Medieval French literature

Medieval French literature is, for the purpose of this article, Medieval literature written in Oïl languages (particularly Old French and early Middle French) during the period from the eleventh century to the end of the fifteenth century.

A page from the Chanson de Roland, the most famous epic of French literature

French and
Francophone literature

French literature
By category
French language

French literary history

Medieval
16th century17th century
18th century19th century
20th centuryContemporary

Francophone literature

Francophone literature
Literature of Quebec
Postcolonial literature
Literature of Haiti
Franco American literature

French-language authors

Chronological list

French writers

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PlaywrightsPoets
Essayists
Short story writers

Forms

NovelPoetryPlays

Genres

Science fictionComics
Fantastique

Movements

NaturalismSymbolism
SurrealismExistentialism
Nouveau roman
Theatre of the Absurd

Criticism and awards

Literary theoryCritics
Literary prizes

Most visited

MolièreRacineBalzac
StendhalFlaubert
ZolaProust
BeckettCamus

Portals

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The material and cultural conditions in France and associated territories around the year 1100 unleashed what the scholar Charles Homer Haskins termed the "Renaissance of the 12th century" and, for over the next hundred years, writers, "jongleurs", "clercs" and poets produced a profusion of remarkable creative works in all genres. Although the dynastic struggles of the Hundred Years' War and the Black Death pandemic of the fourteenth century in many ways curtailed this creative production, the fifteenth century laid the groundwork for the French Renaissance.