Member of the Senedd

A Member of the Senedd (MS; plural: MSs; Welsh: Aelodau o'r Senedd; AS, plural:ASau)[lower-alpha 1] is a representative elected to the Senedd (Welsh Parliament; Welsh: Senedd Cymru). There are sixty members, with forty members chosen to represent individual Senedd constituencies, and twenty to represent the five electoral regions of the Senedd in Wales.

Member of Senedd
Welsh: Aelodau o'r Senedd
TypeMember of Parliament
AbbreviationEnglish: MS (plural:MSs),
(Welsh: AS; plural:ASau)
Member ofthe Senedd
ResidenceSenedd building
SeatList of constituencies and electoral regions
Term length5 years
Constituting instrumentGovernment of Wales Act 1998
Inaugural holder1st National Assembly
Formation1999
Unofficial namesMember of the Welsh Parliament;
Welsh Parliament Member;
Assembly Member (AM; 1999—2020)
Salary£ 67,649

Each person in Wales is represented by five MSs: one for their local constituency (encompassing their local area where they reside), and another four covering their electoral region (a large grouping of constituencies). Wales's five electoral regions are Mid and West Wales, North Wales, South Wales Central, South Wales East and South Wales West.[1]

A holder of this office was formerly known as an Assembly Member (AM; plural: AMs; Welsh: Aelodau'r Cynulliad; AC, plural: ACau), under the legislature's former name, the National Assembly for Wales, from its inception in 1999 until 2020 when it adopted its current names, Welsh Parliament, and Senedd Cymru, simply referred to as Senedd in both English and Welsh.[2][3]

Since 2011, members are elected for a five-year term of office under an additional member system, in which 40 MSs represent smaller geographical divisions known as "constituencies" and are elected by first-past-the-post voting, and 20 MSs represent five "electoral regions" using the D'Hondt method of proportional representation. Typically, the largest party holding the largest number of MSs in the Senedd forms the Welsh Government, and in the event of not securing a majority of MSs, the largest party has first rights to begin coalition talks with other smaller parties. Prior to 2011, they held four-year terms, with some MSs calling for a return of four-year terms from the current five.[4] There have been calls to increase the numbers of Members of the Senedd to around 90-100, with proposals met with criticism.[5][6]