] to the in vitro fertilisation,[3] from the molecular mechanisms of a cystic fibrosis to the population dynamics of the HIV, from the understanding molecular interactions to the study of the carcinogenesis,[4] from a single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) to the gene therapy.

Medical biology based on molecular biology combines all issues of developing molecular medicine[5] into large-scale structural and functional relationships of the human genome, transcriptome, proteome and metabolome with the particular point of view of devising new technologies for prediction, diagnosis and therapy.[6]


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