Meiji (era)

The Meiji era (明治時代, Meiji jidai, Japanese pronunciation: [meꜜː(d)ʑi]) is an era of Japanese history that extended from October 23, 1868 to July 30, 1912.[1] The Meiji era was the first half of the Empire of Japan, when the Japanese people moved from being an isolated feudal society at risk of colonization by Western powers to the new paradigm of a modern, industrialized nation state and emergent great power, influenced by Western scientific, technological, philosophical, political, legal, and aesthetic ideas. As a result of such wholesale adoption of radically different ideas, the changes to Japan were profound, and affected its social structure, internal politics, economy, military, and foreign relations. The period corresponded to the reign of Emperor Meiji. It was preceded by the Keiō era and was succeeded by the Taishō era, upon the accession of Emperor Taishō.

Meiji era
明治時代
October 23, 1868  July 30, 1912
Meiji Constitution promulgation (1889)
LocationJapan
Including
Monarch(s)Meiji
Key eventsMeiji Restoration
 Preceded by
Keiō
Followed by 
Taishō

The rapid modernization during the Meiji era was not without its opponents, as the rapid changes to society caused many disaffected traditionalists from the former samurai class to rebel against the Meiji government during the 1870s, most famously Saigō Takamori who led the Satsuma Rebellion. However, there were also former samurai who remained loyal while serving in the Meiji government, such as Itō Hirobumi and Itagaki Taisuke.


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